PubMed Journals Articles About "Driven Distraction Anticipating Cell Phone Calls Increase Risk" RSS

09:40 EDT 20th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Driven distraction Anticipating cell phone calls increase risk" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 43,000+

Effects of mobile phone distraction on pedestrians' crossing behavior and visual attention allocation at a signalized intersection: An outdoor experimental study.

With the rapid growth in mobile phone use worldwide, traffic safety experts have begun to consider the impact of mobile phone distractions on pedestrian crossing safety. This study sought to investigate how mobile phone distractions (music distraction, phone conversation distraction and text distraction) affect the behavior of pedestrians while they are crossing the street. An outdoor-environment experiment was conducted among 28 college student pedestrians. Two HD videos and an eye tracker were employed to...

Road safety and distraction, results from a responsibility case-control study among a sample of road users interviewed at the emergency room.

Despite the complexities of the driving task, more and more drivers engage in non-driving secondary tasks that take their hands (manual distraction), their eyes (visual distraction) and/or their mind (cognitive distraction) away from their primary task. Inattention arising from external distractions has received much less consideration beyond the impact of mobile phone use. We aimed to investigate the association between distraction behind the wheel and risk of being responsible for a road traffic crash in ...

Association between mobile phone traffic volume and road crash fatalities: A population-based case-crossover study.

Use of mobile phones while driving is known to cause crashes with possible fatalities. Different habits of mobile phone use might be distracting forces and display differential impacts on accident risk; the assessment of the relative importance is relevant to implement prevention, mitigation, and control measures. This study aimed to assess the relationship between the use of mobile phones at population level and road crash fatalities in large urban areas. Data on road crashes with fatalities were collected...

Maternal cell phone use during pregnancy and child cognition at age 5 years in 3 birth cohorts.

There have been few studies of children's cognitive development in relation to mothers' cell phone use, and most were limited to outcomes at age 3 years or younger. We examined the relationship between maternal cell phone use during pregnancy and cognitive performance in 5-year old children.

Challenges of enforcing cell phone use while driving laws among police: a qualitative study.

Cell phone use while driving laws do not appear to be heavily enforced in the USA. This study seeks to gain law enforcements' perspective and learn potential barriers to cell phone law enforcement.

Cell phone support to improve medication adherence among solid organ transplant recipients.

For many adolescent and young adult solid organ transplant recipients, medication non-adherence is a mortal issue. This study investigated the feasibility, acceptability, and potential efficacy of a 12-week cell phone support intervention to improve immunosuppressant medication adherence. A small sample (N = 8) of non-adherent adolescent and young adult transplant recipients, aged 15-20.5 years, was enrolled. Cell phone support consisted of short calls each weekday including medication reminders, discuss...

Automated Postdischarge Trauma Patient Call Program.

Postdischarge phone calls have been shown to improve communications between patients and health care providers, potentially reducing readmission rates, medication errors, and emergency department (ED) visits. Given the complexity of social and medical issues associated with trauma, we studied the utility of an automated phone call system as a method of identifying gaps in trauma care. The Trauma Program and the Health Management and Education Department at a Level 1 academic trauma center engaged in a colla...

A Gold-Standard for Entity Resolution within Sexually Transmitted Infection Networks.

Contact tracing for venereal disease control has been widespread since 1936 and relies on reported information about contacts' attributes to determine whether two contacts may represent the same individual. We developed and implemented a gold-standard for determining overlap between contacts reported by different individuals using cell phone numbers as unique identifiers. This method was then used to evaluate the performance of using reported names and demographic characteristics to infer overlap. Cell-phon...

Estimating transmitted power density from mobile phone: an epidemiological pilot study with a software modified phone.

The aims of this study were to evaluate the weekly and annual cumulative radiofrequency-electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) exposure attributed to mobile phone (MP) use, and assess whether a novel app (Quanta Monitor™) could be employed in a small human sample to characterise the RF-EMF exposures associated with the use of MPs. Ten participants provided their two months' daily objective data on their MP exposures (i.e. transmitted and received power densities) attributed to different modes of MP usage such as...

Hold the phone: Mobilizing against cell phone pathogens.

Mobile Phone Dependence, Social Support and Impulsivity in Chinese University Students.

This study examined the frequency of mobile phone dependence in Chinese university students and explored its association with social support and impulsivity. Altogether, 909 university students were consecutively recruited from a large university in China. Mobile phone use, mobile phone dependence, impulsivity, and social support were measured with standardized instruments. The frequency of possible mobile phone use and mobile phone dependence was 78.3% and 7.4%, respectively. Multinomial logistic regressio...

A randomized controlled clinical trial to assess the impact of motivational phone calls on therapeutic adherence in patients suffering from psoriasis.

Driver distraction by smartphone use (WhatsApp) in different age groups.

This paper investigates the effect that texting with WhatsApp, one of the most common applications for instant messaging, exerts on driving performance. Because distracted driving also affects older drivers, who can have seriously compromised vision, we also analysed the associations between visual-function parameters and driving performance. A total of 75 drivers, experienced in sending WhatsApp messages (≥10WhatsApp messages/week), participated in this study and were divided into four age categories. Vi...

