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PubMed Journals Articles About "Does Deflating The Tracheal Cuff Shorten Weaning Time?" RSS

22:11 EDT 20th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Does Deflating Tracheal Cuff Shorten Weaning Time" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 21,000+

Tracheal Injuries Complicating Prolonged Intubation and Tracheostomy.

Respiratory care advances such as the introduction of ventilatory assistance have been associated with postintubation airway stenosis resulting from tracheal injury at the site of the inflatable cuff on endotracheal or tracheostomy tubes. Low-pressure cuffs have significantly reduced this occurrence. Loss of airway stability at the site of a tracheostomy stoma may result in tracheal stenosis. Subglottic stenosis may result from a high tracheostomy site at, or just inferior to, the cricoid arch, or to malpos...


Airway Management for a Pediatric Patient With a Tracheal Bronchus.

Tracheal bronchus is an ectopic bronchus almost arising from the right side of the tracheal wall above the carina. The incidence of a tracheal bronchus is reported as 0.1 to 3%. We experienced a patient with tracheal bronchus that was incidentally found at induction of anesthesia. Endotracheal intubation in a patient with tracheal bronchus might cause obstruction of the tracheal bronchus, although in this case, ventilation was not impaired.

Advances in tracheal transplantation.

The length of tracheal defect or stenosis exceeded 5 cm could not be treated by simple resection and end-to-end anastomosis of the remaining trachea. Various ways of tracheal replacement had appeared sequentially, such as radial forearm free flap with cartilage grafts, tracheal tissue-engineering and tracheal allotransplantation. Among these methods, tracheal allotransplantation displayed a better long-term result. In this review, we are focused on recent advances in tracheal allotransplantation, particular...


Thoracoscopic Tracheal Resection and Reconstruction with Single-Incision Method.

Tracheal resection and reconstruction are traditionally approached with a right lateral thoracotomy or a median sternotomy. The thoracoscopic approach is usually applied in lung resection surgery in most hospitals but seldom used in tracheal resection. Three or more incisions are usually created during a thoracoscopic tracheal resection. We prescribed a method of single-incision thoracoscopic tracheal resection and reconstruction in a case of squamous cell carcinoma of the right tracheal wall.

A novel minimally-occlusive cuff method utilizing ultrasound vascular imaging for stress-free blood pressure measurement: a-proof-of-concept study.

Occlusive cuff inflation in ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring disturbs the daily life of the user, and affects efficacy of monitoring. To overcome this limitation, we have developed a novel minimally-occlusive cuff method for stress-free measurement of BP. This study aimed to experimentally evaluate the reliability of this method. Methods In this method, a thin-plate-type ultrasound probe placed between the cuff and the skin is used to measure the ultrasonic dimension of the artery. Analyzing the ar...

Cardiac function during weaning failure: the role of diastolic dysfunction.

Cardiac dysfunction is a common cause of weaning failure. Weaning shares some similarities with a cardiac stress test and may challenge active phases of the cardiac cycle-like ventricular contractility and relaxation. This study aimed at assessing systolic and diastolic function during the weaning process and scrutinizing their dynamics during weaning trials.

Congenital tracheal malformations.

Congenital malformations of the trachea include a variety of conditions that cause respiratory distress in neonates and infants. A number of anomalies are self-limiting while others are life-threatening and require immediate therapy. The prevalence of congenital airway malformations has been estimated to range between 0.2 and 1 in 10,000 live births. The most frequent congenital tracheal malformations are: tracheomalacia, congenital tracheal stenosis, laryngotracheal cleft and tracheal agenesis. The managem...

Difficulty in tracheal extubation followed by tracheal collapse after balloon dilatation for tracheal stenosis therapy: A case report.

Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) refers to the weakening trachea or the trachea loss of structural integrity of airway cartilaginous structures. It causes tracheal stenosis, resulting in significantly high rates of mortality. Bronchoplasty by high-pressure balloon dilation under general anesthesia is a simple but effective and safe method to treat tracheobronchial stenosis. However, recurrent postoperative dyspnea after extubation due to tracheal collapse is still a challenge for anesthetists.

Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair With Graft Augmentation of 3-Dimensional Biological Collagen for Moderate to Large Tears: A Randomized Controlled Study.

Due to the highly organized tissue and avascular nature of the rotator cuff, rotator cuff tears have limited ability to heal after the tendon is reinserted directly on the greater tubercle of the humerus. Consequently, retears are among the most common complications after rotator cuff repair. Augmentation of rotator cuff repairs with patches has been an active area of research in recent years to reduce retear rate.

Use of diaphragm thickening fraction combined with rapid shallow breathing index for predicting success of weaning from mechanical ventilator in medical patients.

Weaning failure is a crucial hindrance in critically ill patients. Rapid shallow breathing index (RSBI), a well-known weaning index, has some limitations in predicting weaning outcomes. A new weaning index using point-of-care ultrasound with diaphragmic thickening fraction (DTF) has potential benefits for improving weaning success. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a combination of DTF and RSBI for predicting successful weaning compared to RSBI alone.

