PubMed Journals Articles About "Cognitive Control Training For Urgency In A Naturalistic Clinical Setting" RSS

09:12 EST 19th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Cognitive Control Training Urgency Naturalistic Clinical Setting" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 49,000+

Effectiveness of Cognitive Training in an Intensive Outpatient First Episode Psychosis Program.

Despite effective pharmacotherapy for positive symptoms of psychosis, cognitive deficits emerge early and are persistent. Efficacy studies have demonstrated cognitive training can produce improvement in cognition, symptoms, and functional outcomes for psychosis. A chart review of seventy-one first episode psychosis patients in a cognitive training program was designed to determine feasibility and effectiveness of the program in a non-research clinic setting. Cognitive testing data, symptom change, and re-ho...

Computerized Cognitive Training for the Neurocognitive Complications of HIV Infection: A Systematic Review.

The synergistic effects of HIV and aging on the brain may compromise cognitive reserve, resulting in HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder. The neuroscience literature suggests that computerized cognitive training programs represent a practical strategy to protect or remediate cognitive functioning in older adults. Such cognitive training programs may hold similar therapeutic benefits for adults living with HIV. This systematic review evaluated the effects of cognitive training interventions in adults livi...

The effect of resistance training on cognitive function in the older adults: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials.

Aging is often accompanied by decline in aspects of cognitive function. Cognitive decline has harmful effects on living independence and general health. Resistance training is seen as a promising intervention to prevent or delay cognitive deterioration, yet the evidence from reviews is less consistent.

Cognitive bias modification as an add-on treatment in clinical depression: Results from a placebo-controlled, single-blinded randomized control trial.

Only 60% of depressed patients respond sufficiently to treatment, so there is a dire need for novel approaches to improve treatment effects. Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM) may be an effective and easily implemented computerized add-on to treatment-as-usual. Therefore, we investigated the effects of a positivity-attention training and a positivity-approach training compared to control trainings.

Cognitive training: a new avenue in gambling disorder management?

Cognitive deficits are being robustly documented in gambling disorder. Cognitive training has been increasingly investigated as a treatment of substance use disorders. Four training components have been listed to date: cognitive bias, response inhibition, working memory, and goal-directed. This review aimed at the identification of use and efficacy findings in cognitive training in gambling disorder.

Short-term and longer-term effects of brivaracetam on cognition and behavior in a naturalistic clinical setting-Preliminary data.

To assess short-term and longer-term effects of brivaracetam (BRV) on cognition and behavior in a naturalistic clinical setting.

Frequency of resistance training does not affect inhibitory control or improve strength in well-trained young adults.

The objective of the current study was to compare the effects of resistance training frequency on cognitive inhibitory control in young adults with previous experience in the modality. Male participants (N = 36) were randomly placed into one of three experimental groups. Participants performed resistance training 1 (F1), 2 (F2), and 3 (F3) times per week for 24 weeks. The three groups performed exercises of equal intensity, volume-load, and rest duration. Cognitive inhibitory control (via Stroop test) was t...

A randomised controlled trial of a walking training with simultaneous cognitive demand (dual task) in chronic stroke.

To evaluate the tolerability of, adherence to and efficacy of a community walking training programme with simultaneous cognitive demand (dual-task) compared to a control walking training programme without cognitive distraction.

How Music Impacts Visual Attention Training in Schizophrenia: A Pilot Study.

Music has been demonstrated to improve cognitive test performance in neuropsychiatric populations. However, the impact of music on cognitive training effects, and the importance of music preference, has yet to be studied. This is an essential oversight because many cognitive training programs play music in the background. We sought to determine if participant-preferred or random music would increase the efficacy of computer-based attention training (AT). Forty-eight patients with schizophrenia were randomly...

Comparison of Patient Impact and Clinical Characteristics Between Urgency and Passive Fecal Incontinence Phenotypes.

To determine if categorizing fecal incontinence (FI) as urgency or passive FI is clinically meaningful, we compared clinical severity, quality of life, physical examination findings, and functional and anatomic deficits between women with urgency and passive FI.

Cognitive training for modifying interpretation and attention bias in depression: Relevance to mood improvement and implications for cognitive intervention in depression.

Depressed individuals interpret ambiguous information more negatively and this has been suggested a central component in cognitive models of depression. In this study we investigated the effectiveness of the interpretation modification training on modifying interpretation bias in depression and its association with symptoms reduction. In a double-blind, randomized controlled design, twenty-two depressed individuals (mean age = 19.86, SD = 1.16) were randomly assigned to the experimental and control ...

Cognitive Training Does Not Enhance General Cognition.

Due to potential theoretical and societal implications, cognitive training has been one of the most influential topics in psychology and neuroscience. The assumption behind cognitive training is that one's general cognitive ability can be enhanced by practicing cognitive tasks or intellectually demanding activities. The hundreds of studies published so far have provided mixed findings and systematic reviews have reached inconsistent conclusions. To resolve these discrepancies, we carried out several meta-an...

Effects of Different Cognitive Trainings on Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment in the Elderly: A One-Year Longitudinal Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Study.

