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18:41 EDT 17th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Does Skipping Breakfast Lead Weight Loss Weight Gain" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 16,000+

Does Skipping Breakfast Lead to Weight Loss or Weight Gain?

A Systematic Review of the Association of Skipping Breakfast with Weight and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents. What Should We Better Investigate in the Future?

The incidence of skipping breakfast in pediatric subjects is rising, and a relationship with overweight (OW) and obesity (OB) has been shown. Associations with cardiovascular outcomes and skipping breakfast in adults have been reported. The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize the association of skipping breakfast with body weight and metabolic outcomes in the pediatric population. We searched relevant databases (2008⁻2018) and identified 56 articles, of which 39 were suitable to be included...

Breakfast Consumption versus Breakfast Skipping: The Effect on Nutrient Intake, Weight, and Cognition.

Breakfast has long been promoted as the most important meal of the day. However, the lack of standard definitions of breakfast, breakfast consumers, and breakfast skippers, and the lack of a description of how "important" the meal is, especially compared with other meals, has hampered the ability to confirm this long-held belief. This review discusses potential definitions of breakfast and breakfast skippers, and how these definitions can affect how researchers, nutrition educators, and policy makers interp...

Attitudes to and experiences with body weight control and changes in body weight in relation to all-cause mortality in the general population.

Increased body mass index (BMI = weight/height2; kg/m2) and weight gain is associated with increased mortality, wherefore weight loss and avoided weight gain should be followed by lower mortality. This is achieved in clinical settings, but in the general population weight loss appears associated with increased mortality, possibly related to the struggles with body weight control (BWC). We investigated whether attitudes to and experiences with BWC in combination with recent changes in body weight influenced ...

Day-to-day regularity in breakfast consumption is associated with weight status in a prospective cohort of women.

Evidence suggests that regular eating patterns (i.e., consistent day-to-day frequency and timing of consumption) may be favorable with respect to weight status, and breakfast may be a particularly important meal for weight maintenance. We examined the relationship between regular breakfast consumption habits and weight status among women.

A Digital Behavioral Weight Gain Prevention Intervention in Primary Care Practice: Cost and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.

Obesity is one of the largest drivers of health care spending but nearly half of the population with obesity demonstrate suboptimal readiness for weight loss treatment. Black women are disproportionately likely to have both obesity and limited weight loss readiness. However, they have been shown to be receptive to strategies that prevent weight gain.

Effect of pregnancy weight gain on infant birth weight among mothers attending antenatal care from private clinics in Mekelle City, Northern Ethiopia: A facility based follow-up study.

Weight gain during pregnancy is an important indicator of maternal and fetal nutrition during pregnancy. However, information regarding the effect of pregnancy weight gain on birth weight is lacking from developing countries.

Attempts to Lose Weight Among Adolescents Aged 16-19 in the United States, 2013-2016.

Approximately 24% of U.S. adolescents attempted to lose weight during 2009-2010, and studies show that girls are more likely than boys to attempt weight loss (1,2). Adolescents are known to use multiple weight loss and weight control practices (3). This report describes the percentage of U.S. adolescents who tried to lose weight in the past year from 2013 through 2016 by sex, race and Hispanic origin, and weight status. Methods of intentional weight loss are also reported.

A systematic review of the methodology used to study weight change among young adults attending college.

Young adulthood is a sensitive developmental period that is high-risk for weight gain. Ample research has focused on weight gain among college students; however meta-analyses report 2 kg or ≥3%); 2) weight measurement protocols; and 3) including weight/BMI in analyses of predictors of weight change.

Long-Term Weight Loss With Metformin or Lifestyle Intervention in the Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study.

Identifying reliable predictors of long-term weight loss (LTWL) could lead to improved weight management.

Associations between the rate, amount, and composition of weight loss as predictors of spontaneous weight regain in adults achieving clinically significant weight loss: A systematic review and meta-regression.

Weight regain following weight loss is common although little is known regarding the associations between amount, rate, and composition of weight loss and weight regain. Forty-three studies (52 groups; n = 2379) with longitudinal body composition measurements were identified in which weight loss (≥5%) and subsequent weight regain (≥2%) occurred. Data were synthesized for changes in weight and body composition. Meta-regression models were used to investigate associations between amount, rate, and compo...


The role of internists in evaluating obesity is to assess the burden of weight-related disease, mitigate secondary causes of weight gain (medications, sleep deprivation), and solicit patient motivation for weight loss. Internists should assess these factors and emphasize the importance of weight loss for the individual patient. All patients wishing to lose weight should be encouraged to monitor their diet and physical activity and should be referred to high-intensity behavioral programs. Some patients with ...

Defining Weight Loss After Bariatric Surgery: a Call for Standardization.

Some weight regain is expected after bariatric surgery; however, this concept is not well defined. A favorable weight loss response has commonly been defined as 50% excess weight loss (EWL). The medical literature uses %total weight loss (%TWL), which has recently been adopted in some surgical literature.