Rotator Cuff Repair in Adolescent Athletes.

Rotator cuff tears are rare injuries in adolescents but cause significant morbidity if unrecognized. Previous literature on rotator cuff repairs in adolescents is limited to small case series, with few data to guide treatment.

Social housing influences the behavior and feed intake of dairy calves during weaning.

We investigated the effect of social housing on the behavioral, intake, and physiological changes that occur at weaning for dairy calves fed milk ad libitum. These changes were evaluated during the weaning (d 40 to 48 of age) and postweaning (d 49 to 56 of age) stages. Twenty male Holstein calves were fed milk replacer ad libitum and weaned gradually by dilution over 9 d starting at d 40 of age. Calves were housed in pairs (10 calves) or individually (10 calves) from birth until the beginning of the postwea...

Tracheal A-frame Deformity: A Challenging Variant of Tracheal Stenosis.

Treatment of primary tracheal glomus tumors: Two case reports and a literature review.

Glomus tumors (GTs) are rare soft tissue neoplasms. Several treatment options have been reported for tracheal GTs including thoracotomy, bronchoscopic electrocautery, Nd: YAG laser, and cryotherapy. However, few studies have evaluated the ideal treatment for tracheal GTs.

Profilactic role of simvastatin and mitomycin C in tracheal stenosis after tracheal damage: Study in rats.

We aimed to investigate the prophylactic effect simvastatin of and mitomycin C (MMC) on laryngeal and tracheal stenosis in tracheotomised rats by histopathological evaluation of laryngotracheal segment. Randomized prospective single-blind.

Using middle finger length to determine the internal diameter of uncuffed tracheal tubes in paediatrics.

The selection of an appropriately-sized tracheal tube is of critical importance in paediatric patients to reduce both the risk of subglottic stenosis from a tracheal tube that is too large, and inadequate ventilation or poor end-tidal gas monitoring from a tracheal tube that is too small. Age formulae are widely used, but known to be unreliable, often resulting in a need to change the tracheal tube. Previous work has shown that the length of the middle finger and the internal diameter can both be used to gu...

The Effect of Creep Feed intake and Starter Diet allowance on Piglets' Gut Structure and Growth Performance after Weaning.

Diets offered to lactating and weaned piglets are the most expensive diets within pig production; however, the effect of these diets on lifetime pig performance is inconsistent. The objective of the current study was to investigate the impact of creep feed consumption during lactation and different starter diet allowances on piglets' gut structure and lifetime growth performance. In total, 320 pigs and 80 pigs (Landrace × Large white) were used after weaning in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement to study growt...

Effects of Tapered-Cuff Shape and Continuous Control of Cuff Pressure on Microaspiration: Against All Odds!

Advanced Rotator Cuff Tear Score (ARoCuS): a multi-scaled tool for the classification and description of rotator cuff tears.

To introduce a (semi-)quantitative surgical score for the classification of rotator cuff tears.

Rotator cuff tear athropathy prevalence.

Glenohumeral arthritis secondary to massive rotator cuff tear presents with a superior displacement and femoralization of the humeral head with coracoacromial arch acetabularization. The purpose of this study was to establish prevalence of rotator cuff tear artropathy (CTA) at our institution.

Tracheal injury characterized by subcutaneous emphysema and dyspnea after improper placement of a Sengstaken-Blakemore tube: A case report.

Tracheal injury characterized by subcutaneous emphysema and dyspnea can occur following the use of a Sengstaken-Blakemore tube. Should tracheal injury occur, it may be possible to manage resultant airway obstruction with a tracheal stent.

Allograft Use in Shoulder Surgery: Instability and Rotator Cuff.

Shoulder instability and rotator cuff pathology can provide a challenging problem, especially in the revision setting. Allograft use in primary or revision surgical intervention for shoulder instability and rotator cuff tear may be a valuable resource. This paper reviews allograft tissue use in shoulder surgery for instability and rotator cuff tear.

Management of Rotator Cuff Injuries in the Elite Athlete.

Rotator cuff injuries are a common cause of pain and dysfunction for the elite athlete and can result in time loss from participation. This review highlights the current management of these injuries.

Risk Factors for and Prediction of Hypoxemia during Tracheal Intubation of Critically Ill Adults.

Hypoxemia is a common complication during tracheal intubation of critically ill adults and is a frequently used endpoint in airway management research. Identifying patients likely to experience low oxygen saturations during tracheal intubation may be useful for clinical practice and clinical trials.

Role of the impulse oscillometry in the evaluation of tracheal stenosis.

Tracheal stenosis is a rare and challenging disease. Bronchoscopy is the gold standard for diagnosis and assessment but brings inherent risks. Spirometry is commonly used to access obstructions but is not always feasible due to patient related factors. We therefore considered impulse oscillometry (IOS) as a non-invasive method to quantify airway obstruction and its potential use for diagnosis and follow-up of tracheal stenosis.


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