PubMed Journals Articles About "Early Life Stress Depression Associated With Sleep Disturbances" RSS

20:57 EST 11th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Early life stress depression associated with sleep disturbances" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 27,000+

Developmental pathways towards mood disorders in adult life: Is there a role for sleep disturbances?

Mood disorders are among the most prevalent and serious mental disorders and rank high among to the leading global burdens of disease. The developmental psychopathology framework can offer a life course perspective on them thus providing a basis for early prevention and intervention. Sleep disturbances, are considered risk factors for mood disorders across childhood, adolescence and adulthood. Assuming that sleep disturbances may play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of mood disorders from a life course p...

The effects of Melissa officinalis supplementation on depression, anxiety, stress, and sleep disorder in patients with chronic stable angina.

Despite advances in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases in recent decades, patients experience high levels of depression, anxiety, stress, and insomnia. Since the calming effect of Melissa officinalis (MO) has been known, this study aimed to determine the effects of MO supplementation on depression, anxiety, stress, and sleep disturbances in patients with chronic stable angina (CSA).

Poor sleep quality and late-life depression among the elderly in urban communities in liaoning, China: A moderated mediation analysis.

This study aims to investigate a moderated mediation model in the relationship between poor sleep quality, depressive symptoms, perceived stress, sense of coherence. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from May to July 2015 in Liaoning Province, China. 1050 community residents aged ≥60 years were ultimately chosen to participate. The Chinese version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (CPSQI), the Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale(CES-D),the Chinese version Perceived Stress Scale(CPSS), and th...

Sleep disturbances and later cognitive status: a multi-centre study.

To investigate the associations between sleep disturbances in mid-life and late-life and late-life cognitive status.

Bereavement, self-reported sleep disturbances and inflammation: Results from Project HEART.

Spousal bereavement is linked to increased mortality and morbidity from inflammatory conditions. It also has a significant impact on sleep disturbances. Evidence from experimental studies indicates that chronic stress may prime individuals to have an exaggerated inflammatory response to acute stress. In this study, we examined the association between self-reported sleep disturbances and inflammation after adjusting for depressive symptoms, and determined whether this association varies by bereavement status...

Sleep disturbance and pain: a tale of two common problems.

Chronic pain has been associated with sleep disturbances in a bidirectional manner, with pain disrupting sleep, and sleep deprivation or disturbance increasing pain. This conventional view began to be reassessed with data from longitudinal and micro-longitudinal studies investigating the causal relationship. In this review, we examine the current thinking on the temporal associations between sleep and pain, focusing on studies that considered whether sleep disturbances could predispose individuals to pain c...

The effect of sleep disturbances and internet addiction on suicidal ideation among adolescents in the presence of depressive symptoms.

Maladaptive use of internet and sleep problems is a significant health concern among adolescents. We aimed to understand better how sleep problems are related to suicidal ideation taking into account the presence of depression and internet addiction. 631 adolescents aged between 12 and 18 randomly recruited from different middle and high schools to complete self-report questionnaires assessing sleep disturbances, addictive use of the internet, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation. 22.9% of the sample ...

Sleep disturbances, functioning, and quality of life in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder.

There is scarce knowledge about the impact of sleep disturbances on functioning and quality of life (QoL). This study aims to investigate the links between sleep satisfaction and duration, and functioning and QoL in euthymic BD patients. We made a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional, naturalistic, multicenter study.

Early nighttime parental interventions and infant sleep regulation across the first year.

Sleep quality in early life has implications for individual and family well-being [19]. Parenting in the early months may be highly influential on infant sleep patterns and trajectories.

Sleep apnea may be associated with suicidal ideation in adolescents.

Suicide is a major threat to adolescent health. Sleep problems increase the risk of adolescent suicidal behavior, but the role of sleep-disordered breathing (e.g., sleep apnea) is unclear. We investigated whether sleep apnea had an effect on suicidal ideation that was independent of depression and perceived stress. We examined a series of sleep variables with suicidal ideation in 746 fifth and seventh graders using self-reported questionnaires to assess time in bed, sleep quality, insomnia, and sleep apnea ...

Association between a guided meditation practice, sleep and psychological well-being in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.

Background Type 2 diabetes mellitus [T2DM] is one of the leading causes for mortality. This study examined the role of an self-awareness based guided meditation practice, Cyclic Meditation [CM] on perceived stress, anxiety, depression, sleep and quality of life in T2DM patients. Design A single arm pre-post design was used for the study. Setting The study was conducted in an auditorium for general public diagnosed with T2DM in Ernakulam, Kerala, India. Subjects Subjects were 30 T2DM patients, both male and ...

Inflammation in older subjects with early- and late-onset depression in the NESDO study: a cross-sectional and longitudinal case-only design.

Different biological mechanisms may underlie depression beginning in early life (early-onset) and depression beginning later in life (late-onset). Although the relation between inflammation and depression has been studied extensively, the distinct role of inflammation in early and late-onset depression in older patients has not been addressed before. In the cross-sectional part of this study, we explored differences in levels of circulating inflammatory markers and cytokine levels in lipopolysaccharide (LPS...

