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PubMed Journals Articles About "Craving Manipulation Cocaine Placebo Cocaine Unspecified∨derfield=score∨derval=DESC" RSS

10:04 EDT 16th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Craving Manipulation Cocaine Placebo Cocaine Unspecified∨derfield=score∨derval=DESC PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Craving Manipulation Cocaine Placebo Cocaine Unspecified∨derfield=score∨derval=DESC articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Craving Manipulation Cocaine Placebo Cocaine Unspecified derfield score" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,400+

Anti-androgenic therapy with finasteride in patients with chronic heart failure - a retrospective propensity score based analysis.

Sex hormones influence the prevalence and the outcome of heart diseases. The conversion of testosterone to its more active metabolite dihydrotestosterone drives cardiac growth and dysfunction, while inhibition of this step by the anti-androgenic drug finasteride counteracts these pathological processes in preclinical models. In this retrospective, observational study, we aim to investigate whether finasteride, which is in clinical use mainly for prostate disease, might ameliorate cardiac hypertrophy and hea...


Letter to the Editor: Activated Toxoplasma May Attenuate the Effect of Azathioprine and Deteriorate the Symptoms in IBD Patients via mTORC1 Manipulation.

Endosymbiotic Bacteria Are Prevalent and Diverse in Agricultural Spiders.

Maternally inherited bacterial endosymbionts are common in arthropods, but their distribution and prevalence are poorly characterized in many host taxa. Initial surveys have suggested that vertically transmitted symbionts may be particularly common in spiders (Araneae). Here, we used diagnostic PCR and high-throughput sequencing to evaluate symbiont infection in 267 individual spiders representing 14 species (3 families) of agricultural spiders. We found 27 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) that are likely...


The Associations Between Maladaptive Personality Traits, Craving, Alcohol Use, and Adolescent Problem Gambling: An Italian Survey Study.

Although gambling disorder (GD) criteria do not explicitly address craving, it has received increased attention because it has been found to be a significant predictor of gambling severity. Furthermore, recent findings have suggested that both alcohol consumption and maladaptive personality traits may be risk factors among adult GD. To date, no study has evaluated the relative contribution of these factors in adolescent gambling behavior. Consequently, the present study investigated the relationship between...

Use of Continuous Metabolic Syndrome Score in Overweight and Obese Children.

To assess the utility of continuous metabolic syndrome score (cMetS) for predicting metabolic syndrome (MS) and determine the cut-off values in overweight and obese children.

Incidence, Risk Factors, and Outcomes of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Traumatic Brain Injury: A Meta-analysis.

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most severe complications in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and is considered a risk factor for poor outcomes. However, the incidence of VAP among patients with TBI reported in studies varies widely. What is more, the risk factors and outcomes of VAP are controversial. This study estimates the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of VAP in patients with TBI and provides evidence for prevention and treatment. PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, a...

Selenoproteins of the Human Prostate: Unusual Properties and Role in Cancer Etiology.

The prostate is an important organ for the maintenance of sperm health with prostate cancer being a common disease for which there is a critical need to distinguish indolent from aggressive disease. Several selenium-containing proteins have been implicated in prostate cancer risk or outcome due to either enzyme function, the reduced levels of these proteins being associated with cancer recurrence after prostatectomy or their corresponding genes containing single-nucleotide polymorphisms associated with incr...

Sperm DNA Fragmentation: Mechanisms of Origin.

Spermatozoa have the task to deliver an intact paternal genome to the oocyte and to support a successful embryo development. The high levels of sperm DNA fragmentation (sDF) found in sub-/infertile men threat human reproduction and health of the offspring. Strategies to prevent the onset of this type of sperm damage are extensively sought.sDF can be induced by factors like lifestyle-related habits, diseases, drugs, aging, infections and exposure to pollutants. At the cell level, all these factors induce spe...

Evaluation of Safety and Efficacy of Growth Hormone Therapy by IGF-1 Z Score in Children with Short Stature.

This study aims to explore the safety and efficacy of growth hormone (GH) therapy by retrospectively analyzing the changes of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) Z-scores in children with short stature after treatment with GH.

Alopecia areata predictive score: A new trichoscopy-based tool to predict treatment outcome in patients with patchy alopecia areata.

There are no evidence-based data how to predict response to therapy in patients with alopecia areata.

The VALID-CRT risk score reliably predicts response and outcome of cardiac resynchronization therapy in a real-world population.

The aim of the study was to confirm the value of the VALID-cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) risk score in predicting outcome and to assess its association with clinical response (CR) in an unselected real-world CRT population.

Molecular Markers of Prognosis in Canine Cortisol-Secreting Adrenocortical Tumours.

Hypercortisolism is caused by a cortisol-secreting adrenocortical tumour (ACT) in approximately 15-20% of cases in dogs. Little is known about which molecular markers are associated with malignant behaviour of canine ACTs. The objective of this study was to identify molecular markers of prognosis, which could be useful to refine prognostic prediction and to identify potential treatment targets. Cortisol-secreting ACTs were included from 40 dogs, of which follow-up information was available. The ACTs were cl...

Clinical prediction score of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in adolescent girls with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS-HS index).

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is common in obese adolescents with Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), but there are no inexpensive ways to accurately identify NAFLD in PCOS. The objective was to develop a simple clinical score to screen for NAFLD risk in obese adolescents with PCOS.

The Diagnosis, Outcome, and Management of Chylous Ascites Following Pediatric Liver Transplantation.

