PubMed Journals Articles About "Degenerative Lumbar Spine Causing Back Pain" RSS

22:17 EDT 28th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Degenerative Lumbar Spine Causing Back Pain" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 8,700+

Patients with Predominantly Back Pain at the Time of Lumbar Fusion for Low-grade Spondylolisthesis Experience Similar Clinical Improvement to Patients with Predominantly Leg Pain: Mid-Term Results.

Patients with back pain predominance (BPP) have traditionally been thought to derive less predictable symptomatic relief from lumbar fusion surgery.

Asymmetry of lumbar muscles fatigability with non-specific chronic low back pain patients.

Non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) patients present with reduced back extensor muscle endurance which could be explained by the higher fatigability of their lumbar muscles. However, studies investigating lumbar muscle fatigability have shown contradictory findings. Furthermore, none investigated potential asymmetry in lumbar muscle fatigability, despite neuromuscular asymmetry being reported as a risk factor for NSCLBP. The present study's primary purpose was to determine whether NSCLBP patients pr...

Modern Medical Consequences of the Ancient Evolution of a Long, Flexible Lumbar Spine.

Modern human bipedality is unique and requires lumbar lordosis, whereas chimpanzees, our closest relatives, have short lumbar spines rendering them incapable of lordosis. To facilitate lordosis, humans have longer lumbar spines, greater lumbosacral angle, dorsally wedged lumbar vertebral bodies, and lumbar zygapophyseal joints with both increasingly coronal orientation and further caudal interfacet distances. These features limit modern lower lumbar spine and lumbosacral joint ailments, albeit imperfectly. ...

Transforaminal Endoscopic Approach for Lumbar Extraforaminal Synovial Cysts: Technical Note.

Lumbar facet cysts are commonly seen in degenerative lumbar conditions causing stenosis and radiculopathy. Extraforaminal lumbar facet cysts are a rare entity and present a surgical challenge because of their location. Transforaminal endoscopic spine surgery is an emerging technique in spine surgery but has never been described as a treatment option for lumbar radiculopathy in the setting an extraforaminal lumbar facet cyst.

Association between Modic changes, disc degeneration, and neck pain in the cervical spine: a systematic review of literature.

The contribution of Modic changes (MCs) in relation to spinal pain and degenerative changes has been evaluated frequently. However, most studies focus on lumbar spine. The association between MCs, neck pain and cervical disc degeneration is not clear.

Comparison of Lumbar Kinematics with a History of Low Back Pain During Baseball Hitting.

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of a history of low back pain (LBP) on pelvic and lumbar kinematics during baseball hitting. Twenty collegiate male baseball players (age, 21±1 years; height, 172.8±4.7 cm; weight, 72.7±6.2 kg; baseball experience, 13±1 years) performed 5 bat swings. Participants were categorized into the LBP group (n=10) or control group (n=10) based on having experienced lumbar spine pain due to bat swing that lasted more than 24 h within the last 12 months....

Computed tomography Hounsfield unit-based prediction of pedicle screw loosening after surgery for degenerative lumbar spine disease.

The authors investigated the relation between Hounsfield unit (HU) values measured on CT and the risk of pedicle screw loosening in patients who underwent lumbar pedicle screw fixation for degenerative lumbar spine disease.

Lumbar high-intensity zones on MRI: imaging biomarkers for severe, prolonged low back pain and sciatica in a population-based cohort.

There is often discrepancy between clinical presentation and lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings.

Outcomes after decompression surgery without fusion for patients with lumbar spinal stenosis and substantial low back pain.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of decompression surgery alone for patients with intolerable low back pain.

Neurogenic hallux valgus. A rare complication of spinal surgery.

Post-surgical lumbar spine syndrome is the result of failed or unsuccessful back surgery. It is defined as failure to relieve pain and disability in the lower back and extremities following surgery. This case report suggests inclusion of neurogenic hallux valgus to the list of potential complications following failed lumbar spine surgery.

Curve progression in de novo degenerative lumbar scoliosis combined with degenerative segment disease after short-segment fusion.

To validate the reliability of Berjano and Lamartina classification system of surgical planning in cases of de novo degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DNDLS) combined with degenerative segment disease and identify factors contributing to curve progression.

Clinical Prevalence and Population Incidence of Serious Pathologies Amongst Patients Undergoing Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Low Back Pain.

