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PubMed Journals Articles About "Drinking Alcohol While Breast Feeding Tied Worse Cognition" RSS

07:58 EDT 24th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Drinking Alcohol While Breast Feeding Tied Worse Cognition" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 8,900+

The influence of a community-level breast-feeding promotion intervention programme on breast-feeding practices in Myanmar.

Breast-feeding in the first 6 months of life is critical for ensuring both child health and well-being. Despite efforts to improve breast-feeding practices, recent studies have reported that Myanmar continues to have low rates of exclusive breast-feeding.Design/Setting/SubjectsA community-based breast-feeding promotion programme using trained community members was implemented for 1 year in hard-to-reach townships of Myanmar. The present study assessed the breast-feeding practices using a cross-sectional sur...


Effects of Binge Drinking on the Developing Brain.

Binge drinking is a pattern of alcohol drinking that raises a person's blood alcohol concentration to at least .08%, which amounts to consuming five alcoholic drinks for men and four alcoholic drinks for women in about 2 hours. It is the most common form of alcohol misuse in adolescents and young adults. Heavy drinking includes the same criterion as binge drinking, but with higher frequency (i.e., 5 or more days in the past 30 days). Although binge drinking or heavy drinking alone is insufficient to meet th...

Reasons to stop drinking alcohol among patients with rheumatoid arthritis in Sweden: a mixed-methods study.

The aims were to identify patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who had stopped drinking alcohol and compare them with patients drinking alcohol, and to explore reasons for stopping drinking alcohol.


Endorsement of the "firewater myth" affects the use of protective behavioral strategies among American Indian and Alaska Native students.

Belief in an American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) specific biological vulnerability (BV) to alcohol problems (aka the "firewater myth") has been found to be associated with worse alcohol outcomes among AI/AN college students who drink, despite also being associated with greater attempts to reduce drinking. In the current study, we examined the associations of belief in a BV and belief that AI/AN people have more alcohol problems with the use of alcohol protective behavioral strategies (PBS) among AI/AN col...

Processing Transdermal Alcohol Concentration (TAC) data to Detect Low-Level Drinking.

Several studies have objectively quantified drinking through the use of Alcohol Monitoring System's (AMS) transdermal alcohol concentration (TAC) device known as SCRAM CAM. Criteria that AMS uses to detect drinking are known to be conservative and only reliably detect heavy drinking equivalent to 5 or more standard drinks. Our group has developed Research Rules used to process TAC data in a manner that will detect low-level and moderate drinking even though it is below the AMS criteria for detection.

Alcohol Use Disorder and Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome in Vietnamese Hospitalized Patients.

To identify the extent to which patients admitted to a general hospital in Vietnam meet the criteria for risky alcohol drinking, alcohol use disorder (AUD), and alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS), describe problems and behavior of alcohol use such as types and quantity of alcohol drinking in a hospitalized population in Vietnam and investigate the association among age, disease-related factors and alcohol consumption with AWS.

Relationship between General and Sport-Related Drinking Motives and Athlete Alcohol Use and Problems.

Alcohol use (and adverse consequences due to alcohol use) among college student-athletes is a common occurrence and consequently garners attention as a health concern within athletic departments and the NCAA. One of the strongest predictors of alcohol use in athletes is motivation to drink. However, not much is known about the influence of alcohol use motivations on drinking in collegiate athletes. Therefore, this study examined the influence of sport-related and general drinking motives on alcohol use and ...

Different socioeconomic backgrounds between hazardous drinking and heavy episodic drinking: Prevalence by sociodemographic factors in a Japanese general sample.

Hazardous drinking (HD) and heavy episodic drinking (HED) constitute different types of alcohol-related harm. The socioeconomic status (SES) background of various alcohol consumption behaviors is not clear. The purpose of this study was to clarify existing SES differences between HD and HED.

Investment in drinking identity is associated with alcohol consumption and risk of alcohol use disorder.

Problematic alcohol consumption is elevated among those who identify (i.e., associate themselves) with drinking. We extended prior research on drinking identity by considering two dimensions of investment in identity - i.e., mental resources allocated to that identity that may motivate the pursuit of identity-related goals. We considered drinking identity importance (i.e., how important one considers it to be) and drinking identity thought frequency (i.e., how frequently one thinks about it). We investigate...

Smoking and alcohol drinking effect on radiotherapy associated risk of second primary cancer and mortality among breast cancer patients.

Smoking and alcohol consumption are potential risk factors for breast cancer (BC) and may modify the risk of radiotherapy-associated second primary cancer (SPC) occurrence and total mortality. We explored the joint effect of smoking, or alcohol drinking, and radiotherapy on the risk of SPC and overall mortality among BC survivals.

Adolescent Binge Drinking.

Binge drinking, commonly defined as consuming five or more standard drinks per occasion for men and four or more drinks for women, typically begins in adolescence. Adolescents, although they may drink less often, tend to consume higher quantities of alcohol per occasion compared with adults. This developmental difference in pattern of alcohol consumption may result, in part, from maturational changes that involve an adolescent-specific sensitivity to certain alcohol effects and greater propensity for risk-t...

High-Intensity Drinking.

Binge drinking thresholds have long been set at four or more drinks for women and five or more drinks for men over the course of a few hours. However, a significant number of people regularly consume much higher amounts of alcohol: double or even triple the standard binge drinking threshold. Researchers have begun to distinguish between typical binge drinking and this kind of "high-intensity drinking," which is common among certain types of binge drinkers and is often associated with special occasions, incl...

The event-level impact of one's typical alcohol expectancies, drinking motivations, and use of protective behavioral strategies.

