PubMed Journals Articles About "E-Visit For COPD And Smoking Cessation" RSS

10:01 EST 6th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Visit COPD Smoking Cessation" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,000+

Effect of smoking status on lung function, patient-reported outcomes, and safety among patients with COPD treated with indacaterol/glycopyrrolate: Pooled analysis of the FLIGHT1 and FLIGHT2 studies.

Smoking continues to be a major risk factor for COPD and may impact the efficacy of COPD treatments, with guidelines supporting the crucial importance for current smokers of smoking cessation. A post-hoc analysis of the FLIGHT1 and FLIGHT2 studies assessed the impact of smoking status on the efficacy and safety of indacaterol/glycopyrrolate (IND/GLY) 27.5/15.6 μg twice daily versus its monocomponents or placebo in patients with COPD.

Short-Term Success Rates of Smoking Cessation Support Programs and Factors Predicting Smoking Relapse: Using Data from a Smoking Cessation Clinic in a Hospital.

Although the number of medical institutions running a smoking cessation clinic is on the rise, there remains a paucity of research on the long- and short-term success rates of smoking cessation programs, as well as on smoking relapse rates, before and after project implementation. This study assessed the general characteristics of patients visiting the smoking cessation clinic, success rate of smoking cessation in the short term, and risks of relapse.

Socioeconomic patterns of smoking cessation behavior in low and middle-income countries: Emerging evidence from the Global Adult Tobacco Surveys and International Tobacco Control Surveys.

Tobacco smoking is often more prevalent among those with lower socio-economic status (SES) in high-income countries, which can be driven by the inequalities in initiation and cessation of smoking. Smoking is a leading contributor to socio-economic disparities in health. To date, the evidence for any socio-economic inequality in smoking cessation is lacking, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study examined the association between cessation behaviours and SES of smokers from eight L...

Feasibility and Acceptability of Mindfulness-Based Group Visits for Smoking Cessation in Low-Socioeconomic Status and Minority Smokers with Cancer.

Smoking cessation studies tailored for low-income and racial/ethnic minority cancer patients are limited. African American and low-socioeconomic status (SES) smokers have higher cancer mortality rates and are less likely to use evidence-based smoking cessation treatments compared with white and higher SES counterparts. Mindfulness training is a promising approach to address racial and SES disparities in smoking cessation. The authors assessed the feasibility and acceptability of a mindfulness-based smoking ...

Systematizing cessation smoking support in care pathway of patients with cancers.

Tobacco use is responsible for around 30% of cancer deaths in France. Over two thirds of smoker patients continue despite the therapeutic management of their cancer, especially when cancer is not associated with tobacco. The impact of smoking on quality of care for patients is actually not enough considered. The French National Cancer Institute has developed tools that highlight the importance of tobacco cessation to improve the quality of patient care and could help them in their practices to apprehend smo...

Outcomes of an Intensive, Pre-Operative Smoking Cessation Program.

The outcomes of an intensive, pre-operative smoking cessation program in patients undergoing lung resection were evaluated. Of 340 patients undergoing resection, 82 were currently smoking. Sixty-one were involved in our smoking cessation program. Forty-five patients in the program (73.7%) were able to quit by surgery. At 6-month and 1-year follow-up, 29 (64.4%) and 22 (48.9%) patients abstained from smoking. An intensive smoking cessation program in the perioperative period demonstrated a high success rate,...

Self-efficacy as a pathway to long-term smoking cessation among low-income parents in the multilevel Kids Safe and Smokefree intervention.

This study investigated the effects of a multi-level smoking intervention on mediators of long-term abstinence in parental smokers, including smoking cessation self-efficacy, smoking urge coping, and perceived support to quit smoking.

A Pilot Study of a Standardized Smoking Cessation Intervention for patients with vascular disease.

The goal of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a smoking cessation intervention performed by a vascular surgery provider compared to current smoking cessation practices.

Increasing access to smoking cessation treatment among Latino smokers using case management.

Perception and Attitudes of Dental Students' Towards Their Role in the Delivery of a Brief Smoking Cessation Intervention.

An assessment of dental students attitudes' and perceptions towards smoking, and their role in smoking cessation, needs to be understood in order to develop an effective training program in smoking cessation counseling. The aim of study was to understand attitudes, perceptions and knowledge of students towards their/this role in smoking cessation, to understand students' self-reported requirements in relation to skills and knowledge prior to training, and to understand students' self-reported learning from ...

A Randomized Controlled Study of Integrated Smoking Cessation in a Lung Cancer Screening Program.

Smoking cessation activities incorporated into lung cancer screening programs have been broadly recommended but studies to date have not demonstrated increased quit rates associated with cessation programs in this setting. We aimed to determine the effectiveness of smoking cessation counseling in smokers presenting for lung cancer screening.

A feasibility study with embedded pilot randomised controlled trial and process evaluation of electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation in patients with periodontitis.

Tobacco smoking is a major risk factor for several oral diseases, including periodontitis, and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are increasingly being used for smoking cessation. This study aimed to assess the viability of delivering and evaluating an e-cigarette intervention for smoking cessation within the dental setting, prior to a definitive study.