Data on postoperative chylous ascites (CA) after pediatric liver transplantation (LT) are scarce. This retrospective study was conducted to identify the incidence, risk factors, management, and outcome of postoperative CA in a large single-center pediatric LT cohort (2000-2016). The study cohort comprised 317 LTs (153 living donors and 164 deceased donors) in 310 recipients with a median age of 2.71 years. The incidence of CA was 5.4% (n = 17), diagnosed after a median time of 10 days after LT. Compared to ...

Serum secreted miR-137-containing exosomes affects oxidative stress of neurons by regulating OXR1 in Parkinson's disease.

Recently, it has been demonstrated that microRNA-137 (miR-137) plays a vital role in the induction of oxidative stress of neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD). Herein, the study aimed to investigate the effects of serum exosomal miR-137 on oxidative stress injury of neurons in PD. Microarray analysis was adopted to screen the PD-related differential expressed genes and predict the interaction between OXR1 and miR-137 in PD. It was found that OXR1 was down-regulated while miR-137 was up-regulated in PD. Addit...

Dopaminergic cellular and circuit contributions to kappa opioid receptor mediated aversion.

Neural circuits that enable an organism to protect itself by promoting escape from immediate threat and avoidance of future injury are conceptualized to carry an "aversive" signal. One of the key molecular elements of these circuits is the kappa opioid receptor (KOR) and its endogenous peptide agonist, dynorphin. In many cases, the aversive response to an experimental manipulation can be eliminated by selective blockade of KOR function, indicating its necessity in transmitting this signal. The dopamine syst...

Biomodulation of an Implant for Enhanced Bone-Implant Anchorage.

Aseptic loosening of implants is the major cause for revision surgery. By modulating the bone-implant interface, early bone-implant anchorage could be improved. Implant surface manipulation by the addition of osteopromotive molecules locally and systemically to promote implant integration has been described with limited success. This study describes a novel approach by making the implant capable of biologically modulating its surroundings. It was hypothesized that the early implant fixation would improve by...

Effects of Fecal Microbiota Transplantation With Oral Capsules in Obese Patients.

Studies in mice have shown that the intestinal microbiota can contribute to obesity via the anorexigenic gut hormone glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP1) and bile acids, which affect lipid metabolism. We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled pilot study of the effects of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) in obese, metabolically uncompromised patients.

Independent control processes? Evidence for concurrent distractor inhibition and attentional usage of distractor information.

Interference evoked by a distractor presented prior to a target stimulus is reduced when the distractor-target SOA is increased, suggesting inhibition of distractor-related activation. Distractor processing is also assumed to be (strategically) adjusted to the proportions of congruent and incongruent target-distractor combinations, yielding a larger distractor interference effect when the proportion of congruent trials is higher (i.e., Proportion Congruent Effect, PCE). To explore the interplay of proportio...

Rapid nitrogen fixation by canopy microbiome in tropical forest determined by both phosphorus and molybdenum.

Biological nitrogen fixation is critical for the nitrogen cycle of tropical forests, yet we know little about the factors that control the microbial nitrogen-fixers that colonize the microbiome of leaves and branches that make up a forest canopy. Forest canopies are especially prone to nutrient limitation because they are (1) disconnected from soil nutrient pools, and (2) often subject to leaching. Earlier studies have suggested a role of phosphorus and molybdenum in controlling biological N-fixation rates,...

Nalmefene in alcohol-dependent patients with a high drinking risk: a randomized controlled trial.

Reducing alcohol consumption is one treatment approach for alcohol-dependent patients. This study compared nalmefene 20 mg and 10 mg with placebo, combined with psychosocial support, in alcohol-dependent Japanese patients with a high or very high drinking risk level (DRL).

Quantification of Mixed Bloch-Néel Topological Spin Textures Stabilized by the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction in Co/Pd Multilayers.

The three-dimensional structure of nanoscale topological spin textures stabilized by the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction is governed by the delicate competition between the exchange, demagnetization, and anisotropy energies. The quantification of such spin textures through direct experimental methods is crucial towards understanding the fundamental physics associated with their ordering, as well as their manipulation in spintronic devices. Here, we extend the Lorentz transmission electron microscopy techn...

Anomalous Quantum Hall Effect of Light in Bloch-Wave Modulated Photonic Crystals.

Effective magnetic fields have enabled unprecedented manipulation of neutral particles including photons. In most studied cases, the effective gauge fields are defined through the phase of mode coupling between spatially discrete elements, such as optical resonators and waveguides in the case for photons. Here, in the paradigm of Bloch-wave modulated photonic crystals, we show the creation of effective magnetic fields for photons in conventional dielectric continua for the first time, via Floquet band engin...

Revisiting the Cutoff Criteria of Intelligibility in Context Scale-Traditional Chinese.

Background This study evaluated the validity of the Intelligibility in Context Scale-Traditional Chinese (ICS-TC) and explored its potential as a screening tool for speech sound disorder (SSD) in Cantonese-speaking children in Hong Kong. Method The parents of 789 Cantonese-speaking children aged between 2;4 (years;months) and 6;9 completed the ICS-TC. Children were categorized into 2 groups: (a) an SSD group whose initial consonant scores in a standardized assessment were equal to or lower than -1.33 SD and...

Age-Dependent Resistance to in Sugar Beet.

Rhizoctonia crown and root rot of sugar beet ( L.), caused by , continues to be one of the important concerns for the beet industry in Minnesota and North Dakota. Use of resistant cultivars is an important strategy in the management of in combination with seed treatment and timely fungicide application during the growing season. The objective of this greenhouse study was to determine how sugar beet plants responded to increasing age in resistance to . Each of three seed companies provided three commercial ...


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