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PubMed Journals Articles About "Cognitive Behavior Therapy And Work Outcome" RSS

18:16 EDT 20th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Cognitive Behavior Therapy Work Outcome" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 31,000+

Computer-Assisted Cognitive-Behavior Therapy for Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

To evaluate the efficacy of computer-assisted forms of cognitive-behavior therapy for major depressive disorder (MDD) and examine the role of clinician support and other factors that might affect outcomes.


A randomized controlled trial of a bidirectional cultural adaptation of cognitive behavior therapy for children and adolescents with anxiety disorders.

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) programs with ethnic and cultural sensitivity are scarce. This study was the first randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavior therapy for children and adolescents with anxiety disorders using bidirectional cultural adaptation.

Effectiveness and Acceptability of Cognitive Behavior Therapy Delivery Formats in Adults With Depression: A Network Meta-analysis.

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of acute depression. However, whether CBT can be effectively delivered in individual, group, telephone-administered, guided self-help, and unguided self-help formats remains unclear.


Insights into cognitive work hardening for return-to-work following depression: Qualitative findings from an intervention study.

Workplace mental health disability claims are rising with concomitant challenges to return-to-work (RTW) success. Cognitive work hardening (CWH) addresses work re-entry issues including fatigue, coping skills, and reduced cognitive abilities which are relevant for people returning to work following an episode of depression.

The impact of medical therapy on cognitive dysfunction in chronic rhinosinusitis.

Cognitive dysfunction in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is often overlooked despite potentially broad implications. Earlier work has demonstrated decreased cognitive function in CRS patients at baseline. In this study we sought to prospectively evaluate the impact of initial, appropriate medical therapy on subjective and objective cognitive function, fatigue, and workplace productivity.

The role of therapist and patient in-session behavior for treatment outcome in exposure-based cognitive behavioral therapy for panic disorder with agoraphobia.

There is a very limited amount of research on the relationship between therapist and patient in-session behavior and treatment outcome in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for panic disorder with agoraphobia (PD/AG). Additionally, the findings tend to be inconclusive. This study investigates the association between therapist competence, adherence, patient interpersonal behavior, and therapeutic alliance and outcome in a low-control CBT setting by using comprehensive measures.

Developmental trajectories of gambling severity after cognitive-behavioral therapy.

To estimate trajectories of the gambling disorder (GD) severity for 12 months following a manualized cognitive-behavior-therapy (CBT) program, and to identify the main variables associated with each trajectory.

Moderators of response to cognitive behavior therapy for major depression in patients with heart failure.

While cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is efficacious for major depression in patients with heart failure (HF), about half of patients do not remit following CBT. To identify treatment moderators that may help guide treatment allocation strategies and serve as new treatment targets, we performed a secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial. Based evidence of their prognostic relevance, we evaluated whether clinical and activity characteristics moderate the effects of CBT.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for generalized anxiety disorder: Contrasting various CBT approaches in a randomized clinical trial.

Cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) is considered the "golden standard" psychotherapy for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) but, at this point, we have little information about differences among various CBT approaches.

Evaluating the real-world effectiveness of a cognitive behavior therapy-based transdiagnostic program for emotional problems in children in a regular school setting.

The present study examined the real-world effectiveness of a transdiagnostic prevention program, Super Skills for Life (SSL), among children with emotional problems in regular school settings. SSL is based on the principles of Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT), behavioral activation, and social skills training.

Dissemination of computer-assisted cognitive-behavior therapy for depression in primary care.

Computer-assisted cognitive-behavior therapy (CCBT) for depression in primary care will be evaluated in a trial with 240 patients randomly assigned to CCBT or treatment as usual (TAU). The study will disseminate a therapy method found to be effective in psychiatric settings into primary care - a setting in which there have been significant problems in the delivery of adequate, evidence-based treatment for depression. The study will include a high percentage of disadvantaged (low-income) patients - a populat...

Measuring cognitive vulnerability to depression: Further evidence on the factorial and predictive validity of negative cognitive style.

Previous research has provided insufficient evidence on the factorial validity of the negative cognitive style questionnaires, which is a problem for the validity of the total score's computation. In Study 1, we focused on the relationship between internality and the other dimensions of negative cognitive style. In Study 2, we explored the predictive validity of negative cognitive style for negative interpretation bias.

Sudden gains in cognitive behavioral therapy among children and adolescents with obsessive compulsive disorder.

This study examined the occurrence of sudden gains (or reversal of gains) among children with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) during the course of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), as well as the association of sudden gains with treatment response, treatment group, and pre-treatment clinical characteristics.

Status of cognitive behaviour therapy in India: Pitfalls, limitations and future directions-A systematic review and critical analysis.

