PubMed Journals Articles About "Cutting Edge Cancer Detection" RSS

16:41 EST 14th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Cutting Edge Cancer Detection PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Cutting Edge Cancer Detection articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Cutting Edge Cancer Detection" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 23,000+

Improving the Surgical Effect for Primary Liver Cancer with Intraoperative Fluorescence Navigation Compared with Intraoperative Ultrasound.

BACKGROUND This study aimed to compare the application value of intraoperative fluorescence navigation technology (FNT) and intraoperative ultrasound (IOUS) in primary liver cancer surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS Fifty consecutive patients with primary liver cancer scheduled to receive surgical treatment were divided into FNT group and IOUS group. FNT and IOUS were separately used to guide tumor resection and detect new cancerous lesions in the 2 groups. The complete tumor resection rate (R0) resection rate, ...

Effect of cutting tool with micro-pits texture on wood cutting performance.

A reasonable micro-pits texture has been initially proved that it can improve friction characteristics between wood and cemented carbide surface and reduce surface friction coefficient. In order to study the cutting performance of the micro-texture when it is applied to the cutting tool for cutting wood more effectively, this paper selected micro-pit texture for studying influence of surface micro-texture cutting tool on wood cutting performance and cutting temperature, finding that when micro-pit cemented ...

A viable, cutting-edge alternative.

Statistical modeling, Sobol sensitivity analysis and optimization of single-tip tool geometrical parameters in the cortical bone machining process.

Machining and cutting of cortical bones are very common and important in the field of orthopedic surgeries. Considerable advances in bone machining are obtained by using computer numerical control machines and automatic surgery robots but still, researches are needed to investigate the effects of machining parameters in bone machining. In this article, for the first time, the effect of geometrical parameters of the single-tip tool on cortical bone machining is studied. The machining parameters included in t...

The Cutting Edge: a 17-Year-Old Female with Razor Blade Ingestion.

Improved skin lesion edge detection method using Ant Colony Optimization.

Skin lesion edge detection is a significant step in developing an automatized diagnostic system. The efficient diagnostic system leads to correct identification and detection of skin lesion diseases. In this paper, ant colony optimization (ACO) technique is used to improve the edge contour of skin lesion images.

From traditional remedies to cutting-edge medicine: using ancient Mesoamerican knowledge to address complex disorders relevant to psychoneuroimmunology.

High-throughput sequencing in clinical oncology: from past to present.

The war on cancer remains a major challenge as one of the hurdles for additional progress is the complexity of the mechanisms underlying the disease. Cutting-edge technologies and computing tools have led to whole genome sequencing as well as an integrated and inclusive omic approach of cancers with accurate molecular tumors' signatures through impressive progress in the field of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS). Genomic data may foster strategies for new drug development in addition to a better understandi...

Innovation in neurosurgery: An integration between cutting-edge devices and "old-fashioned" surgical technique.

The missing heritability of familial colorectal cancer.

Pinpointing heritability factors is fundamental for the prevention and early detection of cancer. Up to one-quarter of colorectal cancers (CRCs) occur in the context of familial aggregation of this disease, suggesting a strong genetic component. Currently, only less than half of the heritability of CRC can be attributed to hereditary syndromes or common risk loci. Part of the missing heritability of this disease may be explained by the inheritance of elusive high-risk variants, polygenic inheritance, somati...

Biomarker Panel for Early Detection of Endometrial Cancer in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial.

Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic cancer in the United States. However, no early detection test exists for asymptomatic women at average risk for endometrial cancer.

Early Cancer Detection from Multianalyte Blood Test Results.

The early detection of cancers has the potential to save many lives. A recent attempt has been demonstrated successful. However, we note several critical limitations. Given the central importance and broad impact of early cancer detection, we aspire to address those limitations. We explore different supervised learning approaches for multiple cancer type detection and observe significant improvements; for instance, one of our approaches (i.e., CancerA1DE) can double the existing sensitivity from 38% to 77% ...

Cutting efficiency of conventional and heat treated nickel-titanium rotary or reciprocating glide path instruments.

To compare the cutting efficiency of several glide path files: HyFlex EDM Glidepath File (HEGF), One G (OG), R-Pilot (RP) and WaveOne Gold Glider (WOGG) at different cutting inclinations.

Portable detection of colorectal cancer SW620 cells by using a personal glucose meter.

It is of great value to develop general, low-cost and even household methods for colorectal cancer detection. Here, a portable detection strategy based on a personal glucose meter (PGM) was designed for meeting this purpose. In this strategy, the anti-EpCAM coated magnet beads (MBs) were used as capture probes for enriching cancer cells and the aptamer modified and invertase loaded graphene oxides (GO) were used as report probes for producing glucose signal. This method is sensitive with detection limit as ...

High-index dielectric metasurfaces performing mathematical operations.

