PubMed Journals Articles About "Computer-Assisted Counseling In Helping African American Smokers Stop Smoking" RSS

19:44 EST 22nd January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Computer Assisted Counseling Helping African American Smokers Stop" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 16,000+

Computer-Assisted Surgery for Total Knee Replacement: Navigating Toward Improved Outcomes: Commentary on an article by Gunnar Petursson, MD, et al.: "Computer-Assisted Compared with Conventional Total Knee Replacement. A Multicenter Parallel-Group Randomized Controlled Trial".

Effects of cigarette prices on intention to quit, quit attempts, and successful cessation among African American smokers.

This study examined the effects of cigarette price on intention to quit, quit attempts, and successful cessation among African American smokers in the U.S. and explored whether price effects differed by income level and menthol use status. Price effects were further compared to White counterparts.

Clinical trial recruitment of adult African American smokers from economically disadvantaged urban communities.

This investigation evaluated the effectiveness and challenges of multiple recruitment methods, described as proactive, reactive, and combination methods, among adult African American smokers (N = 527) from economically disadvantaged urban communities enrolled to test progressively reduced nicotine content investigational cigarettes. The study evaluated success using descriptive statistics to measure the volume of phone calls and percentage of eligible participants per method. Reactive and combination st...

Inter- and Intra-Rater Reliability of Computer-Assisted Planimetry in Experimental Stroke Research.

Computer-assisted planimetry is widely used in experimental stroke research to assess the size of the ischemic lesion or hemispheric volume.

Are electronic nicotine delivery systems helping cigarette smokers quit? Evidence from a prospective cohort study of U.S. adult smokers, 2015-2016.

The potential of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) to reduce the cardiovascular and other disease risks of smoking is of great interest. While many smokers report using ENDS for cessation, their impact under real-world use patterns and conditions on adult smokers' quitting behavior is uncertain. The objective of this study was to generate more recent and comprehensive evidence on the effect of "real world" ENDS use on the population quit rates of adult smokers while taking account of frequency and...

Analysis of Marginal Adaptation of Porcelain Laminate Veneers Produced by Computer-Aided Design/Computer-Assisted Manufacturing Technology: A Preliminary In Vitro Study.

To analyze the marginal adaptation of computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufactured (CAD/CAM) porcelain laminate veneers.

African American nurses describe pre-licensure education experiences: A qualitative study.

Greater diversity in the healthcare workforce enhances cross-cultural communication, diminishes bias and stereotyping, thereby improving health outcomes for African Americans. Diversifying the nursing profession has been a persistent challenge and the experiences of African American nursing students in not yet well understood. The aims of this study were to describe the experiences of pre-licensure nursing school, and the meaning of those experiences, retrospectively for African American nurses. The sample ...

Cognition and Vitamin D in Older African-American Women- Physical performance and Osteoporosis prevention with vitamin D in older African Americans Trial and Dementia.

To examine the effect of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels recommended by Endocrine Society guidelines (>30 ng/mL) on cognition in healthy older African-American women over 3 years.

The effects of maternal cigarette smoking on pregnancy outcomes using assisted reproduction technologies: An updated meta-analysis.

There is strong evidence indicating that smoking has negative effects on female reproductive health. Studies to investigate the effects of female smoking on IVF outcomes have been conducted by several research groups, yet the results are controversial. To evaluate the impacts of female smoking on the outcomes of assisted reproduction, a meta-analysis was performed, which included studies published in English up to September 6, 2017 from the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane library databases. Twenty-eight studi...

Study finds that cash is effective, but e-cigarettes are not in helping smokers quit.

The Root of Physical Inactivity Among African-American Women: Identifying Exercise Friendly Hairstyles.

The purpose of this study was to provide information regarding hair maintenance that would increase physical activity among African-American women. A descriptive study design was used, along with Survey Monkey to obtain online responses from African-American female participants over the age of 18 that were associated with four predominately African-American social organizations. Participants were asked to rate the "ease of use" of 8 hairstyles commonly worn by Black or African-American women living in the U...

Two new African siblings of (Boletaceae).

This paper sorts out the taxonomy of species affiliated with in the Guineo-soudanian and Zambezian woodlands of Africa. Morphological and genetic characters of African collections were studied and compared to those of North American and Asian species. A phylogenetic analysis showed that the African specimens form a subclade, sister to the Asian and American taxa. Although clamp connections have previously never been reported from , all specimens of the African subclade show very small clamp connections. T...

Perceived addiction to smoking and associations with motivation to stop, quit attempts and quitting success: A prospective study of English smokers.

Some argue that perceived addiction to smoking (PAS) might undermine motivation to stop. We examined the association of PAS with motivation to stop in a population sample and assessed its association with past and future quit attempts and future quit success.

