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Dicerna Report Second Quarter 2017 Financial Results Host PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Dicerna Report Second Quarter 2017 Financial Results Host articles that have been published worldwide.
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In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), youths (23 years or younger)-who account for almost half the population-are particularly vulnerable to poverty and exclusion from financial markets and intermediaries. In addition, a significant factor in the financial instability of the region appears to be the economic functioning of its youths. In recent years, social work interventions throughout the region have focused on investing in the economic functioning of youths. This study looked at baseline data from one such inter...
To investigate the factor structure of financial capacity using a direct-performance measure of financial skills (The Financial Capacity Instrument [FCI]) as a proxy for the financial capacity construct.
The objectives of this study were threefold: (1) to empirically test the conceptual model proposed by the Lichtenberg Financial Decision-making Rating Scale (LFDRS); (2) to examine the psychometric properties of the LFDRS contextual factors in financial decision-making by investigating both the reliability and convergent validity of the subscales and total scale, and (3) extending previous work on the scale through the collection of normative data on financial decision-making.
Capacity to manage finances and make financial decisions can affect risk for financial exploitation and is often the basis for legal determinations of conservatorship/guardianship. Several structured assessments of financial capacity have been developed, but have not been compared regarding their focus, validity, or reliability. Therefore, we conducted a review of financial capacity measures to examine these factors.
Financial burden from cancer treatment is increasingly being recognized as a threat to optimal access, quality, and outcomes of cancer care for patients. Although research in the area is moving at a fast pace, multiple questions remain unanswered, such as how to practically integrate the assessment and management of financial burden into routine health care delivery for patients with cancer. Although psychological distress screening for patients undergoing cancer treatment now is commonplace, the authors ra...
In the absence of IL-10, Helicobacter hepaticus (Hh) induces colitis. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Danne et al. (2017) report that Hh produces a polysaccharide that induces an anti-inflammatory response in macrophages, providing a potential clue as to why this bacterium is normally tolerated by the immune system.
Guanylate-binding proteins (GBPs) confer protection against intracellular pathogens. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Wandel et al. (2017) report that cytosolic Shigella becomes trapped within a GBP coat that prevents bacterial cell-to-cell spread. However, this defense mechanism is counteracted by the bacterial E3 ubiquitin ligase IpaH9.8.
Why lower socioeconomic groups behave less healthily can only partly be explained by direct costs of behaving healthily. We hypothesize that low income increases the risk of facing financial strain. Experiencing financial strain takes up cognitive 'bandwidth' and leads to less self-control, and subsequently results in more unhealthy behaviour. We therefore aim to investigate (i) whether a low income increases the likelihood of experiencing financial strain and of unhealthy behaviours, (ii) to what extent mo...
The inner colon mucus layer capacity to separate bacteria from the epithelium is dependent on bacterial colonizers signaling to the host epithelium. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Wlodarska et al. (2017) demonstrate that the mucin-utilizing Peptostreptococcus russellii protects the host from inflammatory disease via metabolite signals.
Financial capacity is the ability to manage one's own finances according to self-interests. Failure in financial decisions and lack of independence when dealing with money can affect people's quality of life and are associated with neuropsychological deficits or clinical conditions such as mild cognitive impairment or Alzheimer's disease. Despite the importance of evaluating financial capacity in the assessment of patients with neuropsychological and psychiatric disorders, only a few tools have been develop...
Gut microbes impact host metabolism via a multitude of mechanisms, including through host circadian rhythm regulation. How microbes influence host circadian networks remains unclear. Recently, Wang et al. (2017) showed that crosstalk between specific microbial components and innate immune cells tunes epithelial circadian oscillations via Nfil3, modulating lipid uptake and metabolism.
The cellular tropism of noroviruses in immune-competent hosts remains enigmatic. In recent studies in Cell Host & Microbe and Immunity, Lee et al. (2017) and Tomov et al. (2017) determine that norovirus innate immune evasion enables infection of intestinal epithelial cells, escape from adaptive immunity, virus persistence, and shedding.
