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Combination Chemotherapy In Treating Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Combination Chemotherapy In Treating Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors articles that have been published worldwide.
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MINT1526A is a monoclonal antibody that blocks the interaction of integrin alpha 5 beta 1 (α5β1) with its extracellular matrix ligands. This phase I study evaluated the safety and pharmacokinetics of MINT1526A with or without bevacizumab in patients with advanced solid tumors.
Two issues were put forth by clinicians in the management of the advanced stages of rare variants of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and other exocrine histotypes with peculiar clinical and pathological features: Do chemotherapy regimens recommended in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma patients have a clinical activity in rare pancreatic tumors? Or should other chemotherapy combinations be considered in this subset of patients?
Thrombosis and hemorrhage are serious complications in pediatric patients with solid tumors, and enhanced fibrinolysis associated with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is often observed. Fibrinolytic enzymes also play an important role in metastasis. Limited information is available, however, on the assessment of overall hemostatic function in children with malignant solid tumors. Methods We have investigated comprehensive hemostatic potential in these circumstances using simultaneous thrombin/p...
This study investigated the clinical prognostic relevance of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients with human epidermal receptor 2 (HER2)-positive metastatic advanced gastric cancer (AGC) treated with combination chemotherapy including trastuzumab.
Streptozocin (STZ) is a key agent for treating advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNET). Most STZ regimens for pNET are daily and also include 5-fluorouracil (5FU), whereas STZ monotherapy and weekly regimens have also been applied in daily practice in Japan. The present study aimed to evaluate responses to weekly regimens and to STZ monotherapy, and to identify a predictive marker of a response to STZ.
Taselisib is a potent and selective phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor. This paper reports the first study of taselisib administration in Japanese patients. The aim of this two-stage, phase I, multicenter, open-label, dose-escalation study was to evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary efficacy of taselisib as monotherapy in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors (Stage 1), and as part of combination therapy in Japanese patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive locally a...
This study assessed the prognostic value of pre-treatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients with metastatic solid tumors. Clinical and biological data for patients with metastatic solid tumors treated in an oncology outpatient department and prospectively followed by a call center (PROCHE program) between January 2008 and December 2011 were analyzed. All patients with an NLR value within 28 days before the first cycle of first-line of chemotherapy were included (cohort 1). To assess influence...
Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was shown to be prognostic in several solid malignancies. There are limited data about predictive/prognostic value of NLR during targeted therapy of patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). The aim of this study was to asses a clinical value of this ratio in patients with advanced GIST.
Combined modality therapy has been employed for the treatment of choice for locally advanced esophageal and eso-gastric junction cancers all around the globe but a unanimous consensus is missing.Medical files of 132 patients with confirmed locally advanced un-resectable, and metastatic esophageal cancer who presented to our center between 2010-2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Multimodality treatment consisting of chemo-radiotherapy or chemotherapy or radiotherapy alone and surgery in patients who convert...
Neutropenic complications remain the major dose-limiting toxicities of cancer chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to develop and internally validate a comprehensive and easily measurable scoring system for prediction of severe or febrile neutropenia in the first chemotherapy cycle of patients with solid tumors or lymphoma.
Regorafenib has been demonstrated as effective in refractory metastatic colorectal cancer. Combination use with chemotherapy has not been reported. We examined the efficacy and safety of adding chemotherapy to Regorafenib for the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer(mCRC) patients.
Next generation sequencing (NGS) is becoming increasingly integrated into oncological practice and clinical research. NGS methods have also provided evidence for clonal evolution of cancers during disease progression and treatment. The number of variants associated with response to specific therapeutic agents keeps increasing. However, the identification of novel driver mutations as opposed to passenger (phenotypically silent or clinically irrelevant) mutations remains a major challenge. We conducted target...
The objective of this study was to investigate the safety and the tolerability of combined cellular immunotherapy with low-dose cyclophosphamide (CPA) in patients with advanced solid tumors. This study targeted a novel tumor-associated antigen, ring finger protein 43 (RNF43). Eligible patients were resistant to standard therapy, HLA-A*24:02- or A*02:01-positive and exhibiting high RNF43 expression in their tumor cells. They were administered 300 mg/m2 CPA followed by autologous lymphocytes, preliminarily cu...
