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05:32 EDT 20th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Concept Medical" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 12,000+

Medical error and liability for it in some post-soviet countries (Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Ukraine).

Introduction: Infliction of harm to life and health due to medical errors is common for the whole world and post-Soviet countries, in particular. The problem of these errors is one of the most important in medical law, although there is no unified concept of it. A small number of sentences in cases of criminal negligence of medical professionals indicates a high latency and often unprovability of this crime in a number of post-Soviet countries. The aim: To disclose the objective and subjective prerequisites...

Exploring the Construct of Psychological Safety in Medical Education.

Psychological safety (PS) is recognized as key in health professional education. However, most studies exploring PS in medical education have focused on mistreatment, thus focusing on what PS is not. The authors set out to explicitly explore learners' concept of PS in the context of medical education to better understand and define PS and its educational consequences for medical students.

Self-Anamnesis with a Conversational User Interface: Concept and Usability Study.

 Self-anamnesis is a procedure in which a patient answers questions about the personal medical history without interacting directly with a doctor or medical assistant. If collected digitally, the anamnesis data can be shared among the health care team. In this article, we introduce a concept for digital anamnesis collection and assess the applicability of a conversational user interface (CUI) for realizing a mobile self-anamnesis application.

Segment-averaged LET concept and analytical calculation from microdosimetric quantities in proton radiation therapy.

This work introduces the concept of segment-averaged linear energy transfer (LET) as a new approach to average distributions of LET of proton beams based on a revisiting of microdosimetry theory. The concept of segment-averaged LET is then used to generate an analytical model from Monte Carlo simulations data to perform fast and accurate calculations of LET distributions for proton beams.

Health education: A Rogerian concept analysis.

The concept of health education has traditionally focused on enabling people to change unhealthy behaviours and lifestyles. Although, at the theoretical level, there exist definitions of the concept, it remains complex and ambiguous. Furthermore, nurses often confuse the concept with other related terms, such as health information or health promotion. The aim here is to report a concept analysis of health education and elucidate a current definition.

Reverse Educational Distance: Exploring a novel concept to enhance Resident-As-Teacher curricula.

The learning benefits associated with residents teaching peers and junior trainees are well documented. However, the concept of Reverse Educational Distance (RED), when residents teach an academically senior audience, is poorly described.

Comparing two teaching methods based on concept map and lecture on the level of learning in basic life support.

Education and training about Basic Life Support is necessary for different medical groups such as nurses. Different teaching methods have been developed to preserve essential medical information, knowledge and skills. The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of concept map-based and lecture-based teaching methods on the level of nursing students' learning in Basic Life Support. This quasi-experimental study was conducted in 2015 on 57 nursing students from a nursing school in Tehran. Students we...

Unique device identification and traceability for medical software: A major challenge for manufacturers in an ever-evolving marketplace.

Similarly to what already established and implemented in the United States, the concept of the Unique Device Identification (UDI) system has been introduced with the European Regulations for medical devices MDR (EU) 2017/745 and in-vitro diagnostic medical devices IVDR (EU) 2017/746 and it is on the way to become a worldwide standard. The aim of this work was to provide a possible approach for the implementation of UDI and traceability in Europe for standalone software medical devices according to lifecycle...

Beyond mistreatment: Learner neglect in the clinical teaching environment.

Medical student mistreatment has been recognized as a deterrent to education as it interferes with the learning process and contributes to student burnout and attrition. Medical schools and leaders in undergraduate medical education have expended tremendous effort in addressing this phenomenon in hopes of eradicating mistreatment. However, there is a spectrum of behaviors that negatively impact the learning environment beyond that which is considered frank mistreatment. In this conceptual article, the autho...

Enhancing clinical concept extraction with contextual embeddings.

Neural network-based representations ("embeddings") have dramatically advanced natural language processing (NLP) tasks, including clinical NLP tasks such as concept extraction. Recently, however, more advanced embedding methods and representations (eg, ELMo, BERT) have further pushed the state of the art in NLP, yet there are no common best practices for how to integrate these representations into clinical tasks. The purpose of this study, then, is to explore the space of possible options in utilizing these...

Unsupervised Concept Extraction from Clinical Text through Semantic Composition.

Concept extraction is an important step in clinical natural language processing. Once extracted, the use of concepts can improve the accuracy and generalization of downstream systems. We present a new unsupervised system for the extraction of concepts from clinical text. The system creates representations of concepts from the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS®) by combining natural language descriptions of concepts with word representations, and composing these into higher-order concept vectors. These ...

EU postmarket surveillance plans for medical devices.

Purpose:Recent public health safety issues involving medical devices have led to a growing demand to improve the current passive-reactive postmarketing surveillance (PMS) system. Various European Union (EU) national competent authorities have started to focus on strengthening the postmarket risk evaluation. As a consequence, the new EU medical device regulation was published; it includes the concept of a PMS Plan METHODS: This publication reviewed Annex III Technical Documentation on PMS and Annex XIV Part ...

Changes in self-concept and risk of psychotic experiences in adolescence: a longitudinal population based cohort study.

