Advertisement

Topics

PubMed Journals Articles About "Drug Temporarily Boost Long Term Memory Objects" RSS

12:16 EDT 18th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Drug Temporarily Boost Long Term Memory Objects PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Drug Temporarily Boost Long Term Memory Objects articles that have been published worldwide.

More Information about "Drug Temporarily Boost Long Term Memory Objects" on BioPortfolio

We have published hundreds of Drug Temporarily Boost Long Term Memory Objects news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Drug Temporarily Boost Long Term Memory Objects Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Drug Temporarily Boost Long Term Memory Objects for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Drug Temporarily Boost Long Term Memory Objects Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Drug Temporarily Boost Long Term Memory Objects Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Drug temporarily boost long term memory objects" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 25,000+

Long-Term Memory for Haptically Explored Objects: Fidelity, Durability, Incidental Encoding, and Cross-Modal Transfer.

The question of how many of our perceptual experiences are stored in long-term memory has received considerable attention. The present study examined long-term memory for haptic experiences. Blindfolded participants haptically explored 168 everyday objects (e.g., a pen) for 10 s each. In a blindfolded memory test, they indicated which of two objects from the same basic-level category (e.g., two different pens) had been touched before. As shown in Experiment 1 ( N = 26), memory was nearly perfect when tested...


Dissociable effects of the apolipoprotein-E (APOE) gene on short- and long-term memories.

Short- and long-term memory performance as a function of apolipoprotein-E (APOE) genotype was examined in older, healthy individuals using sensitive and comparable tasks to provide a more detailed description of influences of the ε4 allele (highest genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease) on memory. Older heterozygous and homozygous ε4 carriers and noncarriers performed 2 tasks of memory. Both tasks allowed us to measure memory for item identity and locations, using a sensitive, continuous measure of ...

Long-term retention and reconsolidation of a visuomotor memory.

Visuomotor adaptation is a form of motor learning that enables accurate limb movements in the presence of altered environmental or internal conditions. It requires updating the mapping between visual input and motor output, and can occur when learning a new device/tool or during rehabilitation after neurological injury. In either case, it is desirable to stabilize, or consolidate, this visuomotor memory for long-term usage. However, reactivation of a consolidated memory, whether it is motor-based or not, is...


Memory processes underlying long-term semantic priming.

Two decades of research in semantic priming has provided substantial evidence for a distinction between short- and long-term semantic priming effects. Early models of cognition suggested a single mechanism to explain priming at short and long lags. Later models refuted this explanation and proposed that different mechanisms are necessary to account for different durations of priming effects. Two alternative explanations of long-term semantic priming effects have been proposed in the extant literature. The f...

Manipulation of hippocampal CA3 firing via luminopsins modulates spatial and episodic short-term memory, especially working memory, but not long-term memory.

The CA3 subregion of the hippocampus is important for rapid encoding, storage and retrieval of associative memories. Lesions and pharmacological inhibitions of hippocampal CA3 suggest that it is essential for different memories. However, how CA3 functions in spatial and episodic memory in different time scales (i.e. short-term versus long term) without permanent lesions has not been systematically investigated yet. Taking advantage of the chemogenetic access to opsins, this study used luminopsins, fusion pr...

The long-term memory benefits of a daytime nap compared to cramming.

Daytime naps benefit long-term memory relative to taking a break and remaining awake. However, the use of naps as a practical way to improve learning has not been examined, in particular, how memory following a nap compares with spending the equivalent amount of time cramming.

Antimicrobial peptides modulate long-term memory.

Antimicrobial peptides act as a host defense mechanism and regulate the commensal microbiome. To obtain a comprehensive view of genes contributing to long-term memory we performed mRNA sequencing from single Drosophila heads following behavioral training that produces long-lasting memory. Surprisingly, we found that Diptericin B, an immune peptide with antimicrobial activity, is upregulated following behavioral training. Deletion and knock down experiments revealed that Diptericin B and another immune pepti...

Space and time in episodic memory: Effects of linearity and directionality on memory for spatial location and temporal order in children and adults.