In rare cases low back pain (LBP) may be caused by underlying serious pathology such as fracture, malignancy, cauda equina syndrome or spinal infection. The lack of evidence regarding either the clinical prevalence or population incidence of serious pathologies in the lumbar spine makes it difficult for clinicians to adequately assess a patient's risk of serious pathology.

Severity of degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis affects pelvic rigidity during walking.

To understand the role of compensation mechanisms in the development and treatment of symptomatic degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (DLSS), pelvic stability during walking should be objectively assessed in the context of clinical parameters.

Long-term results for total lumbar facet joint replacement in the management of lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis.

The authors evaluated the long-term clinical outcome of a total posterior arthroplasty system in the surgical treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis with degenerative spondylolisthesis.

Reduction mammoplasty and back pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

There is anecdotal evidence that many patients who undergo reduction mammoplasty (RM) procedures, to relieve symptoms of large breasts, also report improvement in existing back pain. Given how important back pain is as a healthcare burden, the literature which explores the relationship between RM and back pain is sparse. Thus, we aimed to appraise whether such a correlation exists, through systematic review and meta-analysis.

Superficial temperature and pain tolerance in patients with chronic low back pain.

Low back pain is a common and very prevalent disease and can impose limitations that negatively impact patients. The objective of this study was to verify and compare the association between lumbar superficial temperature and pressure pain tolerance thresholds in individuals with chronic nonspecific low back pain and healthy controls.

Cost-benefit analysis of tranexamic acid and blood transfusion in elective lumbar spine surgery for degenerative pathologies.

Blood transfusions are given to approximately one-fifth of patients undergoing elective lumbar spine surgery, and previous studies have shown that transfusions are accompanied by increased complications and additional costs. One method for decreasing transfusions is administration of tranexamic acid (TXA). The authors sought to evaluate whether the cost of TXA is offset by the decrease in blood utilization in lumbar spine surgery patients.

Lumbar Axial Rotation Kinematics in an Upright Sitting and With Forward Bending Positions in Men With Non-Specific Chronic Low Back Pain.

A controlled cross-sectional study.

Lumbar Axial Rotation Kinematics in an Upright Sitting and With Forward Bending Positions in Men With Nonspecific Chronic Low Back Pain.

A controlled cross-sectional study.

Comparison of brain structure between pain-susceptible and asymptomatic individuals following experimental induction of low back pain.

Peripheral differences often do not adequately account for variation in reports of pain intensity in people with musculoskeletal pain.

Anticonvulsants for the Treatment of Low Back Pain and Lumbar Radicular Pain.

Low back pain is a common cause of presentation to the emergency department, comprising over 4% of all presentations. Globally, low back pain was found to rank highest in disability and sixth overall in disease burden, with a prevalence of 9.4%. However, the majority of episodes do not require a surgical intervention and are treated conservatively with medical therapy.

Use of instrumented lumbar spinal surgery for degenerative conditions: trends and costs over time in Ontario, Canada

Instrumented lumbar surgeries, such as lumbar fusion and lumbar disc replacement, are increasingly being used in the United States for low back pain, with utilization rates approaching those of total joint arthroplasty. It is unknown whether there is a similar pattern in Canada. We sought to determine utilization rates and total medical costs of instrumented lumbar surgeries in a single-payer system and to compare these with the rates and costs of total hip and knee replacements.

Avoiding and Managing Complications in Routine Lumbar Spine Surgery.

Elective lumbar surgery for common degenerative lumbar spine pathology has been consistently demonstrated to have excellent outcomes by multiple validated measures and improves patient quality of life. The rate of complication is low but not unavoidable; there is an increasing recognition of risk factors that can be mitigated to decrease complication rates. When complications occur, prompt recognition and management may minimize deleterious effects on patient outcome. There are considerations for identifyin...

Magnetic-resonance imaging under degenerative changes in lumbar spine: state of the art.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of lumbar spine is a very frequent examination in any computer tomography unit. However, there are still no scan standards or standards for scan interpretation in the world's medical community. In this article based on our experience we describe common problems encountered by a radiologist during MRI examination of lumbar spine and its subsequent description. The literature survey and analysis are presented with a summary of current recommendations. We examined routine seque...

Endoscopic rhizotomy for chronic lumbar zygapophysial joint pain.

Chronic lumbar zygapophysial joint pain is a common cause of chronic low back pain. Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is one of the effective management options; however, the results from the traditional RFA need to be improved in certain cases. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation under endoscopic guidance (ERFA) for chronic low back pain secondary to facet joint arthritis.

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