PubMed Journals Articles About "Correlation Between Daily Physical Activity And Disability, Fatigue, Cognition And Quality Of Life In MS Patients" RSS

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Showing "Correlation Between Daily Physical Activity Disability Fatigue Cognition" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 31,000+

Sensor and Survey Measures Associated With Daily Fatigue in HIV: Findings From a Mixed-Method Study.

Fatigue is the most common symptom among people living with HIV (PLWH), but may have many causes. This mixed-method study was designed to characterize PLWH's fatigue experiences and associated self-management behaviors, using Two Minds Theory. Fifty-five PLWH completed daily smartphone surveys on psychological states and fatigue at random times for 30 days and used a Fitbit Alta™ wristband. Within-person multilevel models were used to identify univariate correlates of fatigue. The first 25 participants al...

Association of Total Daily Physical Activity and Fragmented Physical Activity With Mortality in Older Adults.

Fragmented daily physical activity may be a sign of physiological decline that provides more powerful insight into impending mortality than total daily activity.

Mediators of a Physical Activity Intervention on Cognition in Breast Cancer Survivors: Evidence From a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Emerging research suggests that increasing physical activity can help improve cognition among breast cancer survivors. However, little is known about the mechanism through which physical activity impacts cancer survivors' cognition.

Association and Dose-Response Relationship of Self-Reported Physical Activity and Disability Among Adults ≥50 Years: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011-2016.

Disability is a tremendous public health challenge. No study has assessed whether meeting U.S. Physical Activity guidelines is associated with disability in mobility tasks, activities of daily living, and social participation among U.S. older adults. Using 2011-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data, this study examined this relationship among 8,309 individuals aged ≥50 years. Most participants (n = 4,272) did not achieve guidelines, and 2,912 participants were completely inactive. Pe...

Intervention Mediators in a Randomized Controlled Trial to Increase Physical Activity and Fatigue Self-management Behaviors Among Adults With Multiple Sclerosis.

People with multiple sclerosis (MS) often experience fatigue, which is aggravated by inactivity. Identifying mediators of changes in physical activity (PA) and fatigue self-management (FSM) behaviors could optimize future interventions that reduce the impact of MS fatigue.

Muscle performance and fatigue in compensated chronic liver disease.

A common and debilitating symptom in patients with chronic liver disease is fatigue (CLD). Muscle dysfunction has been suggested to be a key mechanism of fatigue in CLD. We aimed to evaluate fatigue and the potential association with muscle performance and physical activity in outpatients with CLD. Two-hundred seventy outpatients with CLD were included, (52 ± 15 years, mean ± SD; 151 females) with autoimmune hepatitis ( = 49), primary biliary cholangitis ( = 45), primary sclerosing chol...

Randomized controlled trial of a telephone-delivered physical activity and fatigue self-management interventions in adults with multiple sclerosis.

To compare the effectiveness of telephone-delivered interventions on fatigue, physical activity, and quality of life outcomes in adults with multiple sclerosis (MS).

Sleep quality and sex modify the relationships between trait energy and fatigue on state energy and fatigue.

The objective of this study was to identify the associations between trait energy and fatigue with state energy fatigue, as well as exploring if these relationships interacted with sex and/or sleep quality. The study population included a convenience sample of adults and college students (n ranges from 687 to 694). Key measures were state and trait mental and physical energy and fatigue scales, PSQI (a measure of sleep quality), and sex. Multiple regression models included age, polyphenol consumption, POMS ...

Daily Physical Activity in Patients With COPD After Hospital Discharge in a Minority Population.

Low physical activity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. To inform the design of a home-based physical activity promotion program for patients with COPD recently discharged from a minority-serving hospital, we conducted a cohort study to evaluate objectively measured daily physical activity and patient-reported outcomes.

Accelerometer-Measured Hospital Physical Activity and Hospital-Acquired Disability in Older Adults.

Hospital-acquired disability (HAD) is common and often related to low physical activity while in the hospital.

Physical activity of children and adolescents with Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathies: A cross-sectional case-controlled study.

Disability related to the progressive and degenerative neuropathies known collectively as Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) affects gait and function, increasing with age and influencing physical activity in adults with CMT. The relationship between CMT-related disability, ambulatory function and physical activity in children and adolescents with CMT is unknown.

Exploring Active Travel and Leisure-Time Physical Activity Relationships With Cognition Among Older Adults.

Leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) is known to benefit cognition among older adults, but the impact of active travel is unclear. To explore this relationship, data from the 2011-2014 National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (N = 2,702; mean age = 70) were retrieved on the self-reported frequency and duration of active travel (walking/cycling for transport, >20 min), LTPA engagement (e.g., sport), and three cognitive outcomes. Four groups were created according to physical activity guidelines ...

Hearing loss is a risk factor of disability in older adults: A systematic review.

Hearing loss (HL) is a public health problem affecting older adults. HL is not only a health condition but also a complex, dynamic phenomenon related to disability. Previous studies identified associations between HL and undesirable outcomes; however, their correlation remains inconclusive. Hearing loss can have profound impact on daily life in the elderly, and an understanding of how HL contributes to disability is needed. A systematic review was conducted to comprehensively examine current evidence and de...