Episodic memory is a critical capacity that involves remembering past events along with their spatial and temporal contexts. Relatively little is known about the relations between spatial and temporal information in long-term memory in children or adults. The present research examined the influence of the mental timeline (linear horizontal display extending from the left to right direction for English speakers) on memory for events and their spatial and temporal features in 7-year-olds, 9-year-olds, 11-year...

Persistent Increases of PKMζ in Sensorimotor Cortex Maintain Procedural Long-Term Memory Storage.

Procedural motor learning and memory are accompanied by changes in synaptic plasticity, neural dynamics, and synaptogenesis. Missing is information on the spatiotemporal dynamics of the molecular machinery maintaining these changes. Here we examine whether persistent increases in PKMζ, an atypical protein kinase C (PKC) isoform, store long-term memory for a reaching task in rat sensorimotor cortex that could reveal the sites of procedural memory storage. Specifically, perturbing PKMζ synthesis (via antise...

Environmental enrichment improves long-term memory impairment and aberrant synaptic plasticity by BDNF / TrkB signaling in nerve-injured mice.

Nerve injury can induce memory impairment in mice. The aim of this research is to study the effect of environmental enrichment (EE) on long-term memory impairment in nerve-injured mice and the underlying mechanisms. Adult male C57BL/6 mice were received sham or chronic constriction injury (CCI) operation and reared in a standard environment (SE) or EE for 4 weeks after the operation. The pain threshold, long-term memory, expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and synaptic plasticity in hippo...

Estrogen modulates ethanol-induced memory deficit in postpubertal adolescent rats.

Our laboratory and others have reported that ethanol impairs hippocampus-associated memory formation in prepubertal adolescent rats. Acute alcohol exposure in humans produces a syndrome of memory loss ("blackouts") that is similar to impairments caused by hippocampal damage. The ability to form new long-term explicit memories is affected but not short-term memory storage or recall of information from long-term storage. Alcohol-induced memory impairment, similar to teenage alcohol blackouts, has been shown i...

Transcriptional Changes Before and After Forgetting of a Long-Term Sensitization Memory in Aplysia californica.

Most long-term memories are forgotten, becoming progressively less likely to be recalled. Still, some memory fragments may persist, as savings memory (easier relearning) can be detected long after recall has become impossible. What happens to a memory trace during forgetting that makes it inaccessible for recall and yet still effective to spark easier re-learning? We are addressing this question by tracking the transcriptional changes that accompany learning and then forgetting of a long-term sensitization ...

Long-term plasticity of hippocampal interneurons during in vivo memory processes.

Formation of a cell assembly, a group of cortical neurons that function co-operatively to sustain an active memory trace, arises from changes in the connections between neurons. Establishment of memory traces is thought to rely on long-term plasticity in excitatory glutamatergic synapses interconnecting principal cells. In addition, recent studies in the hippocampus in vivo indicate that reconfiguration of GABAergic inhibitory interneuron activity also occurs during long-term memory encoding. Recent experim...

Electrophysiological and behavioral evidence for attentional up-regulation, but not down-regulation, when encoding pictures into long-term memory.

Visual long-term memory allows us to store a virtually infinite amount of visual information (Brady, Konkle, Alvarez, & Oliva in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105(38), 14325-14329, 2008; Standing in Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 25(2), 207-222, 1973). However, our ability to encode new visual information fluctuates from moment to moment. In Experiment 1, we tested the hypothesis that we have voluntary control over these periodic fluctuations...

False memory at short and long term.

False memories are well-established long-term memory (LTM) phenomena. Recent reports of false recognition at short term suggest that working memory (WM) could also give rise to false memories, supporting the unitary view of memory. Alternatively, we hypothesized that the emergence of false memories at short term results from the impairment of WM maintenance, memory performance relying then on LTM. More specifically, we assumed that false memories rely on the retrieval of gist traces of the memory items whil...

Targeted memory reactivation during sleep to strengthen memory for arbitrary pairings.

A powerful way to investigate memory consolidation during sleep utilizes acoustic stimulation to reactivate memories. In multiple studies, Targeted Memory Reactivation (TMR) using sounds associated with prior learning improved later memory, as in recalling locations where objects previously appeared. In the present experiment, we examined whether a variant of the same technique could strengthen memory for the locations of pairs of objects. Each sound was naturally connected to one object from each pair, but...

