PubMed Journals Articles About "Cognitive Function In Adults With Cardiac Disease" RSS

21:59 EDT 25th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Cognitive Function Adults With Cardiac Disease" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 43,000+

Prospective associations between cardiac stress, glucose dysregulation and executive cognitive function in Black men: The Sympathetic activity and Ambulatory Blood Pressure in Africans study.

Glucose dysregulation is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular and neurodegenerative disease development through synaptic dysfunction resulting in cognitive decline. The aim of this study was to study the interplay between impaired glycaemic metabolism (hyperglycaemia and insulin resistance), cardiac stress (cardiac troponin T and N-terminal brain natriuretic peptide) and executive cognitive function prospectively, in a bi-ethnic sex cohort.

Association between endothelial function and cognitive performance in patients with coronary artery disease during cardiac rehabilitation.

Subtle cognitive deficits indicating early neural risk are common in the clinical presentation of coronary artery disease (CAD). Although deterioration may be mitigated by exercise, cognitive response to exercise is heterogeneous. Vasculopathy including endothelial dysfunction, is a hallmark of CAD and may play an important role in impairing neural adaptation to exercise. This study aimed to assess peripheral measurements of endothelial function as predictors of cognitive performance in CAD participants und...

Sleep and cognitive function in chronic stroke: A comparative cross-sectional study.

Poor sleep is common following stroke, limits stroke recovery, and can contribute to further cognitive decline post-stroke. However, it is unclear what aspects of sleep are different in older adults with stroke compared to those without, and whether the relationship between sleep and cognitive function differs by stroke history. We investigated whether older adults with stroke experience poorer sleep quality than older adults without stroke, and whether poor sleep quality attenuates cognitive performance am...

Effect of Age on the Protein Profile of Healthy Malay Adults and its Association with Cognitive Function Competency.

Many studies on biochemical and psychological variables have aimed to elucidate the association between aging and cognitive function. Demographic differences and protein expression have been reported to play a role in determining the cognitive capability of a population.

Association of locomotive activity with sleep latency and cognitive function of elderly patients with cardiovascular disease in the maintenance phase of cardiac rehabilitation.

Because of the advanced age of patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD), prevention of sleep disorder and dementia is a priority for cardiac rehabilitation (CR) during their long-term care. This study aimed to investigate the association of physical activity with sleep quality and cognitive function in elderly patients with CVD in the CR maintenance phase.

Changes in cognitive function among older adults: A latent profile transition analysis.

Cognitive decline in late life is a crucial health problem. It is important to understand the consistency and change of older adults' cognitive function in late life. Data for older adults (78 years and above) from the Health and Retirement Study (N = 1680) were used to explore meaningful subtypes of cognitive function and transitions patterns between those profiles across times. Age, gender, levels of education and nursing home were incorporated as covariates to explore the association between these va...

Neurocognitive Impairment and its Long-Term Impact on Adults with Congenital Heart Disease.

It is well-recognized now that adult survivors with congenital heart disease (ACHD) are at risk for non-cardiac co-morbidities and complications that can impact symptoms and clinical outcomes. Cognitive dysfunction, in particular, is common in this population, but likely an under-recognized and undertreated cause for long-term morbidity. Abnormal cognitive function has a major impact on all aspects of quality of life, including employment opportunities, educational attainment, and the ability to maintain me...

Effect on Cardiac Function of Longstanding Juvenile-onset Mixed Connective Tissue Disease: A Controlled Study.

To assess cardiac function in patients with juvenile mixed connective tissue disease (JMCTD) compared to matched controls, and to investigate possible associations between cardiac impairment and disease variables and cardiovascular risk factors.

Cognitive Function and Impairment in Older, Rural South African Adults: Evidence from "Health and Aging in Africa: A Longitudinal Study of an INDEPTH Community in Rural South Africa".

We aimed to estimate the prevalence of cognitive impairment, and the sociodemographic and comorbid predictors of cognitive function among older, rural South African adults.

Observational Study Examining the Association of Baseline Frailty and Postcardiac Surgery Delirium and Cognitive Change.

Frailty is a geriatric syndrome thought to identify the most vulnerable older adults, and morbidity and mortality has been reported to be higher for frail patients after cardiac surgery compared to nonfrail patients. However, the cognitive consequences of frailty after cardiac surgery have not been well described. In this study, we examined the hypothesis that baseline frailty would be associated with postoperative delirium and cognitive change at 1 and 12 months after cardiac surgery.

Unsaturated Fatty Acid Intakes During Midlife Are Positively Associated with Later Cognitive Function in Older Adults with Modulating Effects of Antioxidant Supplementation.

Given the drastic demographic changes characterized as "population aging," the disease burden related to dementia is a major public health problem. The scientific literature documenting the link between mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs, PUFAs) and cognitive function during aging is plentiful, but findings are inconsistent.

Physical Activity and Cognitive Function Among Older Adults with an Elevated Gamma Gap.