Psychotic experiences (PEs) are commonly reported in adolescence and are associated with a range of negative outcomes. Few targets for intervention for PEs have been identified. One potential target is self-concept: an individual's beliefs about his/her personal attributes. Improvements in self-concept have been shown to reduce psychotic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia but no study has investigated the relationship between changes in self-concept and risk of PEs in the general population. We aimed t...

Resources for assigning MeSH IDs to Japanese medical terms.

Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), a medical thesaurus created by the National Library of Medicine (NLM), is a useful resource for natural language processing (NLP). In this article, the current status of the Japanese version of Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is reviewed. Online investigation found that Japanese-English dictionaries, which assign MeSH information to applicable terms, but use them for NLP, were found to be difficult to access, due to license restrictions. Here, we investigate an open-source J...

Medical Student Secrecy, its Link to the Duty of Confidentiality and the Right to Access and Reuse Health Information.

The authors address the legal void that exists regarding medical student access to clinical records and health information that local healthcare organizations hold under legal and institutional custody. They develop a legal thesis that configures the creation of medical student professional secrecy and its connection with the duty of confidentiality as assumptions that underlie the medical student's right to access and reuse health information. Medical students have the legitimacy to access health informati...

The development of symmetry concept in preschool children.

Young children are exposed to symmetrical figures frequently before they are taught the concept of symmetry, which is a valuable experience for the development of geometry; however, limited research has explored how this concept develops. This study investigated the developmental sequence of "general symmetry" concept and "specific symmetry" concepts (i.e., bilateral, rotational, and translational symmetry) with 106 4-6-year-old children using a symmetry deviant detection task. The test examined children's ...

A Concept Analysis of Parental Uncertainty in Illness of an Infant.

The concept of uncertainty in illness has been well described and applied to many different areas of nursing and other disciplines. Specifically, parental uncertainty in illness of an infant is a meaningful concept that has specific attributes and implications. A current concept analysis that considers the changing healthcare setting, historical conceptual inconsistencies, and a lack of information concerning parents of infants is needed.

Learning medical professionalism - the application of appreciative inquiry and social media.

Medical professionalism is often considered difficult to be clearly observed and learned. However, although most medical students or residents affirm the necessity of medical professionalism courses, few agree that those currently offered are adequate for a medical career.

The Sooner the Better: High Value Care Education in Medical School.

Over the last decade in the United States, a national emphasis on controlling health care costs has prompted the medical community to embrace the ideal of high value care (HVC), with value defined as health outcomes achieved per dollar spent. Despite increasing recognition of its importance as a skill for the modern physician, the practice of HVC remains a relatively new concept. Integrating HVC into medical education has been heterogenous at best, with the majority of current HVC education thus far impleme...

Train-the-Trainer: Professionalisation of Didactics in Daily Clinical Routine - the Personal Perception of Clinical Teaching Staff with Respect to Didactic Competence and the Framework Conditions of Teaching.

Teaching training programs contribute to improving the quality of medical education. In a course of the Train-the-Trainer (TTT) concept of the Surgical Working Group for Teaching, teachers (TN) from different medical professions and career levels were taught together.

Therapeutic Privilege Is No Defence.

Therapeutic privilege is conceptualised as a defence to a negligence claim available to a medical practitioner, where the negligence alleged is a failure to warn. It affords a practitioner an opportunity to prove that the failure to warn was because of a belief that disclosure of a material risk would prove damaging to a patient. Since its endorsement by the High Court in 1992, the concept has received scant judicial attention. This article explains why. The legal landscape has changed and in terms of estab...

Is There a Problem With False Hope?

This article offers a general discussion of the concept of false hope. Its ultimate aim is to clarify the meaning and the relevance of that concept for medicine and medical research. In the first part (Sections I-V), the concept of hope is discussed. I argue that hope is more than a combination of a desire and a belief about the probability that the desire will be fulfilled. Imagination and anticipation are as well components of hope. I also discuss if hope implies orientation to action. In the second part ...

Concept Embedding to Measure Semantic Relatedness for Biomedical Information Ontologies.

There have been many attempts to identify relationships among concepts corresponding to terms from biomedical information ontologies such as the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS). In particular, vector representation of such concepts using information from UMLS definition texts is widely used to measure the relatedness between two biological concepts. However, conventional relatedness measures have a limited range of applicable word coverage, which limits the performance of these models. In this paper,...

Engaging children and youth in research and evaluation using group concept mapping.

Group concept mapping is a systematic methodology that recognizes participants' expertise in their own experiences. In this approach, participants share their diverse knowledge and interpret the data generated by all group members. This approach uniquely blends quantitative and qualitative techniques to create illustrative, structured conceptualizations. In this article, we describe the steps in group concept mapping and report feedback on this method from 37 children and youth who participated in group con...

What Can Be Achieved With Motivation-Based Teaching of Medical Students? A Monocentric Retrospective Audit of Retention Among Highly Motivated Graduates Who Underwent the Learning-by-Doing Concept in Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine.

Medical education, in general, is undergoing a significant shift from traditional methods. It becomes very difficult to discover effective teaching methods within the limited possibilities in patient hands-on education, especially as seen in anesthesiology and intensive care medicine (AIM) teaching. Motivation-based teaching is very popular in all other aspects of education, but it has received scant attention in medical education literature, even though it can make a real difference for both students and p...

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