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Comparison Of The Effect Between Levofloxacin And Moxifloxacin Among MDR-TB Patients PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Comparison Of The Effect Between Levofloxacin And Moxifloxacin Among MDR-TB Patients articles that have been published worldwide.
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To evaluate whether oral ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, ofloxacin and moxifloxacin increase the risk of ventricular arrhythmia in Korea's general population.
Moxifloxacin is widely used for the treatment of a number of infectious diseases because of its favorable pharmacological profile and high clinical success rate. However, it is often criticized for its higher risk of QTc interval prolongation (QTIP) and torsades de pointes (TdP). Areas covered: A review of published literature on moxifloxacin-related QTIP and TdP. Readers will be provided with a comprehensive overview of the prevalence, cellular mechanism, risk factors and magnitude of QTIP of moxifloxacin....
Fluoroquinolone type antimicrobials can cause hypo or hyperglycemia in certain patients. We performed a structured review about this side effect, searching articles published in English or Spanish with full text access in PubMed/Medline. The following MESH terms were used: Hypoglycemia, Hyperglycemia, Quinolones, Ciprofloxacin, Levofloxacin, Moxifloxacin. Additionally, we evaluated the clinical relevance of potential drug interactions, based on the probability of occurrence and the severity of the interacti...
Macrolide or fluoroquinolone-resistant Mycoplasma genitalium is spreading worldwide. We aimed to determine the influence of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the quinolone resistance determining regions (QRDR) of parC and gyrA in cultured M. genitalium strains. In addition, we examined the prevalence of macrolide- and fluoroquinolone resistance mediating mutations in specimens collected from Japanese male patients with urethritis in two time-periods between 2005-2009 and 2010-2017, respectively, by ...
Intracameral moxifloxacin after cataract surgery: a prospective studyResponse: Intracameral moxifloxacin after cataract surgery: a prospective studyLong-term safety of intracameral moxifloxacin after cataract surgeryIntracameral antibiotics during cataract surgery: evidence and barriers.
Effects of moxifloxacin on QTc as well as proarrhythmic surrogate markers including J-Tc, T-Tand short-term variability (STV) of repolarization were examined by using both standard E14 time-based evaluation and exposure-response modeling. The study was conducted with a single-blind, randomized, single-dose, placebo-controlled and two-period cross-over design in healthy Filipino subjects. QT interval was corrected by Fridericia's formula (QTcF). In the E14 time-based evaluation of ECG data, the largest ΔΔQ...
Intravitreal injections of antibiotics and anti-inflammatories are used by some cataract surgeons for surgical prophylaxis. To support this prophylaxis, intravitreal triamcinolone-moxifloxacin (TM) and triamcinolone-moxifloxacin-vancomycin (TMV) were tested for preventing Staphylococcus aureus (SA) endophthalmitis in rabbits.
Two-photon microscopy (TPM) is a three dimensional (3D) microscopic technique based on nonlinear two-photon fluorescence, which has been tested as an alternative to reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) for detecting fungal keratitis via optical imaging. Although TPM provided images with better contrast than RCM for fungal keratitis, its imaging speed was relatively low because of weak intrinsic signal. Moxifloxacin, a Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved antibiotic, was recently used as a cell-label...
To determine the release profile of moxifloxacin encapsulated in liposomes in the aqueous humor as a controlled release system for intracameral application.
Safety concerns persist for long-term pediatric fluoroquinolone use. Seventy children (median age 2.1 years) treated with levofloxacin 10-20 mg/kg once daily for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (median observation time 11.8 months) had few musculoskeletal events, no levofloxacin-attributed serious adverse events, and no QTcF >450 ms. Long-term levofloxacin was safe and well tolerated.
Fluoroquinolones are a known synthetic group of antibiotics that have been the subject of many research interests. This class of antibiotics was shown to be cytotoxic towards various cancer cell lines, thus representing a potentially important source of new anticancer agents. The present study was designed to examine the effect of ciprofloxacin and moxifloxacin on cell viability, redox balance and apoptosis in U87MG glioblastoma cells. Herein, we found that both fluoroquinolones decrease the viability and e...