Computer-Assisted Compared with Conventional Total Knee Replacement: A Multicenter Parallel-Group Randomized Controlled Trial.

We previously reported the short-term radiographic and functional results of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing computer-assisted and conventionally performed total knee replacement. We currently report the 2-year clinical results from this trial.

Molecular and immunologic analysis of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma in smokers and non-smokers.

Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is strongly associated with tobacco use, but recent reports suggest an increasing incidence of LSCC in patients without traditional risk factors, suggesting an alternative etiology of tumorigenesis. The purpose of this study is to characterize this non-smoking population and to compare immunohistochemical markers in tumor specimens from non-smokers and smokers with LSCC.

The association of an alpha2C adrenoreceptor gene polymorphism with vasomotor symptoms in African American women.

The alpha2C adrenoreceptor deletion 322-325 (ADRA2C del 322-325) polymorphism has been associated with autonomic activity and thermoregulation, which are implicated in the vasomotor symptom (VMS) mechanism. The ADRA2C del (322-325) has higher prevalence in African American women, a group known to experience more frequent and bothersome VMS. We assessed whether the ADRA2C del (322-325) genotype is associated with increased frequency of VMS in African American women.

Individual, Social, and Societal Correlates of Health-Related Quality of Life Among African American Survivors of Ovarian Cancer: Results from the African American Cancer Epidemiology Study.

While the incidence of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is lower among African American (AA) women compared with European American (EA) women, AA women have markedly worse outcomes. In this study, we describe individual, social, and societal factors in health-related quality of life (HRQL) in AA women diagnosed with EOC in the African American Cancer Epidemiology Study (AACES) that we hypothesize may influence a patient's capacity to psychosocially adjust to a diagnosis of cancer.

Client Preferences for Contraceptive Counseling: ASystematic Review.

Providers can help clients achieve their personal reproductive goals by providing high-quality, client-centered contraceptive counseling. Given the individualized nature of contraceptive decision making, provider attention to clients' preferences for counseling interactions can enhance client centeredness. The objective of this systematic review was to summarize the evidence on what preferences clients have for the contraceptive counseling they receive.

Comparison of Functional Outcomes of Computer-Assisted vs Conventional Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of High-Quality, Prospective Studies.

Computer-assisted navigation system (CAS) in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been shown to improve mechanical alignment and prosthesis positioning as compared to conventional TKA. However, the evidence with regard to whether CAS-TKA has better patient function over conventional TKA is not clear. This systematic review and meta-analysis compares functional outcomes of CAS vs conventional TKA at longer follow-up periods.

Leveraging technology to promote smoking cessation in urban and rural primary care medical offices.

We examined the use of automated voice recognition (AVR) messages targeting smokers from primary care practices located in underserved urban and rural communities to promote smoking cessation. We partnered with urban and rural primary care medical offices (n = 7) interested in offering this service to patients. Current smokers, 18 years and older, who had completed an office visit within the previous 12 months, from these sites were used to create a smoker's registry. Smokers were recruited within a...

Development of Field Cancerization in the Clinically Normal Oral Mucosa of Shisha Smokers.

This study aimed to investigate the changes that occur in the oral mucosa of shisha smokers and compare them to cigarette smokers, non-smokers and smokers of both shisha and cigarettes and to detect whether these changes could be detected biochemically in saliva.

A comparison of urban and non-urban African American older adults on health-related characteristics.

Although residential geographic health disparities have been noted in the previous literature, studies are specifically lacking on intra-group health comparisons of African American older adults by residential geography. The purpose of this study was to determine if health-related characteristics of African American older adults varied by residential geography. Socioeconomic demographics, medical conditions, primary care use, and self-ratings of general health, social activity, and physical activity were co...

Androgen Receptor and ALDH1 Expression Among Internationally Diverse Patient Populations.

Population-based incidence rates of breast cancers that are negative for estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2/ neu (triple-negative breast cancer [TNBC]) are higher among African American (AA) compared with white American (WA) women, and TNBC prevalence is elevated among selected populations of African patients. The extent to which TNBC risk is related to East African versus West African ancestry, and whether these associations extend to expression of o...

Sexual Health Behavior and Mental Health Among Older African American Women: The Sistahs, Sexuality, and Mental Health Well-Being Project.

In Los Angeles County, the rates of sexually transmitted infections and diseases among African Americans represent a significant public health disparity. Older African American women are at particular risk as they are more likely to engage in high-risk sexual behaviors and report social isolation and loneliness than their younger counterparts. However, the literature on the relationship between sexual health and mental health in this group is limited. The purpose of this study was to use a community-based p...

"Maybe black girls do yoga": A focus group study with predominantly low-income African-American women.

To explore African American (AA) women's use of mind-body therapies, such as yoga and mindfulness, and factors that impact their experiences, observations and opinions.

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