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20:59 EDT 25th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Donates Faucet Filtration Systems Newark Community" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 9,600+

Impact of Immigration and Duration of Residence in US on Length of Gestation Among Black Women in Newark, New Jersey.

Little is known about pregnancy outcomes of black immigrant women to the US. We surveyed 447 black women post-partum in two hospitals in Newark, NJ. Length of gestation was obtained from medical records. Covariates and information on immigration were collected by in-person interview. Risks ratios for preterm birth (

Integration of membrane filtration in two-stage anaerobic digestion system: Specific methane yield potentials of hydrolysate and permeate.

Two-stage biogas systems consisting of a CSTR-acidification reactor (AR) and an anaerobic filter (AF) were frequently described for microbial conversion of food and agricultural wastes to biogas. The aim of this study is to investigate the integration of a membrane filtration step in two-stage systems to remove inert particles from hydrolysate produced in AR in order to increase the efficiency of the subsequent AF. Hydrolysates from vegetable waste (VW) and grass/maize silage (G/M) were treated in cross-flo...

Effect of Portable Air Filtration Systems on Personal Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter and Blood Pressure Among Residents in a Low-Income Senior Facility: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Fine particulate matter (smaller than 2.5 μm) (PM2.5) air pollution is a major global risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. Few studies have tested the benefits of portable air filtration systems in urban settings in the United States.

The efficacy of tin-filtration for computed tomography in diagnosing urolithiasis.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the radiation dose and image quality of computed tomography urograms (CTU) using tin-filtration compared to conventional CTU (without tin-filtration) examinations in patients with suspected urolithiasis.

The use of qualitative comparative analysis to identify pathways to successful and failed sanitation systems.

Sanitation systems globally fail at high rates. Researchers and practitioners attribute the causes of both sanitation success and failure to numerous factors that include technical and non-technical issues. A comprehensive understanding of what leads to sanitation failure and how to achieve sanitation success is imperative to prioritize the use of limited resources. To determine which combinations of causal conditions led to successful and failed sanitation systems, we applied fuzzy-set qualitative comparat...

In situ measurement of deposit layer formation during skim milk filtration by MRI.

Filtration and separation via membranes are key processes in food processing. One major application of membrane filtration is in the dairy industry, aiming for the separation of different proteins in milk. The various chemical components of milk possess different physio-chemical properties and can be used most effectively in food processing if they are separately available and remain in their native state. Microfiltration of skim milk allows a fractionation of the milk proteins casein and whey by size. A de...

Sulfonamides removal under different redox conditions and microbial response to sulfonamides stress during riverbank filtration: A laboratory column study.

Riverbank filtration (RBF) as a barrier of pathogenic microorganisms and organic micropollutants recently has been proven capable of removing sulfonamides. However, the study about the effect of redox conditions on biodegradation of common and persistent sulfonamides in RBF is limited and the response of microbial communities to sulfonamides stress during RBF is unknown. In this study, two column set-ups (with residence time 5 days and 11 days respectively), simulating different redox conditions of riverban...

Post-treatment of anaerobic reactor effluent for reuse using a triple filtration system.

This study evaluated the triple filtration technology efficiency as a post-treatment of anaerobic reactor effluent. This study was carried out employing different concentrations of ferric chloride as coagulant and peracetic acid or calcium hypochlorite as oxidant. The filtration rates used were 150 m/m d and 120 m/m d. The efficiency of the system was evaluated through physicochemical and microbiological parameters. The best conditions found were those using 20 mg/L ferric chloride, 120 m/m d ...

Non-uniform filtration velocity of process gas passing through a long bag filter.

Filtration velocity is one of the dominant parameters that determine the pressure drop through a bag filter. Experimental investigation of the air flow pattern around a bag filter inside a bag house is very difficult because of the complexity of the 3-D air flow. For this reason, we numerically investigated flow characteristics along a bag filter in detail. We newly found that the filtration velocity is non-uniform along the axial direction of a long bag filter when the height of the filter is greater than ...

A Community Choir Intervention to Promote Well-being among Diverse Older Adults: Results from the Community of Voices Trial.

To test effects of the Community of Voices choir intervention on the health, well-being, and healthcare costs of racial/ethnically diverse older adults.

Mercury removal from municipal secondary effluent with hydrous ferric oxide reactive filtration.

This study evaluated the ability of hydrous ferric oxide reactive filtration (HFO-RF) to remove mercury (Hg) from municipal secondary effluent at four study sites. Pilot HFO-RF systems (136 m /day) at two sites demonstrated total Hg concentration removal efficiencies of 96% (inflow/outflow mean total Hg: 43.6/1.6  ng/L) and 80% (4.2/0.8 ng/L). A lightly loaded medium-scale HFO-RF system (950 m /day) had a concentration removal efficiency of 53% (0.98/0.46 ng/L) and removed 0.52 mg/day of total Hg and 2...

How Medical Schools Can Promote Community Collaboration Through Health Systems Science Education.

Traditional focus areas of medical education are insufficient for preparing future clinicians to function well in the rapidly evolving US health care system. In response, many medical schools and residency programs are integrating into their curricula health systems science (HSS), which includes health care policy, public and population health, interprofessional collaboration, value-based care, health system improvement, and systems thinking. To illustrate the value of HSS, the authors draw upon their exper...

Dielectrophoresis-based filtration effect and detection of amyloid beta in plasma for Alzheimer's disease diagnosis.