Histone deacetylase 3 inhibitors in learning and memory processes with special emphasis on benzamides.

Among numerous essential processes, memory and learning are important work of the brain. Epigenetic manipulations through histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs) have been implicated in memory function by modulating memory storage-related gene expression. Among these HDACs, HDAC3 is found to be important in the long-term memory process. Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) have been established to have direct involvement to enhance the memory function through upregulation of hi...

Memory enhancements from active control of learning emerge across development.

This paper investigates whether active control of study leads to enhanced learning in 5- to 11-year-old children. In Experiments 1 and 2, participants played a simple memory game with the instruction to try to remember and later recognize a set of 64 objects. In Experiment 3, the goal was to learn the French names for the same objects. For half of the materials presented, participants could decide the order and pacing of study (Active condition). For the other half, they passively observed the study decisio...

Dexpramipexole enhances hippocampal synaptic plasticity and memory in the rat.

Even though pharmacological approaches able to counteract age-dependent cognitive impairment have been highly investigated, drugs improving cognition and memory are still an unmet need. It has been hypothesized that sustaining energy dynamics within the aged hippocampus can boost memory storage by sustaining synaptic functioning and long term potentiation (LTP). Dexpramipexole (DEX) is the first-in-class compound able to sustain neuronal bioenergetics by interacting with mitochondrial F1Fo-ATP synthase. In ...

Duration of Pediatric Clinical Trials Submitted to the US Food and Drug Administration.

The increasing prevalence of pediatric chronic disease has resulted in increased exposure to long-term drug therapy in children. The duration of recently completed drug trials that support approval for drug therapy in children with chronic diseases has not been systematically evaluated. Such information is a vital first step in forming safety pharmacovigilance strategies for drugs used for long-term therapy in children.

Long short-term memory - Fully connected (LSTM-FC) neural network for PM concentration prediction.

People have been suffering from air pollution for a decade in China, especially from PM (particulate matter with a diameter of less than 2.5 μm). Accurate prediction of air quality has great practical significance. In this paper, we propose a data-driven model, called as long short-term memory - fully connected (LSTM-FC) neural network, to predict PM contamination of a specific air quality monitoring station over 48 h using historical air quality data, meteorological data, weather forecast data, and th...

Relational encoding of objects in working memory: Changes detection performance is better for violations in group relations.

Research has indicated that working memory is based on forming relations between individual elements. In this study, we considered the congruency of object clusters during a change detection task. We demonstrate that changes which violate the relational encoding of a probe display (single-object changes where one object shifts independently from its corresponding group) are more easily detected than changes that maintain group structure (cluster changes where all objects in the group shift in location toget...

The separable effects of feature precision and item load in visual short-term memory.

Visual short-term memory (VSTM) has been described as being limited by the number of discrete visual objects, the aggregate quantity of information across multiple visual objects, or some combination of the two. Many recent studies examining these capacity limitations have shown that increasing the number of items in VSTM increases the frequency and magnitude of errors in a participant's recall of the stimulus. This increase in response dispersion has been interpreted as a loss of precision in an item's rep...

Literacy improves short-term serial recall of spoken verbal but not visuospatial items - Evidence from illiterate and literate adults.

It is widely accepted that specific memory processes, such as serial-order memory, are involved in written language development and predictive of reading and spelling abilities. The reverse question, namely whether orthographic abilities also affect serial-order memory, has hardly been investigated. In the current study, we compared 20 illiterate people with a group of 20 literate matched controls on a verbal and a visuospatial version of the Hebb paradigm, measuring both short- and long-term serial-order m...

Drug-Drug Interaction Extraction from Biomedical Texts Using Long Short-Term Memory Network.

The simultaneous administration of multiple drugs increases the probability of interaction among them, as one drug may affect the activities of others. This interaction among drugs may have a positive or negative impact on the therapeutic outcomes. Thus, identification of unknown drug-drug interactions (DDIs) is of significant concern for improving the safety and efficacy of drug consumption. Although multiple DDI resources exist, it is becoming infeasible to maintain these up-to-date manually with the numb...


Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement