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Computer-Assisted Counseling In Helping African American Smokers Stop Smoking PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Computer-Assisted Counseling In Helping African American Smokers Stop Smoking articles that have been published worldwide.
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Non-daily smokers (NDS) who smoke on some but not all days are a growing subset of United States (US) tobacco users. Racial/ethnic minorities are more likely to be NDS. African American NDS have strikingly high levels of nicotine and carcinogen exposure, making treatment of this high risk group a priority.
Computer-Assisted Surgery for Total Knee Replacement: Navigating Toward Improved Outcomes: Commentary on an article by Gunnar Petursson, MD, et al.: "Computer-Assisted Compared with Conventional Total Knee Replacement. A Multicenter Parallel-Group Randomized Controlled Trial".
This study examined the effects of cigarette price on intention to quit, quit attempts, and successful cessation among African American smokers in the U.S. and explored whether price effects differed by income level and menthol use status. Price effects were further compared to White counterparts.
Computer-assisted design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) techniques are in widespread use for maxillofacial reconstruction. However, CAD/CAM surgical guides are commercially available only in limited areas. To use this technology in areas where these commercial guides are not available, the authors developed a CAD/CAM technique in which all processes are performed by the surgeon (in-house approach). The authors describe their experience and the characteristics of their in-house CAD/CAM reconstr...
In accordance with the changing demographics in the United States, orthodontists working on various ethnic populations should be more conscious when using the standardized profile analyses for the African American patient. The objective of this study was to examine whether the perception of lip protrusiveness in modern African American faces has changed. For this purpose, we investigated the most favorable African American lip profile using the opinions of 10 experienced and 10 newly trained younger orthodo...
This study aimed to assess the behaviors of multiple health professionals in primary healthcare settings in Jordan towards smoking cessation counseling and to determine the barriers to effective smoking cessation behaviors. A survey of 456 health professionals in primary healthcare settings was conducted. A self-administrated questionnaire was used to collect the data. About half of health professionals reported that they usually ask patients about smoking status and advise them to stop smoking (51.4% and 5...
The potential of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) to reduce the cardiovascular and other disease risks of smoking is of great interest. While many smokers report using ENDS for cessation, their impact under real-world use patterns and conditions on adult smokers' quitting behavior is uncertain. The objective of this study was to generate more recent and comprehensive evidence on the effect of "real world" ENDS use on the population quit rates of adult smokers while taking account of frequency and...
To analyze the marginal adaptation of computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufactured (CAD/CAM) porcelain laminate veneers.
Little is known about abuse experienced among African American men who have sex with men (MSM) who are 50 years and older. A series of focus groups were conducted to examine perspectives of seropositive African American MSM age 50 years and older who reported experiencing some form of psychological or physical abuse. Thirty African American MSM were divided into four focus groups and four themes emerged: "Fear Being Gay," "No One Else to Love Me," "Nowhere to Turn," and "Sexual Risk & Control." The data s...
Information regarding use of donor sperm in assisted reproductive technology, as well as subsequent treatment and perinatal outcomes, remains limited. Outcome data would aid patient counseling and clinical decision-making.
Improving the health of black and minority ethnic (BME) men in the US continues to be a public health priority. Compared with men of other races and ethnicities, African-American men have higher rates of mortality and morbidity from chronic illness and diseases including cancer, heart disease, prostate cancer, diabetes and HIV/AIDS. One way to address these disparities is to include African-American men in health research, to elicit their perspectives on health risks and protective factors. These can then i...
African American youths have the highest risk for firearm and other weapon related homicides. This study utilized the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys from 2001 to 2015 to assess trends in violence related behaviors and weapon carrying of African American adolescents. Our analyses found statistically significant reductions in physical fighting and weapon carrying among African American male adolescents from 2007 to 2015. Planning suicide increased in both male and female African American adolescents sin...
We previously reported the short-term radiographic and functional results of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing computer-assisted and conventionally performed total knee replacement. We currently report the 2-year clinical results from this trial.
To evaluate the effect of premolar axial wall height on the retention of adhesive, full-coverage, computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture (CAD/CAM) restorations.
Fluoroscopy is currently the standard imaging modality for curettage of atypical cartilaginous tumors/chondrosarcoma grade 1 (ACT/CS1). Computer-assisted surgery (CAS) is a possible alternative, offering higher resolution imaging and continuous three-dimensional feedback without ionizing radiation use. CAS hypothetically makes curettage more accurate, thereby decreasing residue or recurrence rate. This study aims to compare CAS and fluoroscopy in curettage of ACT/CS1.
The purpose of this study was to compare differences in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) between African-American female breast cancer survivors, African-American female survivors of other cancers, and African-American women with no history of cancer.
To evaluate the internal adaptations of cast crowns made from resin patterns produced using three different computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacturing technologies.
We examined the use of automated voice recognition (AVR) messages targeting smokers from primary care practices located in underserved urban and rural communities to promote smoking cessation. We partnered with urban and rural primary care medical offices (n = 7) interested in offering this service to patients. Current smokers, 18 years and older, who had completed an office visit within the previous 12 months, from these sites were used to create a smoker's registry. Smokers were recruited within a...
Expiratory central airway collapse (ECAC) is associated with respiratory morbidity independent of underlying lung disease. However, not all smokers develop ECAC and the etiology of ECAC in adult smokers is unclear. Paraseptal emphysema in the paratracheal location, by untethering airway walls, may predispose smokers to developing ECAC.
This study describes patterns of cigarette smoking (current, former, never) by sociodemographic, household, and chronic disease characteristics and correlates among US adults receiving housing assistance from the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) during 2007-2012. Estimates were generated from 4,771 adults by using National Health Interview Survey and HUD-linked data. Overall, 48.4% of HUD-assisted adults were never smokers, 33.0% were current smokers, and 18.6% were former smokers; smoki...
To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of botulinum toxin administration into the inferior head of the lateral pterygoid muscle of patients with jaw opening dystonia by using a computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture (CAD/CAM)-derived needle guide.
African-American women are at increased risk for obesity, and therefore it is important to identify dietary factors that have the potential to prevent weight gain within this population. The purpose of the current study was to examine associations between daily fiber intake and Body Mass Index (BMI) over the course of an 18-month weight loss intervention for African-American women.
African American women encounter disproportionately high rates of HIVrelated morbidity and mortality which is partially mediated through stigma and its effect on HIV treatment adherence.
Clinical and epidemiological studies have reported significant racial differences in cardiovascular (CVD) and metabolic disease including hypertension, stroke, atherosclerosis, and type II diabetes which is most prevalent in the African American population. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.