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PubMed Journals Articles About "Early Exclusive Enteral Nutrition In Early Preterm Infants" RSS

05:05 EST 16th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Early Exclusive Enteral Nutrition Early Preterm Infants" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 13,000+

Sex-specific relationships between early nutrition and neurodevelopment in preterm infants.

Although early nutrition is associated with neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years' corrected age in children born very preterm, it is not clear if these associations are different in girls and boys.


Effect of early enteral nutrition in elderly patients with hip fracture during the perioperative period.

This study aimed to assess the effects of early enteral nutrition (EN) in elderly patients with hip fracture.

Early Enteral Nutrition Is Associated With Improved Clinical Outcomes in Critically Ill Children: A Secondary Analysis of Nutrition Support in the Heart and Lung Failure-Pediatric Insulin Titration Trial.

The impact of early enteral nutrition on clinical outcomes in critically ill children has not been adequately described. We hypothesized that early enteral nutrition is associated with improved clinical outcomes in critically ill children.


Early enteral nutrition in patients with severe traumatic brain injury: a propensity score-matched analysis using a nationwide inpatient database in Japan.

Whether enteral nutrition (EN) should be administered early in severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients has not been fully addressed.

Diagnosis of Bilirubin Encephalopathy in Preterm Infants with Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy.

Very preterm infants are susceptible to bilirubin neurotoxicity, the signs of which are unclear during early infancy. We investigated children born preterm and later diagnosed with bilirubin encephalopathy (BE) to gain insights into accurate early diagnosis.

Effect of Patent Ductus Arteriosus on Splanchnic Oxygenation at Enteral Feeding Introduction in Very Preterm Infants.

Due to its possible effect on mesenteric blood flow, the presence of a hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is often of concern for the introduction of enteral feeds in preterm neonates. Near-infrared spectroscopy allows a continuous monitoring of splanchnic oxygenation (SrSO2) and might provide useful hemodynamic information.This observational study evaluated SrSO2 patterns in response to first feed administration in fifty preterm infants

Early preterm infants with abnormal psychomotor neurodevelopmental outcome at age two show alterations in amplitude-integrated electroencephalography signals.

Recent studies showed that neurodevelopment in preterm infants can be predicted by using amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG)-derived parameters. In our previous study we demonstrated that aEEG could be useful in predicting neurodevelopmental outcome in very preterm infants at the corrected age of 2 years.

Early caloric deprivation in preterm infants affects Bayley-III scales performance at 18-24 months of corrected age.

Adequate nutrition is essential for optimal neurodevelopment to preterm infants. Our aim was to evaluate the impact of caloric deprivation on Bayley-III scales performance at 18-24 months of corrected age, in a cohort of preterm infants.

Autonomic signatures of late preterm, early term, and full term neonates during early postnatal life.

Late preterm and early term births account for ~25% of live births. Infants born prior to term are at significantly higher risk for subsequent morbidity and mortality.

Iron supplementation in preterm and low birth weight infants: a systematic review of intervention studies.

Enteral iron supplementation in preterm infants is recommended to supply sufficient iron for growth and development without increasing the risk of iron overload. However, the current recommendations date from 2010 and are based on limited evidence.

Cognitive outcome of early school-aged children born very preterm is not predicted by early short-term amplitude-integrated electroencephalography.

We investigated the association between early amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) and cognitive outcome in very preterm infants at early school-age.

Changes of plasma acetylcholine and inflammatory markers in critically ill patients during early enteral nutrition: A prospective observational study.

Acetylcholine (Ach) is the key anti-inflammatory transmitter in the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway. In this study, critically ill patients treated with early enteral nutrition (EEN) were observed to explore whether EEN affected Ach levels and inflammation.

Routine monitoring of gastric residual for prevention of necrotising enterocolitis in preterm infants.

Routine monitoring of gastric residual in preterm infants on gavage feeds is a common practice that is used to guide initiation and advancement of feeds. Some literature suggests that an increase in/or an altered gastric residual may be predictive of necrotising enterocolitis. Withholding monitoring of gastric residual may take away the early indicator and thus may increase the risk of necrotising enterocolitis. However, routine monitoring of gastric residual as a guide, in the absence of uniform standards,...

Depressive symptoms and maternal psychological distress during early infancy: A pilot study in preterm as compared with term mother-infant dyads.

Preterm birth does not only affect infants but also represents an unexpected and traumatic event for parents. There are few reports on parenting stress during early infancy comparing preterm and term mothers, with the results being somewhat inconsistent.