Much of the past research on the excessive consumption of alcohol by college students has focused on the interplay of individual factors and typical drinking patterns, but this is not adequate to understand behavior as it occurs. The need to understand drinking at the event-level is critical in order to develop event-level prevention. To this end, this study examined a conceptual model of college students' drinking events in order to determine the potential mediating effect of drinking motives and protectiv...

Young adults report increased pleasure from using e-cigarettes and smoking tobacco cigarettes when drinking alcohol.

Cigarettes share a high rate of co-use with alcohol, particularly among young adults. Studies have demonstrated greater perceived pleasure from smoking cigarettes when drinking alcohol. However, little is known about co-use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) and alcohol. The current study sought to compare extent of use and perceived pleasure from cigarettes and e-cigs when drinking alcohol.

Parental drinking as context for parental socialization of adolescent alcohol use.

While alcohol-specific parenting practices have demonstrated unique effects on adolescent substance use, their efficacy in the context of parental drinking levels has not been studied. This study assessed the influence of three alcohol-specific parenting practices (rules, punishment, communication) on adolescent alcohol use, and the degree to which those associations varied by parents' own drinking.

A comparison between two retrospective alcohol consumption measures and the daily drinking diary method with university students.

There are two main categories of retrospective self-report alcohol consumption measures: summary and daily drinking. Time-efficient summary measures have been criticized for being less able to capture sporadic and unpatterned drinking. A novel retrospective summary measure, the Typical and Atypical Drinking Diary (TADD), may produce more precise estimates of alcohol consumption than the gold-standard daily measure, the Timeline Followback (TLFB).

Drinking Risk Level Reductions Associated with Improvements in Physical Health and Quality of Life Among Individuals with Alcohol Use Disorder.

Abstinence and no heavy drinking days are currently the only Food and Drug Administration-approved end points in clinical trials for alcohol use disorder (AUD). Many individuals who fail to meet these criteria may substantially reduce their drinking during treatment, and most individuals with AUD prefer drinking reduction goals. One- and two-level reductions in World Health Organization (WHO) drinking risk levels have been proposed as alternative end points that reflect reduced drinking and are associated w...

Why Is It So Important to Invest into Breast-Feeding and How to Ameliorate Its Practice?

Nowadays, the breast-feeding, despite the approved advantages, is not a standard in many communities. The multi-factorial determinants determining its prevalence need to be supported at various levels - from legal and legislative one to views and values of society, conditions of women's labor and also health care system that can develop a favorable environment for breast-feeding. The breast-feeding effects positively on health, economic development and ecology and therefor it is a benefit for children, wome...

Alcohol Expectancy and Cerebral Responses to Cue-Elicited Craving in Adult Nondependent Drinkers.

Positive alcohol expectancy (AE) contributes to excessive drinking. Many imaging studies have examined cerebral responses to alcohol cues and how these regional processes related to problem drinking. However, it remains unclear how AE relates to cue response and whether AE mediates the relationship between cue response and problem drinking.

Prenatal alcohol exposure and offspring alcohol use and misuse at 22 years of age: A prospective longitudinal study.

Studies have shown that prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) is related to drinking problems during adulthood, but the level of prenatal exposure associated with young adults' quantity and frequency of alcohol use and drinking problems has not yet been established. The relation between PAE and offspring levels of alcohol use and alcohol abuse/dependency was examined in 608 22-year-olds. Mothers were recruited in early pregnancy and maternal alcohol use data were collected for each trimester of pregnancy. The off...

Daily Drinking Is Associated with Increased Mortality.

There is evidence that low-level alcohol use, drinking 1 to 2 drinks on occasion, is protective for cardiovascular disease, but increases the risk of cancer. Synthesizing the overall impact of low-level alcohol use on health is therefore complex. The objective of this paper was to examine the association between frequency of low-level drinking and mortality.

Chronic inflammatory pain drives alcohol drinking in a sex-dependent manner for C57BL/6J mice.

Sex differences in chronic pain and alcohol abuse are not well understood. The development of rodent models is imperative for investigating the underlying changes behind these pathological states. In the present study, we investigated whether hind paw treatment with the inflammatory agent Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA) could generate hyperalgesia and alter alcohol consumption in male and female C57BL/6J mice. CFA treatment led to greater nociceptive sensitivity for both sexes in the Hargreaves test, and i...

Positive heavy drinking attitude mediates the association between college alcohol beliefs and alcohol-related outcomes.

College alcohol beliefs and personal attitudes about alcohol use are important predictors of alcohol use and related problems both cross-sectionally and over time. However, little work has examined these constructs together and how they may influence one another in predicting various alcohol related outcomes over time. The current study aimed to evaluate one's attitude toward heavy drinking as a mediator of the association between college alcohol beliefs and drinking related outcomes over a 12-month period ...

How much does your peer group really drink? Examining the relative impact of overestimation, actual group drinking and perceived campus norms on university students' heavy alcohol use.

We had 3 aims for this study: (1) to explore the relative impact of perceived drinking group norms versus campus drinking norms on university students' heavy alcohol use, (2) to examine how students' overestimation of their drinking group norms predicts individual heavy alcohol use, while controlling for actual group drinking, and (3) to test if the interaction between overestimation and actual group drinking predicts increased student drinking. Further, we adopted a longitudinal design to tease apart withi...

Racial/ethnic differences in the time-varying association between alcohol expectancies and drinking during the transition from childhood to adolescence.

Alcohol expectancies are important determinants of adolescent drinking, but this relationship may differ based on race/ethnicity. This study used time-varying effect modeling to examine racial/ethnic differences in positive and negative alcohol expectancies and their relationship with drinking among White, African American, and Hispanic youth. Youth reported alcohol expectancies and drinking frequency from 5th grade to 10th grade. African Americans initially endorsed higher positive alcohol expectancies tha...


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