Sleep it off: Bullying and sleep disturbances in adolescents.

Involvement in bullying is associated with negative health outcomes for adolescents. Recent studies suggest that bullying is related to sleep disturbances. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in sleep disturbances (bedtime fears, insomnia, parasomnias) between victims, bullies, and youth not involved in bullying, as well as to explore differences across various types of bullying behavior (verbal, physical, social, cyber).

Depression-like behaviors induced by chronic corticosterone exposure via drinking water: time-course analysis.

Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity is commonly dysregulated in stress-related psychiatric disorders. The corticosterone rat model was developed to understand the influence of stress on depression-like symptomatology. To further understand the effects of corticosterone on the development of depression-like behavior, rats were continuously exposed to corticosterone (200 μg/ml) or vehicle via drinking water daily for 21 days. The rats underwent a series of behavioral tests, and electroenceph...

Sleep habits in infants: the role of maternal education.

Sleep disturbances are frequent in infants. Early development of sleep routines has a positive effect on sleep quality. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of maternal education on the development of infants' sleep habits (SHs).

Prenatal and early life origins of adolescence sleep problems: evidence from a birth cohort.

Purpose This study aims to identify the prenatal and early life predictors of adolescence sleep problems. Methods Sleep data (n = 5081) from the 14-year (13.92 ± 0.34 years) follow-up of a birth cohort were analyzed to explore the predictors of adolescence trouble sleeping, nightmares, snoring and sleep talking/walking. Data from the antenatal period till adolescence were explored for identifying predictors of adolescence sleep problems. Modified Poisson regression with a robust error variance was used to ...

Association of serum BDNF levels and the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism with the sleep pattern in healthy young adults.

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is widely expressed in the brain and plays an important role in neuronal maintenance, plasticity, and neurogenesis. Prior studies have found that decreased serum BDNF levels are associated with perceived stress, depression, or sleep disturbances in humans.

Traumatic stress and cellular senescence: The role of war-captivity and homecoming stressors in later life telomere length.

Telomere length (TL) serves as a biomarker of cellular senescence and is a robust predictor of mortality. The association between traumatic stress and TL erosion is rapidly realized, as are the complexities of this relation that include links to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and psychosocial factors. Nevertheless, the relation between specific stressors in early adulthood and TL in later life, specifically among populations that have undergone extreme stress in early adulthood are largel...

Poor night's sleep predicts following day's salivary alpha-amylase under high but not low stress.

Although sleep is linked to physiological stress systems like the autonomic nervous system (ANS), research is still limited regarding night-and-day interactions between nocturnal sleep characteristics, stress, and diurnal parameters of salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) as a surrogate marker of ANS activity. Fifty healthy university students rated their chronic stress burden and completed two five-day periods of ecological momentary assessment - under everyday conditions of both low stress (beginning of semester)...

Sleep and diabetes.

Abnormal sleep duration, including short and long sleep, and sleep disorders, in particular obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), have evolved as major public health concerns attributed to their high prevalence and significant links with mortality and comorbid conditions. There is compelling evidence of an independent association of such sleep disturbances with the development, control, and progression of disorders affecting glucose metabolism such as type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, little is known of the underlyi...

Early life adversity blunts responses to pioglitazone in depressed, overweight adults.

Early life adversity is associated with both metabolic impairment and depression in adulthood, as well as with poorer responses to antidepressant medications. It is not yet known whether individual differences in sensitivity to antidiabetic medications could also be related to early life adversity. We examined whether a history of early life adversity affected the observed changes in metabolic function and depressive symptoms in a randomized trial of pioglitazone for augmentation of standard treatments for ...

Use of a depression and sleep impairment treatment guideline to improve quality of life for patients with sickle cell disease.

Pain in sickle cell disease (SCD) is often joined by other affective disorders such as depression and/or sleep impairment that can impact pain levels and quality of life (QoL).

Sleep quality components and mental health: Study with a non-clinical population.

The deconstruction of sleep quality into its particular components may help to specify how each one of them influences mental health. Thus, to detail the understanding of the relationship between sleep quality and mental health, our study aims to assess the relationship between each component of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and depression, anxiety and stress. Also, we intend to analyse the moderating effects of gender, age and country on these relationships. The instruments PSQI and Depression ...

Methylation of MORC1: A possible biomarker for depression?

New findings identified the MORC1 gene as a link between early life stress and major depression. In this study, MORC1 methylation was investigated in 60 healthy human adults (30 women, 30 men) between 19 and 33 years of age. For analysis, DNA was isolated from buccal cells. The results show that DNA methylation in the MORC1 promoter region significantly correlates with the Beck Depression Inventory score in the examined non-clinical population. Sum score of birth complications, however, seems to correlate n...

Resilience, sleep quality and morningness as mediators of vulnerability to depression in medical students with sleep pattern alterations.

The medical career is considered highly stressful, especially during internships when academic and clinical demands, combined with changes in sleep patterns, increase students' likelihood to develop depression. Resilience, which is considered as opposite vulnerability to stress and, along with another protective factor, namely morningness, may cause a student to be less reactive to stimuli and, therefore, less prone to depression. The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of resilience and mornin...

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