Early Enteral Nutrition in Patients Undergoing Sustained Neuromuscular Blockade: A Propensity-Matched Analysis Using a Nationwide Inpatient Database.

Whether enteral nutrition should be postponed in patients undergoing sustained treatment with neuromuscular blocking agents remains unclear. We evaluated the association between enteral nutrition initiated within 2 days of sustained neuromuscular blocking agent treatment and in-hospital mortality.

Nipple shield use in preterm infants: Prevalence, motives for use and association with exclusive breastfeeding-Results from a national cohort study.

Prevalence and motives for nipple shield use are not well studied in preterm infants and recommendations of nipple shield use in preterm infants are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of nipple shield use, explore the motives for nipple shield use and elucidate the association with exclusive breastfeeding in preterm infants.

THE IMPACT OF NEONATAL UNIT POLICIES ON BREAST MILK FEEDING AT DISCHARGE OF MODERATE PRETERM INFANTS: THE EPIPAGE-2 COHORT STUDY.

Facilitating factors and barriers to breast milk feeding (BMF) for preterm infants have been mainly studied in very preterm populations, but little is known about moderate preterm infants. We aimed to analyze hospital unit characteristics and BMF policies associated with BMF at discharge for infants born at 32 to 34 weeks' gestation (WG). EPIPAGE-2, a French national cohort of preterm births, included 883 infants born at 32 to 34 WG. We investigated kangaroo care (KC) in the first 24 hr, early involvement o...

Formula versus donor breast milk for feeding preterm or low birth weight infants.

When sufficient maternal breast milk is not available, alternative forms of enteral nutrition for preterm or low birth weight (LBW) infants are donor breast milk or artificial formula. Donor breast milk may retain some of the non-nutritive benefits of maternal breast milk for preterm or LBW infants. However, feeding with artificial formula may ensure more consistent delivery of greater amounts of nutrients. Uncertainty exists about the balance of risks and benefits of feeding formula versus donor breast mil...

Exposure to the smell and taste of milk to accelerate feeding in preterm infants.

Preterm infants are often unable to co-ordinate sucking, swallowing and breathing for oral feeding because of their immaturity; in such cases, initial nutrition is provided by orogastric or nasogastric tube feeding. Feed intolerance is common and can delay attainment of full enteral feeds and sucking feeds, which prolongs the need for intravenous nutrition and hospital stay. Smell and taste play an important role in the activation of physiological pre-absorptive processes that contribute to food digestion a...

Alterations in the Gut Microbiome at 6 Months of Age in Obese Latino Infants.

To investigate gut microbial composition in Latino infants in relation to breastfeeding, obesity, and antibiotic exposure. We analyzed the gut microbiome in 6-month-old Latino infants from an ongoing urban mother-child cohort. Alpha and beta diversity were assessed in relation to infants' early dietary exposure and anthropometrics including obesity. Infants exclusively breastfed at 4 to 6 weeks had lower alpha diversity and less bacterial abundance compared with those who did not. Breastfeeding status a...

The role of the family in early intervention of preterm infants with abnormal general movements.

To determine the effect of family-based intervention on motor function in preterm infants.

Early fortification of enteral feedings for infants <1250 grams birth weight receiving a human milk diet including human milk based fortifier.

An exclusive human milk diet (EHM) including fortification with a human milk-based fortifier has been shown to decrease the occurrence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) but growth velocity may be less for infants receiving EHM compared to a bovine diet.

Breastfeeding progression in late preterm infants from birth to one month.

This study aimed to describe and compare breastfeeding progression, infants' feeding behaviours, maternal feeding difficulties, and mothers' usage of breastfeeding interventions for singleton late preterm (LPT) and term infants. A further aim was to identify associated factors for exclusive breastfeeding at breast at 1 month in LPT infants. This was a cohort study where mothers of LPT infants from a neonatal unit (n = 60), LPT infants from a maternity unit (n = 62), and term infants from a maternity unit (n...

French neonatal society position paper stresses the importance of an early family centred approach to discharging preterm infants from hospital.

The families of hospitalised preterm infants risk depression and post-traumatic stress and the preterm infants risk re-hospitalisation. The French neonatal society's aim was to review the literature on how the transition from hospital to home could limits these risks and to produce a position paper.

A nomogram for predicting the response to exclusive enteral nutrition in adult patients with isolated colonic Crohn's disease.

Isolated colonic Crohn's disease (cCD) responds less well to induction therapy with exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) compared with ileal or ileocolonic disease in adult patients; therefore, we aimed to identify the factors that influence the response to EEN and develop a predictive nomogram model to optimize the use of EEN in cCD patients.


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