PubMed Journals Articles About "Development Of Low Cost Devices To Increase Access To Treadmill Training" RSS

18:05 EDT 20th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Development Cost Devices Increase Access Treadmill Training" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 29,000+

Skin complications associated with vascular access devices: A secondary analysis of 13 studies involving 10,859 devices.

Vascular access devices are widely used in healthcare settings worldwide. The insertion of a vascular access device creates a wound, vulnerable to irritation, injury and infection. Vascular access-associated skin complications are frequently reported in the literature, however very little evidence is available regarding the incidence and risk factors of these conditions to inform practice and technology development.

A realistic, durable, and low-cost training model for percutaneous renal access using ballistic gelatin.

The purpose of this study was to design and implement a realistic, durable, and low-cost training model for percutaneous renal access.

Effect of Core Stability Exercises and Treadmill Training on Balance in Children with Down Syndrome: Randomized Controlled Trial.

Core stability exercises and treadmill training play a crucial role in physical therapy interventions and have an effect on balance in children with Down Syndrome (DS); however, whether core stability exercises or treadmill training has more effect on improving balance has not been investigated yet. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of core stability training versus treadmill exercises on balance in children with Down Syndrome.

Exploring gait adaptations to perturbed and conventional treadmill training in Parkinson's disease: Time-course, sustainability, and transfer.

Gait impairment is a major motor symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD), and treadmill training is an effective non-pharmacological treatment option.

High-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation enhanced treadmill training effects on gait performance in individuals with chronic stroke: A double-blinded randomized controlled pilot trial.

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) combined with treadmill training has been suggested to modulate corticomotor activity and improve gait performance in people with Parkinson's disease.

The use of mobile computing devices in microsurgery.

Mobile computing devices (MCDs), such as smartphones and tablets, are revolutionizing medical practice. These devices are almost universally available and offer a multitude of capabilities, including online features, streaming capabilities, high-quality cameras, and numerous applications. Within the surgical field, MCDs are increasingly being used for simulations. Microsurgery is an expanding field of surgery that presents unique challenges to both trainees and trainers. Simulation-based training and assess...

Comparison of treadmill trip-like training versus Tai Chi to improve reactive balance among independent older adult residents of senior housing: a pilot controlled trial.

There is growing interest in using perturbation-based balance training to improve the reactive response to common perturbations (e.g., tripping and slipping). The goal of this study was to compare the efficacy of treadmill-based reactive balance training versus Tai Chi performed at, and among independent residents of, older adult senior housing.

Activity-based Training on a Treadmill with Spinal Cord Injured Wistar Rats.

Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in lasting deficits that include both mobility and a multitude of autonomic-related dysfunctions. Locomotor training (LT) on a treadmill is widely used as a rehabilitation tool in the SCI population with many benefits and improvements to daily life. We utilize this method of activity-based task-specific training (ABT) in rodents after SCI to both elucidate the mechanisms behind such improvements and to enhance and improve upon existing clinical rehabilitation protocols. Our ...

Improving the cost-effectiveness of laypersons' paediatric basic life support skills training: A randomised non-inferiority study.

To compare dyad (training in pairs without an instructor) with resource-intensive instructor-led training for laypersons' paediatric resuscitation skills in a non-inferiority trial and examine cost-effectiveness of the training methods.

Reassessing standards of vascular access device care: a follow-up audit.

This article reports on the findings of a repeat audit of vascular access devices (VADs) in a district general hospital undertaken 4 years after a previous audit. The first demonstrated poor standards of care and low compliance with evidence-based guidelines, indicating that a change in practice was necessary. A strategy of training, education and standardisation for intravenous devices was introduced, with the goal of transforming practice to raise standards and improve compliance. The findings of the foll...

Using Simulation to Address a Training Gap in Battlefield Ocular Trauma: A Lateral Canthotomy and Cantholysis (LCC) Prototype Training System.

Over the past 15 years of conflict, eye injuries have ocurred at a steady rate of 5-10% of combat casualties, attributed to the enemy's use of improvised explosive devices. Many of these injuries result in a compartment syndrome of the orbit, easily decompressed through the use of a simple procedure called a Lateral Canthotomy and Cantholysis (LCC). Current training curricula at the U.S. Army Center for Pre-Hospital Medicine at Fort Sam Houston, Texas incorporates LCC training presented in lectures and taug...

Freeform Diffractive Metagrating Design Based on Generative Adversarial Networks.

A key challenge in metasurface design is the development of algorithms that can effectively and efficiently produce high performance devices. Design methods based on iterative optimization can push the performance limits of metasurfaces, but they require extensive computational resources that limit their implementation to small numbers of microscale devices. We show that generative neural networks can train from images of periodic, topology-optimized metagratings to produce high-efficiency, topologically co...

Prospective Cohort Study of Surgical Trainee Experience of Access to Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Training in the UK and Ireland.

Surgical trainees are reporting barriers to training in gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy. This snapshot survey aimed to gather data on variation in access to quality GI endoscopy training for Colorectal and Upper Gastrointestinal(GI) surgical trainees across the UK and Ireland.

