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Durvalumab And Tremelimumab For Pediatric Malignancies PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Durvalumab And Tremelimumab For Pediatric Malignancies articles that have been published worldwide.
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: The prognosis of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains poor, with a 5-year overall survival rate of around 15%. Immune checkpoint inhibitors, such as programmed cell death protein 1 and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors, have opened a new era in the management of NSCLC. Three checkpoint inhibitors (nivolumab, pembrolizumab, and atezolizumab) are currently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for advanced NSCLC. Durvalumab, an anti-PD-L1 antibody, is ...
Durvalumab after concurrent chemoradiation has significantly improved survival in stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, there is limited data evaluating the utilization and challenges to deliver durvalumab consolidation in the real world. We assessed the use of consolidative durvalumab at a large academic center to examine clinical limitations to delivery of this practice-changing regimen. We found that despite incorporating consolidative durvalumab into standard practice for stage III unre...
There is no data regarding the prevalence of malignancies in patients with primary immunodeficiency (PID) in Turkey. Along with the prevalence of malignancy, we aimed to present the types of malignancy and define the underlying immune deficiency of the patients.
Pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma (PPC) is a non-small-cell lung cancer, resistant to chemotherapy and no standard therapy has as yet been established. We herein report the case of a 59-year-old man with PPC who showed a long-term response with durvalumab after chemoradiotherapy. He was referred to our hospital with a mass shadow at the right upper lung. PPC clinical stage IIIB was diagnosed, and the tumor proportion score of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) was 100%. Six days after transbronchial biopsy, he...
In the phase 3 PACIFIC study of patients with unresectable, Stage III NSCLC without progression after chemoradiotherapy (CRT), durvalumab demonstrated significant improvements versus placebo in the primary endpoints of progression-free survival (HR, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.42-65; P
Durvalumab is a programmed cell death ligand 1 inhibitor, which is now approved in Australia for use in non-small-cell lung and urothelial cancers. Autoimmune diabetes is a rare immune-related adverse effect associated with the use of immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy. It is now being increasingly described reflecting the wider use of immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy. We report the case of a 49-year-old female who presented with polyuria, polydipsia and weight loss, 3 months following the commencement ...
Prophylactic antibiotics decrease the mortality and morbidity in patients with hematological malignancies following intensive chemotherapy. However, the efficacy of prophylactic antibiotics for pediatric patients with solid tumors remains unclear.
The chromosome translocation t(14;21)(q11;q22) was reported in four pediatric T-cell lymphoblastic leukemias and was shown to activate the OLIG2 gene.
Durvalumab has shown meaningful clinical activity in patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC) in Study 1108 (NCT01693562). An important focus in treatment is health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Here, patient-reported outcomes (PROs) from Study 1108 and their relationship with inflammatory biomarkers are explored.
Data on enterococcal bacteremia (EB) in immunocompromised children are scarce. We aimed to describe EB in children with hematologic malignancies (HM), solid tumors and/or following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and analyze their ampicillin and vancomycin resistance.
Outcomes of childhood hematolymphoid malignancies have improved several fold because of immunosuppressive chemotherapy and broad-spectrum antibiotics for managing febrile neutropenia. An apparent trade-off has been an increase in invasive fungal disease (IFD), affecting multiple organs. We report the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges in 8 children with lymphoid cancers who developed intracranial (IC) fungal abscesses between 2010 and 2017.
Malignant phyllodes tumors of the breast are uncommon in women and rare in children. This study aimed to assess the differences in survival among five specific pathologic groups of breast malignancies and the differences between pediatric and adult breast phyllodes malignancy.
Pediatric residents exhibit knowledge gaps in appropriateness of imaging utilization.
B7-H3 (CD276), a member of the B7 superfamily, is an important factor in downregulating immune responses against tumors. It is also aberrantly expressed in many human malignancies. Beyond immune regulatory roles, its overexpression has been linked to invasive metastatic potential and poor prognosis in patients with cancer. Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity strategies targeting B7-H3 are currently in development, and early-phase clinical trials have shown encouraging preliminary results. To under...
Gram-negative rod (GNR) infections adversely affect the outcome of patients with malignancies and following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). This retrospective observational study aimed to describe the epidemiology, outcome, and resistance patterns of GNR bacteremia in children with hematological malignancies (HM) and after HSCT during the period spanning from 2010 to 2014 in a tertiary children's hospital. A total of 270 children were included in the analysis; 65 (24%) developed 85 episodes ...
Mouse double minute 2 protein (MDM2), a negative regulator of the p53 tumour suppressor gene, is frequently amplified in malignancies. MDM2 antagonists have shown efficacy in treating malignancies with MDM2 overexpression and can overcome chemoresistance in acute myeloid leukemia. We systematically evaluated the safety profile of MDM2 inhibitors in the treatment of solid organ and hematologic malignancies.
Assessment of Serum Galactomannan Test Results of Pediatric Patients With Hematological Malignancies According to Consecutive Positivity and Threshold Level in Terms of Invasive Aspergillosis Diagnosis: Cross-Sectional Research in a Tertiary Care Hospital.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic utility of serum galactomannan (GM) positivity for invasive aspergillosis (IA) in children. Positive GM results between January 2015 and August 2017 were reviewed retrospectively in children with hematological malignancies. Single and consecutive positive GM results were evaluated according to the different galactomannan index (GMI) (>0.5, >0.7, >1.0 and >1.5) values. There were 104 positive GM results of 70 patients. IA was identified in 29 patients (41....
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an autosomal dominant condition that predisposes to multiple malignancies, most commonly colorectal carcinoma, but has rarely been associated with lymphoma. We discuss one patient found to have Burkitt-like Lymphoma (BLL) with 11q aberration in the setting of previously undiagnosed FAP. We review the literature of FAP and associated malignancies and the provisional WHO classification of Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration. Both FAP and Burkitt-like lymphoma with...
To describe the role of telemedicine screening for pediatric diabetic retinopathy (DR) and to identify risk factors for pediatric DR.
The extirpation of skull base malignancies may be associated with significant morbidity and can profoundly impact health related quality of life (HRQOL). In this review, we sought to provide an overview of HRQOL and the factors that influence it for patients with skull base malignancies.
The incidence and types of malignancies in effusion cytology are largely limited to studies performed in the 1970s through the 1990s.