Image processing and edge detection are at the core of several newly emerging technologies, such as augmented reality, autonomous driving and more generally object recognition. Image processing is typically performed digitally using integrated electronic circuits and algorithms, implying fundamental size and speed limitations, as well as significant power needs. On the other hand, it can also be performed in a low-power analog fashion using Fourier optics, requiring however bulky optical components. Here, w...

New one-step model of breast tumor locating based on deep learning.

Breast cancer has the highest cancer prevalence rate among the women worldwide. Early detection of breast cancer is crucial for successful treatment and reducing cancer mortality rate. However, tumor detection of breast ultrasound (US) image is still a challenging work in computer-aided diagnosis (CAD).

Chronic Systemic Symptoms in Head and Neck Cancer Patients.

The systemic effects and manifestations of disease and treatment have been of interest for millennium. Until recently, basic and clinical research is just now reaching a watershed. Systemic symptoms usually do not occur in isolation but rather in clusters; however, much of the cutting-edge research pertaining to the etiology, mechanism, manifestations, and moderators of systemic symptoms in humans has been directed at individual symptoms, thus creating silos of knowledge. Breaching these silos and bridging ...

Interacting Hofstadter Interface.

Two-dimensional topological insulators possess conducting edge states at their boundary while being insulating in the bulk. We investigate the edge state emergent at a smooth topological phase boundary of interacting fermions within a full real-space analysis of the time-reversal invariant Hofstadter-Hubbard model. We characterize the localization of the edge state and the topological phase boundary by means of the local compressibility, the spectral density, a generalized local spin Chern marker as well as...

Detection of N6‑methyladenosine modification residues (Review).

Among a number of mRNA modifications, N6‑methyladenosine (m6A) modification is the most common type in eukaryotes and nuclear‑replicating viruses. m6A has a significant role in numerous cancer types, including leukemia, brain tumors, liver cancer, breast cancer and lung cancer. Although m6A methyltransferases are essential during RNA modifications, the biological functions of m6A and the underlying mechanisms remain to be fully elucidated, predominantly due to the limited detection methods for m6A. In t...

Joint Statement of the German Radiological Society and the German Respiratory Society on a Quality-Assured Early Detection Program for Lung Cancer with Low-Dose CT.

Substantial new data on the early detection of lung cancer with low-dose CT has become available since the last joint statement of the German Radiological Society and the German Respiratory Society was published in 2011. The German S3 guideline on lung cancer was revised in 2018 and now contains a weak recommendation regarding the early detection of lung cancer with low-dose CT in a quality-assured early detection program. These new developments required a change in the position of the involved professional...

An ensemble learning approach for brain cancer detection exploiting radiomic features.

The brain cancer is one of the most aggressive tumour: the 70% of the patients diagnosed with this malignant cancer will not survive. Early detection of brain tumours can be fundamental to increase survival rates. The brain cancers are classified into four different grades (i.e., I, II, III and IV) according to how normal or abnormal the brain cells look. The following work aims to recognize the different brain cancer grades by analysing brain magnetic resonance images.

Long-Read based Novel Sequence Insertion Detection with rCANID.

Novel sequence insertion (NSI) is an essential category of genome structural variations (SVs), which represents DNA segments absent from the reference genome assembly. It has important biological functions and strong correlation with phenotypes and diseases. The rapid development of long-read sequencing technologies provides the opportunities to discover NSIs more sensitively, since the much longer reads are helpful for the assembly and location of the novel sequences. However, most of state-of-the-art long...

Atomic force microscopy-based cancer diagnosis by detecting cancer-specific biomolecules and cells.

Atomic force microscopy (AFM) has recently attracted much attention due to its ability to analyze biomolecular interactions and to detect certain biomolecules, which play a crucial role in disease expression. Despite recent studies reporting AFM imaging for the analyses of biomolecules, the application of AFM-based cancer-specific biomolecule/cell detection has remained largely underexplored, especially for the early diagnosis of cancer. In this paper, we review the recent attempts, including our efforts, t...

Joint Statement of the German Radiological Society and the German Respiratory Society on a Quality-Assured Early Detection Program for Lung Cancer with Low-dose CT.

Substantial new data on early detection of lung cancer with low-dose CT has become available since the last joint statement of the German Roentgenological Society and the German Respiratory Society was published in 2011. The German S3 guideline on lung cancer was revised in 2018 and now contains a weak recommendation towards early detection of lung cancer with low-dose CT in a quality-assured early detection program. These new developments required a repositioning of the involved professional societies. Thi...

Toward the Early Detection of Cancer by Decoding the Epigenetic and Environmental Fingerprints of Cell-Free DNA.

Widespread adaptation of liquid biopsy for the early detection of cancer has yet to reach clinical utility. Circulating tumor DNA is commonly detected though the presence of genetic alterations, but only a minor fraction of tumor-derived cell-free DNA (cfDNA) fragments exhibit mutations. The cellular processes occurring in cancer development mark the chromatin. These epigenetic marks are reflected by modifications in the cfDNA methylation, fragment size, and structure. In this review, we describe how going ...

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