PubMed Journals Articles About "Drug Monitoring In Critically Ill Patients During Extracorporeal Life Support" RSS

21:49 EDT 5th April 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Drug Monitoring Critically Patients During Extracorporeal Life Support" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 57,000+

Determination of Total and Unbound Meropenem, Imipenem/Cilastatin and Cefoperazone/Sulbactam in Human Plasma: Application for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring in Critically Ill Patients.

Critically ill patients show several pathophysiological alterations that can complicate antibiotic dosing. Hence, there is a strong rationale to individualize anti-infective dosing in these patients by utilizing therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM). The current study aimed to develop and validate a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the simultaneous determination of total and unbound plasma concentrations of three commonly used antibiotics (meropenem, imipenem/cilastatin, and cefoperazon...

Argatroban dosing requirements in extracorporeal life support and other critically ill populations.

Argatroban is a parenteral direct thrombin inhibitor that requires close monitoring to ensure safety and efficacy. Limited data exist to describe its effect in critically ill patients. This was a retrospective, single-center, cohort study that aimed to compare argatroban dosing requirements in those receiving extracorporeal life support (ECLS), continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), or neither. Organ dysfunction was assessed using a modified version of the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (modSOFA)...

Therapeutic drug monitoring-guided continuous infusion of piperacillin/tazobactam significantly improves pharmacokinetic target attainment in critically ill patients: a retrospective analysis of four years of clinical experience.

Standard dosing and intermittent bolus application (IB) are important risk factors for pharmacokinetic (PK) target non-attainment during empirical treatment with β-lactams in critically ill patients, particularly in those with sepsis and septic shock. We assessed the effect of therapeutic drug monitoring-guided (TDM), continuous infusion (CI) and individual dosing of piperacillin/tazobactam (PIP) on PK-target attainment in critically ill patients.

Impact of Invasive EEG Monitoring and Resective Neurosurgical Treatment on the Quality of Life in Patients with Drug Resistant Epilepsy - Preliminary Results.

Neurosurgical treatment is one of important way to cure drug resistant epilepsy. After invasive EEG monitoring and the invasive neurosurgical treatment (resective surgery) there are possible complications (intracranial haemorrhage, cortical lesions and infections), however there are possible neuropsyhologic outcomes such as memory outcomes, language outcomes and psychiatric outcomes. The quality of life in epilepsy (QOLIE-31) scale is a self-completed questionnaire which contains seven subscales which addre...

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: a literature review.

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is a modality of extracorporeal life support that allows for temporary support in pulmonary and/or cardiac failure refractory to conventional therapy. Since the first descriptions of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, significant improvements have occurred in the device and the management of patients and, consequently, in the outcomes of critically ill patients during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Many important studies about the use of extracorporeal membrane ox...

A Novel Correction Equation Avoids High-Magnitude Errors in Interpreting Therapeutic Drug Monitoring of Phenytoin among Critically Ill Patients.

Phenytoin has a narrow therapeutic index and the potential of under-treatment or toxicity. Available equations are used to correct for the impact of hypoalbuminemia on unbound (free) phenytoin levels. The authors aimed to determine the accuracy of equations used to estimate free phenytoin in hospitalized patients and assess the impact of using additional clinical data.

Population pharmacokinetic model of Vancomycin based on therapeutic drug monitoring data in critically ill septic patients.

The present study aimed to establish a population pharmacokinetic model of vancomycin, including adult critically ill septic patients, with normal and impaired renal function.

A Multicenter Study of Nutritional Adequacy in Neonatal and Pediatric Extracorporeal Life Support.

Malnutrition in critically ill patients is common in neonates and children, including those that receive extracorporeal life support (ECLS). We hypothesize that nutritional adequacy is highly variable, overall nutritional adequacy is poor, and enteral nutrition is underutilized in this population.

Therapeutic Drug Monitoring in Pregnant Patients.

During pregnancy, there are several physiological changes during each trimester that can affect the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination of drugs. Although, there is a potential need to understand the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of drugs in pregnant patients, therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is not well established for various drug classes due to ethical and safety concerns regarding the neonate. Potential risks from in utero drug exposure to the fetus may impact growth...

Impact of therapeutic drug level monitoring on outcomes of patients with Crohn's disease treated with Infliximab: real world data from a retrospective single centre cohort study.

Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) by measuring infliximab (IFX) trough levels and antibodies to infliximab (ATI) is used to optimise treatment in inflammatory bowel disease. We aimed to explore the clinical outcomes of TDM for patients with Crohn's disease on IFX in real life setting.

Development and Validation of an UHPLC-MS/MS Assay for the Therapeutic Monitoring of Brivaracetam Plasma Concentrations in Patients with Epilepsy.

Brivaracetam is an antiepileptic drug used as an add-on therapy for partial-onset seizures in subjects aged 4 years and older. Due to potential drug interactions and intersubject variability in plasma concentrations, therapeutic monitoring for brivaracetam may be useful. The aim of this study was to develop a simplified method for measuring brivaracetam plasma concentrations applicable to therapeutic drug monitoring in epilepsy.

Population pharmacokinetic analysis of meropenem in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury treated with continuous hemodiafiltration.

