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PubMed Journals Articles About "Dopamine Receptor Contributions To Prediction Error And Reversal Learning In Anorexia Nervosa" RSS

23:46 EST 20th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Dopamine Receptor Contributions Prediction Error Reversal Learning Anorexia" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 16,000+

Differential contributions of striatal dopamine D1 and D2 receptors to component processes of value-based decision making.

Dopamine has been implicated in value-based learning and decision making by signaling reward prediction errors and facilitating cognitive flexibility, incentive motivation, and voluntary movement. Dopamine receptors can roughly be divided into the D1 and D2 subtypes, and it has been hypothesized that these two types of receptors have an opposite function in facilitating reward-related and aversion-related behaviors, respectively. Here, we tested the contribution of striatal dopamine D1 and D2 receptors to p...


Dorsal and ventral striatal dopamine D1 and D2 receptors differentially modulate distinct phases of serial visual reversal learning.

Impaired cognitive flexibility in visual reversal-learning tasks has been observed in a wide range of neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders. Although both human and animal studies have implicated striatal D-like and D-like receptors (D2R; D1R) in this form of flexibility, less is known about the contribution they make within distinct sub-regions of the striatum and the different phases of visual reversal learning. The present study investigated the involvement of D2R and D1R during the early (persever...

Amphetamine disrupts haemodynamic correlates of prediction errors in nucleus accumbens and orbitofrontal cortex.

In an uncertain world, the ability to predict and update the relationships between environmental cues and outcomes is a fundamental element of adaptive behaviour. This type of learning is typically thought to depend on prediction error, the difference between expected and experienced events and in the reward domain that has been closely linked to mesolimbic dopamine. There is also increasing behavioural and neuroimaging evidence that disruption to this process may be a cross-diagnostic feature of several ne...


Dopamine neuron ensembles signal the content of sensory prediction errors.

Dopamine neurons respond to errors in predicting value-neutral sensory information. These data, combined with causal evidence that dopamine transients support sensory-based associative learning, suggest that the dopamine system signals a multidimensional prediction error. Yet such complexity is not evident in individual neuron or average neural activity. How then do downstream areas know what to learn in response to these signals? One possibility is that information about content is contained in the pattern...

Basal ganglia contributions during the learning of a visuomotor rotation: effect of dopamine, deep brain stimulation and reinforcement.

It is commonly thought that visuomotor adaptation is mediated by the cerebellum while reinforcement learning is mediated by the basal ganglia. In contrast to this strict dichotomy, we demonstrate a role for the basal ganglia in visuomotor adaptation (error-based motor learning) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) by comparing the degree of motor learning in the presence and absence of dopamine medication. We further show similar modulation of learning rates in the presence and absence of subthalamic d...

The medial septum enhances reversal learning via opposing actions on ventral tegmental area and substantia nigra dopamine neurons.

Cognitive flexibility deficits are one of the most pervasive symptoms across psychiatric disorders, making continued investigation of the circuitry underlying this function a top priority. Medial septum (MS) lesions lead to perseverative, inflexible-type behavior; however, a role for this region in cognitive flexibility circuitry has never been examined. We activated the MS (DREADDs) and measured performance in a T-maze spatial reversal learning task in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Systemic activation of the M...

Uncertainty versus prediction error in Pavlovian fear conditioning Commentary on Walker et al., (2019).

Prediction error, or a mismatch between what is expected and what occurs, is a fundamental feedback mechanism across modalities including sensory, attention, motivation, and associative learning. Identifying what has changed in our environment allows us to appropriately direct attention toward new information. In learning tasks, "surprise" - or the unexpected occurrence or omission of a biologically relevant event - is thought to act as a teaching signal that drives new learning.

NF1-cAMP signaling dissociates cell type-specific contributions of striatal medium spiny neurons to reward valuation and motor control.

The striatum plays a fundamental role in motor learning and reward-related behaviors that are synergistically shaped by populations of D1 dopamine receptor (D1R)- and D2 dopamine receptor (D2R)-expressing medium spiny neurons (MSNs). How various neurotransmitter inputs converging on common intracellular pathways are parsed out to regulate distinct behavioral outcomes in a neuron-specific manner is poorly understood. Here, we reveal that distinct contributions of D1R-MSNs and D2R-MSNs towards reward and moto...