The filtration effect improves the impedance change through specific binding of target molecules in plasma, and decreases this change by nonspecific binding of matrix factors in plasma (i.e., matrix effect). A difference in dielectrophoresis (DEP) forces applied to target molecules and matrix factors causes the filtration effect. An optimized DEP force affects target molecules, which remain in the reaction region of an interdigitated microelectrode (IME) sensor. Various matrix factors, which are larger than...

Working with Troubled Youth in Community, Mental Health and Justice Systems: The Mental Health Implications.

State-Identified Implementation Strategies to Increase Uptake of Immediate Postpartum Long-Acting Reversible Contraception Policies.

In 2014, the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) convened a multistate Immediate Postpartum Long-Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC) Learning Community to facilitate cross-state collaboration in implementation of policies. The Learning Community model was based on systems change, through multistate peer-to-peer learning and strategy-sharing activities. This study uses interview data from 13 participating state teams to identify state-implemented strategies within defined domains...

EX-PRESS ab-externo Revision With a 41-gauge Needle.

The EX-PRESS Glaucoma Filtration Device is a stainless steel, non-valved filtration device that channels aqueous humor through a secure lumen to a half-thickness scleral flap, creating a subconjunctival filtration bleb. Elevated postoperative intraocular pressure may indicate occlusion of the device lumen or episcleral fibrosis, and it is essential to reestablish the flow in a timely fashion to prevent bleb formation failure. We report the successful use of an extendible 41G subretinal injection needle to r...

Using the Kinetic Estimating Glomerular Filtration Rate Equation for Estimating Glomerular Filtration Rate and Detecting Acute Kidney Injury: A Pilot Study.

Estimating the glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) when the creatinine (Cr) is rapidly changing, as in acute kidney injury (AKI), has been a challenge. The Kinetic Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (KeGFR) formula by S. Chen estimates the GFR in the acute state by factoring the time interval between rising Cr values and the volume of distribution (VD). It provides the clinician with an eGFR value for each non-steady state Cr value. We applied the KeGFR formula to detect AKI in an adult non-ICU inpatient se...

Caveats and technical challenges in performance evaluation of activated carbon (AC) and non-AC filtration for NO abatement toward energy-efficient and healthy ventilation.

As the awareness of public health/safety becomes important and the desire to provide clean/safe indoor air in a sustainable way increases, air filtration technology has become essential at urban built facilities, which are challenged by significant outdoor air pollution due to dense population and heavy traffic. To provide comparable/objective data for designers and professionals of gas-phase filtration equipment in HVAC systems, it is important to understand the performance and characteristics of possible ...

Community health workers trained to conduct verbal autopsies provide better mortality measures than existing surveillance: Results from a cross-sectional study in rural western Uganda.

In much of sub-Saharan Africa, health facilities serve as the primary source of routine vital statistics. These passive surveillance systems, however, are plagued by infrequent and unreliable reporting and do not capture events that occur outside of the formal health sector. Verbal autopsies (VA) have been utilized to estimate the burden and causes of mortality where civil registration and vital statistics systems are weak, but VAs have not been widely employed in national surveillance systems. In response,...

Knowledge, attitudes and practices with regard to schistosomiasis prevention and control: Two cross-sectional household surveys before and after a Community Dialogue intervention in Nampula province, Mozambique.

The Community Dialogue Approach is a promising social and behaviour change intervention, which has shown potential for improving health seeking behaviour. To test if this approach can strengthen prevention and control of schistosomiasis at community level, Malaria Consortium implemented a Community Dialogue intervention in four districts of Nampula province, Mozambique, between August 2014 and September 2015.

Effective Filter Screening Approach with Fractionation for Enabling Inline Filtration of Protein A Eluate.

Filtration of Protein A eluates inline with a chromatography column is a common challenge for monoclonal antibody (mAb) purification due to the high system backpressure during elution, which can result in system shut down or require a decreased elution flow rate. The inability to filter inline not only poses a risk for process deviations, but can also lead to tank constraints and microbial ingress risk. Here, we evaluated and described a novel approach for identifying filters for inline filtration of Protei...

Reliable Link Inference for Network Data With Community Structures.

Complex systems are often characterized by complex networks with links and entities. However, in many complex systems such as protein-protein interaction networks, recommender systems, and online communities, their links are hard to reveal directly, but they can be inaccurately observed by multiple data collection platforms or by a data collection platform at different times. Then, the links of the systems are inferred by the integration of the collected observations. As those data collection platforms are ...

Diversity and metallo-β-lactamase-producing genes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains isolated from filters of household water treatment systems.

The microbiological quality of drinking water has long been a critical element in public health. Considering the high clinical relevance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, we examined the filters of household water treatment systems for its presence and characteristics to determine the systems' efficiency in eliminating the bacteria. In total, filters of 50 household water treatment systems were examined. Microbiological and molecular methods were used for the detection and confirmation of P. aeruginosa isolates. R...

Serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rates in HIV positive and negative adults in Ethiopia.

Glomerular filtration rate estimating equations using serum creatinine are not validated in most African settings. We compared serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in HIV positive and negative adults and assessed the performance of eGFR equations ((Cockcroft and Gault (CG), Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD), and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI)) compared to 24-hour creatinine clearance in HIV positive adults.

Use of syringe filters to isolate Campylobacter species from stool samples.

We investigated the efficacy of syringe filters and membrane filters with different pore sizes for recovering Campylobacter. A syringe filter with a 0.45 μm pore size achieved the highest recovery rate (0.29%), while polycarbonate membrane filters with pore sizes of 0.6 μm and 0.4 μm recovered less Campylobacter, at 0.01% and 1.3 × 10%, respectively. We also tested 601 diarrheic stool samples using membrane and syringe filtration methods. A total of 23 Campylobacter jejuni/coli were isolated f...

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