PubMed Journals Articles About "Early Diagnosis Of Neonatal Sepsis" RSS

12:21 EST 22nd January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Early Diagnosis Neonatal Sepsis" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 18,000+

Pentraxin 3 as a novel diagnostic marker in neonatal sepsis.

Neonatal sepsis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality especially in developing countries. As clinical manifestations of neonatal sepsis are nonspecific, early diagnosis and treatment remain a challenge. Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is an acute-phase protein secreted by various cells in response to the proinflammatory signals. Our aim was to investigate the diagnostic value of PTX3 in neonatal sepsis.

Implementation of the Neonatal Sepsis Calculator in Early-Onset Sepsis and Maternal Chorioamnionitis.

Utilization of the neonatal sepsis calculator published by Kaiser Permanente is rapidly increasing. This freely available online tool can be used in assessment of early-onset sepsis (EOS) in newborns 34 weeks' gestation or more based on maternal risk factors and neonatal examination. However, many hospitals lack standard guidelines for its use, leading to provider discomfort with practice change.

The challenges of neonatal sepsis management.

To present current evidence on the etiology, risk factors, diagnosis, and management of early and late neonatal sepsis.

The association of the cerebral oxygenation during neonatal sepsis with the Bayley-III Scale of Infant and Toddler Development index scores at 18-24 months of age.

Neonatal sepsis has been associated with poor neurodevelopmental outcome, however the evidence regarding the exact mechanism of the inflammation to the developing neonatal brain are inconclusive.

Early initiation of breastfeeding and severe illness in the early newborn period: An observational study in rural Bangladesh.

In Bangladesh, neonatal sepsis is the cause of 24% of neonatal deaths, over 65% of which occur in the early-newborn stage (0-6 days). Only 50% of newborns in Bangladesh initiated breastfeeding within 1 hour of birth. The mechanism by which early initiation of breastfeeding reduces neonatal deaths is unclear, although the most likely pathway is by decreasing severe illnesses leading to sepsis. This study explores the effect of breastfeeding initiation time on early newborn danger signs and severe illness.

The role of the season at admission in neonatal sepsis: a retrospective chart review of a 1-year data at University of Gondar comprehensive specialized hospital.

Neonatal sepsis is a global public health concern in general and causes a massive burden in developing countries particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Though it is mostly preventable, neonatal sepsis remained the leading cause of mortality in developing countries. This study was conducted to determine the current proportion and identify factors associated with neonatal sepsis to suggest directions.

Predictors of Early Onset Neonatal Sepsis among Neonates in Dodoma, Tanzania: A Case Control Study.

To assess the predictors of early onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) among neonates in Dodoma Tanzania.

Procalcitonin as a biomarker of critically ill patients with sepsis: Effects of vitamin D supplementation.

Early diagnosis of sepsis is often difficult in clinical practice, whilst it can be vital for positive patient outcomes in sepsis management. Any delay in diagnosis and treatment may lead to significant organ failure and can be associated with elevated mortality rates. Early diagnosis and effective management of sepsis not only allows for prompt antibiotic therapy and a potential reduction in mortality, it can also minimize the unnecessary use of antibiotics. Furthermore, vitamin D supplementation, which is...

The relationship among the progression of inflammation in umbilical cord, fetal inflammatory response, early-onset neonatal sepsis, and chorioamnionitis.

No information exists about whether fetal inflammatory-response(FIR), early-onset neonatal sepsis(EONS) and chorioamnionitis(an advanced-stage of maternal inflammatory-response in extraplacental membranes) continuously increase according to the progression of inflammation in umbilical-cord(UC). The objective of current-study is to examine this-issue.

Implementation of a clinical guideline to decrease laboratory tests in newborns evaluated for early onset sepsis.

Creation of a clinical guideline to reduce the number of complete blood counts (CBCs) obtained on healthy term infants for early onset sepsis (EOS) evaluation secondary to maternal chorioamnionitis.

Sepsis due to Lactobacillus reuteri in an extreme preterm newborn: case report.

The use of probiotics in the neonatal population has contributed to a decrease in morbidity and mortality in this population through the reduction in the incidence of entities such as necrotizing enterocolitis, infections associated with health care and neonatal sepsis. Despite the multiple beneficial effects described due to the use of probiotics, this type of medication should be administered with caution in high-risk patients because reports of cases of neonatal sepsis by Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Sacchar...

Indole-3-guanylhydrazone hydrochloride mitigates long-term cognitive impairment in a neonatal sepsis model with involvement of MAPK and NFκB pathways.

Neonatal sepsis is defined as a systemic inflammatory response caused by a suspected or proven infection, occurring in the first month of life, and remains one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in newborn and preterm infants. Frequently, survivors of neonatal sepsis have serious long-term cognitive impairment and adverse neurologic outcomes. There is currently no specific drug treatment for sepsis. Indole-3-guanylhydrazone hydrochloride (LQM01) is an aminoguanidine derivative that has been descr...

Neonatal Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis.

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is extremely rare in the neonatal period. The incidence of neonatal HLH is not confirmed and may range from 1 in 50,000 to 150,000. The incidence varies based on ethnicity, particularly in populations in which consanguinity is common. HLH is associated with a high fatality rate and poor prognosis, making it important to recognize and diagnose it early. This review will concentrate primarily on the diagnosis and management of neonatal HLH.

