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Showing "Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Adolescent Binge Eating Loss Control" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 38,000+

The interplay between self-regulation and affectivity in binge eating among adolescents.

Binge eating among adolescents is associated with negative developmental outcomes. From a cognitive perspective, the role of impaired self-regulation is increasingly emphasized as an underlying factor in binge eating, whereas the affect regulation model proposes that affectivity is a key factor in explaining binge eating. Studies combining both perspectives are scarce, but necessary to add to the understanding of this pathological eating behavior. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to investigate u...

IMPULS: Impulsivity-Focused Group Intervention to Reduce Binge Eating Episodes in Patients with Binge Eating Disorder - A Randomised Controlled Trial.

Impulsivity is a risk factor for binge eating disorder, and binge eating (BE) equates to impulsive eating behaviour. Hence, we developed IMPULS, a cognitive behavioural group intervention focusing on impulsive eating.

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Adolescents with an Age-Adapted Diagnosis of Binge-Eating Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Clinician and patient characteristics and cognitions that influence weighing practice in cognitive-behavioral therapy for eating disorders.

Clinicians commonly fail to weigh patients appropriately in cognitive-behavioral therapy for eating disorders (CBT-ED), despite guidelines stressing the need to do so. This study considered the possible patient- and clinician-based reasons why this element of treatment is omitted.

Dietary restraint and weight loss in relation to disinhibited eating in obese Veterans following a behavioral weight loss intervention.

Ability to restrain one's dietary intake is a necessary skill for weight loss. However, dietary restraint has been shown to paradoxically increase disinhibited eating in certain populations, thereby negatively impacting weight loss and leading to worse overall health outcomes. The aim of this study was to address gaps in the literature regarding the relationships between separate facets of dietary restraint (intention; behavior) with weight loss and various types of disinhibited eating (binge eating, extern...

Examining the Impact of Estrogen on Binge Feeding, Food-Motivated Behavior, and Body Weight in Female Rats.

Binge-eating disorder is associated with diminished self-control, emotional distress, and obesity. In this context, women are nearly twice as likely to develop binge-eating disorder and depression relative to men. Here, the physiological, psychological, and endocrine parameters were characterized in female rats subjected to a binge-eating protocol.

Family mealtime negativity and adolescent binge-eating: A replication and extension study in a community sample.

To explore differences in family mealtime characteristics and family mealtime emotions among adolescents who report engaging in binge-eating in comparison to those who do not.

Differences in risk factors for binge eating by socioeconomic status in a community-based sample of adolescents: Findings from Project EAT.

Binge eating is prevalent across socioeconomic status (SES) groups, but it is unclear whether risk factors for binge eating vary by SES. This study examined the prevalence of several risk factors for binge eating by SES and SES as a potential moderator of these risk factors.

A psychometric analysis and revalidation of the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale modified for Binge Eating in adults with binge eating disorder.

The Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale modified for Binge Eating (Y-BOCS-BE) assesses the obsessiveness of binge eating thoughts and compulsiveness of binge eating behaviors. The findings of this study extend previously published Y-BOCS-BE psychometric evaluations in adults with binge eating disorder (BED).

Dopamine drives binge-like consumption of a palatable food in experimental Parkinsonism.

Prolonged dopaminergic replacement therapy in PD results in pulsatile dopamine receptors stimulation in both dorsal and ventral striatum causing wearing off, motor fluctuations, and nonmotor side effects such as behavioral addictions. Among impulse control disorders, binge eating can be easily modeled in laboratory animals.

Brief Strategic Therapy for Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder: A Clinical and Research Protocol.

Although cognitive behavioral therapy is the gold standard treatments for bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED), evidence for its long-term efficacy is weak. Empirical research support the efficacy of brief strategic therapy (BST) in treating BN and BED symptoms, but its statistical significance still need to be investigated. To statistically test the long-term efficacy of the BST treatment protocols for BN and BED through one-year post-treatment. A two-group longitudinal study will be cond...

The complexity of the interaction between binge-eating and attention.

To investigate whether binge-eating in patients with eating disorders (EDs) is associated with attentional deficits.

"Making weight" during military service is related to binge eating and eating pathology for veterans later in life.

"Making weight" behaviors are unhealthy weight control strategies intended to reduce weight in an effort to meet weight requirements. This study aimed to examine a brief measure of making weight and to investigate the relationship between making weight and weight, binge eating, and eating pathology later in life.

Extending the Acquired Preparedness model of binge eating: Testing the indirect effects of high-risk personality traits on binge eating via positive and negative reinforcement expectancies.

