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PubMed Journals Articles About "Dyslexia Secret Leonardo Vinci Greatness" RSS

17:43 EDT 21st September 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Dyslexia Secret Leonardo Vinci Greatness" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 84

Reading Acquisition in Children: Developmental Processes and Dyslexia Specific Effects.

Reduced activation to print in the left ventral, dorsal and anterior pathways has been implicated in readers with dyslexia (DR) but is also characteristic for typical beginning readers. As the majority of studies compared DR to their age-matched peers, the observed results could either represent a dyslexia phenotype or a developmental delay. We aimed to disentangle reading and dyslexia effects by employing two control groups: age and skill matched, and a longitudinal design.


An extensive pattern of atypical neural speech-sound discrimination in newborns at risk of dyslexia.

Identifying early signs of developmental dyslexia, associated with deficient speech-sound processing, is paramount to establish early interventions. We aimed to find early speech-sound processing deficiencies in dyslexia, expecting diminished and atypically lateralized event-related potentials (ERP) and mismatch responses (MMR) in newborns at dyslexia risk.

Statistical learning abilities of children with dyslexia across three experimental paradigms.

Statistical learning (SL) difficulties have been suggested to contribute to the linguistic and non-linguistic problems observed in children with dyslexia. Indeed, studies have demonstrated that children with dyslexia experience problems with SL, but the extent of the problems is unclear. We aimed to examine the performance of children with and without dyslexia across three distinct paradigms using both on- and offline measures, thereby tapping into different aspects of SL. 100 children with and without dysl...


Children with dyslexia in different cultures: Investigation of anxiety and coping strategies of children with dyslexia in Indonesia and Germany.

Hitherto the majority of research on anxiety and coping was undertaken on individuals with specific profiles (i.e., individuals with specific difficulties or in cross-cultural settings). However, to our knowledge, no studies have combined cross-cultural and specific difficulty settings to grant a complex analysis of this paradigm nor conducted an investigation of children to reveal the developmental trend in this phenomenon. This study investigates the anxiety profile and coping strategies of children with ...

Hyperventilation Hypocapnia as The Leonardo da Vinci's Syndrome.

The paper in early history of pulmonary medicine deals with studies of hypocapnia as a result of hyperventilation. Hyperventilation hypocapnia provokes respiratory alkalosis, subsequent ion changes in blood may cause disorders of myocardium conductivity and excitability resulted in arrhythmiae and even heart failure. Besides, hypocapnia limits the cerebral circulation which may be manifested in euphoria and even loss of consciousness. It is dangerous component of high altitude disease. Earliest medical desc...

Validation of curriculum-based reading passages and comparison of college students with and without dyslexia or ADHD.

Although reading is an essential skill for college success, little is known about how college students with and without disabilities read within their actual college curriculum. In the present article, we report on two studies addressing this issue. Within study 1, we developed and validated curriculum-based oral reading fluency measures using a sample of college students without disabilities (N = 125). In study 2, we administered the curriculum-based measures to four groups (each with n = 25): coll...

Combining Old and New for Better Understanding and Predicting Dyslexia.

Despite decades of research, it has been difficult to achieve consensus on a definition of common learning disabilities such as dyslexia. This lack of consensus represents a fundamental problem for the field. Our approach to addressing this issue is to use model-based meta-analyses and Bayesian models with informative priors to combine the results of a large number of studies for the purpose of yielding a more stable and well-supported conceptualization of reading disability. A prerequisite to implementing ...

Syntactic ambiguity resolution in dyslexia: An examination of cognitive factors underlying eye movement differences and comprehension failures.

This study examined eye movements and comprehension of temporary syntactic ambiguities in individuals with dyslexia, as few studies have focused on sentence-level comprehension in dyslexia. We tested 50 participants with dyslexia and 50 typically developing controls, in order to investigate (a) whether dyslexics have difficulty revising temporary syntactic misinterpretations and (b) underlying cognitive factors (i.e., working memory and processing speed) associated with eye movement differences and comprehe...

Executive functions in children with dyslexia.

This study aimed to verify whether children with dyslexia have difficulties in executive functions (shifting, working memory, inhibition).

Perceptions of the possible impact of dyslexia on nursing and midwifery students and of the coping strategies they develop and/or use to help them cope in clinical practice.

This qualitative grounded theory case study aimed to explore the perceptions of the impact of dyslexia on nursing and midwifery students and of the coping strategies they develop and/or use to help them cope in practice. The questions addressed were: 1. What is the perceived impact of dyslexia on the nursing and midwifery student in clinical practice? 2. How are any difficulties associated with dyslexia managed by the nursing or midwifery student? 3i. What strategies can help and support nursing and midwife...

Dyslexia-related impairments in sequence learning predict linguistic abilities.

Dyslexia is often characterized by disordered word recognition and spelling, though dysfunction on various non-linguistic tasks suggests a more pervasive deficit may underlie reading and spelling abilities. The serial-order learning impairment in dyslexia (SOLID) hypothesis proposes that sequence learning impairments fundamentally disrupt cognitive abilities, including linguistic processes, among individuals with dyslexia; yet only some studies report sequence learning deficits in people with dyslexia relat...

