PubMed Journals Articles About "Comparison Of I-Gel To The Laryngeal Mask Airway" RSS

03:15 EST 13th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Comparison Laryngeal Mask Airway" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,900+

Are the King LTS Laryngeal Tube and the Ambu AuraOnce Laryngeal Mask Useful Airway Adjuncts for Military Medics?

Airway management is a critical skill that may be essential in the battlefield. The aim of this study was to determine if combat life savers and medics with no or limited clinical experience could provide airway control using the disposable laryngeal suction tube (LTS-D) and the Ambu® AuraOnce ™ disposable laryngeal mask (LMA).

Introduction of laryngeal mask airway in Japan, and its rescue use for newborns.

In neonatal resuscitation, laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is recommended when both face mask ventilation and endotracheal intubation fail. However, experience of LMA among obstetricians, nurses and midwives in Japan is limited. The aims of the present study were to (i) offer an LMA training course to professionals dealing with low-risk pregnancies at institutions across Japan, and (ii) assess the subsequent use and value of LMA at the participating institutions.

Performance of Air Seal of Flexible Reinforced Laryngeal Mask Airway in Thyroid Surgery Compared With Endotracheal Tube: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Flexible reinforced laryngeal mask airway (FLMA®) has gained popularity in thyroid surgery, but air leak and displacement are still concerns.

Safety Comparison of Laryngeal Mask Use With Endotracheal Intubation in Patients Undergoing Dacryocystorhinostomy Surgery.

This study will determine the safety of laryngeal mask airway (LMA) compared with endotracheal tube (ETT) in patients undergoing general anesthesia for dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) surgery.

Laryngeal mask airway versus endotracheal tube for percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy in critically ill adults.

Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) is one of the most common bedside surgical procedures performed in critically ill adults, on intensive care units (ICUs), who require long-term ventilation. PDT is associated with relevant life-threatening complications: Cuff rupture or accidental extubation may lead to hypoxia, aspiration or loss of airway. Puncture of the oesophagus, or creating a false passage during dilatation or replacement of the tracheostomy tube, can lead to pneumothorax or emphysema. Wou...

Comparison of a Novel Cadaver Model (Fix for Life) With the Formalin-Fixed Cadaver and Manikin Model for Suitability and Realism in Airway Management Training.

Manikins are widely used in airway management training; however, simulation of realism and interpatient variability remains a challenge. We investigated whether cadavers embalmed with the novel Fix for Life (F4L) embalmment method are a suitable and realistic model for teaching 3 basic airway skills: facemask ventilation, tracheal intubation, and laryngeal mask insertion compared to a manikin (SimMan 3G) and formalin-fixed cadavers.

Fiberoptic intubation of severely obese patients through supraglottic airway: A prospective, randomized trial of the Ambu AuraGain™ laryngeal mask vs the i-gel™ airway.

Airway management in severely obese patients remains a challenging issue for anaesthetists and may lead to life-threatening situations. Supraglottic airway devices, such as the i-gel™ or the AuraGain™, were developed, with the possibility to ventilate the patient or use them as a conduit for endotracheal intubation.

Retraction notice for: "Comparison of Arndt-endobronchial blocker plus laryngeal mask airway with left-sided double-lumen endobronchial tube in one-lung ventilation in thoracic surgery in the morbidly obese" Braz J Med Biol Res (2018) 51(2): e6825.

[This retracts the article doi: 10.1590/1414-431X20176825].

Laryngeal Mask Airway Versus Other Airway Devices for Anesthesia in Children With an Upper Respiratory Tract Infection: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Respiratory Complications.

There is an association between upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) and an increased incidence of perioperative respiratory adverse events (PRAEs), which is a major risk for morbidity during pediatric anesthesia. The aim of the present study was to compare the risk of PRAEs among different airway devices during anesthesia in children with a URTI. A systematic review according to the Cochrane Handbook and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines was conducted. Only r...

Human laryngeal sensory receptor mapping illuminates the mechanisms of laryngeal adductor reflex control.

The laryngeal adductor reflex (LAR) is an airway protective response triggered by sensory laryngeal receptors. It is unknown whether different glottic and supraglottic subsites vary in their reflex elicitation abilities. The recent discovery that a bilateral LAR is present in humans under general anesthesia upon laryngeal mucosal stimulation has enabled us to map the sensory receptor density for LAR elicitation at different laryngeal subsites. Our findings expose the likely mechanisms of LAR control.

Postoperative Airway Obstruction in a Low Resource Setting: A Case Report.

A 2-month-old girl with abnormal facial features and malnutrition presented for placement of a gastrostomy tube. The surgery was performed under general anesthesia using a laryngeal mask airway (LMA); however, after removal of the LMA, the patient had recurrent airway collapse, requiring repeated insertion of the LMA. The authors describe the management of this problem with the use of a tongue suture and anterior traction in the postoperative period in a resource-limited setting.This is an open-access artic...

Laryngeal traumas in children caused by trampoline accidents.

Laryngeal trauma is rare in children due to the anatomical placement and the trauma mechanisms required for injury. Recently the trampoline has become frequent in Danish households leading to more high-energy laryngeal traumas. This case report is about two incidents occurring within a year. The first patient had a laryngeal fracture despite minimum objective findings. The second patient had a compromised airway and needed acute intubation, although she only presented with light hoarseness. We strive to und...