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) an evidence-based psychotherapy is practiced across the globe with a common cognitive and behavioral fidelity. The focus of this review is about the status of CBT in India based on the analysis of published research on CBT from India. Publication of papers related to CBT in the Indian population is scarce. Among the published researches, the observed practice defects could compromise the overall response from the globally proven CBT interventions. Hence, quality control meas...

A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Mindfulness Meditation, Cognitive Therapy, and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Chronic Low Back Pain.

This pilot trial compared the feasibility, tolerability, acceptability, and effects of group-delivered mindfulness meditation (MM), cognitive therapy (CT), and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) for chronic low back pain (CLBP).

Imagery rescripting in individuals with binge-eating behavior: An experimental proof-of-concept study.

Mental imagery is more strongly related to emotions than verbal cognitions. Binge eating is associated with dysfunctional emotional regulation. However, cognitive therapy techniques have focused on verbal cognitions. This proof-of-concept study compares a traditional cognitive therapy technique, cognitive restructuring (CR), with imagery rescripting (IR) in individuals with binge-eating disorder or bulimia nervosa.

Relationship between work functioning and self-reported cognitive complaints in patients with major depressive disorder treated with desvenlafaxine.

Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) often report that cognitive difficulties, such as memory problems or poor concentration, interfere with their work functioning. We examined the association between self-reported cognitive complaints and work functioning in employed patients with MDD treated with desvenlafaxine. A sample of 36 adult outpatients with MDD completed subjective cognition (British Columbia Cognitive Complaints Inventory [BC-CCI]) and functioning scales (Sheehan Disability Scale [SDS];...

Perfectly imperfect: The use of cognitive bias modification to reduce perfectionism.

Perfectionism is a transdiagnostic risk and maintenance factor for psychopathology. The current study developed and evaluated a cognitive bias modification, interpretation retraining (CBM-I) intervention targeting maladaptive perfectionistic beliefs.

Cost-effectiveness analysis of empagliflozin treatment in people with Type 2 diabetes and established cardiovascular disease in the EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial.

In the EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial, empagliflozin therapy reduced cardiovascular death by 38% compared with placebo when added to standard of care. Using the trial results, we created a discrete-event simulation model to assess lifetime health economic outcomes in people with Type 2 diabetes and established cardiovascular disease.

Fear extinction learning as a predictor of response to cognitive behavioral therapy for pediatric obsessive compulsive disorder.

While cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for many children and adolescents with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), therapeutic response is variable. Fear conditioning and extinction are central constructs underlying exposure-based CBT. Fear extinction learning assessed prior to CBT may be a useful predictor of CBT response for guiding treatment decisions.

Quality and Safety in Healthcare, Part LIII: Counseling, Depression, and Burnout.

There is overlap between the symptoms of depression and burnout. Many of those with burnout are also depressed. If the depression is significant, the individual should be referred for therapy. However, many articles on therapy for those with burnout are flawed, and the best type of therapy for burnout is controversial. However, cognitive behavior therapy is usually helpful for the emotional exhaustion component of burnout. Counseling and/or coaching may be helpful for those having burnout without significan...

Supplementing stuttering treatment with online cognitive behavior therapy: An experimental trial.

It is now well established that adults who present to speech clinics for help with stuttering will have an increased risk of having an anxiety disorder, particularly social anxiety disorder. Concomitant psychological problems are known to interfere with the maintenance of the benefits of behavioral speech treatments for stuttering. The current team has developed and trialed a cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) program designed specifically to reduce anxiety in adults who stutter, and trials have shown promise...

A new cognitive behavior therapy for adolescents with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder in a day treatment setting: A clinical case series.

Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is a new diagnosis in the DSM-5 Feeding and Eating Disorders section, for which very limited treatment research has been carried out, yet. A new, 4-week exposure based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) day treatment, which integrated the inhibitory learning principles, was developed for adolescents with ARFID, and tested in the current study.

Positive cognitive behavior therapy in the treatment of depression: A randomized order within-subject comparison with traditional cognitive behavior therapy.

Previous research suggests that a stronger focus on positive emotions and positive mental health may improve efficacy of Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT). Objectives were to compare differential improvement of depressive symptoms (primary outcome), positive affect, and positive mental health indices during positive CBT (P-CBT; CBT in a solution-focused framework, amplified with optional positive psychology exercises) versus traditional, problem-focused CBT (T-CBT). Forty-nine patients with major depressive ...

The Epistemology of Cognitive Enhancement.

A common epistemological assumption in contemporary bioethics held by both proponents and critics of nontraditional forms of cognitive enhancement is that cognitive enhancement aims at the facilitation of the accumulation of human knowledge. This article does three central things. First, drawing from recent work in epistemology, a rival account of cognitive enhancement, framed in terms of the notion of cognitive achievement rather than knowledge, is proposed. Second, we outline and respond to an axiological...


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