Rate of weight gain as a predictor of readmission in adolescents with eating disorders.

Background Readmission after hospital discharge is common in adolescents with eating disorders. Studies on the association between rapidity of weight gain and readmission are inconsistent. With an emphasis on more rapid weight gain during hospitalization, the effect of this strategy on readmission rates warrants further investigation. Objective This project explored the relationship between rate of weight gain during hospitalization and medically necessitated readmissions. Subjects Eighty-two patients who: ...

Association of Gestational Weight Gain With Adverse Maternal and Infant Outcomes.

Both low and high gestational weight gain have been associated with adverse maternal and infant outcomes, but optimal gestational weight gain remains uncertain and not well defined for all prepregnancy weight ranges.

Gender Differences and Other Factors Associated with Weight Gain Following Initiation of Infliximab: A Post Hoc Analysis of Clinical Trials.

In our clinical practice, women often report excess weight gain with infliximab (IFX) use. There are currently no studies investigating weight gain after antitumor necrosis factor therapy in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of clinical factors, with a particular focus on sex and weight gain in patients with moderate to severe Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) initiating IFX.

A Prospective Study of Weight Gain in Women Diagnosed with Early-Stage Invasive Breast Cancer, Ductal Carcinoma , and Women Without Breast Cancer.

Weight gain after breast cancer has been associated with recurrence and mortality. We therefore examined factors associated with ≥5% weight gain over 2-year follow-up of a cohort of newly diagnosed early-stage invasive breast cancer (EIBC) and ductal carcinoma (DCIS) patients and age-matched controls without a breast cancer history. We interviewed participants 4-6 weeks after definitive surgical treatment (patients) or a negative/benign screening mammogram (controls). Multivariable logistic regression m...

Weight Loss Regimen in Obese and Overweight Individuals is Associated with Reduced Cartilage Degeneration: 96-Month Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative.

. To investigate change in knee cartilage composition over 96 months in overweight and obese participants with constant weight compared to those with weight loss, and to assess how different weight loss regimens are associated with these changes.

Sex differences in gene expression related to antipsychotic induced weight gain.

Antipsychotics are crucial for the treatment of schizophrenia and contribute to weight gain in psychosis, particularly during early phases. Antipsychotic Induced Weight Gain (AIWG) might contribute to reduce the quality of life, drug compliance and to increase mortality. To characterize sex differences of gene expression related to AIWG, we sequenced total mRNA from blood samples of schizophrenia patients, before and after 3 months of antipsychotic-treatment. We analyzed schizophrenia patients according to ...

Comparison of surgical versus diet-induced weight loss on appetite regulation and metabolic health outcomes.

Bariatric surgery is associated with significant and sustained weight loss and improved metabolic outcomes. It is unclear if weight loss alone is the main mechanism of improved metabolic health. The purpose of this trial was to compare indices of appetite regulation, insulin sensitivity and energy intake (EI) between participants achieving 10 kg of weight loss via Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) or dietary restriction (DIET); intake of a very low calorie liquid diet (800 kcal/d; 40% protein, 40% fat, 20% ...

Lessons Learned From Developing a Mobile App to Assist in Patient Recovery After Weight Loss Surgery.

Weight loss surgery is safe and effective, but fluid and electrolyte balance remains problematic postoperatively. We developed a mobile app to help patients recover after weight loss surgery.

Does taste preference predict weight regain after bariatric surgery?

While bariatric surgery is well established as a means of inducing sustained weight loss, the rate of weight loss typically declines after a year, and weight regain has been observed. Preoperative taste preferences have been suspected to play a role in weight regain, possibly by influencing post-operative dietary practices. We sought to investigate the association between preoperative taste preferences and weight regain following bariatric surgery.

Behavioural intervention for weight loss maintenance versus standard weight advice in adults with obesity: A randomised controlled trial in the UK (NULevel Trial).

Scalable weight loss maintenance (WLM) interventions for adults with obesity are lacking but vital for the health and economic benefits of weight loss to be fully realised. We examined the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a low-intensity technology-mediated behavioural intervention to support WLM in adults with obesity after clinically significant weight loss (≥5%) compared to standard lifestyle advice.

Association of pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain with fat mass distribution and accretion during pregnancy and early postpartum: a prospective study of Albertan women.

To examine the patterns of fat mass gain in pregnancy and fat loss in the early postpartum period relative to women's pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and by adherence to Institute of Medicine's gestational weight gain (GWG) recommendations.

Lifestyle Interventions for Weight Control Modified by Genetic Variation: A Review of the Evidence.

Excess weight gain is a result of the interaction between diet, environment, and genes. Evidence suggests that responses to lifestyle interventions to manage weight are partially modified by genetic factors. This review is aimed at summarizing the current evidence from studies done on gene variants - single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) - and intervention outcomes on weight loss and obesity-related traits.

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