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PubMed Journals Articles About "Computing Faster With Quasi Particles" RSS

02:06 EDT 19th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Computing Faster With Quasi particles" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,500+

Point-source dispersion of quasi-neutrally-buoyant inertial particles.

We analyze the evolution of the distribution, both in the phase space and in the physical space, of inertial particles released by a spatially-localized (punctual) source and advected by an incompressible flow. The difference in mass density between fluid and particles is assumed to be small, and represents the basic parameter for a regular perturbative expansion. By means of analytical techniques such as Hermitianization, we derive a chain of equations of the advection-diffusion-reaction type, easily solva...


Fabrication of Wettability Mesh with Quasi-Rectangular-Restraining Capacity to Water.

A water droplet placed on a surface is usually round owing to surface tension. Restraining a droplet to a rectangle shape has been rarely reported. Herein, we fabricated three meshes with diverse wettability including ordinary mesh, superhydropilic mesh, and quasi-rectangular-restraining mesh. The profiles of water droplets on these three meshes were entirely different from the top view, especially for the quasi-rectangular-restraining mesh, which enables the water droplet on it to achieve the rectangular s...

Self-assembly of magnetic colloids with shifted dipoles.

The self-assembly of colloidal magnetic Janus particles with a laterally displaced (or shifted), permanent dipole in a quasi-two-dimensional system is studied using Brownian dynamics simulations. The rate of formation of clusters and their structures are quantified for several values of dipolar shift from the particle center, which is nondimensionalized using the particle's radius so that it takes values ranging from 0 to 1, and examined under different magnetic interaction strengths relative to Brownian mo...


Swarming in the Dirt: Ordered Flocks with Quenched Disorder.

The effect of quenched (frozen) disorder on the collective motion of active particles is analyzed. We find that active polar systems are far more robust against quenched disorder than equilibrium ferromagnets. Long-ranged order (a nonzero average velocity ⟨v⟩) persists in the presence of quenched disorder even in spatial dimensions d=3; in d=2, quasi-long-ranged order (i.e., spatial velocity correlations that decay as a power law with distance) occurs. In equilibrium systems, only quasi-long-ranged orde...

Broken translational and rotational symmetries in LiMn1.5Ni0.5O4 spinel.

In condensed matter physics broken symmetries and emergence of quasi-particles are intimately linked to each other. Whenever a symmetry is broken, it leaves its fingerprints, and that may be observed indirectly via its influence on the other quasi-particles. Here, we report the strong signature of broken spin rotational symmetry induced due to long range-ordering of spins in Mn - sublattice of LiMn1.5Ni0.5O4 below Tc ~ 113 K reflected with the marked changes in the lattice vibrations using Raman scattering....

Applied Computing to Education on Noncommunicable Chronic Diseases: A Systematic Mapping Study.

The number of deaths from noncommunicable chronic diseases (NCDs) has increased worldwide. These deaths would be partly avoidable if prevention and follow-up measures were applied to reduce risk factors. Computing can help educate individuals, improving their knowledge about NCDs. This article presents a systematic mapping of studies that apply computing to education on NCDs. The results allow a general view of the literature and the identification of research opportunities.

In vivo temperature-sensitive drug release system trigged by cooling using low-melting-point microcrystalline wax.

Temperature-sensitive formulations are attractive controlled-release formulations, which release an incorporated drug by changes in body temperature induced by external temperature stimulation. Recently, it has been reported that wax matrix (WM) particles composed of a low-melting-point microcrystalline wax (MCW) released only a small amount of the drug at 37 °C, whereas faster drug release occurred at 25 °C. In this study, temperature-sensitive formulations composed of low-melting-point MCW that rele...

Diffusive ferromagnetic roller gas.

An ensemble of actively rotating ferromagnetic particles is used to realize an active roller gas. Here, we investigate the diffusive properties of such a gas in experiments and simulations. We reveal that ferromagnetic rollers demonstrate a normal (Fickian) diffusion with a characteristic linear growth of the mean-squared displacement, while statistics of displacements stay non-Gaussian. At short times the system has a bimodal distribution of the displacements that transitions with time to a quasi-Gaussian ...

