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PubMed Journals Articles About "Could SWITCHing Insulin Degludec Thwart Hypoglycemia" RSS

03:16 EDT 20th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Could SWITCHing Insulin Degludec Thwart Hypoglycemia" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,700+

Insulin degludec overdose may lead to long-lasting hypoglycaemia through its markedly prolonged half-life.

Overdose of insulin often causes long-lasting severe hypoglycaemia. Insulin degludec has the longest duration of action among the available insulin products; thus, an overdose of insulin degludec can lead to long-lasting hypoglycaemia. In the present paper, we report the case of a woman with long-lasting hypoglycaemia attributable to insulin degludec overdose and markedly prolonged insulin degludec half-life.


Evaluating the managed care implications of longer-acting basal insulin analog therapies.

Diabetes, particularly type 2 diabetes (T2D), has become an epidemic in the United States, with a significant portion of patients unable to meet recommended glycemic targets. All individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and a significant majority of those with T2D will ultimately require insulin therapy. However, there are several barriers to its use. The introduction of the new, ultra-long-acting basal insulins degludec and glargine U-300, and the single-injection combinations of insulin degludec/liraglutide...

Combination of basal insulin and GLP-1 receptor agonist: is this the end of basal insulin alone in the treatment of type 2 diabetes?

Glycemic control has been considered a major therapeutic goal within the scope of diabetes management, as supported by robust observational and experimental evidence. However, the coexistence of micro and macrovascular disease is associated with the highest cardiovascular risks which highlights the importance that pharmacological treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus provides not only glycemic control, but also cardiovascular safety. Basal insulin is a highly effective treatment in reducing fasting blood gl...


Challenges and unmet needs in basal insulin therapy: lessons from the Asian experience.

Basal insulin therapy can improve glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes. However, timely initiation, optimal titration, and proper adherence to prescribed basal insulin regimens are necessary to achieve optimal glycemic control. Even so, glycemic control may remain suboptimal in a significant proportion of patients. Unique circumstances in Asia (eg, limited resources, management of diabetes primarily in nonspecialist settings, and patient populations that are predominantly less educated) coupled w...

Effect of Insulin Analogs on Frequency of Non-Severe Hypoglycemia in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Prone to Severe Hypoglycemia: Much Higher Rates Detected by Continuous Glucose Monitoring than by Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose-The HypoAna Trial.

Hypoglycemia is an increasingly important endpoint in clinical diabetes trials. The assessment of hypoglycemia should therefore be as complete as possible. Blinded continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) provides an improved opportunity to capture asymptomatic and nocturnal events. Here we report results from the HypoAna trial comparing all-analog-insulin therapy (aspart/detemir) with all-human-insulin therapy (neutral protamine Hagedorn/regular) on non-severe hypoglycemia (symptomatic and asymptomatic hypoglyc...

Comparison of the pharmacodynamics of protamine zinc insulin and insulin degludec and validation of the continuous glucose monitoring system iPro2 in healthy cats.

With the aim to improve current therapeutic and monitoring options for diabetic cats, the present study compared pharmacodynamic parameters of protamine zinc insulin (PZI) and insulin degludec and validated the continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) iPro2 with Sof-sensor and Enlite-sensor focusing on the low glycemic range. Three doses (0.1, 0.2 and 0.3IU/kg) of the two insulin preparations and the CGMS iPro2 with two different sensors were tested in six healthy cats. After each insulin administration,...

Insulin degludec/insulin aspart lowers fasting plasma glucose and rates of confirmed and nocturnal hypoglycaemia independent of baseline HbAlevels, disease duration or BMI: A pooled meta-analysis of phase 3 studies in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Previous studies demonstrated the co-formulation of insulin degludec (IDeg)/insulin aspart (IAsp) 'IDegAsp' offers lower rates of hypoglycaemia with smaller changes in weight compared with basal-bolus (IDeg once daily [OD] + IAsp [2-4 injections]) and premix insulin (BIAsp 30 twice daily [BID]) comparators. This study aimed to investigate whether the benefits of IDegAsp, given twice daily, extend across a wide spectrum of patients with diabetes.

Perspectives of Patients with Insulin-Treated Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes on Hypoglycemia: Results of the HAT Observational Study in Central and Eastern European Countries.

The aim of this study was to determine the level of awareness of hypoglycemia, the level of fear for hypoglycemia, and the response to hypoglycemic events among insulin-treated diabetes patients from Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). The impact of hypoglycemia on the use of healthcare resources and patient productivity was also assessed.

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Outpatient Insulin Management.

In patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, insulin may be used to augment therapy with oral glycemic medications or as insulin replacement therapy. The American Diabetes Association suggests the use of long-acting (basal) insulin to augment therapy with one or two oral agents or one oral agent plus a glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist when the A1C level is 9% or more, especially if the patient has symptoms of hyperglycemia or catabolism. Insulin regimens should be adjusted every three or four days unt...

A unique allosteric insulin receptor monoclonal antibody that prevents hypoglycemia in the SUR-1(/( mouse model of KATP hyperinsulinism.

Loss-of-function mutations of the ß-cell ATP-sensitive potassium channels (K) cause the most common and severe form of congenital hyperinsulinism (KHI), a disorder of ß-cell function characterized by severe hypoglycemia. Children with KHI are typically unresponsive to medical therapy and require pancreatectomy for intractable hypoglycemia. We tested the hypothesis that inhibition of insulin receptor signaling may prevent hypoglycemia in KHI. To test this hypothesis, we examined the effect of an antibody a...

