PubMed Journals Articles About "Diagnostics Synbiotics Launch Joint Venture CoSara Diagnostics India" RSS

00:47 EST 22nd November 2017 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Diagnostics Synbiotics launch joint venture CoSara Diagnostics India" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,300+

Component resolved diagnostics for hymenoptera venom allergy.

Component-resolved diagnostics makes use of defined allergen molecules to analyse IgE-mediated sensitizations at a molecular level. Here, we review recent studies on the use of component-resolved diagnostics in the field of Hymenoptera venom allergy (HVA) and discuss its benefits and limitations.

Comprehensive genetic study of cystic fibrosis in Slovak patients in 25 years of genetic diagnostics.

Cystic fibrosis (CF) has one of the longest histories in hereditary disease molecular diagnostics. However, identification of causative mutations in the CFTR gene is complicated by over two thousand currently identified mutations; with more still being discovered. Knowledge of mutation spectrum may improve effective routine diagnostics and is obligatory in mutation-specific treatment.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis Whole Genome Sequences From Southern India Suggest Novel Resistance Mechanisms and the Need for Region-Specific Diagnostics.

India is home to 25% of all tuberculosis cases and the second highest number of multidrug resistant cases worldwide. However, little is known about the genetic diversity and resistance determinants of Indian Mycobacterium tuberculosis, particularly for the primary lineages found in India, lineages 1 and 3.

Advances in point-of-care technologies for molecular diagnostics.

Advances in miniaturization, nanotechnology, and microfluidics, along with developments in cloud-connected point-of-care (POC) diagnostics technologies are pushing the frontiers of POC devices toward low-cost, user-friendly, and enhanced sensitivity molecular-level diagnostics. The combination of various bio-sensing platforms within smartphone-integrated electronic readers provides accurate on-site and on-time diagnostics based on various types of chemical and biological targets. Further, 3D printing techno...

Local enamel demineralization diagnostics and treatment.

The article describes focal enamel demineralization - the most common disease of teeth hard tissues. Local and general factors of this pathological process advent and development were described. The main tools of focal enamel demineralization diagnostics and treatment were observed. The main role of enamel mesoporous structure in the remineralization therapy possibility was underlined. There are still a lot of questions in focal enamel demineralization diagnostics after publications analysis because of the ...

Molecular diagnostics of ALK-positive lung cancer.

ALK translocation is the 3rd most frequent genetic aberration in lung adenocarcinoma, and several inhibitors are now clinically available in first and second line settings. Accordingly, molecular diagnostics of ALK-positive lung cancer is very important and can be done with the rational combination of several methods. All international recommendations suggest that, except for cytological samples, screening technology for ALK-positive tumors is immunohistochemistry using a validated test. It is highly recomm...

Development and Testing of an LED-Based Near-Infrared Sensor for Human Kidney Tumor Diagnostics.

Optical spectroscopy is increasingly used for cancer diagnostics. Tumor detection feasibility in human kidney samples using mid- and near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, and Raman spectroscopy has been reported (Artyushenko et al., Spectral fiber sensors for cancer diagnostics in vitro. In Proceedings of the European Conference on Biomedical Optics, Munich, Germany, 21-25 June 2015). In the present work, a simplification of the NIR spectroscopic analysis for cancer diagnostics was st...

PET-CT and PET-MRI of the prostate : From (18)F-FDG to (68)Ga-PSMA.

In the last few years nuclear medical diagnostics have experienced a unprecedented renaissance in the diagnostics of prostate cancer, due to the availability of hybrid imaging with positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET/CT), PET magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) CT as well as the development of prostate-specific radiopharmaceuticals.

Digital image analysis of HER2 immunohistochemistry in gastric- and oesophageal adenocarcinoma: a validation study on biopsies and surgical specimens.

to test the validity of diagnostics incorporating digital image analysis (DIA) for human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2) immunohistochemistry (IHC) in gastro-oesophageal adenocarcinomas, as an alternative to current standard diagnostics using manual scoring.

Enabling miniaturised personalised diagnostics: from lab-on-a-chip to lab-in-a-drop.

The concept of personalised diagnostics is to direct accurate clinical decisions based on an individual's unique disease molecular profile. Lab-on-a-chip (LOC) systems are prime personalised diagnostics examples which seek to perform an entire sample-to-outcome detection of disease nucleic acid (NA) biomarkers on a single miniaturised platform with minimal user handling. Despite the great potential of LOC devices in providing rapid, portable, and inexpensive personalised diagnosis at the point-of-care (POC)...

Analysing gait in the GP's consulting room.

Gait disorders are often seen in the general practitioner (GP)'s consulting room. Orthopaedic or neurological problems may lead to abnormalities in gait. A careful analysis is important to advice or refer the patient for additional diagnostics or treatment. Basic gait analysis can be performed on any patient by applying a systematic stepwise observation. This is illustrated here by three case reports. This observation starts by looking at parameters such as walking speed, safety, efficiency etc. Analysis of...


The neutron and gamma radiations in large fusion reactors are responsible for damage to charged couple device (CCD) cameras deployed for applied diagnostics. Based on the ASTM guide E722-09, the 'equivalent 1 MeV neutron fluence in silicon' was calculated for a set of CCD cameras at the Joint European Torus. Such evaluations would be useful to good practice in the operation of the video systems.

The Anatomy of a Nonfaradaic Electrochemical Biosensor.

Point-of-care (POC) testing has revolutionized diagnostic healthcare, bringing medical results directly and immediately to the patient. With faster diagnostics, more immediate clinical management decisions can be made. POC tests most often use a dipstick or swab format to detect the presence of a pathogen, disease, or other relevant biomarker. In these formats, the POC tests eliminate the need for complex lab equipment and trained personnel to collect, process, and analyze sample data for simple diagnostics...