Microbial biofilms have been implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP). The aim of our study was to evaluate in vitro effects of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid and levofloxacin on biofilm formation by bacterial species isolated from sinus tissue in patients with CRSwNP.
Constipation is quite common and has impact on life quality in the elderly diabetic patients; therefore it is important to seek better treatments. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of Chang Run Tong (CRT) decoction on constipation in elderly diabetic patients in comparison with the effect of Macrogol 4000 powder (Forlax).
The authors examined the effect of the presence of undifferentiated connective tissue dysplasia (UCTD) on the clinical course of lower-limb varicose veins (LLVV) and acute varicothrombophlebitis (AVTP) in patients after the Troyanov-Trendelenburg operation. We carried out a prospective comparative study of the remote results during three years after the Troyanov-Trendelenburg operation in a total of 132 patients suffering from AVTP. The Study Group included 67 patients found to have more than four phenotypi...
The study aimed to compare the effect of epidural anesthesia (EA) and continuous wound infiltration (CWI) on surgical patients.
We evaluated the effects of therapeutic and supratherapeutic doses of tramadol hydrochloride on the corrected QT (QTc) interval in healthy adults (aged 18-55 years) in a randomized, phase I, double-blind, placebo- and positive-controlled, multiple-dose, 4-way crossover study. Participants were randomized to receive 1 of 4 treatments (A-D), 1 each in 4 treatment periods (1-4), separated by a washout period (7-15 days). Treatment A comprised tramadol 400 mg (therapeutic dose) on days 1 through 3, tramadol ...
We performed a homology modeling of the structure of a non-mutated and mutated Ser83→Phe DNA gyrase of Porphyromonas gingivalis. The model presented structural features conserved in type II topoisomerase proteins. We designed and evaluated in silico structural modifications to the core of Moxifloxacin by molecular docking, predicted toxicity and steered molecular dynamics simulations (SMD). Our results suggest that 8D derivative of Moxifloxacin could present a strong inhibitory activity in Porphyromonas g...
We aimed to disprove an in-hospital off-hour effect in stroke patients by adjusting for disease severity and poor prognostic findings on imaging.
Therapeutic procedures that increase occlusal vertical dimension (OVD) may have different responses in patients with different craniofacial vertical patterns. The effect on these patients of increasing their OVD is not well understood.
Fluoroquinolones are a class of popular outpatient antimicrobial agents with a wide spectrum of therapeutic indications for respiratory and genitourinary infections. Though the most common side effects are gastrointestinal, fluoroquinolones have been increasingly associated with neurotoxicity including peripheral neuropathy and seizures. We present here a case of a 43-year-old woman with previously resolved type I complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) who presented with symptoms of CRPS and neurotoxicity in...
Patients with psoriasis enrolled in clinical trials of biologics may not be representative of the real-world population. There is evidence that patients ineligible for such trials have a greater risk of serious adverse events (SAEs), but the effect on drug discontinuation and effectiveness are unknown.
Drug loaded intraocular lenses have been proposed as an alternative to the conventional post-cataract removal prophylaxis through topical drug administration, since the drug or combination of drugs released from the lenses are delivered directly to the target site. In this work, a mathematical model to estimate the concentration of drug released from such lenses in the eye aqueous humor was developed. To attain these estimated concentration profiles, partition and effective diffusivity coefficients for the ...
Patients with Stanford B aortic dissection usually complicated with sleep apnea syndrome. This condition always threatens the patients' respiration situation. In this study, we collected and analysis data of patients' peri-operative managements of Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair (TEVAR) for Stanford B Aortic Dissection (AD) complicated with Sleep Apnea Syndrome (SAS). Comparison has been made between these SAS patients and those who without SAS.
The overuse and misuse of antibiotics lead to bacterial antibiotic resistance, challenging human health and intensive cultivation. It is especially required to understand for the mechanism of antibiotic resistance to control antibiotic-resistant pathogens. The present study characterized the differential proteome of levofloxacin-resistant Vibrio alginolyticus with the most advanced iTRAQ quantitative proteomics technology. A total of 160 proteins of differential abundance were identified, where 70 were decr...
To study the effect of cycloplegia on astigmatism measurements in pediatric patients with amblyopia.