We evaluated whether gamma gap is associated with cognitive function among older adults and whether physical activity is favorably associated with cognition among those with an elevated gamma gap. Materials (Subjects) and MethodsData from the 1999-2002 NHANES were used to identify 2,352 older adults, ages 60-85. The gamma gap was evaluated from subtracting albumin from total protein (i.e., Gamma Gap = Total Protein (g/dl) - Albumin (g/dl). Those at or above 3.1 g/dl (31.0 g/L) were considered to have an el...

Patterns of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior for Older Adults with Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, and Cognitively Normal in Hong Kong.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia, and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a transitional phase between healthy cognition and dementia. Physical activity (PA) has protective effects on cognitive decline. However, few studies have examined how PA and sedentary behavior is structured throughout the day in older adults across varied cognitive status in Hong Kong.

Cognitive Training Game Versus Action Videogame: Effects on Cognitive Functions in Older Adults.

The purpose of the study was to compare a cognitive training game, Kawashima Brain Training (KBT), and an action videogame, Super Mario Bros (SMB), in their effects on cognitive function in older adults.

The Effectiveness of a Virtual Reality-Based Tai Chi Exercise on Cognitive and Physical Function in Older Adults with Cognitive Impairment.

Tai Chi (TC) is a Chinese mind-body exercise with proven physical and psychological benefits. A modified TC via virtual reality (VR) may be suitable for the elderly owing to the immediate guidance and feedback regarding movement accuracy. This study explored the cognitive and physical effects of a VR-based TC (VRTC) exercise program on older adults with cognitive impairment (CI).

Cardioprotection by spermidine does not depend on structural characteristics of the myocardial microcirculation in aged mice.

Ageing is associated with cardiovascular disease and reduced cardiac function. This cardiac functional decline is accompanied by cardiac remodeling and alterations in cardiomyocyte composition. Recently, it was shown that the natural polyamine spermidine preserves cardiac function and cardiomyocyte composition in old mice. As cardiac function critically relies on blood supply, we tested whether spermidine has also beneficial effects on ageing-associated changes of the myocardial microcirculation.

Subjective Cognitive Decline Is Associated with Greater White Matter Hyperintensity Volume.

Research in older adults with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) has mainly focused on Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related MRI markers, such as hippocampal volume. However, small vessel disease (SVD) is currently established as serious comorbidity in dementia and its preliminary stages. It is therefore important to examine SVD markers in addition to AD markers in older adults presenting with SCD.

The effects of video game training on the cognitive functioning of older adults: A community-based randomized controlled trial.

Using video games may enhance older adults' cognitive skills, including executive function, processing speed, and spatial ability.

Assessement of Vascular Event Prevention and Cognitive Function Among Older Adults With Preexisting Vascular Disease or Diabetes: A Secondary Analysis of 3 Randomized Clinical Trials.

Acquisition of reliable randomized clinical trial evidence of the effects of cardiovascular interventions on cognitive decline is a priority.

Perceived sleep quality predicts cognitive function in adults with major depressive disorder independent of depression severity.

The aim of this study was to examine the role of perceived sleep quality in predicting subjective as well as objective cognitive function in adults with major depressive disorder (MDD).

Spatial QRS-T Angle and Cognitive Decline in Older Subjects.

An abnormally wide spatial QRS-T angle on an ECG is a marker of heterogeneity in electrical activity of cardiac ventricles and is linked with cardiovascular events. Growing evidence suggests that cardiac dysfunction might signal future cognitive decline.

Type of memory and emotional valence in healthy aging, mild cognitive impairment, and Alzheimer's disease.

Autobiographical memory (AM) presents components related to the type of memory and may present an associated emotional valence. Comparing healthy older adults, adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and adults with Alzheimer´s disease (AD) gives contradictory results. We examined AM in these groups to analyze differences and provide information that would contribute to the understanding of AM and associated emotional deficits in patients.

Computerized Cognitive Training for the Neurocognitive Complications of HIV Infection: A Systematic Review.

The synergistic effects of HIV and aging on the brain may compromise cognitive reserve, resulting in HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder. The neuroscience literature suggests that computerized cognitive training programs represent a practical strategy to protect or remediate cognitive functioning in older adults. Such cognitive training programs may hold similar therapeutic benefits for adults living with HIV. This systematic review evaluated the effects of cognitive training interventions in adults livi...

Late-life depression and cognitive function among older adults in the U.S.: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011-2014.

Discrepancies exist on the associations of late-life depression with cognition, and synergistic effect of depression and diabetes on cognition among older adults was suggested in literature. We aimed to examine the associations of late-life depression with cognitive function in a representative sample of older adults in the U.S., and to examine the associations among individuals with diabetes. A total of 3101 adults aged 60 and above of the 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey who comp...

Dose-response relationship between exercise and cognitive function in older adults with and without cognitive impairment: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

This systematic review and meta-analysis examined the dose-response relationship between exercise and cognitive function in older adults with and without cognitive impairments. We included single-modality randomized controlled aerobic, anaerobic, multicomponent or psychomotor exercise trials that quantified training frequency, session and program duration and specified intensity quantitatively or qualitatively. We defined total exercise duration in minutes as the product of program duration, session duratio...

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