The replication vacuole of Legionella pneumophila makes contact with host mitochondria. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Escoll et al. (2017) dissect the mechanisms of this interaction, the effect of the T4SS effector MitF on mitochondrial function, and the resultant metabolic reprogramming of infected cells to benefit the bacteria.
Skin colonization by Staphylococcus aureus is associated with severity of atopic dermatitis (AD). Two papers in this issue of Cell Host & Microbe by Nakagawa et al. (2017) and Liu et al. (2017) define a pathway by which epicutaneous Staphylococcus aureus promotes skin inflammation and may contribute to AD.
The financial exploitation of older adults was recently recognized by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a serious public health problem. Knowledge of the prevalence of elder financial exploitation is mostly limited to the category of financial abuse, which occurs in relationships involving an expectation of trust. Little is known about the other major category of elder financial exploitation-elder financial fraud and scams, which is perpetrated by strangers. A valid estimate of elder financi...
Pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) plays a well-known metabolic role inside cells. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Grayczyk et al. (2017) show that the bacterial pathogen Staphylococcus aureus unexpectedly secretes and repurposes the lipoylated E2 subunit of PDH to suppress TLR-mediated activation of host macrophages by bacterial lipoproteins.
Macrophage-mediated bacterial clearance relies on phagocytic uptake of the pathogen, subsequent phagolysosomal maturation, and microbial degradation. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Wong et al. (2017) report that a chloride transporter couples phagocytosis and bacterial clearance in an NF-κB-mediated feedforward loop, which is required for sustained pathogen uptake.
Choline is a crucial methyl donor necessary for epigenetic regulation. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Romano et al. (2017) demonstrate that choline-utilizing gut bacteria compete with their host for this essential resource, calling for a systematic consideration of gut microbial composition for personalized diet recommendations.
Purpose Survivors of childhood cancer may experience financial burden as a result of health care costs, particularly because these patients often require long-term medical care. We sought to evaluate the prevalence of financial burden and identify associations between a higher percentage of income spent on out-of-pocket medical costs (≥ 10% of annual income) and issues related to financial burden (jeopardizing care or changing lifestyle) among survivors of childhood cancer and a sibling comparison group. ...
Viruses co-evolve with their hosts, and many viruses have developed mechanisms to suppress or modify the host cell apoptotic response for their own benefit. Recently, evidence has emerged for the opposite strategy. Some viruses have developed the ability to co-opt apoptotic caspase activity to facilitate their own proliferation. In these strategies, viral proteins are cleaved by host caspases to create cleavage products with novel activities which facilitate viral replication. This represents a novel and in...
There is increasing evidence that the microbiome regulates host metabolism, but specific mechanisms underlying these interactions remain poorly understood. In a recent paper in Science, Wang et al. (2017) reveal that the gut microbiota regulates the expression of circadian-clock genes to impact host lipid metabolism and body composition.
Given the increase in financial-incentive programs nationwide, many physicians and physician groups are concerned about potential unintended consequences of providing financial incentives to improve quality of care. However, few studies examine whether actual unintended consequences result from providing financial incentives to physicians. We sought to document the extent to which the unintended consequences discussed in the literature were observable in a randomized clinical trial (RCT) of financial incent...
"Financial toxicity" has now become a familiar term used in the discussion of cancer drugs, and it is gaining traction in the literature given the high price of newer classes of therapies. However, as a phenomenon in the contemporary treatment and care of people with cancer, financial toxicity is not fully understood, with the discussion on mitigation mainly geared toward interventions at the health system level. Although important, health policy prescriptions take time before their intended results manifes...
We are delighted to present within this meeting report the abstracts of the "BIT's 1st World Congress of Biomedical Engineering 2017" which has been hold in Xi'an in China [...].