PubMed Journals Articles About "Dynamics Of Leptin And Endocrine Function" RSS

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Showing "Dynamics Leptin Endocrine Function" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 19,000+

Linking obesity-induced leptin-signaling pathways to common endocrine-related cancers in women.

Obesity is related to many major diseases and cancers. Women have higher rates of obesity and obesity is linked to commonly occurring cancers in women. However, there is a lack of knowledge of the unique mechanism(s) involved in each type of cancer. The objective of this review is to highlight the need for novel experimental approaches and a better understanding of the common and unique pathways to resolve controversies regarding the role of obesity in cancer. In women, there is a link between hormones and ...

Cardiac leptin overexpression in the context of acute MI and reperfusion potentiates myocardial remodeling and left ventricular dysfunction.

Acute MI induces leptin expression in the heart, however the role of myocardial leptin in cardiac ischemia and reperfusion (IR) remains unknown. To shed light on the effects of elevated levels of leptin in the myocardium, we overexpressed cardiac leptin and assessed local remodeling and myocardial function in this context.

Leptin receptor is expressed by tissue mast cells.

Leptin, the adipose tissue-derived product of the obese (ob) gene, is known to function as the hormone of energy expenditure. It has also been established that leptin regulates immune and inflammatory processes. All leptin-induced biological activities depend on binding to the membrane-spanning leptin receptor (Ob-R), belonging to the class I cytokine receptor family. The available data relating to the Ob-R on mature mast cells (MCs), and consequently leptin significance in the modulation of MC activity wit...

Effects of Leptin on the Skeleton.

Leptin originates in adipocytes, including those in bone marrow and circulates in concentrations 20- 90-fold higher than those in the cerebrospinal fluid. It has direct anabolic effects on osteoblasts and chondrocytes, but also influences bone indirectly: via the hypothalamus and sympathetic nervous system, via changes in body weight, and via effects on the production of other hormones (e.g. pituitary). Leptin's role in bone physiology is determined by the balance of these conflicting effects. Reflecting th...

Changes in Satiety Hormones in Response to Leptin Treatment in a Patient with Leptin Deficiency.

We tested whether leptin treatment affects secretion of satiety-related gut peptides and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which is a regulator of energy homeostasis downstream of hypothalamic leptin signaling.

Dual effects of leptin in perioperative gas exchange of morbidly obese patients.

Leptin has shown positive effects on respiratory function in experimental settings. The role of leptin on perioperative respiratory function in morbidly obese patients has not been established. We performed a retrospective analysis of morbidly obese patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Fasting serum leptin and interleukin (IL)-6 were measured preoperatively, and arterial blood gases were obtained pre- and postoperatively. Outcome variables were arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), art...

Endospanin 1 determines the balance of leptin-regulated hypothalamic functions.

Endospanin 1 (Endo1), a protein encoded, in humans by the same gene than the leptin receptor (ObR), and increased by diet induced obesity, is an important regulator of ObR trafficking and cell surface exposure, determining leptin signaling strength. Defective intracellular trafficking of the leptin receptor to the neuronal plasma membrane has been proposed as a mechanism underlying the development of leptin resistance observed in human obesity. More recently, Endo1 has emerged as a mediator of "selective le...

A Mathematical Model of Type 1 Diabetes Involving Leptin Effects on Glucose Metabolism.

Leptin, a hormone released from fat cells in adipose tissues, was recently found to be capable of normalizing glucose metabolism in animals. Clinical data on patients with lipodystrophy indicates that leptin may have a positive effect on glucose metabolism in individuals with diabetes. There are growing expectations that leptin can improve the current insulin treatment for patients with type 1 diabetes. We investigated this possibility through in silico experiments based on a mathematical model of diabetes,...

Influence of nutrition, body condition, and metabolic status on reproduction in female beef cattle: A review.

Nutrition is of fundamental importance in reproductive function of female beef cattle. Nutrition determines live weight (LW) and body condition score (BCs) and both were found more than 50 years ago to underpin fertility in pubertal heifers and postpartum cows. In heifers, LW at weaning and average daily gain (ADG) after weaning determines age and LW at puberty, and subsequent lifetime fertility. In cows, BCS at parturition is the most important factor that determines the period to re-conception postpartum....

Physiological responses to leptin levels in lipodystrophy: a model for other hypoleptinemias?

Brown et al. report that two weeks of exogenous leptin administration to leptin-naive individuals with lipodystrophy resulted in increased energy expenditure and lipolysis, decreased ectopic liver fat, improved hepatic and peripheral insulin sensitivity, and attenuated dyslipidemia. Leptin withdrawal in individuals with lipodystrophy did not produce reciprocal effects on these phenotypes and resulted in significant improvements only in hepatic insulin sensitivity. This asymmetry in responses to leptin initi...

Leptin stimulates DMP-1 and DSPP expression in human dental pulp via MAPK 1/3 and PI3K signaling pathways.

To investigate the physiological function of leptin in human dental pulp, and to determine the specific pathways implicated in its effect.

Plasma leptin level is positively associated with blood pressure measures independent of gender and BMI.

Since the introduction of leptin, many studies suggest an important role for this hormone in obesity-related hypertension. However, in non-obese patients, there are controversial results regarding the possible role of leptin in essential hypertension especially in both sexes and different groups of body mass index (BMI). We aimed to evaluate the association of leptin and hypertension in both female and male gender.

Association of Polymorphisms of leptin, leptin receptor and Apelin receptor genes with susceptibility to coronary artery disease and hypertension.