Smoking cessation with smartphone applications (SWAPP): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Tobacco smoking remains one of the biggest public health threats. Smartphone apps offer new promising opportunities for supporting smoking cessation in real-time. The social context of smokers has, however, been neglected in smartphone apps promoting smoking cessation. This randomized controlled trial investigates the effectiveness of a smartphone app in which smokers quit smoking with the help of a social network member.

Empowering healthcare providers through smoking cessation training in Malaysia: a preintervention and postintervention evaluation on the improvement of knowledge, attitude and self-efficacy.

Healthcare providers are ideally positioned to advise their patients to quit smoking by providing effective smoking cessation intervention. Thus, we evaluate the effectiveness of a 1-day training programme in changing the knowledge, attitude and self-efficacy of healthcare providers in smoking cessation intervention.

Tobacco dependence and smoking cessation: The mediating role of smoker and ex-smoker self-concepts.

Tobacco dependence is a complex phenomenon in which physical and psychological components go hand in hand, and it is often considered as one of the major barriers to quit smoking. However, we still need to increase our understanding of the processes through which tobacco dependence relates to smoking cessation. This research aimed to investigating whether changes in smoker versus ex-smoker (abstainer) self-concept account for the association between tobacco dependence and successful smoking cessation. We us...

Prevalence and recognition of highly significant medication-smoking cessation interactions in a smoke-free hospital.

Some medications are more rapidly metabolized by smokers; upon smoking cessation, medication metabolism may be significantly reduced, resulting in medication-related adverse events. Clozapine, olanzapine and theophylline have been deemed to have potentially highly significant interactions with smoking cessation, which could lead to seizures, extrapyramidal effects and tachycardia, respectively. This study examined the period prevalence and characteristics of patients at risk of highly significant medication...

Comparing the Efficacy of an Identical, Tailored Smoking Cessation Intervention Delivered by Mobile Text Messaging Versus Email: Randomized Controlled Trial.

There is a need to deliver smoking cessation support at a population level, both in developed and developing countries. Studies on internet-based and mobile phone-based smoking cessation interventions have shown that these methods can be as effective as other methods of support, and they can have a wider reach at a lower cost.

Interventions for smoking cessation in people diagnosed with lung cancer.

Lung cancer is one of the most common causes of death from cancer worldwide. Smoking induces and aggravates many health problems, including vascular diseases, respiratory illnesses and cancers. Tobacco smoking constitutes the most important risk factor for lung cancer. Most people with lung cancer are still active smokers at diagnosis or frequently relapse after smoking cessation. Quitting smoking is the most effective way for smokers to reduce the risk of premature death and disability. People with lung ca...

Predictors of Long-Term Abstinence Rate by Income Level in the Korean Smoking Cessation Programme.

To assess whether predictors of success in stopping smoking vary as a function of income level in Korean smoking cessation services.

Which hospitalized smokers receive a prescription for quit-smoking medication at discharge? A secondary analysis of a smoking cessation randomized clinical trial.

To determine the prevalence and predictors of receiving a smoking cessation medication prescription at discharge.

Darker skin color is associated with a lower likelihood of smoking cessation among males but not females.

Darker skin color is associated with discrimination and unfair treatment and may contribute to persisting health disparities. This study examined whether darker skin color was associated with smoking cessation and whether this association was moderated by sex and race. This study also explored whether biological and psychosocial factors, including nicotine and cotinine concentrations, discrimination, distrust, and neuroticism, mediated this association. The data for this study came from a prospective smokin...

Does Smoking Abstinence Predict Cancer Patients' Quality of Life Over Time?

Smoking cessation improves quality of life (QOL) in the general population. However, there is limited information on the role of smoking status on QOL among cancer patients. Moreover, previous studies tended to analyze smoking status dichotomously and at a single point in time, potentially reducing the strength of the relation between smoking cessation and QOL. This study examined the association of smoking abstinence and QOL over time, including depression, pain, and fatigue in patients with a wide variety...

Mental health disorders and alcohol use are associated with increased likelihood of smoking relapse among people living with HIV attending routine clinical care.

People living with HIV (PLWH) have a high level of interest in quitting smoking, but only a small proportion have sustainable abstinence 6 months after cessation. Few investigations have focused on relapse to smoking among PLWH. In this investigation, we evaluated the prevalence of relapse after smoking cessation and the characteristics associated with smoking relapse using a retrospective, longitudinal cohort of PLWH during an eight-year observation.

Weight gain after smoking cessation and lifestyle strategies to reduce it.

Weight gain following smoking cessation reduces the incentive to quit, especially among women. Exercise and diet interventions may reduce post-cessation weight gain, but their long-term effect has not been estimated in randomized trials.

Smoking in men and women with type 2 diabetes: A qualitative gender-sensitive exploration of barriers to smoking cessation among people with type 2 diabetes.

Despite growing evidence of the impact of smoking on diabetes complications, people with type 2 diabetes still smoke at high rates and little is known about the specific barriers to quit smoking in this group. The purpose of this article is to explore the perception of smoking, and motivation and barriers to quit among smokers with type 2 diabetes. This exploratory study will help designing a smoking cessation intervention tailored to the needs of people with type 2 diabetes. We hypothesize both that living...

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