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Cyclacel CYC065 Demonstrates Promising Activity Uterine Serous Carcinoma PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Cyclacel CYC065 Demonstrates Promising Activity Uterine Serous Carcinoma articles that have been published worldwide.
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Uterine papillary serous carcinoma (UPSC) is a highly aggressive subtype of endometrial carcinoma. Histopathologically, it resembles the pattern of serous papillary carcinoma of the ovary. Cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) is the most widely used biomarker in epithelial ovarian carcinoma. Its use in UPSC evaluation has yet to be determined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the significance of preoperative serum CA-125 as a prognostic factor in patients with UPSC.
The prognostic factors of uterine serous carcinoma (USC) vary among studies, and there is no report of Chinese USC patients.
Uterine serous carcinoma (USC) is an aggressive subtype of endometrial cancer that accounts for up to 40% of all endometrial cancer-related deaths. Recent whole-exome sequencing studies have revealed HER2/neu amplification in 27-44% of USC patients, supporting HER2 as an attractive pathway for target therapies based on monoclonal antibodies or tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Preclinical studies and a recently published prospective randomized trial with trastuzumab in combination with chemotherapy demonstrated p...
Purpose Uterine serous carcinoma is a rare, aggressive variant of endometrial cancer. Trastuzumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody that targets human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)/neu, a receptor overexpressed in 30% of uterine serous carcinoma. This multicenter, randomized phase II trial compared carboplatin-paclitaxel with and without trastuzumab in patients with advanced or recurrent uterine serous carcinoma who overexpress HER2/neu. Methods Eligible patients had primary stage III or IV or ...
Adding trastuzumab to carboplatin-paclitaxel is well tolerated in patients with uterine serous carcinoma.
Ovarian serous borderline tumor/atypical proliferative serous tumor (SBT/APST) is characterized by presenting at an early stage and much longer survival than high-grade serous carcinoma. Given that the prognosis of ovarian SBT/APST with no invasive features is excellent, remote relapse after surgery can pose a diagnostic pitfall. Bone metastasis as transformed low-grade carcinoma is an extremely rare initial presentation of recurrence in patients whose primary tumor was confined to the ovaries.
Major changes in the classification of ovarian carcinoma histotypes occurred over the last two decades, resulting in the current 2014 World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria that recognize five principal histotypes: high-grade serous, low-grade serous, endometrioid, clear cell, and mucinous carcinoma. We assessed the impact of these guidelines and use of immunohistochemical (IHC) markers on classification of ovarian carcinomas in existing population-based studies.
Ovarian serous carcinoma (OSC) is semimalignant ovarian tumors that localized in the ovary at the initial presentation, and can be surgically resected in an excellent prognosis. In contrast, surgical treatment plus adjuvant chemotherapy for ovarian malignant epithelial cancer (OMEC) is the standard treatment stratagem that is painful with poor prognosis and cost quite expensively. Thus, the accurate preoperative differentiation of OSC from OMEC is important for determining the treatment methods and decreasi...
Neuroendocrine tumors of the ovary are rare and of uncertain histogenesis. They may be primary or metastatic. Pathogenesis of ovarian carcinomas remains unknown. We report the case of an ovarian large cell carcinoma expressing all neuroendocrine markers (CD56, Chromogranin A, Synaptophysin) that presented as a primary tumor and coexisted with a typical endometrial serous carcinoma also expressing one neuroendocrine marker (CD56). The two tumors had identical molecular mutational profiles, as examined by Nex...
Ovarian carcinoma is not a single disease, but rather a collection of subtypes with differing molecular properties and risk profiles. The most common of these, and the subject of this work, is high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSC).
Serous neoplasms are uncommon, usually cystic tumors that account for less than 1% of all primary pancreatic lesions. They consist predominantly of a monomorphic epithelial cell population with a glycogen-rich, clear cytoplasm, reminiscent of clear cell renal cell carcinoma, with which serous neoplasms share an association with underlying VHL loss-of-function mutations. Serous neoplasms have no metastatic potential. Accurate recognition of this entity, including its various architectural subtypes, is critic...
