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Creator Suicidal Robot Explains Robot Security Could Prevent PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Creator Suicidal Robot Explains Robot Security Could Prevent articles that have been published worldwide.
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Building on the notion that people respond to media as if they were real, switching off a robot which exhibits lifelike behavior implies an interesting situation. In an experimental lab study with a 2x2 between-subjects-design (N = 85), people were given the choice to switch off a robot with which they had just interacted. The style of the interaction was either social (mimicking human behavior) or functional (displaying machinelike behavior). Additionally, the robot either voiced an objection against being...
Robots are increasingly involved in our daily lives. Fundamental to robots are the communication link (or stream) and the applications that connect the robots to their clients or users. Such communication link and applications are usually supported through client/server network connection. This networking system is amenable of being attacked and vulnerable to the security threats. Ensuring security and privacy for robotic platforms is thus critical, as failures and attacks could have devastating consequence...
Does the presence of a robot co-worker influence the performance of humans around it? Studies of motor contagions during human-robot interactions have examined either how the observation of a robot affects a human's movement velocity, or how it affects the human's movement variance, but never both together. Performance however, has to be measured considering both task speed (or frequency) as well as task accuracy. Here we examine an empirical repetitive industrial task in which a human participant and a hum...
The success rate of pre-hospital endotracheal intubation (ETI) by paramedics is lower than physicians. We aimed to establish a remote robot-assisted intubation system (RRAIS) and expected it to improve success rate of pre-hospital ETI. To test the robot's feasibility, 20 pigs were intubated by direct laryngoscope or the robot system. Intubation time, success rate, airway complications were recorded during the experiment. The animal experiment showed that participants achieved a higher success rate in absolu...
Exoskeleton robots can assist humans to perform activities of daily living with little effort. In this paper, a hierarchical control scheme is presented which enables an exoskeleton robot to achieve cooperative manipulation with humans. The control scheme consists of two layers. In low-level control of the upper limb exoskeleton robot, an admittance control scheme with an asymmetric barrier Lyapunov function-based adaptive neural network controller is proposed to enable the robot to be back drivable. In ord...
Mobile robots in uncertain and unstructured environments frequently encounter faults. Therefore, an effective fault detection and recovery mechanism is required. One can possibly investigate natural systems to seek inspiration to develop systems that can handle such faults. Authors, in this pursuit, have explored the possibility of designing an artificial immune system, called Robot Immune System (RIS), to maintain a robot's internal health-equilibrium. This contrasts with existing approaches in which speci...
As robot technology rapidly encroaches into most areas of our lives, second-year Kingston and St George's universities nursing student Jack Sherry remains optimistic that he will still have a job, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This review aims to compare existing robot-assisted ankle rehabilitation techniques in terms of robot design. Included studies mainly consist of selected papers in two published reviews involving a variety of robot-assisted ankle rehabilitation techniques. A free search was also made in Google Scholar and Scopus by using keywords "ankle," and "robot," and ("rehabilitat" or "treat"). The search is limited to English-language articles published between January 1980 and September 2016. Results show that existi...
Uncanny valley refers to humans' negative reaction to almost-but-not-quite-human agents. Theoretical work proposes prediction violation as an explanation for uncanny valley but no empirical work has directly tested it. Here, we provide evidence that supports this theory using event-related brain potential recordings from the human scalp. Human subjects were presented images and videos of three agents as EEG was recorded: a real human, a mechanical robot, and a realistic robot in between. The real human and ...
Robot-assisted gait training provide a big therapeutic advantage in functional mobility for postural control.
In recent years, different remote-access approaches in thyroid surgery have been developed and partially established. The aim is mainly to improve cosmetics by avoiding a visible scar on the neck. We report here our experiences with transaxillary robot-assisted thyroidectomy (TRAT).
Implementation of robotics technology in eldercare depends on successful human-robot interaction (HRI). Relying on a systematic literature review, this article proposes a holistic approach to the study of such interaction.
To predict actual performance in real surgery when vesicourethral anastomosis (VUA) is performed in patients after Tube 3 module training of robot-naive surgeons.
Electromechanical and robot-assisted arm training devices are used in rehabilitation, and may help to improve arm function after stroke.
This work presents a human-robot closely collaborative solution to cooperatively perform surface treatment tasks such as polishing, grinding, deburring, etc. The method considers two force sensors attached to the manipulator end-effector and tool: one sensor is used to properly accomplish the surface treatment task, while the second one is used by the operator to guide the robot tool. The proposed scheme is based on task priority and adaptive non-conventional sliding mode control. The applicability of the p...
The implementation of novel technologies and refinements in the surgical technique are continuously changing the urological surgical scenario. The purpose of this review is to provide surgeons with the latest and most relevant updates in the field of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) occurred over the last 12 months.
Technological advancements had a serious impact on the evolution of robotic systems in stereotactic neurosurgery over the last three decades and may turn robot-assisted stereotactic neurosurgery into a sophisticated alternative to purely mechanical guiding devices.
Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) is gaining more widespread use among head and neck surgical procedures. As experience grows with this technique, so do the indications of when and in which patients it can be used. Already established in the treatment of small oral cavity tumours, it is expanding into larger multi-site resections and resections, such as through-and-through-into-the-neck defects, that will require reconstruction. With robot-assisted surgery advancing, so robot-assisted reconstruction (RAR) is...
Re: Dipen J. Parekh, Isidinha M. Reis, Erik P. Castle, et al. Robot-assisted Radical Cystectomy Versus Open Radical Cystectomy in Patients with Bladder Cancer (RAZOR): An Open-label, Randomised, Phase 3, Non-inferiority Trial. Lancet 2018;391:2525-36: Blood Loss in Robot-assisted Radical Cystectomy: An Important Patient Benefit.
This paper proposes a novel robust control method for the control of a 7-DOF exoskeleton robot. The external disturbances and unknown dynamics in the form of friction forces, different upper-limb's mass, backlash, and input saturation make robot unstable, which prevents the robot from correctly following the defined path. A new fractional sliding mode controller (NFSMC) is designed, which is robust against unknown dynamic and external disturbances. Fractional PID controller (FPID) has high trajectory tracki...
To assess the benefits and safety of non-catheterization during robot-assisted partial nephrectomy within an enhanced recovery protocol.
Physical simulation systems are commonly used in training of midwifery and obstetrics students, but none of these systems offers a dynamic compliance aspect that would make them more truly representative of cervix ripening. In this study, we introduce a unique soft robot phantom that simulates the cervix softening during the latent labor phase of birth. This proof-of-concept robotic phantom can be dilated by 1 cm and effaced by 35% through the application of a Foley catheter-like loading mechanism. Furthe...
Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is characterised by an obstruction compromising the passage of urine from the renal pelvis into the ureter, and can be corrected by Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty (RALP). We aimed to evaluate the surgical outcomes of RALP, and examine the rates of true pain resolution following the procedure.
To evaluate retroperitoneal robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) against transperitoneal approach in a multi-institutional prospective database, after accounting for potential selection bias that may affect this comparison.