Dopaminergic drug treatment remediates exaggerated cingulate prediction error responses in obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have been found to show exaggerated error responses and prediction error learning signals in a variety of EEG and fMRI tasks, with data converging on the anterior cingulate cortex as a key locus of dysfunction. Considerable evidence has linked prediction error processing to dopaminergic function.

Dopaminergic cellular and circuit contributions to kappa opioid receptor mediated aversion.

Neural circuits that enable an organism to protect itself by promoting escape from immediate threat and avoidance of future injury are conceptualized to carry an "aversive" signal. One of the key molecular elements of these circuits is the kappa opioid receptor (KOR) and its endogenous peptide agonist, dynorphin. In many cases, the aversive response to an experimental manipulation can be eliminated by selective blockade of KOR function, indicating its necessity in transmitting this signal. The dopamine syst...

Dissociating the Contributions of Reward-Prediction Errors to Trial-Level Adaptation and Long-Term Learning.

Reward positivity (RewP) is an EEG component reflecting reward-prediction errors. Using multilevel models, we measured single-trial RewP amplitude from trial-to-trial, while reward and prediction varied during learning. Sixty participants completed a category-learning task in either engaging or sterile conditions with the RewP time-locked to feedback. Sequential analysis of single-trial RewP showed its relationship to current and previous accuracy, and the probability of changing one's response to subsequen...

Dopaminergic medication reduces striatal sensitivity to negative outcomes in Parkinson's disease.

Reduced levels of dopamine in Parkinson's disease contribute to changes in learning, resulting from the loss of midbrain neurons that transmit a dopaminergic teaching signal to the striatum. Dopamine medication used by patients with Parkinson's disease has previously been linked to behavioural changes during learning as well as to adjustments in value-based decision-making after learning. To date, however, little is known about the specific relationship between dopaminergic medication-driven differences dur...

A Computational Role for Top-Down Modulation from Frontal Cortex in Infancy.

Recent findings showed that full-term infants engage in top-down sensory prediction, and these predictions are impaired as a result of premature birth. Here, we use an associative learning model to uncover the neuroanatomical origins and computational nature of this top-down signal. Infants were exposed to a probabilistic audiovisual association. We find that both groups (full term, preterm) have a comparable stimulus-related response in sensory and frontal lobes and track prediction error in their frontal ...

Distinct roles of striatal direct and indirect pathways in value-based decision making.

The striatum is critically involved in value-based decision making. However, it is unclear how striatal direct and indirect pathways work together to make optimal choices in a dynamic and uncertain environment. Here, we examined the effects of selectively inactivating D1 receptor (D1R)- or D2 receptor (D2R)-expressing dorsal striatal neurons (corresponding to direct- and indirect-pathway neurons, respectively) on mouse choice behavior in a reversal task with progressively increasing reversal frequency and a...

Dual-mode dopamine increases mediated by 5-HT and 5-HT receptors inhibition, inducing impulsive behavior in trained rats.

Patients with eating disorders exhibit problems with appetitive impulse control. Interactions between dopamine and serotonin (5-HT) neuron in this setting are poorly characterized. Here we examined 5-HT receptor-mediated changes in extracellular dopamine during impulsive appetitive behavior in rats. Rats were trained to perform a cued lever-press (LP) task for a food reward such that they stopped experiencing associated dopamine increases. Trained rats were administered the mixed 5-HT-receptor antagonist me...

Bidirectional short-term plasticity during single-trial learning of cerebellar-driven eyelid movements in mice.

The brain is constantly monitoring its own performance, using error signals to trigger mechanisms of plasticity that help improve future behavior. Indeed, adaptive changes in behavior have been observed after a single error trial in many learning tasks, including cerebellum-dependent eyeblink conditioning. Here, we demonstrate that the plasticity underlying single-trial learning during eyeblink conditioning in mice is bidirectionally regulated by positive and negative prediction errors, has a ephemeral effe...

Rewarding effects of M4 but not M3 muscarinic cholinergic receptor antagonism in the rostromedial tegmental nucleus.