Impact of Insulin Degludec in Hospitalized Patients With and Without Type 2 Diabetes Requiring Parenteral/Enteral Nutrition: An Observational Study.

Hyperglycemia in inpatients is a major problem, especially when nutritional support is required. This study aims to assess the impact of treatment with insulin degludec (IDeg) on mean blood glucose (BG) and glycemic variability in noncritical hospitalized patients with and without type 2 diabetes (T2DM) receiving enteral and/or parenteral nutrition (EN, PN).

GlucoStabilizer™ software-guided insulin dosing improves intrapartum glycemic management in women with diabetes.

During labor, maintenance of maternal euglycemia is critical to decrease the risk of neonatal hypoglycemia and associated morbidities. When continuous intravenous insulin infusion is needed, standardized insulin dosing charts have been used for titration of insulin to maintain glucose in target range. GlucoStabilizer™ is a software-guided insulin dosing system that calculates the dose of intravenous insulin needed based on metabolic parameters, target glucose concentration, and an individual's response to...

Risk of hypoglycemia in youth with type 2 diabetes on insulin.

The objective of this study was to ascertain the risk of hypoglycemia among youth with type 2 diabetes (T2D) on insulin therapy.

Hypoglycemia caused by co-secretion of insulin from lung tumor and cardia cancer: first case report.

Non-islet-cell-tumor-induced hypoglycemia (NICTH) is caused on rare occasions by secretion of insulin from tumor cells that are reported to have a single tissue origin.

Evaluation of Insulin Use and Hypoglycemia in Hospitalized Elderly Patients.

Background: Routine administration of correctional insulin is no longer recommended as a primary strategy to treat hyperglycemia in hospitalized patients. Studies have demonstrated significant improvement in glycemic control in patients treated with basal and correctional insulin (B+C) versus correctional insulin alone (C). However, the effect of C or B+C on hypoglycemic events is not well understood. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of B+C versus C on hypoglycemic events...

Noradrenergic Activity in the Human Brain: A Mechanism Supporting the Defense Against Hypoglycemia.

Hypoglycemia, one of the major factors limiting optimal glycemic control in insulin-treated diabetic patients, elicits a brain response to restore normoglycemia by activating counterregulation. Animal data indicate that local release of norepinephrine in the hypothalamus is important for triggering hypoglycemia-induced counterregulatory (CR) hormonal responses.

Switching from Glargine to Degludec is not associated with an overt change in glucose control in a cohort of patients with type 1 diabetes: a CGM analysis.

Treatment of mild-to-moderate hypoglycemia in patients with type 1 diabetes treated with insulin pump therapy: are current recommendations effective?

Mild-to-moderate hypoglycemia (blood glucose 

A Review of Basal-Bolus Therapy Using Insulin Glargine and Insulin Lispro in the Management of Diabetes Mellitus.

Basal-bolus therapy (BBT) refers to the combination of a long-acting basal insulin with a rapid-acting insulin at mealtimes. Basal insulin glargine 100 U/mL and prandial insulin lispro have been available for many years and there is a substantial evidence base to support the efficacy and safety of these agents when they are used in BBT or basal-plus therapy for patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T1DM, T2DM). With the growing availability of alternative insulins for use in such regimens, it se...

Hypoglycemic Exposure and Risk of Asymptomatic Hypoglycemia in Type 1 Diabetes assessed by Continuous Glucose Monitoring.

Recurrent hypoglycemia promotes impaired awareness resulting in an increased risk of asymptomatic hypoglycemia. However, there are no firm data on the frequency of hypoglycemia in daily life needed to initiate this vicious cycle or the role of asymptomatic hypoglycemia.

Switching to insulin glargine 300 U/mL: is duration of prior basal insulin therapy important?

To assess the impact of duration of prior basal insulin therapy on study outcomes in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus receiving insulin glargine 300 U/mL (Gla-300) or insulin glargine 100 U/mL (Gla-100) for 6 months.

Hypoglycemia: When to Treat?

Hypoglycemia is the most common metabolic disorder encountered in neonates. The definition of hypoglycemia as well as its clinical significance and management remain controversial. Most cases of neonatal hypoglycemia are transient, respond readily to treatment, and are associated with an excellent prognosis. Persistent hypoglycemia is more likely to be associated with abnormal endocrine conditions, such as hyperinsulinemia, as well as possible neurologic sequelae. Manifestations of hypoglycemia include seiz...

Overnight Glucose Control with Dual- and Single-Hormone Artificial Pancreas in Type 1 Diabetes with Hypoglycemia Unawareness: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

The dual-hormone (insulin and glucagon) artificial pancreas may be justifiable in some, but not all, patients. We sought to compare dual- and single-hormone artificial pancreas systems in patients with hypoglycemia unawareness and documented nocturnal hypoglycemia.

Cost-effectiveness analysis of IDegLira versus basal-bolus insulin for patients with type 2 diabetes in the Slovak health system.

To investigate the cost-effectiveness of once-daily insulin degludec/liraglutide (IDegLira) versus basal-bolus therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes not meeting glycemic targets on basal insulin from a healthcare payer perspective in Slovakia.

Second-Generation Antipsychotic-Induced Hypoglycemia.

Complaints of hypoglycemia resemble the sedative effect of antipsychotics. As such, clinicians may overlook hypoglycemia in patients with psychiatric disorders. Here, a case of hypoglycemia associated with hyperinsulinemia induced by quetiapine in a female patient with bipolar disorder is reported. The case suggests that clinicians should be aware of the potential for hypoglycemia induced by second-generation antipsychotics.


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