The Effect of Telenursing on Referral Rates of Patients With Head Trauma and Their Family's Satisfaction After Discharge.

We aimed to assess the effect of telenursing on referral rates of patients with head trauma and their family's satisfaction after discharge. Seventy-two patients with head trauma were randomly allocated to equal intervention and control groups. The caregivers in both groups were provided with 1-hr face-to-face training on patients' home care and educational booklets, 2 days before discharge. The cell phone numbers of the telenurse was given to the caregivers of the intervention group. Then, the patients in ...

Rapid Intervention Through Telephone Encounters for Blood Pressure Control by Residents in an Outpatient Resident Clinic.

Introduction Sixty-seven million Americans have hypertensionthat costs the nation $47.5 billion each year. The aim of this study was to determine if regular phone calls by residents helped achieve better blood pressure control. Methods The study was a randomized open-labeled study in a resident-run outpatient clinic in Rochester, New York. A total of 57 poorly controlled hypertensives in the clinic were divided into two groups. All the patients received scheduled phone calls once every two weeks for a total...

Contribution of the periosteum to mandibular distraction.

Mandibular distraction is a surgical process that progressively lengthens bone. To improve the distraction procedure and devices, the load of distraction and the mechanical strain of soft tissues during the process must be determined. We tested the assumption that it could be the periosteum primarily opposing distraction. Therefore we assessed the mechanical properties of the human mandibular periosteum and compared the stress-strain data with the torque measured on the activator during a cadaveric mandibul...

Animal Communication: Learning by Listening about Danger.

A variety of animals eavesdrop and learn to use other species' alarm calls to avoid predators. Superb fairy-wrens, when hearing unfamiliar calls together with known alarm calls, can learn to associate these new calls with danger.

Pain Distraction During Ambulatory Surgery: Virtual Reality and Mobile Devices.

Virtual reality (VR) pain distraction has been applied across medical, surgical, and behavioral healthcare domains, marking a shift in pain attenuation practices. However, there is little research that has been performed to compare the efficacy of traditional head-mounted displays (HMDs) versus portable VR devices. The present study evaluated 44 outpatients in need of lipoma resection. Randomized into two groups-HMD versus mobile phone VR-participants navigated pain distraction virtual environments while un...

A Prospective Observational Cohort Study of Calls for Help in a Tertiary Care Academic Operating Room Suite.

While significant literature exists on hospital-based "code calls," there is a lack of research on calls for help in the operating room (OR). The purpose of this study was to quantify the rate and nature of calls for help in the OR of a tertiary care hospital. For a 1-year period, all calls were recorded in the main OR at The University of California, Irvine Medical Center. The average rate of calls per 1000 anesthesia hours was 1.4 (95% CI, 1.1-1.8), corresponding to a rate of 5.0 (3.8-6.5) calls per 1000 ...

Interactive versus Passive Distraction and Parent Psychoeducation as Pain Management Techniques during Paediatric Venepuncture - A Randomized Controlled Trial.

The aim of the current research was to compare the relative efficacy of interactive and passive distraction, with or without parental psychoeducation, on child pain and distress during a venepuncture. We also compared the effect of parental psychoeducation on parental distress, knowledge of distraction strategies and engagement in distraction.

Le Fort III Distraction With Internal vs External Distractors: A Cephalometric Analysis.

This study compares the change in midface position following Le Fort III advancement using either rigid external distraction (group 1) or internal distraction (group 2). We hypothesized that, with reference to right-facing cephalometry, internal distraction would result in increased clockwise rotation and inferior displacement of the midface.

The prevalence of seatbelt and mobile phone use among drivers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: An observational study.

Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are the third leading cause of death in Saudi Arabia. Numerous factors may increase the likelihood of RTIs. The prevalence of risk factors associated with RTIs may vary due to several reasons. Because little is known about these risk factors locally, we examined the prevalence of mobile phone and seatbelt use and their association with spatial locations.

Stepwise strategy to improve cervical cancer screening adherence (SCAN-Cervical Cancer) - Automated text messages, phone calls and reminders: Population based randomized controlled trial.

Effects of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapyon Distraction Osteogenesis in Rat Mandible.

Distraction osteogenesis (DO) has widespread clinical use in the treatment of congenital and acquired craniofacial deformities. Nonetheless, during the prolonged consolidation period, the newly regenerated bone carries the risk of complications. One of the proposed methods to enhance bone healing and shorten the consolidation period is extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT). In the field of orthopedics, ESWT has been shown to induce neovascularization and promote tissue regeneration. We investigated wheth...

Changes in the range of motion of the lower limb joints during extensive tibial lengthening in achondroplasia.

Increase in the magnitude of lengthening during the limb lengthening procedure involves a high risk of decreased range of motion (ROM) in adjacent joints. Even though patients with achondroplasia can tolerate a relatively larger amount of lengthening owing to its inherent soft-tissue laxity, they often exhibit significant joint contractures during extensive lengthening. In the present study, we evaluated temporal changes in the ROM of the hip, knee, and ankle joints throughout the treatment period in 12 lim...

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