Quality of life in patients with polyneuropathy associated with different types of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance.

Polyneuropathy associated with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS-PNP) has a chronic and slowly progressive course but can lead to significant disability and reduced quality of life (QoL). The aim of this study was to analyze QoL in MGUS-PNP patients and to determine its predictors. Our study included 51 patients diagnosed with MGUS-PNP (23.5% with IgM, 66.7% IgG or IgA, 7.8% undetermined paraprotein, 2.0% light chains). QoL was assessed using the SF-36 questionnaire. The Medical Resea...

Association between intelligence quotient and disability: the role of socioeconomic status.

No study has investigated the association between intelligence quotient (IQ) and disability (i.e., difficulties in activities of daily living [ADL] or instrumental activities of daily living [IADL]) in the general population.

Brain structural connectomes indicate shared neural circuitry involved in subjective experience of cognitive and physical fatigue in older adults.

Cumulative evidence suggests the existence of common processes underlying subjective experience of cognitive and physical fatigue. However, mechanistic understanding of the brain structural connections underlying the experience of fatigue in general, without the influence of clinical conditions, is limited. The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between structural connectivity and perceived state fatigue in older adults. We enrolled cognitively and physically healthy older individuals (n...

The perspectives of parents of youth with disabilities toward physical activity: A systematic review.

Parents' perceptions of physical activity (PA), in particular, are critically important because children with disabilities are often dependent on their families to be able to engage in physical activities. Thus, adapted physical activity scholars have acknowledged the need for research addressing the perceptions of parents of youth with disabilities regarding their child's PA engagement.

The contribution of frailty, cognition, activity of daily life and comorbidities on outcome in acutely admitted patients over 80 years in European ICUs: the VIP2 study.

Premorbid conditions affect prognosis of acutely-ill aged patients. Several lines of evidence suggest geriatric syndromes need to be assessed but little is known on their relative effect on the 30-day survival after ICU admission. The primary aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of frailty, cognition decline and activity of daily life in addition to the presence of comorbidity and polypharmacy and to assess their influence on 30-day survival.

No evidence of disease activity including cognition (NEDA-3 plus) in naïve pediatric multiple sclerosis patients treated with natalizumab.

Pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (POMS) is characterized by high inflammatory activity, aggressive course and early development of physical and cognitive disability. A highly effective early treatment must be considered in POMS.

Experiences, barriers, and facilitators to participating in physical activity and exercise in adults living with chronic pain: a qualitative study.

To explore experiences, barriers, and facilitators to participating in physical activity and exercise in adults living with chronic pain. An interpretive description qualitative study using semi-structured interviews was conducted. Participants included adults living with chronic pain (pain >3 months in duration). Transcripts were analyzed using thematic analysis. Sixteen participants (five men; 11 women) with a median age of 53 years (range: 28-87) were interviewed. Three major themes related to physic...

Moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity is associated with modified fatigue during and after cancer treatment.

The primary objective was to investigate the association between the amount of time spent in moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) and cancer-related fatigue (CRF) before, during, and 2 years after start of treatment.

A Comparison of the Physiology of Sedentary Behavior and Light Physical Activity in Adults With and Without a Physical Disability.

It is questionable whether postures that are regarded as sedentary behavior in able-bodied persons evoke comparable physiological responses in adults with stroke or cerebral palsy (CP). This study aimed to compare metabolic demand and muscle activity in healthy controls, adults with stroke, and adults with CP during sedentary behavior and light physical activities.

Assessing Physical Activity and Sleep in Axial Spondyloarthritis: Measuring the Gap.

Patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) frequently report pain, stiffness, fatigue, and sleep problems, which may lead to impaired physical activity. The majority of reported-on measures evaluating physical activity and sleep disturbance in axSpA are self-reported questionnaires, which can be impacted by patient recall (reporting bias). One objective measure, polysomnography, has been employed to evaluate sleep in patients with axSpA; however, it is an intrusive measure and cannot be used over the lon...

Physical Activity in the Hospital: Documentation and Influence on Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis.

This study describes the availability of physical activity information in the electronic health record, explores how electronic health record documentation correlates with accelerometer-derived physical activity data, and examines whether measured physical activity relates to venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis use. Prospective observational data comes from community-dwelling older adults admitted to general medicine (n = 65). Spearman correlations were used to examine association of accelerometer-base...

Patient versus Physician Perceptions of Frailty: A Comparison of Clinical Frailty Scale Scores of Older Adults in the Emergency Department.

Frailty is a state of vulnerability to impairments in mobility, balance, muscle strength, motor processing, physical function, disability, cognition, nutrition, endurance, and physical activity. Prevalence estimates vary widely from 4.0 to 59.1% (weighted estimate 10.9%), with prevalence increasing with age. The risk of adverse outcomes for frail older adults including falls, delirium, disability and death is increased compared to similarly aged individuals without frailty, and may be a more important pred...

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