On the Trustworthiness of Soft Computing in Medicine.

Control of Phase Separation in Polystyrene/Ionic-Liquid Blended Films by Polymer-Brush-Grafted Particles.

Immiscible composite materials with controlled phase-separated structures are important in area ranging from catalysis to battery. We succeeded in controlling the phase-separated structures of immiscible blends of polystyrene (PS) and two ionic-liquids (ILs), namely, N, N-diethyl- N-(2-methoxyethyl)- N-methylammonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (DEME-TFSI) and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (EMI-TFSI), by adding precisely designed concentrated-polymer-brush-grafted (CPB-...

Numerical investigation of flame behavior and quenching distance in randomly distributed poly-dispersed iron dust cloud combustion within a narrow channel.

In this research, the combustion of iron dust cloud through a narrow channel is simulated. Particles are randomly distributed within a rectangular control volume. Both conductive heat transferred from ignited to unignited particles and radiative heat scattered from burning particles are considered in the simulation. Radiative heat loss to the ambient gas as well as conductive heat loss to the channel walls are also taken into account. Besides, in conjunction with uniform size dust clouds, conditions in whic...

Effects of Light Dispersed Particles on the Stability of Dense Suspended Particles against Sedimentation.

A novel method in which vesicular dispersions of the double-chain cationic surfactant DDAB (didodecyldimethylammonium bromide) stabilize suspensions of high density titania particles was recently presented (Yang, Y.-J; Corti, D.S.; Franses, E. I. Langmuir 2015, 31, 8802-8808). At high enough DDAB concentration, the vesicles form a close-packed structure, providing strong resistance to the sedimentation of the titania particles, while the dispersions remain highly shear-thinning with moderate limiting viscos...

Multifunctional motion-to-color janus transducers for the rapid detection of sepsis biomarkers in whole blood.

Self-propelled particles are revolutionizing sensing applications thanks to a unique motion-based signal generation mechanism in which biorecognition reactions are detected as changes in the velocity of the colloids. Here a new family of self-propelled multifunctional Janus particles is introduced that enables detecting changes in particle motion colorimetrically. The particles consist of an iron oxide core that provides color and magnetism, and a Janus coating that provides biospecific recognition and loco...

Patterned full-color reflective coatings based on photonic cholesteric liquid-crystalline particles.

An easy approach to pattern angular-independent, multi-color reflective coatings based on cholesteric liquid crystalline (CLC) particles is presented. CLC particles are fabricated by emulsification, which is a scalable, cost-effective and environmentally-friendly synthesis process. The photonic particles can be easily dispersed in a binder to produce reflective coatings. Furthermore, a simple strategy to remove the photonic cross-communication between the particles has been developed. By incorporating a rea...

Tumorigenesis as the paradigm of quasi-neutral molecular evolution.

In the absence of both positive and negative selection, coding sequences evolve at a neutral rate (R = 1). Such a high genomic rate is generally not achievable due to the prevalence of negative selection against codon substitutions. Remarkably, somatic evolution exhibits the seemingly neutral rate R ∼ 1 across normal and cancerous tissues. Nevertheless, R ∼ 1 may also mean that positive and negative selection are both strong, but equal in intensity. We refer to this regime as quasi-neutral. Indeed, ...

Colloidal organosilica spheres for three-dimensional confocal microscopy.

We describe the synthesis and application of 3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl methacrylate (TPM) particles as a colloidal model system for three-dimensional (3D) confocal scanning laser microscopy. The effect of the initial TPM concentration on the growth and polydispersity of the particles and a recently developed solvent transfer method to disperse particles in a refractive index and density matching solvent mixture are reviewed and discussed. To fully characterise the system as a colloidal model, we measure the...

Assessment of fine particles released during paper printing and shredding processes.

In this study, we investigated the airborne particles released during paper printing and paper shredding processes in an attempt to characterize and differentiate these particles. Particle characteristics were studied with real time instruments (RTIs) to measure concentrations and with samplers to collect particles for subsequent microscopy and cytotoxicity analysis. The particles released by paper shredding were evaluated for cytotoxicity by using in vitro human lung epithelial cell models. A substantial a...