Implementation of 3D Printing Technology in the Field of Prosthetics: Past, Present, and Future.

There is an interesting and long history of prostheses designed for those with upper-limb difference, and yet issues still persist that have not yet been solved. Prosthesis needs for children are particularly complex, due in part to their growth rates. Access to a device can have a significant impact on a child's psychosocial development. Often, devices supporting both cosmetic form and user function are not accessible to children due to high costs, insurance policies, medical availability, and their percei...

Global optimization of dielectric metasurfaces using a physics-driven neural network.

We present a global optimizer, based on a conditional generative neural network, which can output ensembles of highly efficient topology-optimized metasurfaces operating across a range of parameters. A key feature of the network is that it initially generates a distribution of devices that broadly samples the design space, and then shifts and refines this distribution towards favorable design space regions over the course of optimization. Training is performed by calculating the forward and adjoint electrom...

Acute kinematic and neurophysiological effects of treadmill and overground walking in Parkinson's disease.

BACKGROUNDThe use of the treadmill as a gait rehabilitation tool has provided novel options for treatment of gait impairments in Parkinson's Disease (PD). However, the neural mechanisms underlying these therapeutic effects in PD remain unknown and whether any therapeutic effects from treadmill training can be reproduced on overground walking.OBJECTIVETo examine the immediate short-term effects of a single session of treadmill and overground walking on gait, spinal and corticospinal parameters in PD.METHODSP...

Achieving Microsurgical Competency in Orthopaedic Residents Utilizing a Self-Directed Microvascular Training Curriculum.

Education in microvascular surgery is limited by variable experience, a difficult learning curve, and potentially catastrophic complications caused by failed anastomoses. Furthermore, utilization of live-animal training models can be difficult because of lack of access and high maintenance costs. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness and cost of a self-directed microvascular training curriculum utilizing synthetic microvessels and nonliving models in an orthopaedic residency program.

Can runners maintain a newly learned gait pattern outside a laboratory environment following gait retraining?

Previous peak tibial shock gait retraining programs, which were usually conducted on a treadmill, were reported to be effective on impact loading reduction in runners. However, whether the trained runners can translate the training effect at different running modes (treadmill/overground), or running slopes (uphill/downhill), remains unknown.

Robotic simulation training for urological trainees: a comprehensive review on cost, merits and challenges.

Simulation in surgery is a safe and cost-effective way of training. Operating room performance is improved after simulation training. The necessary attributes of surgical simulators are acceptability and cost-effectiveness. It is also necessary for a simulator to demonstrate face, content, predictive, construct and concurrent validity. Urologists have embraced robot-assisted surgery. These procedures require steep learning curves. There are 6 VR simulators available for robot-assisted surgery; the daVinci S...

The Cost and Economics of Endoscopic Cyclophotocoagulation in the United Kingdom: A Tertiary Center Experience.

As the only MIGS with a reusable component, the cost per procedure of ECP diminishes with each successive use. We present a cost comparison of ECP with other MIGS devices, based on our clinical practice.

The evolution of response and management training at the FEMA Center for Domestic Preparedness.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Center for Domestic Preparedness (CDP) was established in 1998 and is now 20 years old. In its short history, the CDP has significantly evolved the relevance and responsiveness of its courses and its capability to provide high-fidelity, hands-on training, and exercises to meet the demanding needs of today's responders. This article discusses the basis of need for a competent, responder training program; the genesis of the CDP as a no-cost provider of responder ...

Chester treadmill police tests as alternatives to 15-m shuttle running.

Police officers require a specific level of aerobic fitness to allow them to complete personal safety training and specialist roles. Officers' aerobic fitness is assessed using the 15-m multi-stage fitness test (MSFT); however, due to the agility required and risk of injury, two alternative treadmill tests have been designed to predict four of the key minimum VO2 criteria of 35, 41, 46 and 51 ml·kg-1·min-1.

Why is There Discordance between the Reimbursement of High-Cost 'Life-Extending' Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices? The Funding of Ventricular Assist Devices in Australia.

New health technologies often yield health benefits, but often at a high cost. In Australia, the processes for public reimbursement of high-cost pharmaceuticals and medical devices are different, potentially resulting in inequity in support for new therapies. We explore how reimbursement is different for medical devices compared with pharmaceuticals, including whether higher cost-effectiveness thresholds are accepted for pharmaceuticals. A literature review identified the challenges of economic evaluations ...

Ex vivo model with bovine heart: a proposal for training microscopic dissection and vascularmicroanastomoses.

Training is a process that requires patience and constant practice. The execution of microscopic procedures is present in the day-to-day of several surgical specialties, but unfortunately experimental models are not easy to access in our environment. We propose a bovine heart model used by residents and young surgeons in the training of microscopic dissection and microanastomoses. It is described the assembly of this model, which can be performed individually and with accessible material to the surgical dep...

Late life maintenance and enhancement of functional exercise capacity in low and high responding rats after low intensity treadmill training.

Intrinsic exercise capacity is predictive of both lifespan and healthspan but whether adaptive exercise capacity influences the benefits achieved from aerobic training implemented later in life is not known.

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