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11:18 EST 19th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Imaging Intervention Study" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 67,000+

Trends and Outcomes of Intravascular Imaging-guided Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in the United States.

Intravascular imaging-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has shown to improve outcomes in randomized controlled trials. However, there is little real-world data about intravascular imaging utilization during PCI and its outcomes in the United States.

Comparison between functional and intravascular imaging approaches guiding percutaneous coronary intervention: A network meta-analysis of randomized and propensity matching studies.

The optimal approach to guide percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has yet to be defined. The aim of this study was to compare functional driven (fractional flow reserve) versus intravascular imaging (intravascular ultrasound, IVUS, and/or optical coherence tomography, OCT) versus standard (coronary angiography only, CA)-guided PCI.

Regional Standardization of Prostate Multiparametric MRI Performance and Reporting: Is There a Role for a Director of Prostate Imaging?

The purpose of this study was to assess prostate multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) before and after intervention by a director of prostate imaging. Images from prostate mpMRI examinations at four peripheral institutions (five 1.5-T systems) were studied. DICOM headers were analyzed for T2-weighted, DWI, and dynamic contrast-enhanced technical specifications. Reports were retrieved, and a blinded radiologist compared them with those from the regional academic referral center (3-T system) and Prostate Imaging and ...

Investigation of genicular neurotomy of the knee: MRI characterization of anatomy and implications for intervention.

Genicular nerve block and subsequent radiofrequency neurotomy (RFN) has emerged as a novel intervention and alternative for total knee arthroplasty in patients with refractory pain from knee osteoarthritis (OA). To our knowledge, there is no cited report correlating the accuracy of localizing the genicular nerves using bony landmarks on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Preventing HIV and HSV-2 through knowledge and attitudes: A replication study of a multi-component community-based intervention in Zimbabwe.

Approximately two-thirds of HIV-infected individuals reside in sub-Saharan Africa. The region accounts for 68% of the new HIV infections occurring worldwide with almost one-half of these infections being among young adults aged 12-24 years. Cowan and colleagues conducted a community-based, multi-component HIV intervention aimed at youth in rural Zimbabwe. Despite some changes in knowledge and attitudes, the community-based intervention did not affect the prevalence of HIV or HSV-2. We selected this frequent...

Management of Asymptomatic Severe Aortic Stenosis: Evolving Concepts in Timing of Valve Replacement.

New insights into the pathophysiology and natural history of patients with aortic stenosis, coupled with advances in diagnostic imaging and the dramatic evolution of transcatheter aortic valve replacement, are fueling intense interest in the management of asymptomatic patients with severe aortic stenosis. An intervention that is less invasive than surgery could conceivably justify pre-emptive transcatheter aortic valve replacement in subsets of patients, rather than waiting for the emergence of early sympto...

HIV self-testing intervention experiences and kit usability: results from a qualitative study among men who have sex with men in the SELHPI (Self-Testing Public Health Intervention) randomized controlled trial in England and Wales.

SELPHI (HIV Self-Testing Public Health Intervention) is the largest randomized controlled trial (RCT) of HIV self-testing (HIVST) in a high-income setting to date, and has recruited 10 000 men who have sex with men (cis- and transgender) and transgender women who have sex with men. This qualitative substudy aimed to explore how those utilizing self-tests experience HIVST and the implications for further intervention development and scale-up. This is the first qualitative study in Europe investigating expe...

The effect of rational-emotive behavior therapy on anxiety and resilience in students.

Background Adolescence and youth are important periods in the growth and excellence of an individual. Objectives Given the importance of the study, its purpose was to determine the effect of rational-emotive behavior therapy (REBT) on anxiety and resilience in students. Methods Students admitted to the counseling centers of Ilam University were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. Using convenient sampling method, 30 subjects were selected and randomly assigned to either REBT tests or a con...

Linked-color imaging versus narrow-band imaging for colorectal polyp detection: a prospective randomized tandem colonoscopy study.

Linked-color imaging (LCI) is a newly available image enhanced endoscopy (IEE) system, which emphasizes the red mucosal color. No study has yet compared LCI with other available IEE systems.

High-frequency (20 MHz) high-intensity focused ultrasound system for dermal intervention: A 12-week local tolerance study in minipigs.

High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) operating at 20 MHz is new and applicable to skin. Details of use and instrumentation are not documented.

The Influence of a Brief Alcohol Intervention on Alcohol Use Trajectories in Nonstudent Emerging Adult Drinkers.

This study sought to inform research with noncollege-attending emerging adults, an at-risk, and understudied population, by identifying patterns of response following a brief alcohol intervention. This study was a reanalysis of data from a randomized controlled intervention trial testing a brief, personalized feedback alcohol intervention targeting nonstudent emerging adult drinkers. The study aims were to (1) model intervention response by identifying subgroups characterized by changes in heavy drinking (...

Multimodality Imaging for the Assessment of Severe Aortic Stenosis.

Aortic stenosis is the most common type of valvular heart disease. Aortic stenosis is characterized both by progressive valve narrowing and the left ventricular remodeling response that ensues. In aortic stenosis, therapeutic decision essentially depends on symptomatic status, stenosis severity, and status of left ventricular systolic function. Imaging is fundamental for the initial diagnostic work-up, follow-up, and selection of the optimal timing and type of intervention. Noninvasive imaging has played a ...