Choosing the right mask for your Asian patient with sleep apnoea: A randomized, crossover trial of CPAP interfaces.

A major challenge with the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is adherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. Mask tolerability is an important determinant of adherence, however evidence to guide selection of mask interfaces is lacking.

Development and Multidisciplinary Preliminary Validation of a 3-Dimensional-Printed Pediatric Airway Model for Emergency Airway Front-of-Neck Access Procedures.

Pediatric-specific difficult airway guidelines include algorithms for 3 scenarios: unanticipated difficult tracheal intubation, difficult mask ventilation, and cannot intubate/cannot ventilate. While rare, these instances may require front-of-neck access (FONA) to secure an airway until a definitive airway can be established. The aim of this study was to develop a pediatric FONA simulator evaluated by both anesthesiology and otolaryngology providers, promoting multidisciplinary airway management.

Effects of Submental Surface Electrical Stimulation on Swallowing Kinematics in Healthy Adults: An Error-Based Learning Paradigm.

Hyoid bone and laryngeal approximation aid airway protection (laryngeal vestibule closure) while moving toward their peak superior and anterior positions during swallowing. Submental surface electrical stimulation (SES) is a therapeutic technique that targets the muscles that move the hyoid bone during swallowing. It is unknown whether submental SES only increases peak hyoid bone swallowing positions but not peak laryngeal swallowing positions, which could require faster or greater laryngeal movement to ach...

Unique Challenges to the Approach and Management of Pediatric Headscarf Pin Aspiration.

Headscarf use is becoming more common throughout the world. Many articles describe the problem of aspirated headscarf pins but few if any give technical details for retrieval or innovative methods of removal if traditional bronchoscopy fails particularly in the pediatric population. Herein, we describe our method of deep sedation with laryngeal mask airway (LMA) and flexible bronchoscopy (FB) and retrieval with a stepwise algorithm if traditional FB fails.

Clinical Characteristics and Management of Saccular Cysts: A Single Institute Experience.

A saccular cyst is defined as a dilated saccule of the larynx, filled with mucus, and is located between the false vocal cords and the thyroid cartilage. Although this uncommon laryngeal condition is benign in nature, it could lead to dyspnea, stridor, and airway obstruction, depending on its size and location. Furthermore, some saccular cysts have been associated with laryngeal carcinoma. This study aimed to characterize this rather uncommon laryngeal condition to aid in determining the proper management o...

Airway Management: The Less Popular Skill of Bag-mask Ventilation.

Comparison of methohexital and propofol as induction agents for evaluation of laryngeal function in healthy dogs.

To determine the influence of propofol or methohexital, with and without doxapram, on the examination of laryngeal function in dogs.

AirWay Scope™ for Difficult Ventilation in a Patient With Epiglottic Cyst.

Epiglottic cysts often cause difficulty in airway management, with potential serious life-threatening complications. This case report describes a patient with an epiglottic cyst in whom mask ventilation became difficult after induction of anesthesia. Immediately, an AirWay Scope™ (TMAWS-S100; Pentax, Japan) was inserted orally, and the location of the epiglottis was clarified to assess the reason for difficulty with ventilation. This case demonstrates usefulness of the AirWay Scope in patients with epigl...

The bariatric airway.

The prevalence of obesity in the UK is increasing. Airway management in the obese patient can be challenging. Face mask ventilation is frequently difficult, and while the incidence of difficult laryngoscopy is only marginally raised, the consequences of failed intubation and the rate at which the obese patient desaturates makes this an unforgiving population. Emergence from anaesthesia requires particular care and attention. This article addresses the problems of airway management in the obese patient and l...

Laryngeal Injury and Upper Airway Symptoms After Oral Endotracheal Intubation With Mechanical Ventilation During Critical Care: A Systematic Review.

To systematically review the symptoms and types of laryngeal injuries resulting from endotracheal intubation in mechanically ventilated patients in the ICU.

Comparison of the upper and lower airway microbiota in children with chronic lung diseases.

The lower airway microbiota is important in normal immunological development and chronic lung diseases (CLDs). Young children cannot expectorate and because of the uncertainty whether upper airway samples reflect the lower airway microbiota, there have been few longitudinal paediatric studies to date.

Endobronchial Ultrasound for Benign Tracheal Stenosis.

We reported the role of endobronchial ultrasound as complement to standard diagnostic exams to better define the benign tracheal stenosis (i.e., thickness and tracheal cartilage integrity) and to plan the treatment with flexible instead of rigid bronchoscope. Under sedation and spontaneous ventilation, the flexible bronchoscope was inserted through the laryngeal mask airway that assured the ventilation. The stenosis was first resected with cold scissors and then dilated with balloon catheter. This strategy ...

Diagnosis of concomitant inducible laryngeal obstruction and asthma.

Inducible laryngeal obstruction, an induced, inappropriate narrowing of the larynx, leading to symptomatic upper airway obstruction, can coexist with asthma. Accurate classification has been challenging because of overlapping symptoms and the absence of sensitive diagnostic criteria for either condition.

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