The rostromedial tegmental nucleus (RMTg) receives inputs from the laterodorsal tegmental and pedunculopontine tegmental nuclei, the two principle brainstem cholinergic nuclei. We tested the effects of RMTg M3 and M4 muscarinic cholinergic receptor antagonism in a conditioned place preference (CPP) paradigm in mice. RMTg infusions of the M3 muscarinic cholinergic receptor antagonist 1,1-Dimethyl-4-diphenylacetoxypiperidinium iodide (4-DAMP) do not result in the acquisition of CPP but increase locomotor acti...

Composite Learning Adaptive Dynamic Surface Control of Fractional-Order Nonlinear Systems.

Adaptive dynamic surface control (ADSC) is effective for solving the complexity problem in adaptive backstepping control of integer-order nonlinear systems. This article focuses on the ADSC design for parametric uncertain fractional-order nonlinear systems (FONSs). In each backstepping step, the virtual controller is driven to pass through a fractional dynamic surface whose fractional-order derivative can be calculated easily. An ADSC law that ensure tracking error convergence is designed. The proposed ADSC...

The priming effect of food persists following blockade of dopamine receptors.

The priming effect of rewards is a boost in the vigor of reward seeking resulting from the previous receipt of a reward. Extensive work has been carried out on the priming effect of electrical brain stimulation, but much less research exists on the priming effect of natural rewards, such as food. While both reinforcement and motivation are linked with dopamine transmission in the brain, the priming effect of rewards does not appear to be dopamine-dependent. In the present study, an operant method was develo...

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase regulates internalization of the dopamine D2 receptor.

The dopamine D2 receptor (D2R) is a G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) expressed in regions of the brain that control motor function, cognition, and motivation. As a result, D2R is involved in the pathophysiology of disorders such as schizophrenia and drug addiction. Understanding the signaling pathways activated by D2R is crucial to finding new therapeutic targets for these disorders. D2R stimulation by its agonist, dopamine, causes desensitization and internalization of the receptor. A previous study found...

The effects of dopamine D4 receptor ligands on operant alcohol self-administration and cue- and stress-induced reinstatement in rats.

Dopamine, a neurotransmitter with 5 receptor subtypes, is critical to the dependence-forming properties of drugs of abuse. The role of the dopamine D receptor subtype in substance use disorders has remained somewhat elusive but the recent development of selective ligands holds promise for future investigations of this receptor subtype in substance use disorders, including alcohol use disorder. The purpose of the present study was to further elucidate the effects of a selective antagonist (L-745,870) and ago...

Role of dopamine and selective dopamine receptor agonists on mouse ductus arteriosus tone and responsiveness.

Indomethacin treatment for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is associated with acute kidney injury (AKI). Fenoldopam, a dopamine (DA) DA-like receptor agonist dilates the renal vasculature and may preserve renal function during indomethacin treatment. However, limited information exists on DA receptor-mediated signaling in the ductus and fenoldopam may prevent ductus closure given its vasodilatory nature.

Cortical Foxp2 Supports Behavioral Flexibility and Developmental Dopamine D1 Receptor Expression.

Genetic studies have associated FOXP2 variation with speech and language disorders and other neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) involving pathology of the cortex. In this brain region, FoxP2 is expressed from development into adulthood, but little is known about its downstream molecular and behavioral functions. Here, we characterized cortex-specific Foxp2 conditional knockout mice and found a major deficit in reversal learning, a form of behavioral flexibility. In contrast, they showed normal activity lev...

Prediction of anaerobic digestion performance and identification of critical operational parameters using machine learning algorithms.

Machine learning has emerges as a novel method for model development and has potential to be used to predict and control the performance of anaerobic digesters. In this study, several machine learning algorithms were applied in regression and classification models on digestion performance to identify determinant operational parameters and predict methane production. In the regression models, k-nearest neighbors (KNN) algorithm demonstrates optimal prediction accuracy (root mean square error = 26.6, with t...

The role of the neuropeptide PEN receptor, GPR83, in the reward pathway: Relationship to sex-differences.

GPR83, the receptor for the neuropeptide PEN, exhibits high expression in the nucleus accumbens of the human and rodent brain, suggesting that it plays a role in modulating the mesolimbic reward pathway. However, the cell-type specific expression of GPR83, its functional impact in the reward pathway, and in drug reward-learning has not been fully explored. Using GPR83/eGFP mice, we show high GPR83 expression on cholinergic interneurons in the nucleus accumbens and moderate expression on ventral tegmental ar...


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