The aim of this study was to conduct a population pharmacokinetic (PK) analysis of meropenem and to explore the optimal dosing strategy for meropenem in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) receiving treatment with continuous hemodiafiltration (CHDF).

Pharmacokinetic variability of beta-lactams in critically ill patients: a narrative review.

The use of antibacterial drugs is very common in critically ill patients and beta-lactam agents are widely used in this context. Critically ill patients show several characteristics (e.g., sepsis, renal impairment or conversely augmented renal clearance, renal replacement therapy) that may alter beta-lactam pharmacokinetics (PK) in comparison with non-critically ill patients. This narrative literature review aims to identify recent studies quantifying the variability of beta-lactams volume of distribution a...

Cannabinoids for drug-resistant seizures in a critically ill patient-Case report and literature review.

Drug-resistant seizures are life-threatening and contribute to sustained hospitalization. We present the case of a critically ill 28-year-old male with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome who had approximately 30 seizures/day in the intensive care unit.

Therapeutic Drug Monitoring Coupled with Bayesian Forecasting could Prevent Vancomycin-associated Nephrotoxicity in Renal Insufficiency Patients: A Prospective Study and Pharmacoeconomic Analysis.

Vancomycin is a critical antibiotic used in important infections, and therapeutic drug monitoring is recommended. Bayesian forecasting is demonstrated to provide an approach that can improve trough concentration monitoring for dose adjustment. The objective of this study was to determine whether therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) coupled with a Bayesian approach could increase trough concentration target attainment and prevent vancomycin-associated nephrotoxicity in patients with renal insufficiency.

Drug-Drug Interactions Between Antiretrovirals and Carbamazepine/Oxcarbazepine: A Real-Life Investigation.

Carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine are potent modulators of metabolic enzymes. Hence, potential drug-drug interactions (DDIs) may occur between these two drugs and antiretrovirals. Here, we aimed to assess the relevance of these DDIs in real-life clinical settings.

Population Pharmacokinetics of Vancomycin under Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy using a Polymethylmethacrylate Hemofilter.

Although continuous hemodiafiltration (CHDF) is often performed in critically ill patients during sepsis treatment, the pharmacokinetics of vancomycin (VCM) during CHDF with a polymethylmethacrylate hemofilter (PMMA-CHDF) has not been revealed. In this study, the authors aimed to describe the population pharmacokinetics of VCM in critically ill patients undergoing PMMA-CHDF and clarify its hemofilter clearance (CLhemofilter).

The Quality of Life as a Predictor of Social Support for Multiple Sclerosis Patients and Caregivers.

Coping with a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) is challenging. MS is one of the most common causes of nontraumatic disability in young adults, and patients may need assistance with daily life activities. This article explores the relation between quality of life (QOL) and the perceived available social support among patients with MS and their families.

Drug interactions and creatinine levels are associated with QTc prolongation in intensive care units: a prospective, observational study.

Background Prolongation of the QTc interval may lead to life threatening arrhythmias. QTc prolongation is common in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. The objectives of this study were to identify the role of drug-drug interactions (DDIs) and other predictors (age, sex, cardiovascular diseases, and electrolyte abnormalities) in life threatening QTc prolongation in patients admitted to medical (M), surgical (S) and emergency (E) ICUs. Methods This prospective, observational study included patients above the...

Therapeutic drug monitoring of asparaginase: intra-individual variability and predictivity in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated with PEG-asparaginase in the AIEOP-BFM ALL 2009 study.

Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) can identify patients with subtherapeutic asparaginase (ASNase) activity (silent inactivation, SI) and prospectively guide therapeutic adaptation. However, limited intra-individual variability is a precondition for targeted dosing and the diagnosis of SI.


TNFα antagonists, such as infliximab and adalimumab, are widely used for induction and maintenance of remission in pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Numerous studies in adult and pediatric patients have demonstrated that monitoring of anti-TNFα drug level improves various outcomes, especially in cases of primary non-response or loss-of-response. In this article we present the recommendations of the Israeli Pediatric Gastroenterology Association regarding measuring anti-TNFα drug a...

Therapeutic drug monitoring and safety of voriconazole in elderly patients.

Data on therapeutic drug monitoring of voriconazole in elderly patients are limited. Impaired liver function and an inflammatory state in elderly individuals are hypothesized to impact the voriconazole serum level.

The Long and Winding Road to Personalized Glycemic Control in the Intensive Care Unit.

In the critically ill adult, dysglycemia is a marker of disease severity and is associated with worse clinical outcomes. Close monitoring of glucose and use of insulin in critically ill patients have been done for more than 2 decades, but the appropriate target glycemic range in critically ill patients remains controversial. Physiological stress response, levels of inflammatory cytokines, nutritional intake, and level of mobility affect glycemic control, and a more personalized approach to patients with dys...

Using Simulation to Improve Care of the Critically Ill Mental Health Patient at the End of Life.

This article summarizes a pilot simulation using standardized patients that was designed to develop skills necessary to care for the critically ill mental health patient nearing the end of life. Although the simulation was found to be a valuable teaching strategy, additional research, with a rigorous design, is recommended to further develop this teaching method. The authors suggest adopting a theoretical framework for debriefing that would elicit emotions, address the emotional needs of students, and assis...

Therapeutic Drug Monitoring of Sorafenib in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patients.

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