PubMed Journals Articles About "Dicerna Report Second Quarter 2017 Financial Results Host" RSS

18:12 EST 20th November 2017 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Dicerna Report Second Quarter 2017 Financial Results Host" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 53,000+

Testing the Financial Capability Framework: Findings from YouthSave-Impact Study Kenya.

In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), youths (23 years or younger)-who account for almost half the population-are particularly vulnerable to poverty and exclusion from financial markets and intermediaries. In addition, a significant factor in the financial instability of the region appears to be the economic functioning of its youths. In recent years, social work interventions throughout the region have focused on investing in the economic functioning of youths. This study looked at baseline data from one such inter...

Conceptual and Empirical Approaches to Financial Decision-making by Older Adults: Results from a Financial Decision-making Rating Scale.

The objectives of this study were threefold: (1) to empirically test the conceptual model proposed by the Lichtenberg Financial Decision-making Rating Scale (LFDRS); (2) to examine the psychometric properties of the LFDRS contextual factors in financial decision-making by investigating both the reliability and convergent validity of the subscales and total scale, and (3) extending previous work on the scale through the collection of normative data on financial decision-making.

Measures of Financial Capacity: A Review.

Capacity to manage finances and make financial decisions can affect risk for financial exploitation and is often the basis for legal determinations of conservatorship/guardianship. Several structured assessments of financial capacity have been developed, but have not been compared regarding their focus, validity, or reliability. Therefore, we conducted a review of financial capacity measures to examine these factors.

Setting the stage for universal financial distress screening in routine cancer care.

Financial burden from cancer treatment is increasingly being recognized as a threat to optimal access, quality, and outcomes of cancer care for patients. Although research in the area is moving at a fast pace, multiple questions remain unanswered, such as how to practically integrate the assessment and management of financial burden into routine health care delivery for patients with cancer. Although psychological distress screening for patients undergoing cancer treatment now is commonplace, the authors ra...

Shigella Stays on the Move.

Guanylate-binding proteins (GBPs) confer protection against intracellular pathogens. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Wandel et al. (2017) report that cytosolic Shigella becomes trapped within a GBP coat that prevents bacterial cell-to-cell spread. However, this defense mechanism is counteracted by the bacterial E3 ubiquitin ligase IpaH9.8.

Don't Bite the Hand that Feeds You.

Eukaryotic-bacterial symbioses are ubiquitous in nature. Pathogens and symbionts employ similar machinery, yet symbionts can minimize host damage. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Enomoto et al. (2017) demonstrate how quorum sensing regulates expression of virulence genes at appropriate times, thereby enabling symbiont retention throughout the host lifespan.

Bacteria Tell Us How to Protect Our Intestine.

The inner colon mucus layer capacity to separate bacteria from the epithelium is dependent on bacterial colonizers signaling to the host epithelium. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Wlodarska et al. (2017) demonstrate that the mucin-utilizing Peptostreptococcus russellii protects the host from inflammatory disease via metabolite signals.

Numerical Activities of Daily Living - Financial (NADL-F): A tool for the assessment of financial capacities.

Financial capacity is the ability to manage one's own finances according to self-interests. Failure in financial decisions and lack of independence when dealing with money can affect people's quality of life and are associated with neuropsychological deficits or clinical conditions such as mild cognitive impairment or Alzheimer's disease. Despite the importance of evaluating financial capacity in the assessment of patients with neuropsychological and psychiatric disorders, only a few tools have been develop...

Keeping Time in a Relay Race for Fat.

Gut microbes impact host metabolism via a multitude of mechanisms, including through host circadian rhythm regulation. How microbes influence host circadian networks remains unclear. Recently, Wang et al. (2017) showed that crosstalk between specific microbial components and innate immune cells tunes epithelial circadian oscillations via Nfil3, modulating lipid uptake and metabolism.

IFN-Lambda: The Key to Norovirus's Secret Hideaway.

The cellular tropism of noroviruses in immune-competent hosts remains enigmatic. In recent studies in Cell Host & Microbe and Immunity, Lee et al. (2017) and Tomov et al. (2017) determine that norovirus innate immune evasion enables infection of intestinal epithelial cells, escape from adaptive immunity, virus persistence, and shedding.

HIV Latency Gets a New Histone Mark.

Transcriptional latency of integrated HIV-1 provirus represents a major obstacle to curing HIV. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Boehm et al. (2017) identify a new lysine methyltransferase that writes a repressive histone mark associated with HIV-1 latency. The results are important for strategies to pharmacologically reverse HIV-1 latency.

Fragment and Conquer.

The replication vacuole of Legionella pneumophila makes contact with host mitochondria. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Escoll et al. (2017) dissect the mechanisms of this interaction, the effect of the T4SS effector MitF on mitochondrial function, and the resultant metabolic reprogramming of infected cells to benefit the bacteria.