Decoy receptor 3 (DcR3) has been reported to be overexpressed in a wide range of solid tumors, suggesting that DcR3 plays a crucial role in the development and progression of cancer. The present meta-analysis assesses the association between DcR3 expression and prognosis in patients with solid tumors.
Perioperative chemotherapy with or without epidermal growth factor receptor blockade in unselected patients with locally advanced oesophagogastric adenocarcinoma: Randomized phase II study with advanced biomarker program of the German Cancer Society (AIO/CAO STO-0801).
Perioperative chemotherapy significantly improves survival in patients with locally advanced oesophagogastric cancer (EGC). However, as approximately 60% of patients will die from their disease, new therapeutic agents such as molecular-targeted drugs are needed.
At our institution, we noted that children with hematological malignancies and solid tumors often suffered from ingrown toenails (IGTNs) during hospitalization for chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation. However, only few reports have dealt with IGTNs in the above setting.
Background This phase I dose-escalation study investigated the safety of the Smoothened inhibitor taladegib in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors. Methods Patients received taladegib orally once daily for 28-day cycles, using a 3 + 3 dose-escalation method. The primary objective was the safety and tolerability of taladegib at doses up to the global recommended dose (400 mg). Secondary objectives included pharmacokinetics, changes in skin glioma-associated oncogene homolog 1 (Gli1) transcript ...
Patients with advanced nonsquamous nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who experienced progression with two or more lines chemotherapy have no treatment options that clearly confer a survival benefit. As a novel vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor, apatinib has a certain antitumor effect for various solid tumors. The present study evaluated the efficacy and safety of apatinib in advanced nonsquamous NSCLC as salvage treatment in Chinese real-world practice.
Studies have reported that Zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 antisense 1 (ZEB1-AS1) is overexpressed in many malignant tumors. However, the sample size in those studies was limited, so the clinicopathological and prognostic value of ZEB1-AS1 in solid tumors remains undetermined, Accordingly, the aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the relationship between the expression of lncRNA ZEB1-AS1 and clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis in patients with solid tumors.
Background: Blockade of programmed death 1 (PD-1), an inhibitory T lymphocyte receptor, is associated with immune system enhancement and tumor remission in various tumors. We assessed the anti-tumor activity and immune correlates of cancer patients treated with an anti-PD-1 antibody. Patients and Methods: Twelve patients with advanced metastatic tumors were treated with anti-PD-1 antibody. Responses were assessed after a 12-week treatment regimen. Biochemical and immunological indexes were measured before e...
Neuroblastoma is one of the most common solid tumors in children and has a diverse clinical behavior that largely depends on the tumor biology. Neuroblastoma exhibits unique features, such as early age of onset, high frequency of metastatic disease at diagnosis in patients over 1 year of age and the tendency for spontaneous regression of tumors in infants. The high-risk tumors frequently have amplification of the MYCN oncogene as well as segmental chromosome alterations with poor survival. Recent advanced g...
Background Aurora kinase overexpression or amplifications are associated with high proliferation, poor prognosis, and therapeutic resistance in human tumors. AMG 900 is an investigational, oral, selective pan-Aurora kinase inhibitor. Methods This first-in-human trial included dose-escalation and dose-expansion phases ( ClinicalTrials.gov : NCT00858377). Dose escalation evaluated the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of AMG 900 in advanced solid tumors and determined the maximum tolerated dose (MTD)...
Patients with central airway obstruction (CAO) from advanced lung cancer present with significant morbidity and are assumed to have lower survival. Hence, they are offered only palliative support. We asked if patients who have advanced lung cancer with CAO (recanalised and treated) will behave similarly to those with advanced lung cancer without CAO. This study was a retrospective review of the medical records of the patients managed for advanced lung cancer during 2010 and 2015 at our institution. 85 patie...