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Controlled Therapeutics (Scotland) Ltd PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Controlled Therapeutics (Scotland) Ltd articles that have been published worldwide.
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There is an increasing need for the adoption of effective preschool obesity prevention interventions to combat the high levels of early-childhood obesity in the UK. This study will examine the feasibility and acceptability of the adapted version of the ToyBox intervention-a preschool obesity prevention programme-for use in Scotland (ToyBox-Scotland). This will inform the design of a full-scale cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT).
Local, sustained release and presentation of RNAi therapeutics can be achieved with hydrogel delivery systems. Here we show the development of a supramolecular hydrogel into a local RNAi delivery system. By careful material design, two simple but effective strategies are introduced to obtain controlled release of two classes of RNAi therapeutics, i.e. microRNA and antimiR. It was shown that the release of microRNA could be regulated using cholesterol-modification for interaction with the supramolecular hydr...
Therapeutic peptides are attracting increasing attention for biomedical applications. Peptides present promising opportunities in targeted drug delivery due to their high specificity, selectivity, small dimensions, ease of modification, and high biocompatibility. During the last decade, the potential of peptides as therapeutics or targeting ligands has been boomed in nanotechnology and cancer research. This review summarizes various peptides as therapeutics and targeting ligands in cancer therapy. At first,...
Cause-specific mortality trends are routinely reported for Scotland. However, ill-defined deaths are not routinely redistributed to more precise and internationally comparable categories nor is the mortality reported in terms of years of life lost to facilitate the calculation of the burden of disease. This study describes trends in Years of Life Lost (YLL) for specific causes of death in Scotland from 2000 to 2015.
This study assessed whether five health technology assessment (HTA) bodies in Europe were more negative about drugs with a conditional marketing authorisation (CMA) that are approved without controlled studies compared to CMA drugs that are approved based on controlled studies. HTA recommendations were categorized into positive, restricted and negative. A total of 92 HTA recommendations were available for 27 drugs. 30/62 (48%) and 17/30 (57%) of recommendations were negative for drugs with and without contr...
Anthropometric changes to the feet with pregnancy may increase risk for musculoskeletal disease. Customized arch-supportive orthoses to prevent anthropometric changes could potentially provide an inexpensive means to prevent musculoskeletal impairments and improve quality of life for women during their post-reproductive years. The objective of this prospective, randomized controlled trial was to determine whether customized foot orthoses can prevent arch collapse during pregnancy.
Immigration into Europe has raised contrasting concerns about increased pressure on health services and equitable provision of health care to immigrants or ethnic minorities. Our objective was to find out if there were important differences in hospital use between the main ethnic groups in Scotland.
Within the field of RNA therapeutics, antisense oligonucleotide-based therapeutics are a potentially powerful means of treating intractable diseases. However, if these therapeutics are used for the treatment of neurological disorders, safe yet efficient methods of delivering antisense oligonucleotides across the blood-brain barrier to the central nervous system must be developed. Here, we examined the use of angubindin-1, a binder to the tricellular tight junction, to modulate paracellular transport between...
Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) exist along a spectrum, from explanatory, designed to evaluate interventions under ideal conditions, to pragmatic, designed to reflect usual care. This study assessed the pragmaticism of RCTs of advanced therapeutics in rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Robin sequence (RS) is a congenital disorder characterized by cleft palate, micrognathia, and glossoptosis which can result in clinically significant upper airway obstruction (UAO). Historically, incidence of RS in the UK has been estimated as 1 in 8500 live births. Our study describes birth prevalence, clinical characteristics, and management of RS in the East of Scotland (EoS) region.
To update the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) clinical practice guidelines for nutrition therapy, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to summarize the evidence for the effect of vegetarian dietary patterns on glycemic control and other established cardiometabolic risk factors in individuals with diabetes.
Many efforts have been undertaken to construct an overview of various aspects of illicit drug distribution in the United Kingdom. Yet given that national, regional, and local differences can be profound, this has proven difficult, to the extent that Scotland has been largely excluded from the conversation. In addition, the level of supply being examined, the drug type, and the actors involved only add to confusion and vast differences between some findings.
Circulating antibodies that specifically bind polyethylene glycol (PEG), a polymer routinely used in protein and nanoparticle therapeutics, have been associated with reduced efficacy and increased adverse reactions to some PEGylated therapeutics. In addition to acute induction of anti-PEG antibodies (APA) by PEGylated drugs, typically low but detectable levels of APA are also found in up to 70% of the general population. Despite the broad implications of APA, the dynamics of APA-mediated clearance of PEGyla...
Trends in mortality following Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in Scotland, and excess mortality and length of stay in the hospital population, 2010 to 2016: a retrospective cohort and case-control study using linked national datasets.
National surveillance of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in Scotland enables the monitoring of trends in incidence rates but not mortality.
Failure to vaccinate is well-recognised in Europe as a contributing factor to outbreaks of infectious diseases. Low immunisation rates are often associated with religious, social and ethnic minorities, including refugees or migrant groups. Polish people form Scotland's newest and largest migrant group. They have moved to Scotland since 2004, joining established ethnic minorities from China, the Indian subcontinent and Africa. Scotland has had a seasonal influenza nasal vaccination programme for all primary ...
This article presents a critical commentary of specific organizational models and practices for bridging 'the gap' between public health research and policy and practice. The authors draw on personal experiences of such models in addition to the wider knowledge translation and exchange literature to reflect on their strengths and weaknesses as implemented in Scotland and Canada since the early 1990s.
Controlled delivery of protein therapeutics remains a challenge. Here, the inclusion of diselenide-bond-containing organosilica moieties into the framework of silica to fabricate biodegradable mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) with oxidative and redox dual-responsiveness is reported. These diselenide-bridged MSNs can encapsulate cytotoxic RNase A into the 8-10 nm internal pores via electrostatic interaction and release the payload via a matrix-degradation controlled mechanism upon exposure to oxidative...
The results of the single-arm, open-label extension phase of the Grafix (cryopreserved placental membrane; CPM; Osiris Therapeutics, Inc, Columbia, MD) multicenter, blinded, randomized, controlled clinical trial for chronic diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) is reported.
Digital interventions may assist patients with type 2 diabetes in improving glycemic control. We aimed to synthesize effect sizes of digital interventions on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels and to identify effective features of digital interventions targeting patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes.
To summarize recent developments in the field of RNA-directed therapeutics targeting lipid disorders that are not effectively managed.
Carriers that can afford tunable physical and structural changes are envisioned to address critical issues in controlled drug delivery applications. Herein, we report photo-responsive conjugated polymer nanoparticles (CPNs) functionalized with donor-acceptor Stenhouse adduct (DASA) and folic acid units for controlled drug delivery, release and imaging. Upon visible light (λ = 550 nm) irradiation, CPNs undergo structure, color, and polarity changes simultaneously that swell and open-up CPNs to release encap...
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza are important viral pathogens worldwide. Children, in particular, bear considerable burdens of morbidity and mortality associated with these viruses. There are limited therapeutic options for children infected with RSV or influenza. This review focuses on therapeutics for RSV and influenza that are currently under clinical investigation.