Study of MicroRNA-122 as a Diagnostic Biomarker of Sepsis.

Sepsis in intensive care units (ICUs) represent a threat with need for rapid and accurate diagnosis. We aimed to assess miR-122 as an early biomarker for diagnosis and outcome prediction in patients with hospital acquired sepsis in ICU. This case control study included 25 adults' patients with sepsis and 25 patients with local wound infections as a control group. C-reactive protein (CRP), total leucocytes count (TLC), liver function, and molecular determination of miR-122 levels were assessed. miR-122 had s...

Recombinant CC16 regulates inflammation, oxidative stress, apoptosis and autophagy via the inhibition of the p38MAPK signaling pathway in the brain of neonatal rats with sepsis.

Sepsis has a high in clinic neonatal mortality. Moreover, a considerable number of children's brains remain affected even after the treatment of sepsis and it often leaves sequelae. Therefore, early intervention for sepsis is of considerable significance. Recent studies have shown that Club cell protein (CC16) is closely related to the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway, which can regulate inflammation, oxidative stress, apoptosis, and autophagy during sepsis. Thus, we analyzed th...

Clinical significance of antibacterial peptide LL-37 in early diagnosis of patients with sepsis in emergency department.

To discuss the clinical significance of antibacterial peptide LL-37 in the early diagnosis of patients with sepsis in emergency department.

Early Prediction of Sepsis From Clinical Data: The PhysioNet/Computing in Cardiology Challenge 2019.

Sepsis is a major public health concern with significant morbidity, mortality, and healthcare expenses. Early detection and antibiotic treatment of sepsis improve outcomes. However, although professional critical care societies have proposed new clinical criteria that aid sepsis recognition, the fundamental need for early detection and treatment remains unmet. In response, researchers have proposed algorithms for early sepsis detection, but directly comparing such methods has not been possible because of di...

Neonatal Sepsis: Treatment of Neonatal Sepsis in Multidrug-Resistant (MDR) Infections: Part 2.

Sepsis is one of the major causes of neonatal deaths in India and worldwide. Pathogens encountered in neonatal sepsis vary worldwide; reports from developing countries more commonly show Gram negative organisms, most common being Acinetobacter spp., Klebsiella spp. and Escherichia coli. Recent studies show that the incidence of antimicrobial resistance, to third generation cephalosporins and carbapenems, has been on a rise. Because of widespread antimicrobial resistance, 'Higher' or 'Reserve' antibiotics ar...

Risk Factors, Etiologies, and Screening Tools for Sepsis in Pregnant Women: A Multicenter Case-Control Study.

Given the significant morbidity and mortality of maternal sepsis, early identification is key to improve outcomes. This study aims to evaluate the performance characteristics of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), quick Sequential [Sepsis-related] Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA), and maternal early warning (MEW) criteria for identifying cases of impending sepsis in parturients. The secondary objective of this study is to identify etiologies and risk factors for maternal sepsis and to assess...

Biomarkers of neonatal stress assessment: A prospective study.

Early diagnosis of perinatal asphyxia, the major cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity, might be improved by the detection of neonatal stress biomarkers such as cardiac troponin (CTn)T, CTnI, NT-Terminal-pro-Brain Natriuretic Peptide (NT-pro-BNP), copeptin, and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP). However, reference values in neonates are lacking. The objective of our study was therefore to establish a reference range of these biomarkers in healthy full term newborns and to analyze the influenc...

Predictive analytics in the pediatric intensive care unit for early identification of sepsis: capturing the context of age.

Early recognition of patients at risk for sepsis is paramount to improve clinical outcomes. We hypothesized that subtle signatures of illness are present in physiological and biochemical time series of pediatric-intensive care unit (PICU) patients in the early stages of sepsis.

Nonviral infection-related lymphocytopenia for the prediction of adult sepsis and its persistence indicates a higher mortality.

Sepsis is a life-threatening disease that affects 30 million people worldwide each year. Despite the rapid advances in medical technology and organ support systems, it is still difficult to reduce the mortality rate. Early and rapid diagnosis is crucial to improve the treatment outcome. The aim of this study was to investigate the prediction efficiency of lymphopenia and other clinical markers, such as white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil count (N#), procalcitonin (PCT), and arterial lactic acid (Lac) in the ...

Early recognition of pediatric sepsis simulation checklist - An exploratory study.

To report on the modification and exploration of a 21-item Early Detection of Pediatric Sepsis Assessment Checklist aimed at improving nursing students' recognition of key factors that contribute to early detection of sepsis in pediatric patients through clinical simulation.

Sepsis in Older Adults in Long-Term Care Facilities: Challenges in Diagnosis and Management.

Despite the current understanding of the pathophysiology of sepsis and advances in its treatment, the rate of sepsis is increasing globally. Sepsis is a common cause of hospitalization in older adults, and infections are among the most common diagnoses among residents transferred to the hospital from long-term care facilities (LTCFs). LTCFs and hospitals are facing financial and regulatory requirements to reduce potentially preventable emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and hospital readmissions...

Early neonatal outcomes of very-low-birth-weight infants in Turkey: A prospective multicenter study of the Turkish Neonatal Society.

To investigate the early neonatal outcomes of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants discharged home from neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in Turkey.

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