Prevalence of Financial Fraud and Scams Among Older Adults in the United States: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

The financial exploitation of older adults was recently recognized by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a serious public health problem. Knowledge of the prevalence of elder financial exploitation is mostly limited to the category of financial abuse, which occurs in relationships involving an expectation of trust. Little is known about the other major category of elder financial exploitation-elder financial fraud and scams, which is perpetrated by strangers. A valid estimate of elder financi...

Staphylococcus aureus: Master Manipulator of the Skin.

Skin colonization by Staphylococcus aureus is associated with severity of atopic dermatitis (AD). Two papers in this issue of Cell Host & Microbe by Nakagawa et al. (2017) and Liu et al. (2017) define a pathway by which epicutaneous Staphylococcus aureus promotes skin inflammation and may contribute to AD.

Breaking Down Walls: Microbiota and the Aging Gut.

A range of animal species show increased inflammation with age. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Thevaranjan et al. (2017) reveal that heightened inflammation is associated with deregulation of homeostatic interactions between intestinal microbes and the aging host.

Lipoyl-E2-PDH Gets a Second Job.

Pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) plays a well-known metabolic role inside cells. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Grayczyk et al. (2017) show that the bacterial pathogen Staphylococcus aureus unexpectedly secretes and repurposes the lipoylated E2 subunit of PDH to suppress TLR-mediated activation of host macrophages by bacterial lipoproteins.

Relish the Thought and Channel Your Chloride, for Bacterial Clearance Depends on It.

Macrophage-mediated bacterial clearance relies on phagocytic uptake of the pathogen, subsequent phagolysosomal maturation, and microbial degradation. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Wong et al. (2017) report that a chloride transporter couples phagocytosis and bacterial clearance in an NF-κB-mediated feedforward loop, which is required for sustained pathogen uptake.

Combined Effects of Glucocorticoid and Noradrenergic Activity on Loss Aversion.

Loss aversion is a well-known behavioral regularity in financial decision-making, describing humans' tendency to overweigh losses compared to gains of the same amount. Recent research indicates that stress and associated hormonal changes affect loss aversion, yet the underlying neuroendocrine mechanisms are still poorly understood. Here, we investigated the causal influence of two major stress neuromodulators, cortisol and noradrenaline, on loss aversion during financial decision-making. In a double-blind, ...

Choline Theft-An Inside Job.

Choline is a crucial methyl donor necessary for epigenetic regulation. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Romano et al. (2017) demonstrate that choline-utilizing gut bacteria compete with their host for this essential resource, calling for a systematic consideration of gut microbial composition for personalized diet recommendations.

Financial Burden in Survivors of Childhood Cancer: A Report From the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study.

Purpose Survivors of childhood cancer may experience financial burden as a result of health care costs, particularly because these patients often require long-term medical care. We sought to evaluate the prevalence of financial burden and identify associations between a higher percentage of income spent on out-of-pocket medical costs (≥ 10% of annual income) and issues related to financial burden (jeopardizing care or changing lifestyle) among survivors of childhood cancer and a sibling comparison group. ...

Viral hijacking of host caspases: an emerging category of pathogen-host interactions.

Viruses co-evolve with their hosts, and many viruses have developed mechanisms to suppress or modify the host cell apoptotic response for their own benefit. Recently, evidence has emerged for the opposite strategy. Some viruses have developed the ability to co-opt apoptotic caspase activity to facilitate their own proliferation. In these strategies, viral proteins are cleaved by host caspases to create cleavage products with novel activities which facilitate viral replication. This represents a novel and in...

Reports of unintended consequences of financial incentives to improve management of hypertension.

Given the increase in financial-incentive programs nationwide, many physicians and physician groups are concerned about potential unintended consequences of providing financial incentives to improve quality of care. However, few studies examine whether actual unintended consequences result from providing financial incentives to physicians. We sought to document the extent to which the unintended consequences discussed in the literature were observable in a randomized clinical trial (RCT) of financial incent...

Microbes REV up Host Metabolism around the Clock.

There is increasing evidence that the microbiome regulates host metabolism, but specific mechanisms underlying these interactions remain poorly understood. In a recent paper in Science, Wang et al. (2017) reveal that the gut microbiota regulates the expression of circadian-clock genes to impact host lipid metabolism and body composition.

Authors of Clinical Trials Reported Individual and Financial Conflicts of Interest More Frequently than Institutional and non-financial Ones: a Methodological Survey.

Conflicts of interest (COI) are increasingly recognised as important to disclose and manage in health research. The objective of this study was to assess the reporting of both financial and non-financial COI by authors of randomised controlled trials published in a representative sample of clinical journals.

Living in Peace: Host-Microbiota Mutualism in the Skin.

Commensal microbes colonize the skin where they promote immune development and prevent infection without inducing damaging inflammatory responses. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Scharschmidt et al. (2017) show that during hair follicle development, commensals induce regulatory T cell migration to the skin to ensure cutaneous homeostasis.

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