PubMed Journals Articles About "Creator Suicidal Robot Explains Robot Security Could Prevent" RSS

14:33 EST 10th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Creator Suicidal Robot Explains Robot Security Could Prevent" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,300+

Do a robot's social skills and its objection discourage interactants from switching the robot off?

Building on the notion that people respond to media as if they were real, switching off a robot which exhibits lifelike behavior implies an interesting situation. In an experimental lab study with a 2x2 between-subjects-design (N = 85), people were given the choice to switch off a robot with which they had just interacted. The style of the interaction was either social (mimicking human behavior) or functional (displaying machinelike behavior). Additionally, the robot either voiced an objection against being...

Analyzing Cyber-Physical Threats on Robotic Platforms.

Robots are increasingly involved in our daily lives. Fundamental to robots are the communication link (or stream) and the applications that connect the robots to their clients or users. Such communication link and applications are usually supported through client/server network connection. This networking system is amenable of being attacked and vulnerable to the security threats. Ensuring security and privacy for robotic platforms is thus critical, as failures and attacks could have devastating consequence...

More than just co-workers: Presence of humanoid robot co-worker influences human performance.

Does the presence of a robot co-worker influence the performance of humans around it? Studies of motor contagions during human-robot interactions have examined either how the observation of a robot affects a human's movement velocity, or how it affects the human's movement variance, but never both together. Performance however, has to be measured considering both task speed (or frequency) as well as task accuracy. Here we examine an empirical repetitive industrial task in which a human participant and a hum...

An original design of remote robot-assisted intubation system.

The success rate of pre-hospital endotracheal intubation (ETI) by paramedics is lower than physicians. We aimed to establish a remote robot-assisted intubation system (RRAIS) and expected it to improve success rate of pre-hospital ETI. To test the robot's feasibility, 20 pigs were intubated by direct laryngoscope or the robot system. Intubation time, success rate, airway complications were recorded during the experiment. The animal experiment showed that participants achieved a higher success rate in absolu...

A Learning-Based Hierarchical Control Scheme for an Exoskeleton Robot in Human-Robot Cooperative Manipulation.

Exoskeleton robots can assist humans to perform activities of daily living with little effort. In this paper, a hierarchical control scheme is presented which enables an exoskeleton robot to achieve cooperative manipulation with humans. The control scheme consists of two layers. In low-level control of the upper limb exoskeleton robot, an admittance control scheme with an asymmetric barrier Lyapunov function-based adaptive neural network controller is proposed to enable the robot to be back drivable. In ord...

Towards the Development of Robot Immune System: A Combined Approach Involving Innate Immune Cells and T-lymphocytes.

Mobile robots in uncertain and unstructured environments frequently encounter faults. Therefore, an effective fault detection and recovery mechanism is required. One can possibly investigate natural systems to seek inspiration to develop systems that can handle such faults. Authors, in this pursuit, have explored the possibility of designing an artificial immune system, called Robot Immune System (RIS), to maintain a robot's internal health-equilibrium. This contrasts with existing approaches in which speci...

The surgical 'Robot' in gynaecology: It isn't a robot at all, and it doesn't make anything better.

The robot nurses are coming to a workplace near you.

As robot technology rapidly encroaches into most areas of our lives, second-year Kingston and St George's universities nursing student Jack Sherry remains optimistic that he will still have a job,

Towards Optimal Platform-Based Robot Design for Ankle Rehabilitation: The State of the Art and Future Prospects.

This review aims to compare existing robot-assisted ankle rehabilitation techniques in terms of robot design. Included studies mainly consist of selected papers in two published reviews involving a variety of robot-assisted ankle rehabilitation techniques. A free search was also made in Google Scholar and Scopus by using keywords "ankle," and "robot," and ("rehabilitat" or "treat"). The search is limited to English-language articles published between January 1980 and September 2016. Results show that existi...

Uncanny valley as a window into predictive processing in the social brain.

Uncanny valley refers to humans' negative reaction to almost-but-not-quite-human agents. Theoretical work proposes prediction violation as an explanation for uncanny valley but no empirical work has directly tested it. Here, we provide evidence that supports this theory using event-related brain potential recordings from the human scalp. Human subjects were presented images and videos of three agents as EEG was recorded: a real human, a mechanical robot, and a realistic robot in between. The real human and ...

The effects of robot-assisted gait training using virtual reality and auditory stimulation on balance and gait abilities in persons with stroke.

Robot-assisted gait training provide a big therapeutic advantage in functional mobility for postural control.

Transaxillary Robot-assisted Thyroidectomy - Results and Acceptance of a New Surgical Technique.