Evaluating next-generation sequencing for direct clinical diagnostics in diarrhoeal disease.

The accurate microbiological diagnosis of diarrhoea involves numerous laboratory tests and, often, the pathogen is not identified in time to guide clinical management. With next-generation sequencing (NGS) becoming cheaper, it has huge potential in routine diagnostics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of NGS-based diagnostics through direct sequencing of faecal samples. Fifty-eight clinical faecal samples were obtained from patients with diarrhoea as part of the routine diagnostics at Hvi...

Peculiarities of the early diagnostics of malignant nasopharyngal neoplasms.

The authors consider the risk factors and the specific clinical symptoms of the malignant nasopharyngal neoplasms as well as the methods for instrumental, laboratory, and pathomorphological diagnostics of this pathology. The full scale implementation of the recommendations for the timely detection of the tumours using the aforementioned diagnostic procedures and tests makes it possible to reduce to a minimum the interval between the establishment of the diagnosis and the onset of the relevant treatment at t...

Development and preliminary evaluation of a multiplexed amplification and next generation sequencing method for viral hemorrhagic fever diagnostics.

We describe the development and evaluation of a novel method for targeted amplification and Next Generation Sequencing (NGS)-based identification of viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) agents and assess the feasibility of this approach in diagnostics.

Point-of-Care Sexually Transmitted Infection Diagnostics: Proceedings of the STAR Sexually Transmitted Infection-Clinical Trial Group Programmatic Meeting.

The goal of the point-of-care (POC) sexually transmitted infection (STI) Diagnostics meeting was to review the state-of-the-art research and develop recommendations for the use of POC STI diagnostics. Experts from academia, government, nonprofit, and industry discussed POC diagnostics for STIs such as Chlamydia trachomatis, human papillomavirus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Trichomonas vaginalis, and Treponema pallidum. Key objectives included a review of current and emerging technologies, clinical and public hea...

Multimodal ultrasound computer-assisted tomography: An approach to the recognition of breast lesions.

The research here presented aims at developing a new, promising method for the imaging diagnostics of breast lesions - ultrasound tomography (UST). A currently implemented device enables the reconstruction three complementary images for each coronal breast section. Based on in vivo breast examination, the authors developed an approach to breast diagnostics which employs ultrasound transmission and reflection tomography imaging. The obtained transmission images of ultrasound speed distribution show good corr...

Why tuberculosis control programmes fail? Role of microlevel and macrolevel factors: an analysis from India.

India accounts for one-fourth of the global tuberculosis (TB) burden. The National TB Program was started in 1962. Over a period of time, some lacunae such as poor case detection rate and incomplete treatment were observed. Later, the government formulated the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP), which achieved a case detection rate of 70% and a cure rate of 85%. Still, the problem of relapse and defaulter cases persists. In 2014, 6% defaulter cases were reported from India. RNTCP has also...

Engineered bacteria can function in the mammalian gut long-term as live diagnostics of inflammation.

Bacteria can be engineered to function as diagnostics or therapeutics in the mammalian gut but commercial translation of technologies to accomplish this has been hindered by the susceptibility of synthetic genetic circuits to mutation and unpredictable function during extended gut colonization. Here, we report stable, engineered bacterial strains that maintain their function for 6 months in the mouse gut. We engineered a commensal murine Escherichia coli strain to detect tetrathionate, which is produced dur...

Diagnostics for yaws eradication: insights from direct next generation sequencing of cutaneous strains of Treponema pallidum.

Yaws-like chronic ulcers can be caused by Treponema pallidum subsp. pertenue, Haemophilus ducreyi, or other still-undefined bacteria. To permit accurate evaluation of yaws elimination efforts programmatic use of molecular diagnostics is required. The accuracy and sensitivity of current tools remains unclear because our understanding of T. pallidum diversity is limited by the low number of sequenced genomes.

Newborn Congenital Cytomegalovirus Screening based on Clinical Manifestations and Evaluation of DNA-based Assays for In Vitro Diagnostics.

To establish a strategy for congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) screening and to establish confirmatory assays approved as In Vitro diagnostics (IVD) by the regulatory authorities, we evaluated the clinical risks and performance of diagnostic assays developed by commercial companies, since cCMV infection has significant clinical consequences.

Diagnostics for Lassa Fever: Detecting Host Antibody Responses.

There are two types of viral diagnostics: (1) those that detect components of the pathogen (like viral RNA or proteins) and (2) those that detect host molecules that rise or fall as a consequence of pathogen infection (like anti-viral antibodies or virus-induced inflammatory cytokines). Quantitative PCR to detect Lassa RNA, and clinical chemistry to detect high liver enzymes (AST/ALT) are commonly used to diagnose Lassa fever. Here, we discuss the various types of diagnostics for Lassa fever and the urgent ...

Laboratory evaluation of immunochromatographic rapid diagnostic tests for cholera in Haiti.

Rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) for cholera are promising tools for detecting cholera in areas with limited laboratory infrastructure. However, evidence on the characteristics of the many available RDTs is scarce, and their use has been limited by suboptimal performance. We evaluated the performance characteristics of three cholera RDTs from Span Diagnostics, Artron Laboratories, and Standard Diagnostics in a regional laboratory in Haiti.

The mathematical approaches to differential diagnostics of acute pharyngeal diseases.

The objective of the present study was to elaborate the program for differential diagnostics of acute pharyngeal diseases based on the 'ENT-Neuro' artificial neuronal network. The study group was formed by means of sampling patients with acute pharyngeal diseases from a set of case histories of the subjects presenting with acute inflammatory diseases. The data thus obtained were employed to develop the expert system to support the decision making process with the use of the 'ENT-Neuro' artificial neuronal n...

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