BACKGROUND Cognitive training has been focused on the interventions of amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) in recent years, with poor understanding. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study participants with aMCI were screened in a previous intervention trial. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was adopted to investigate effects of single-domain cognitive training (SDCT) and multi-domain cognitive training (MDCT) on aMCI and to explore potential mechanisms. RESULTS There were significant differences i...

Effectiveness of a Personalized Brain-Computer Interface System for Cognitive Training in Healthy Elderly: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Cognitive training has been demonstrated to improve cognitive performance in older adults. To date, no study has explored personalized training that targets the brain activity of each individual.

Mindfulness and Cognitive Training in a CBT-resistant Patient With Gambling Disorder: A Combined Therapy to Enhance Self-control.

: Despite the major health consequences of problem gambling, such as suicide, over-indebtedness, delinquency, or family problems, there is currently no approved drug available for the treatment of problem gambling. The efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapies (CBTs) has been demonstrated repeatedly. However, some people seem resistant to conventional CBT alone. We present the case of a 59-year-old woman with a gambling disorder, who relapsed, despite a CBT-based intervention, and who then received a combi...

Cognitive Training Game Versus Action Videogame: Effects on Cognitive Functions in Older Adults.

The purpose of the study was to compare a cognitive training game, Kawashima Brain Training (KBT), and an action videogame, Super Mario Bros (SMB), in their effects on cognitive function in older adults.

The influence of short-term language-switching training on the plasticity of the cognitive control mechanism in bilingual word production.

This study examined the effect of short-term language-switching training on the cognitive control mechanism in bilingual word production. In two experiments, two groups of relatively proficient but unbalanced Chinese-English bilinguals performed a cued picture-naming task, in which they switched between their two languages. On two consecutive days, the participants took part in four sessions. The same procedure was employed on 2 days in Experiment 1, whereas the cue-language mapping was reversed on Day 2 ...

Mental resilience training.

This paper will explain the concept behind mental resilience training (MRT) and how the training package was developed and implemented within the British ArmyInfantry Training Centre (ITC) Catterick between 2014 and 2016. MRT is a mindfulness-based psychological skills training package that integrates cognitive behavioural and mindfulness based principles and techniques, which have been proven to improve stress regulation, emotional and cognitive control and self-confidence in military personnel. MRT is bas...

Delivery of Cognitive Stimulation Therapy for people with dementia in an inpatient setting (innovative practice).

Cognitive Stimulation Therapy is a 14-session group programme delivered over seven weeks, designed for people in the early to moderate stages of dementia, and typically delivered in a community setting. Less is known about its delivery and usefulness in an inpatient setting. Additional factors that impact on Cognitive Stimulation Therapy delivery in an inpatient setting included length of hospital stay, additional support needs of the patient and pre-group planning. Feedback suggested intermittent Cognitive...

Rehabilitative Training in Animal Models of Spinal Cord Injury.

Rehabilitative motor training is currently one of the most widely used approaches to promote moderate recovery following injuries of the central nervous system. Such training is generally applied in the clinical setting, whereas it is not standard in preclinical research. This is a concern as it is becoming increasingly apparent that neuroplasticity enhancing treatments require training or some form of activity as a co-therapy to promote functional recovery. Despite the importance of training and the many o...

Long-term brain effects of N-back training: an fMRI study.

Neurobehavioral effects of cognitive training have become a popular research issue. Specifically, behavioral studies have demonstrated the long-term efficacy of cognitive training of working memory functions, but the neural basis for this training have been studied only at short-term. Using fMRI, we investigate the cerebral changes produced by brief single n-back training immediately and 5 weeks after finishing the training. We used the data from a sample of 52 participants who were assigned to either an e...

Cognitive task modality influences postural control during quiet standing in healthy older adults.

The interstimulus interval of a cognitive task was found to have a limited effect on postural control in young adults, while visual cognitive tasks were found to improve stability compared to auditory tasks. It is of interest to investigate whether postural control in healthy older adults is sensitive to these types of cognitive task manipulations.

Clarifying cognitive control and the controllable connectome.

Cognitive control researchers aim to describe the processes that support adaptive cognition to achieve specific goals. Control theorists consider how to influence the state of systems to reach certain user-defined goals. In brain networks, some conceptual and lexical similarities between cognitive control and control theory offer appealing avenues for scientific discovery. However, these opportunities also come with the risk of conceptual confusion. Here, I suggest that each field of inquiry continues to pr...

The use of a food logging app in the naturalistic setting fails to provide accurate measurements of nutrients and poses usability challenges.

MyFitnessPal is the most popular commercial nutrition weight loss app. The aim of this study was to assess how individuals in naturalistic settings performed when recording their dietary intake in MyFitnessPal, and their usability experiences with the app.

Metacognitive scaffolding boosts cognitive and neural benefits following executive attention training in children.

Interventions including social scaffolding and metacognitive strategies have been used in educational settings to promote cognition. In addition, increasing evidence shows that computerized process-based training enhances cognitive skills. However, no prior studies have examined the effect of combining these two training strategies. The goal of this study was to test the combined effect of metacognitive scaffolding and computer-based training of executive attention in a sample of typically developing presch...

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