The standard treatment for ovarian serous carcinoma is maximum debulking surgery and platinum-based chemotherapy. Despite the high response rate for chemotherapy, the majority of patients will be resistant to first-line agents and the prognosis for these patients is particularly poor. Currently there are no reliable methods to determine or predict platinum resistance. Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) is widely expressed in cancer cells and regulates the production of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS). ...
Advanced-stage ovarian high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC) is a poor-prognosis cancer, however a small and poorly characterized subset of patients shows long-term survival. We aimed to establish a cohort of HGSC long-term survivors for histopathological and molecular analysis.
Uterine carcinosarcomas are rare tumors that account for less than 5% of all uterine malignancies. These tumors (previously called malignant mixed Müllerian tumors) are dedifferentiated carcinomas that comprise carcinomatous and sarcomatous elements and arise from a single malignant clone. They are considered a high-risk variant of endometrial adenocarcinoma because carcinosarcomas share more similarities in epidemiology, risk factors, and clinical behavior with endometrial carcinoma than with uterine sarc...
To compare the outcome of patients with uterine papillary serous cancer (UPSC) carrying a BRCA mutation with that of patients with UPSC who are BRCA wild-type.
Uterine leiomyomas (fibroids) are the most common type of uterine neoplasms in premenopausal women. Leiomyomas are estrogen dependent and tend to atrophy and shrink in size after menopause. Dystrophic calcification, cystic changes, and necrosis are among the changes that indicate uterine fibroid involution. We are presenting a calcified uterine leiomyoma in a 61-year-old woman as incidentally detected on F-NaF PET/CT scanning. Many previous publications have reported the accumulation of F-NaF in soft tissue...
A novel histopathological grading system based on tumour budding and cell nest size has recently been shown to outperform conventional (WHO-based) grading algorithms in several tumour entities such as lung, oral, and oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in terms of prognostic patient stratification. Here, we tested the prognostic value of this innovative grading approach in two completely independent cohorts of SCC of the uterine cervix. To improve morphology-based grading, we investigated tumour buddi...
Uterine corpus endometrial carcinoma (UCEC) is a common malignancy in the female reproductive system, associated with high morbidity and mortality. Despite the high prevalence of UCEC, molecular understanding of uterine endothelium tumorigenesis remains poorly understood. In this study, we reported that transcription factor 21 (TCF21) inhibits cancer cell proliferation and invasion following overexpression, in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, in response to hypoxia, TCF21 is highly expressed in UCEC cells carry...
Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) of the uterine cervix is a rare tumor. The goal of this study was to evaluate a series of cases of cervical LELC and to investigate possible association with human papillomavirus (HPV) and/or Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
To describe a case of radiation-induced uterine carcinosarcoma 6 years after a cervical squamous cell carcinoma treatment, which imposed some diagnostic and management challenges.
The aim of this study was to analyze the expression, biological role and clinical relevance of autotaxin (ATX), the enzyme synthetizing lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), and LPA receptors (LPAR) in high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC). mRNA expression by qRT-PCR of LPAR1-6 was analyzed in 155 HGSC specimens (88 effusions, 67 solid lesions). ATX mRNA expression was analyzed in 97 specimens. ATX, ERK, and AKT protein expression was studied by Western blotting. LPAR2 mRNA was overexpressed in HGSC cells in effusions ...
Primary peritoneal serous carcinoma (PPSC) is a rare neoplasm histologically indistinguishable from ovarian serous carcinoma primarily occurring in the female population. To date, extremely rare cases of PPSC have been reported in men; however, diagnosis by cytology has yet to be described. Here we present the clinical, radiographic, cytomorphologic, histologic and immunohistochemical (IHC) findings of a high-grade (HG) PPSC in a 70-year-old man with a history of prostatic adenocarcinoma. Core needle biopsy...
Given the importance of ATP in the control of uterine activity for successful labor and involution, this study was performed to measure the level of P2X7 receptors (P2X7Rs) in rat myometrium at different gestational stages and to investigate the mechanisms of ATP-induced uterine contraction.