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Determining The Prevalence Of HIV-Related Neurological Disorders In The Asia Pacific PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Determining The Prevalence Of HIV-Related Neurological Disorders In The Asia Pacific articles that have been published worldwide.
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To assess the prevalence of sitting time (ST) and examine sex and age disparities in the prevalence among adolescents from Asia-Pacific countries.
Gluten-related disorders (GRDs) are a group of immune-mediated diseases often associated to neurologic manifestations. Epilepsies with cerebral calcifications, with or without coeliac disease (CD), are rare neurological disorders characterized by childhood-onset focal seizures, often refractory to antiepileptic drugs. Transglutaminase 6 antibodies (anti-TG6) have been considered a biomarker for gluten-related ataxia and neuropathy, but their prevalence in epilepsies with cerebral calcifications is unknown. ...
Putting together the reports in this issue that come from a representation of the different countries in Asia presents an opportunity to share the unique story of the Asia Pacific Society of Human Genetics (APSHG), which has provided the authors of many of these articles. This paper, authored by the Past Presidents of the Society, shares glimpses of how medical genetics activities were first organized in the Asia Pacific region and provides interesting corollaries on how under-developed and developing count...
The double burden of malnutrition in Asia and the Pacific is driving a renewed focus on maternal malnutrition.
In patients with neurological disorders, there can be a divergence between patients' perceptions regarding outcomes and objective neurological findings. Degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM), a prevalent condition characterized by progressive compression of the cervical spinal cord, can produce debilitating symptoms and profound neurological findings. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the physician-derived neurological examination, as recorded by American Spine Injury Association (ASIA) su...
Cylas formicarius F. and Euscepes batatae Waterhouse are the most damaging sweet potato insect pests globally. Both weevils are thought to have invaded the Pacific alongside the movement of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. Convolvulaceae), with C. formicarius having originated in India and E. batatae in Central or South America. Here we compare the genetic relationships between populations of the pests, primarily in the Asia-Pacific, to understand better their contemporary population structure and th...
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major disease in Asia. However, how to manage specifically Asian COPD patients has not been proposed. Awareness of COPD is very low and underdiagnosis/undertreatment is common in Asian countries. Low utilization of pulmonary function test and inhalers is also a problem. Moreover, high smoking prevalence and air pollution are barriers to managing Asian patients with COPD. The relatively low body mass index of Asian patients with COPD can increase their risk f...
Mountain climbers may develop specific illnesses that largely depend on the altitude reached and the rate of ascent. The popularity of travel to high altitude destinations, extreme tourist activities and mountain climbing means that neurologists in low-altitude countries are increasingly likely to encounter neurological problems and disorders in people exposed to high altitude. Additionally, they may have to advise patients with pre-existing neurological conditions on the risks of ascent to altitude. This a...
Glucocorticoid receptors (GRs) are ubiquitous transcription factors widely studied for their role in controlling events related to inflammation, stress and homeostasis. Recently, GRs have reemerged as crucial targets of investigation in neurological disorders, with a focus on pharmacological strategies to direct complex mechanistic GR regulation and improve therapy. In the brain, GRs control functions necessary for neurovascular integrity, including responses to stress, neurological changes mediated by the ...
Asia-Pacific Colorectal Screening (APCS) score has been implemented for colorectal cancer screening in asymptomatic cohort in many regions. However, no study has validated its efficiency in Asian outpatients with mild-self-limited gastrointestinal symptoms yet. The purpose of this study was to validate its efficiency in asymptomatic subjects and outpatients in Ningxia.
Periodic surveillance is crucial to provide information for resource allocation to control HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB), and their co-infection, especially in areas with high morbidity and mortality like East Asia and the Pacific. Therefore, we examined the morbidity and mortality of HIV/AIDS and TB co-infection in this region from 1990 to 2017.
The prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) has been increasing worldwide in recent years, especially among females. The same increasing trends are even observed in East Asian countries, where the prevalence of MS is relatively low compared with Northern European ancestries. Whether the environmental risk factors for MS are shared between Asian and North European ancestries, and the types of environmental factors that contribute to the low and recent increase in MS prevalence in Asian countries remain unknown...
The 'Hikikomori' syndrome (HS) consists of prolonged and severe social withdrawal. It has been studied first in Japan and recently has increasingly drawn the attention of researchers and clinicians all over the world. It is unclear whether it exists in other cultural contexts than Asia. The existing systematic reviews did not provide a quantitative synthesis on its prevalence. In addition, a summary of the co-occurring rates of psychiatric disorders is lacking. To provide a more comprehensive understanding ...
Despite a significant number of patients dependent on "poppy husk" in India, they are poorly characterized. Moreover, scarce data is available with respect to their treatment.
Dementia is the leading cause of dependency and disability among older persons worldwide. There remains, however, limited studies on dementia rates within the Asia-Pacific region, with little data on differences across major Asian ethnic groups.
Neurological disorders occur in the central and peripheral nervous system and include Alzheimer's disease, stroke, and spinal cord injury. Activation of the innate immune system inevitably occurs in all forms of neurological disorders. The nucleotide-binding domain, leucine-rich-containing family, pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is a multimolecular complex that can sense danger signals associated with neurological diseases. Assembly of the NLRP3 inflammasome promotes caspase-1-mediated interl...
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disease, considered most common autoimmune disorder of the central nervous system with dramatic impact on patient's emotional/mental well-being. Cognitive decline is acknowledged as debilitating symptom of MS. This paper aims to estimate the prevalence of cognition and mental health impairment among MS patients in Kuwait and test their association with socio-economic factors.
Stigma can be a barrier to early intervention of severe mental illnesses, especially schizophrenia, which further leads to poor outcomes. Mental health campaigns were designed to educate the general public about signs for early identification of psychosis, but the line between schizophrenia and attenuated psychosis was not well demarcated. We wonder if people would generalize their stigmas towards schizophrenia to subjects with subthreshold psychotic symptoms.
There is consistent evidence for higher prevalence of affective disorders, specifically mood and anxiety disorders, in people with MS (PwMS).
Paraneoplastic neurological syndrome, a heterogeneous disorder affecting the neurological function, is associated with different types of systemic cancer but rarely with bladder cancer.
The association between severe psychiatric disorders and metabolic syndrome is well documented and goes along with a reduced life expectancy. The prevalence of medical comorbidities in individuals suffering from psychiatric disorders in Austria has not yet been examined; aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of comorbid somatic disorder in individuals diagnosed with psychiatric disorders in Austria.