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Antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) is a cornerstone of infection management in cystic fibrosis. However, there is little evidence that AST predicts the clinical outcome of CF antimicrobial treatment. It has been suggested there is a need for careful consideration of current AST use by the CF community.
Progressive lung damage causes most deaths in cystic fibrosis. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (such as ibuprofen) may prevent progressive pulmonary deterioration and morbidity in cystic fibrosis. This is an update of a previously published review.
Cystic fibrosis bone disease (CFBD) is a common long-term complication of cystic fibrosis (CF) that can lead to increased fractures and significant morbidity and mortality in this patient population. CFBD pathophysiology remains poorly understood and is likely to be multifactorial. There are limited studies evaluating diagnostic tools and tests to guide therapeutic decisions and monitoring of CFBD. This review will present and discuss the current evidence.
Cystic fibrosis related diabetes (CFRD) has implications for morbidity and mortality with several risk factors identified. We studied the epidemiology of CFRD in the large dataset of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society Patient registry.
Oral glucose tolerance (OGT) deteriorates progressively in cystic fibrosis (CF). Clinical registries provide a unique basis to study real-world data.
Mycobacterium porcinum is a non-tuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) identified in potable water. The identification and clinical impact of M. porcinum in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) has not been described. In our institution, M. porcinum was isolated exclusively during hospitalization in a cluster of patients with CF.
As a result of improvements in life expectancy and therapies, increasing numbers of patients with cystic fibrosis become pregnant. The first studies were pessimistic and report adverse outcomes on the fetus and the mother. In the recent publications, long-term outcome for women with cystic fibrosis does not appear to be negatively impacted by pregnancy. Furthermore, the number of women successfully completing pregnancy continues to rise. The aim of this review is to assess the outcome of pregnancy in women ...
Efficacy and safety of the elexacaftor plus tezacaftor plus ivacaftor combination regimen in people with cystic fibrosis homozygous for the F508del mutation: a double-blind, randomised, phase 3 trial.
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) modulators correct the basic defect caused by CFTR mutations. Improvements in health outcomes have been achieved with the combination of a CFTR corrector and potentiator in people with cystic fibrosis homozygous for the F508del mutation. The addition of elexacaftor (VX-445), a next-generation CFTR corrector, to tezacaftor plus ivacaftor further improved F508del-CFTR function and clinical outcomes in a phase 2 study in people with cystic fibrosis hom...
Cystic fibrosis is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein, and nearly 90% of patients have at least one copy of the Phe508del mutation. In a phase 2 trial involving patients who were heterozygous for the Phe508del mutation and a minimal-function mutation (Phe508del-minimal function genotype), the next-generation CFTR corrector elexacaftor, in combination with tezacaftor and ivacaftor, improved Phe508del CFTR function and clinical out...
The impact of cystic fibrosis (CF) on male reproductive health is profound. The vast majority of men with CF are infertile due to obstructive azoospermia. Multiple factors associated with CF contribute to an increased prevalence of testosterone deficiency, which adversely affects muscle mass, bone density, and quality of life. This article reviews the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of infertility and testosterone deficiency that occur in men with CF. With improving survival of CF patients, these...
The high incidence of nutritional deficiency in cystic fibrosis continues to be an urgent problem in pediatrics. This is due to the multifactorial nature of these violations, one of which is the lack of effectiveness of nutritional correction. The aim of the research was to assess the actual diet of children and adolescents suffering from cystic fibrosis in order to develop an algorithm for individual approaches to correcting nutritional status.
Hypoglycemia is a common and feared complication of insulin therapy. As in type 1 and type 2 diabetes, people with cystic fibrosis related diabetes are also at risk for hypoglycemia related to insulin therapy. Spontaneous hypoglycemia is also common in patients with CF without diabetes, who are not on glucose lowering medications. Spontaneous hypoglycemia in CF may also occur during or after an oral glucose tolerance test. In this review, we will discuss the definition, epidemiology, pathophysiology and imp...
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder that affects mostly lungs but also other organs. Modern treatment has transformed once fatal disease of childhood into the chronic disease of adulthood. Hence more patients enter the job market. Very few adolescents with cystic fibrosis receive some formal career guidance. There is still no professional career guidance for them in Slovenia.
Poor growth has long been a characteristic feature of cystic fibrosis (CF) and is significantly linked to lung function and overall health status. Improvements in pulmonary and nutrition care for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) have resulted in better growth outcomes; however, height gains have not paralleled the improvements in weight in children with CF, and patients with more severe CF mutations remain significantly more affected. Many factors affect the growth hormone-IGF-1 axis and the growth plate ...
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is characterised by reduced airway clearance, microbial accumulation, inflammation, and lung function decline. Certain bacterial species may contribute disproportionately to worsening lung disease. However, the relative importance of these microorganisms compared to the absolute abundance of all bacteria is uncertain. We aimed to identify the characteristics of lower airway microbiology that best reflect CF airway inflammation and disease in children.
The purpose of this retrospective review was to determine how patient-related factors and culture data affect neo-osteogenesis in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) with CRS.
Cystic Fibrosis Related Diabetes Mellitus (CFRD) drives excess pulmonary morbidity and mortality in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). The recommended treatment is insulin therapy. Insulin therapy in CF should be customized to the specific patient. CF patients typically require intensive insulin regimens such as multiple daily injections or insulin pump therapy, but frequently require lower doses than in type 1 diabetes mellitus. Patients with CF may also need insulin to cover intravenous or enteral feedin...
Modulation of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein improves clinical outcomes in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and specific CFTR genetic mutations. It remains unclear how improving CFTR function modifies existing airway infection and inflammation.
This review summarizes the discussion of a session held during the 2018 North American Cystic Fibrosis (CF) Conference titled "Challenging Cases in Nontuberculous Mycobacterial (NTM) Management." In this session, a multidisciplinary panel of NTM experts discussed clinical challenges related to the management of NTM infection in people with CF in which decision-making falls outside of the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation/European Cystic Fibrosis Society NTM guidelines. Topics discussed included managing newly acqu...
Impaired phagocytosis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was found in isolated monocytes of peripheral blood of cystic fibrosis patients, but not in their neutrophils, as reported some years ago. In the present study, we analysed the phagocytic capacity of peripheral blood neutrophils and monocytes of cystic fibrosis patients and of healthy controls. Phagocytosis was determined using a commercial phagocytosis "in whole blood" assay on the basis of fluorescence-labelled opsonized Escherichia coli bacteria and flow cy...
Structural biology and functional studies are a powerful combination to elucidate fundamental knowledge about the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). Here, we discuss the latest findings, including how clinically-approved drugs restore function to mutant CFTR, leading to better clinical outcomes for people with cystic fibrosis (CF). Despite the prospect of regulatory approval of a CFTR-targeting therapy for most CF mutations, strenuous efforts are still needed to fully comprehend CFT...