Phonemes, words, and phrases: Tracking phonological processing in pre-schoolers developing dyslexia.

Individuals with dyslexia often suffer from deficient segmental phonology, but the status of suprasegmental phonology (prosody) is still discussed.

Secret Paper Using Vinegar as an Invisible Security Ink and Fire as a Decryption Key for Information Protection.

Security inks based on photoluminescent materials are mostly investigated for security applications such as the information encryption and decryption, anti-counterfeiting, and data storage. Although they are invisible to naked eyes under the ambient light, they can be detected under ultraviolet or near-infrared light. Herein, a new kind of the secret paper made from network-structured ultralong hydroxyapatite nanowires and cellulose fibers has been developed. The white vinegar, one of common cooking ingredi...

Music-related abilities among readers with dyslexia.

Research suggests that a central difficulty in dyslexia may be impaired rapid temporal processing. Good temporal processing is also needed for musical perception, which relies on the ability to detect rapid changes. Our study is the first to measure the perception of adults with and without dyslexia on all three dimensions of music (rhythm, pitch, and spectrum), as well as their capacity for auditory imagery and detection of slow changes, while controlling for working memory. Participants were undergraduate...

Brain activity patterns of phonemic representations are atypical in beginning readers with family risk for dyslexia.

There is an ongoing debate whether phonological deficits in dyslexics should be attributed to (1) less specified representations of speech sounds, like suggested by studies in young children with a familial risk for dyslexia, or (2) to an impaired access to these phonemic representations, as suggested by studies in adults with dyslexia. These conflicting findings are rooted in between study differences in sample characteristics and/or testing techniques. The current study uses the same multivariate fMRI app...

Speech Envelope Enhancement Instantaneously Effaces Atypical Speech Perception in Dyslexia.

Increasing evidence exists that poor speech perception abilities precede the phonological deficits typically observed in dyslexia, a developmental disorder in learning to read. Impaired processing of dynamic features of speech, such as slow amplitude fluctuations and transient acoustic cues, disrupts effortless tracking of the speech envelope and constrains the development of adequate phonological skills. In this study, a speech envelope enhancement (EE) strategy was implemented to reduce speech perception ...

Visual statistical learning and orthographic awareness in Chinese children with and without developmental dyslexia.

This study examined the role of visual statistical learning in reading and writing and its relationship to orthographic awareness in Hong Kong Chinese children with and without developmental dyslexia. Thirty-five 7- to 8-year-old children with developmental dyslexia and 37 chronologically age-matched controls were tested on visual statistical learning, orthographic awareness, nonverbal cognitive ability, Chinese word reading, and word dictation tasks. Visual statistical learning was assessed using a triplet...

Comorbidity and cognitive overlap between developmental dyslexia and congenital amusia.

This study investigated whether there is a co-occurrence between developmental dyslexia and congenital amusia in adults. First, a database of online musical tests on 18,000 participants was analysed. Self-reported dyslexic participants performed significantly lower on melodic skills than matched controls, suggesting a possible link between reading and musical disorders. In order to test this relationship more directly, we evaluated 20 participants diagnosed with dyslexia, 16 participants diagnosed with amus...

Shame, guilt, and secrets on the mind.

Recent work suggests that what is harmful about secrecy is not active concealment within social interactions but rather mind wandering to a secret outside of concealment contexts. However, it is not yet clear what predicts mind wandering to and concealing secrets. We proposed that emotional appraisals of shame and guilt for secrecy would predict how secrecy is experienced. Four studies with 1,000 participants keeping more than 6,000 secrets demonstrated that shame was linked with increased mind wandering to...

Leonardo da Vinci as Anatomist (1452-1519).

Leonardo da Vinci: a genius driven to distraction.

Cardiovascular Physio-Pathology by Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519).

Delayed development of phonological constancy in toddlers at family risk for dyslexia.

Phonological constancy refers to infants' ability to disregard variations in the phonetic realisation of speech sounds that do not indicate lexical contrast, e.g., when listening to accented speech. In typically-developing infants, this ability develops between 15- and 19-months of age, coinciding with the consolidation of infants' native phonological competence and vocabulary growth. Here we investigated the developmental time course of phonological constancy in infants at family risk for developmental dys...

Leonardo's Donna Nuda unveiled.

The painting "Donna Nuda" by Leonardo was acquired by Catherine II (the Great) from the R. Walpole collection, Houghton Hall, England, in 1779 and donated to the Hermitage museum in St. Petersburg. By exploiting the EVA film technology (ethylene vinyl acetate polymer embedded with strong cation and anion exchangers and with C and/or C resins) we have explored the surface of the painting in order to ascertain the techniques used in its drawing. Five EVA films were affixed on the body and on the landscape for...

Babinski sign in the only existing sculpture by Leonardo.


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