CT and MR imaging findings of the livers in adults with Fontan palliation: an observational study.

To describe liver imaging findings and complications on computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in adults with Fontan palliation and investigate whether imaging features show correlations with clinical and physiological parameters.

An interprofessional team training intervention with an implementation phase in a surgical ward: A controlled quasi-experimental study.

Despite a growing awareness of the importance of interprofessional teamwork in relation to patient safety, many hospital units lack effective teamwork. The aim of this study was to explore if an interprofessional teamwork intervention in a surgical ward changed the healthcare personnel's perceptions of patient safety culture, perceptions of teamwork, and attitudes toward teamwork over 12 months. Healthcare personnel from surgical wards at two hospitals participated in a controlled quasi-experimental study....

Pharmaceutical care for adult asthma patients: A controlled intervention one-year follow-up study.

Asthma is a clinical problem with social, psychological and economic burdens. To improve patient disease management, different education programs have been developed. Challenges in asthma management may be partially attributed to non-adherence or improper use of inhalers. This study aimed to implement and assess hospital-based pharmaceutical care services for asthmatic patients. A 12-month, single-centre, randomized, controlled study was initiated in asthmatic adult patients who had been divided into either...

Ensuring Organization-Intervention Fit for a Participatory Organizational Intervention to Improve Food Service Workers' Health and Wellbeing: Workplace Organizational Health Study.

Food-service workers' health and wellbeing is impacted by their jobs and work environments. Formative research methods were used to explore working conditions impacting workers' health to inform intervention planning and implementation and to enhance the intervention's 'fit' to the organization.

Can Advanced Endoscopic Imaging Help Us Avoid Surgery for Endoscopically Resectable Colorectal Neoplasms? A Proof-of-Concept Study.

European guidelines recommend advanced endoscopic imaging (AEI) to guide therapeutic decisions; however, data are limited concerning its clinical effects on the management of colorectal polyps. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of standard chromoendoscopic imaging (SCI) and AEI on decision-making regarding therapeutic techniques.

Variation in Hospital Door to Intervention Time for Ruptured AAAs and its Impact on Outcomes.

A ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) is a life threatening condition which carries a high mortality rate. Recent guidelines have recommended a goal "door-to-intervention" time of ≤90 minutes despite a paucity of evidence to support this goal. The aim of this study was to analyze recent trends in door-to-intervention time for rAAAs and determine the effect of the 90 minute door-to-intervention benchmark on postoperative complications.

Long-Term Effect on HbA1c in Poorly Controlled Diabetic Patients Following Nonmydriatic Retinal Image Review at the Time of Endocrinology Visit.

Patient education demonstrates variable benefits on diabetes control. To examine the effect of discussing nonmydriatic retinal imaging findings during a single endocrinology visit on HbA1c levels after 6, 12, and 60 months. Patients with HbA1c >8.0% and diabetic retinopathy were previously recruited for a prospective study looking at the change in HbA1c at 3 months between those assigned to a session of nonmydriatic imaging with discussion of retinal findings and those assigned to routine endocrinology ev...

Could the Clinical Effectiveness Be Improved Under the Integration of Orthotic Intervention and Scoliosis-Specific Exercise in Managing Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis?: A Randomized Controlled Trial Study.

The aim of the study was to compare the effectiveness of the integration of orthotic intervention and scoliosis-specific exercise with orthotic intervention only via assessing the spinal deformity, back muscle endurance, and pulmonary function of the patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Early Q-wave morphology in prediction of reperfusion success in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention - A cardiac magnetic resonance imaging study.

Pathological Q-wave (QW) in the electrocardiogram (ECG) before primary percutaneous coronary intervention (primary PCI) is a strong prognostic marker in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, current binary QW criteria are either not clinically applicable or have a lack of diagnostic performance. Accordingly, we evaluated the association between duration, depth and area of QW and markers of the effect of reperfusion (reperfusion success).

Differentiating intracranial solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma from meningioma using diffusion-weighted imaging and susceptibility-weighted imaging.

Intracranial solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma (SFT/HPC) and meningioma are difficult to distinguish owing to their overlapping imaging manifestation on routine magnetic resonance imaging. The purpose of this study was to assess whether SFT/HPC can be differentiated from meningioma with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI).

Trends in Medical Imaging During Pregnancy in the United States and Ontario, Canada, 1996 to 2016.

The use of medical imaging has sharply increased over the last 2 decades. Imaging rates during pregnancy have not been quantified in a large, multisite study setting.

6-month Follow up of the Families on Track Intervention Pilot Trial for Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and Their Families.

When the primary disabilities associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are not well supported, individuals are at higher risk for mental health problems and other secondary conditions. The Families on Track intervention was designed to prevent secondary conditions and improve family functioning in children with FASD. Promising results from a pilot study demonstrated positive effects on child and caregiver outcomes immediately following the intervention. The objective of this study was to exam...

A Randomized Controlled Study of a Psychoeducation Group Intervention for Patients With Borderline Personality Disorder.

The objective of this study was to assess the impact of a 6-session psychoeducational group (PEG) intervention for borderline personality disorder (BPD) in an underserved community-based outpatient setting.

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