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Dicerna Report Second Quarter 2017 Financial Results Host PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Dicerna Report Second Quarter 2017 Financial Results Host articles that have been published worldwide.
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In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), youths (23 years or younger)-who account for almost half the population-are particularly vulnerable to poverty and exclusion from financial markets and intermediaries. In addition, a significant factor in the financial instability of the region appears to be the economic functioning of its youths. In recent years, social work interventions throughout the region have focused on investing in the economic functioning of youths. This study looked at baseline data from one such inter...
An ability to understand and predict financial wellbeing for individuals is of interest to economists, policy designers, financial institutions, and the individuals themselves. According to the Nilson reports, there were more than 3 billion credit cards in use in 2013, accounting for purchases exceeding US$ 2.2 trillion, and according to the Federal Reserve report, 39% of American households were carrying credit card debt from month to month. Prior literature has connected individual financial wellbeing wit...
To investigate the factor structure of financial capacity using a direct-performance measure of financial skills (The Financial Capacity Instrument [FCI]) as a proxy for the financial capacity construct.
The objectives of this study were threefold: (1) to empirically test the conceptual model proposed by the Lichtenberg Financial Decision-making Rating Scale (LFDRS); (2) to examine the psychometric properties of the LFDRS contextual factors in financial decision-making by investigating both the reliability and convergent validity of the subscales and total scale, and (3) extending previous work on the scale through the collection of normative data on financial decision-making.
In the absence of IL-10, Helicobacter hepaticus (Hh) induces colitis. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Danne et al. (2017) report that Hh produces a polysaccharide that induces an anti-inflammatory response in macrophages, providing a potential clue as to why this bacterium is normally tolerated by the immune system.
Guanylate-binding proteins (GBPs) confer protection against intracellular pathogens. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Wandel et al. (2017) report that cytosolic Shigella becomes trapped within a GBP coat that prevents bacterial cell-to-cell spread. However, this defense mechanism is counteracted by the bacterial E3 ubiquitin ligase IpaH9.8.
Primarily, to investigate the association between informant report and objective performance on specific financial capacity (FC) tasks by adults with chronic, moderate to severe acquired brain injury, and to examine the nature of misestimates by the informants.
Why lower socioeconomic groups behave less healthily can only partly be explained by direct costs of behaving healthily. We hypothesize that low income increases the risk of facing financial strain. Experiencing financial strain takes up cognitive 'bandwidth' and leads to less self-control, and subsequently results in more unhealthy behaviour. We therefore aim to investigate (i) whether a low income increases the likelihood of experiencing financial strain and of unhealthy behaviours, (ii) to what extent mo...
Financial capacity is the ability to manage one's own finances according to self-interests. Failure in financial decisions and lack of independence when dealing with money can affect people's quality of life and are associated with neuropsychological deficits or clinical conditions such as mild cognitive impairment or Alzheimer's disease. Despite the importance of evaluating financial capacity in the assessment of patients with neuropsychological and psychiatric disorders, only a few tools have been develop...
Gut microbes impact host metabolism via a multitude of mechanisms, including through host circadian rhythm regulation. How microbes influence host circadian networks remains unclear. Recently, Wang et al. (2017) showed that crosstalk between specific microbial components and innate immune cells tunes epithelial circadian oscillations via Nfil3, modulating lipid uptake and metabolism.
The cellular tropism of noroviruses in immune-competent hosts remains enigmatic. In recent studies in Cell Host & Microbe and Immunity, Lee et al. (2017) and Tomov et al. (2017) determine that norovirus innate immune evasion enables infection of intestinal epithelial cells, escape from adaptive immunity, virus persistence, and shedding.
Patients with cancer often face financial hardships, including loss of productivity, high out-of-pocket (OOP) costs, depletion of savings, and bankruptcy. By providing financial guidance and assistance through specially trained navigators, hospitals and cancer care clinics may be able mitigate the financial burdens to patients and also minimize financial losses for the treating institutions.
Skin colonization by Staphylococcus aureus is associated with severity of atopic dermatitis (AD). Two papers in this issue of Cell Host & Microbe by Nakagawa et al. (2017) and Liu et al. (2017) define a pathway by which epicutaneous Staphylococcus aureus promotes skin inflammation and may contribute to AD.
The replication vacuole of Legionella pneumophila makes contact with host mitochondria. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Escoll et al. (2017) dissect the mechanisms of this interaction, the effect of the T4SS effector MitF on mitochondrial function, and the resultant metabolic reprogramming of infected cells to benefit the bacteria.
Pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) plays a well-known metabolic role inside cells. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Grayczyk et al. (2017) show that the bacterial pathogen Staphylococcus aureus unexpectedly secretes and repurposes the lipoylated E2 subunit of PDH to suppress TLR-mediated activation of host macrophages by bacterial lipoproteins.
Choline is a crucial methyl donor necessary for epigenetic regulation. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Romano et al. (2017) demonstrate that choline-utilizing gut bacteria compete with their host for this essential resource, calling for a systematic consideration of gut microbial composition for personalized diet recommendations.
There is increasing evidence that the microbiome regulates host metabolism, but specific mechanisms underlying these interactions remain poorly understood. In a recent paper in Science, Wang et al. (2017) reveal that the gut microbiota regulates the expression of circadian-clock genes to impact host lipid metabolism and body composition.
Given the increase in financial-incentive programs nationwide, many physicians and physician groups are concerned about potential unintended consequences of providing financial incentives to improve quality of care. However, few studies examine whether actual unintended consequences result from providing financial incentives to physicians. We sought to document the extent to which the unintended consequences discussed in the literature were observable in a randomized clinical trial (RCT) of financial incent...
"Financial toxicity" has now become a familiar term used in the discussion of cancer drugs, and it is gaining traction in the literature given the high price of newer classes of therapies. However, as a phenomenon in the contemporary treatment and care of people with cancer, financial toxicity is not fully understood, with the discussion on mitigation mainly geared toward interventions at the health system level. Although important, health policy prescriptions take time before their intended results manifes...
We are delighted to present within this meeting report the abstracts of the "BIT's 1st World Congress of Biomedical Engineering 2017" which has been hold in Xi'an in China [...].
In order to gather a global picture of vaccine hesitancy and whether/how it is changing, an analysis was undertaken to review three years of data available as of June 2017 from the WHO/UNICEF Joint Report Form (JRF) to determine the reported rate of vaccine hesitancy across the globe, the cited reasons for hesitancy, if these varied by country income level and/or by WHO region and whether these reasons were based upon an assessment. The reported reasons were classified using the Strategic Advisory Group of ...
The nucleotide-binding domain- and leucine-rich repeat (LRR)-containing proteins (NLRs) function as intracellular immune receptors to detect the presence of pathogen- or host-derived signals. The mechanisms of how NLRs sense their ligands remain elusive. Here we report the structure of a bacterial flagellin derivative in complex with the NLR proteins NAIP5 and NLRC4 determined by cryo-electron microscopy at 4.28 Å resolution. The structure revealed that the flagellin derivative forms two parallel helices i...
The mix of bacteria that coat our teeth impact oral health, but it remains unclear what factors govern their composition. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Gomez et al. (2017) examine the relationship between host genetics and the oral microbiome in the context of health and disease.