In recent years, different remote-access approaches in thyroid surgery have been developed and partially established. The aim is mainly to improve cosmetics by avoiding a visible scar on the neck. We report here our experiences with transaxillary robot-assisted thyroidectomy (TRAT).

Towards a Holistic Approach to Studying Human-Robot Interaction in Later Life.

Implementation of robotics technology in eldercare depends on successful human-robot interaction (HRI). Relying on a systematic literature review, this article proposes a holistic approach to the study of such interaction.

Predictive validation of a robotic virtual reality simulator: The Tube 3 module for practicing vesicourethral anastomosis in robot-assisted radical prostatectomy.

To predict actual performance in real surgery when vesicourethral anastomosis (VUA) is performed in patients after Tube 3 module training of robot-naive surgeons.

Electromechanical and robot-assisted arm training for improving activities of daily living, arm function, and arm muscle strength after stroke.

Electromechanical and robot-assisted arm training devices are used in rehabilitation, and may help to improve arm function after stroke.

Human-robot cooperation for robust surface treatment using non-conventional sliding mode control.

This work presents a human-robot closely collaborative solution to cooperatively perform surface treatment tasks such as polishing, grinding, deburring, etc. The method considers two force sensors attached to the manipulator end-effector and tool: one sensor is used to properly accomplish the surface treatment task, while the second one is used by the operator to guide the robot tool. The proposed scheme is based on task priority and adaptive non-conventional sliding mode control. The applicability of the p...

What is new in robot-assisted radical prostatectomy: a narrative review.

The implementation of novel technologies and refinements in the surgical technique are continuously changing the urological surgical scenario. The purpose of this review is to provide surgeons with the latest and most relevant updates in the field of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) occurred over the last 12 months.

Comparative Study of Robot-Assisted versus Conventional Frame-Based Deep Brain Stimulation Stereotactic Neurosurgery.

Technological advancements had a serious impact on the evolution of robotic systems in stereotactic neurosurgery over the last three decades and may turn robot-assisted stereotactic neurosurgery into a sophisticated alternative to purely mechanical guiding devices.

Robot-Assisted Reconstruction in Head and Neck Surgical Oncology: The Evolving Role of the Reconstructive Microsurgeon.

Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) is gaining more widespread use among head and neck surgical procedures. As experience grows with this technique, so do the indications of when and in which patients it can be used. Already established in the treatment of small oral cavity tumours, it is expanding into larger multi-site resections and resections, such as through-and-through-into-the-neck defects, that will require reconstruction. With robot-assisted surgery advancing, so robot-assisted reconstruction (RAR) is...

Re: Dipen J. Parekh, Isidinha M. Reis, Erik P. Castle, et al. Robot-assisted Radical Cystectomy Versus Open Radical Cystectomy in Patients with Bladder Cancer (RAZOR): An Open-label, Randomised, Phase 3, Non-inferiority Trial. Lancet 2018;391:2525-36: Blood Loss in Robot-assisted Radical Cystectomy: An Important Patient Benefit.

Novel robust control of a 7-DOF exoskeleton robot.

This paper proposes a novel robust control method for the control of a 7-DOF exoskeleton robot. The external disturbances and unknown dynamics in the form of friction forces, different upper-limb's mass, backlash, and input saturation make robot unstable, which prevents the robot from correctly following the defined path. A new fractional sliding mode controller (NFSMC) is designed, which is robust against unknown dynamic and external disturbances. Fractional PID controller (FPID) has high trajectory tracki...

Robot-Assisted Partial Nephrectomy: Is routine urinary catheterization still mandatory in the era of enhanced recovery?

To assess the benefits and safety of non-catheterization during robot-assisted partial nephrectomy within an enhanced recovery protocol.

A Dynamic Compliance Cervix Phantom Robot for Latent Labor Simulation.

Physical simulation systems are commonly used in training of midwifery and obstetrics students, but none of these systems offers a dynamic compliance aspect that would make them more truly representative of cervix ripening. In this study, we introduce a unique soft robot phantom that simulates the cervix softening during the latent labor phase of birth. This proof-of-concept robotic phantom can be dilated by 1 cm and effaced by 35% through the application of a Foley catheter-like loading mechanism. Furthe...

Robot-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty: a single-centre experience.

Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is characterised by an obstruction compromising the passage of urine from the renal pelvis into the ureter, and can be corrected by Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty (RALP). We aimed to evaluate the surgical outcomes of RALP, and examine the rates of true pain resolution following the procedure.

Retroperitoneal versus transperitoneal robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: Comparison in a multi-institutional setting.

To evaluate retroperitoneal robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) against transperitoneal approach in a multi-institutional prospective database, after accounting for potential selection bias that may affect this comparison.

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