Green function, quasi-classical Langevin and Kubo-Greenwood methods in quantum thermal transport.

With the advances in fabrication of materials with feature sizes at the order of nanometers, it has been possible to alter their thermal transport properties dramatically. Miniaturization of device size increases the power density in general, hence faster electronics require better thermal transport, whereas better thermoelectric applications require the opposite. Such diverse needs bring new challenges for material design. Shrinkage of length scales has also changed the experimental and theoretical methods...

Heterogeneous Photon Recycling and Charge Diffusion Enhance Charge Transport in Quasi-2D Lead-Halide Perovskite Films.

The addition of large hydrophobic cations to lead halide perovskites has significantly enhanced the environmental stability of photovoltaic cells based on these materials. However, the associated formation of two-dimensional structures inside the material can lead to dielectric confinement, higher exciton binding energies, wider bandgaps and limited charge-carrier mobilities. Here we show that such effects are not detrimental to the charge transport, for carefully processed films comprising a self-assembled...

Flow and clogging of particles in shaking random obstacles.

Transport of three types of particles (passive particles, active particles, and polar particles) is investigated in a random obstacle array in the presence of a dc drift force. The obstacles are static or synchronously shake along the given direction. When the obstacles are static, the average velocity is a peaked function of the dc drift force (negative differential mobility) for low particle density, while the average velocity monotonically increases with the dc drift force (positive differential mobility...

Development of novel lipidic particles for siRNA delivery that are highly effective after 12 months storage.

Liposomes are versatile and well-proven as a means to deliver nucleic acids into cells. Most of the formulation procedures used are labour intensive and result in unstable end products. We have previously reported on the development of a simple, yet efficient, hydration-of-freeze-dried-matrix (HFDM) method to entrap siRNA within lipid particles. Here we show that the particles are stable up to 12 months after storage at room temperature (RT), 4°C or -20°C. While RT storage results in changes in particle s...

Quasi-Synchronization of Heterogeneous Networks With a Generalized Markovian Topology and Event-Triggered Communication.

We consider the quasi-synchronization problem of a continuous time generalized Markovian switching heterogeneous network with time-varying connectivity, using pinned nodes that are event-triggered to reduce the frequency of controller updates and internode communications. We propose a pinning strategy algorithm to determine how many and which nodes should be pinned in the network. Based on the assumption that a network has limited control efficiency, we derive a criterion for stability, which relates the pi...

Enhancement of the apparent solubility and bioavailability of Tadalafil nanoparticles via antisolvent precipitation.

The ability to increase the bioavailability and dissolution of poorly soluble hydrophobic drugs has been a major challenge for pharmaceutical development. This study shows that the dissolution rate, apparent solubility and oral bioavailability of tadalafil (Td) can be improved by nano-sized amorphous particles prepared by using antisolvent precipitation. Acetone and an acetone-water solution (v:v, 9:1) were selected as solvents, with deionized water as the antisolvent. The antisolvent precipitation process ...

Robust Heart Rate Monitoring for Quasi-periodic Motions by Wrist-Type PPG Signals.

Heart rate (HR) monitoring using photoplethysmography (PPG) is a promising feature in modern wearable devices. PPG is easily contaminated by motion artifacts (MA), hindering estimation of HR. For quasi-periodic motions, previous works generally focused on a few specific motions, such as walking and fast running. However, they may not work well for many different quasi-periodic motions where MA are very complex. In this paper, a robust HR monitoring scheme for different quasi-periodic motions using wrist-typ...

Speed and energy optimized quasi-delay-insensitive block carry lookahead adder.

We present a new asynchronous quasi-delay-insensitive (QDI) block carry lookahead adder with redundant carry (BCLARC) realized using delay-insensitive dual-rail data encoding and 4-phase return-to-zero (RTZ) and 4-phase return-to-one (RTO) handshaking. The proposed QDI BCLARC is found to be faster and energy-efficient than the existing asynchronous adders which are QDI and non-QDI (i.e., relative-timed). Compared to existing asynchronous adders corresponding to various architectures such as the ripple carry...


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