Apelin and leptin are factors which have a potential physiological and pathological role in cardiovascular homoeostasis. Apelin receptor (APLNR), leptin receptor (LEPR) and leptin variants may affect the vascular tone in heart or peripheral circulation, thereby predisposing patients to hypertension and coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of the present study was to evaluate four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of APLNR genes (rs11544374 and rs948847), LEPR (rs1137101) and leptin (rs7799039) gene i...

Evidence for leptin receptor immunoreactivity in the gastrointestinal tract and gastric leptin regulation in the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).

In this study, evidence for leptin receptor (LR) and gastric leptin immunoreactivity along the digestive tract of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), is reported. Besides this, the regulation of gastric leptin and its transcript by fatty acids was analyzed in vitro. LR was detected mainly in the cells of the stomach gastric glands and in the brush border of the epithelium of the anterior, middle and distal intestine. In the stomach LR was co-distributed with leptin. The regulation of gastric leptin and...

Leptin trajectories from birth to mid-childhood and cardio-metabolic health in early adolescence.

Leptin is a hormone produced by adipose tissue that promotes satiety, and some evidence suggests that greater early life leptin exposure prevents excessive adiposity gain in later life. However, few studies have analyzed dynamic changes in leptin throughout childhood in relation to later cardio-metabolic health. Our study aims to identify distinct leptin trajectories in childhood, and to examine their associations with cardio-metabolic outcomes in adolescence.

Serum leptin is associated with first-ever ischemic stroke, lesion size and stroke severity in a Chinese cohort.

Leptin may be associated with cardiovascular disease. We tested to determine whether leptin is a marker for first-ever acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in a nested case-referent study.

Dysbiosis of the gut microbiome is associated with thyroid cancer and thyroid nodules and correlated with clinical index of thyroid function.

Thyroid cancer and thyroid nodules are the most prevalent form of thyroid endocrine disorder. The balance of gut microbiome is highly crucial for a healthy human body, especially for the immune and endocrine system. However, the relationship between gut microbiome and the thyroid endocrine disorders such as thyroid cancer and thyroid nodules has not been reported yet.

Association of fatty pancreas with pancreatic endocrine and exocrine function.

The purpose of this study was to clarify whether fatty pancreas might lead to impaired pancreatic endocrine or exocrine function.

Downregulation of leptin receptor and kisspeptin/GPR54 in the murine hypothalamus contributes to male hypogonadism caused by high-fat diet-induced obesity.

Obesity may lead to male hypogonadism, the underlying mechanism of which remains unclear. In the present study, we established a murine model of male hypogonadism caused by high-fat diet-induced obesity to verify the following hypotheses: 1) an increased leptin level may be related to decreased secretion of GnRH in obese males, and 2) repression of kisspeptin/GPR54 in the hypothalamus, which is associated with increased leptin levels, may account for the decreased secretion of GnRH and be involved in second...

Higher plasma leptin levels are associated with reduced left ventricular mass and left ventricular diastolic stiffness in black women: insights from the Genetic Epidemiology Network of Arteriopathy (GENOA) study.

Our previous experimental animal data suggest a beneficial effect of leptin on LV structure and function. We hypothesized that leptin levels are associated with lower LV mass and myocardial stiffness which are important risk factors for the development of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). We evaluated 1172 blacks, in which the prevalence of HFpEF is quite high, with preserved LV ejection fraction (EF > 50%) from the Genetic Epidemiology Network of Arteriopathy Study (mean age 62.9 ...

Higher symptom burden is associated with lower function in women taking adjuvant endocrine therapy for breast cancer.

To explore the impact of symptoms on physical function in women on adjuvant endocrine therapy for breast cancer.

Effects of valproate on reproductive endocrine function in male patients with epilepsy: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Valproate (VPA) is a broad spectrum antiepileptic drug (AED) that is generally used as a first line agent for most idiopathic and symptomatic generalized epilepsies. Many studies have indicated that AEDs cause reproductive endocrine disorders in males, but the exact etiology underpinning these dysfunctions is not clear. This meta-analysis and systematic review was intended to evaluate the effect of VPA on reproductive endocrine function in male patients with epilepsy.


It is debated whether sex differences in adiponectin and leptin are due to sex differences in body fat distribution. In this cross-sectional analysis of the Netherlands Epidemiology of Obesity study, associations of measures of body fat and sex with serum adiponectin and leptin concentrations were examined using linear regression analysis (n = 6,494, VAT: n = 2,516). Sex differences were additionally adjusted for the measure of body fat that was most strongly associated with adiponectin or leptin co...

Problematic eating behaviours, changes in appetite, and weight gain in Major Depressive Disorder: The role of leptin.

Appetite and weight changes are core symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), and those with MDD are at increased risk of obesity, cardiovascular disease and metabolic disorders. Leptin promotes satiety, with leptin dysregulation and resistance noted in obesity. However, the role of leptin in weight changes in MDD is not established. This study investigates leptin levels in relation to appetite and weight changes and problematic eating behaviours in MDD.

Associations between lean mass and leptin in men with chronic spinal cord injury: Results from the FRASCI-muscle study.

Leptin is an adipo-myokine that regulates appetite and energy expenditure by a neuroendocrine feedback loop. Leptin levels are positively correlated with BMI in the spinal cord injury population and leptin levels are greater in individuals with spinal cord injury compared to uninjured controls. Leptin is produced in multiple tissues, including fat, bone, and skeletal muscle and is a putative biomarker of sedentary behavior in older adults. We assessed body composition leptin, adiponectin, and IL-6 levels in...

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