According to the Acquired Preparedness (AP) model of binge eating, individuals high in negative urgency are more likely to develop the expectancy that eating alleviates negative affect, which in turn increases the likelihood of binge eating. Although both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have provided strong support for the negative urgency version of the AP model, there are likely other personality traits and expectancies that may transact to increase risk for binge eating. We extended the AP model...

Overvaluation of Weight or Shape and Loss-of-Control Eating Following Bariatric Surgery.

Little is known regarding overvaluation of weight or shape, a key cognitive feature of eating disorders, among individuals with disordered eating following bariatric surgery. This study examined the significance of overvaluation of weight or shape among post-bariatric surgery patients with loss-of-control (LOC) eating.

Young frequent binge drinkers show no behavioral deficits in inhibitory control and cognitive flexibility.

Alcohol intoxication and abuse are well-known to cause impairments in executive functioning and control. Still, we know surprisingly little about individuals engaging in frequent binge drinking, even though they have an increased risk to develop an alcohol use disorder (AUD) later in life. As this risk has been suggested to be linked to (premorbid) executive deficits, we assessed changes in cognitive flexibility and inhibition with the help of a switching task and a stop-change task. Both paradigms had prev...

Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis: Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Children and Adolescents.

To assess benefits and harms of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) versus no intervention or versus other interventions for pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

Examination of momentary maintenance factors and eating disorder behaviors and cognitions using ecological momentary assessment.

The integrative cognitive-affective therapy (ICAT) momentary maintenance model proposes a number of situational factors that precipitate eating disorder (ED) behaviors and cognitions. The current study examines momentary situational triggers in relation to a broad range of ED symptoms in a diagnostically heterogeneous sample of individuals with ED psychopathology. In the current study, 30 women with binge eating pathology completed a 14-day ecological momentary assessment (EMA) protocol during which they re...

Executive Function, Eating Behavior, and Preoperative Weight Loss in Bariatric Surgery Candidates: An Observational Study.

Individual differences in executive function may influence eating behavior, weight loss (WL), and WL maintenance in obesity treatment. Executive function, which designates top-down cognitive control processes, has been related to eating behaviors which may impact weight, and has been found to be predictive of WL in both behavioral WL programs and after bariatric surgery. Currently, we lack knowledge on the role of executive function in the period before bariatric surgery. If executive function impacts eatin...

Understanding profiles of student binge drinking and eating: The importance of motives.

Binge drinking and binge eating occur frequently in undergraduates; however, the mechanism driving their co-occurrence is not well-understood. Several theories support the role of motives in driving drinking and eating behavior, especially motivations related to affect regulation (i.e., enhancement/pleasure and coping). This study used a person-centered approach to identify classes of students based on eating and drinking motives and past-month binge behavior and examined class differences in psychopatholog...

Effects of Weight Loss on Sweet Taste Preference and Palatability following Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Women with Obesity.

Current evidence suggests that obesity is associated with alteration of sweet taste perception. The purpose of this study was to determine if nonsurgical cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)-based weight loss can cause a change in sweet taste perception.

A pragmatic effectiveness study of 10-session cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT-T) for eating disorders: Targeting barriers to treatment provision.

Ten-session cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT-T) for transdiagnostic eating disorders targets several barriers to treatment, including cost, therapist expertise, and lengthy wait lists.

Convergent neural connectivity in motor impulsivity and high-fat food binge-like eating in male Sprague-Dawley rats.

Food intake is essential for survival, but maladaptive patterns of intake, possibly encoded by a preexisting vulnerability coupled with the influence of environmental variables, can modify the reward value of food. Impulsivity, a predisposition toward rapid unplanned reactions to stimuli, is one of the multifaceted determinants underlying the etiology of dysregulated eating and its evolving pathogenesis. The medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) is a major neural director of reward-driven behavior and impulsivity...

Prospective associations of negative mood and emotion regulation in the occurrence of binge eating in binge eating disorder.

Retrospective and experimental data demonstrate the importance of emotion regulation (ER) in the maintenance of binge episodes in binge eating disorder (BED). The current study tested whether mood and ER prospectively influence binge episodes in individuals with BED via ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Individuals with BED (n = 79) completed two weeks of EMA. Each sampling point consisted of a series of questions pertaining to participants' mood, ER, and eating behaviour. Successful application of...

Sex differences in eating related behaviors and psychopathology among adolescent military dependents at risk for adult obesity and eating disorders.

Stressors unique to military families may place dependents of military service members of both sexes at high-risk for disordered-eating. Yet, there are no data examining sex-related differences in eating pathology and distress among this population. Therefore, we examined disordered-eating attitudes and associated psychosocial characteristics in adolescent military dependents at high-risk for both eating disorders and adult obesity (i.e., BMI ≥ 85th percentile and elevated anxiety symptoms and/or loss...

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