PubMed Journals Articles About "Effect Of Alphagan On Retinal Blood Flow Autoregulation And Motion Detection In Patients With Normal Pressure Glaucoma" RSS

21:57 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Effect Of Alphagan On Retinal Blood Flow Autoregulation And Motion Detection In Patients With Normal Pressure Glaucoma PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Effect Of Alphagan On Retinal Blood Flow Autoregulation And Motion Detection In Patients With Normal Pressure Glaucoma articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Effect Alphagan Retinal Blood Flow Autoregulation Motion Detection" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 38,000+

Neonatal cerebrovascular autoregulation.

Cerebrovascular pressure autoregulation is the physiologic mechanism that holds cerebral blood flow (CBF) relatively constant across changes in cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP). Cerebral vasoreactivity refers to the vasoconstriction and vasodilation that occur during fluctuations in arterial blood pressure (ABP) to maintain autoregulation. These are vital protective mechanisms of the brain. Impairments in pressure autoregulation increase the risk of brain injury and persistent neurologic disability. Autore...

Optic nerve head blood flow regulation during changes in arterial blood pressure in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma.

Abnormal autoregulation of optic nerve head blood flow (ONHBF) has been postulated to play an important role in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). We used laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) to estimate quantitatively the ONHBF and compared ONHBF autoregulation between glaucoma patients and healthy controls during isometric exercise.

Changes in Retinal Vascular Caliber after Intravitreal Aflibercept Treatment for Diabetic Macular Oedema.

Diabetic retinopathy is characterised by impaired retinal vascular autoregulation with signs of early retinal hyperperfusion and subsequent capillary drop out and peripheral ischemia. Initial retinal vascular dilation indicates disease progression and subsequent constriction signals a proliferative state. In this pilot study, we examined the effect of intravitreal aflibercept on retinal vessel diameter in patients with diabetic macular oedema.

Blood Flow in Monocular Retinoblastoma Assessed by Color Doppler and Correlations With High-Risk Pathologic Features.

To use color Doppler to analyze blood flow in the retrobulbar central retinal artery (CRA) and central retinal vein (CRV) in monocular retinoblastoma.

Color Doppler Flow Imaging of Retrobulbar Ocular Blood Flow Changes in Retinal Artery Occlusions Caused by Cosmetic Facial Filler Injections.

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of retinal artery occlusions caused by cosmetic facial filler injections on the retrobulbar blood flow parameters.

A preference for visual speed during smooth pursuit eye movement.

Does the preference for visual speed extend to motion perception when the eye moves? Current evidence from psychophysics and neuroscience is limited to small patches of image motion and stationary fixation. Active observers, however, are more likely to use large patches of retinal flow and extraretinal signals accompanying eye movement to judge motion. We therefore investigated whether speed remains a primary dimension during smooth pursuit using a "discrimination-contour" technique. Our results showed that...

Directional sensitivity of dynamic cerebral autoregulation in squat-stand maneuvers.

Dynamic cerebral autoregulation (CA), the transient response of cerebral blood flow (CBF) to rapid changes in arterial blood pressure (BP), is usually modelled as a linear mechanism. We tested the hypothesis that dynamic CA can display non-linear behavior resulting from differential efficiency dependent on the direction of BP changes. CBF velocity (CBV, transcranial Doppler), heart rate (HR, 3-lead ECG), continuous BP (Finometer) and end-tidal CO (capnograph) were measured in 10 healthy young subjects durin...

Pattern visual evoked potentials and their relation to the peripapillary and retrobulbar blood flow in glaucoma.

To examine the relationship between the development of bioelectric response of retinal cell elements to pattern stimulus and the ocular blood flow.

High salt diet impairs cerebral blood flow regulation via salt-induced angiotensin ii suppression.

This study sought to determine whether salt-induced angiotensin II suppression contributes to impaired cerebral blood flow (CBF) autoregulation.

Retinal blood flow reduction after panretinal photocoagulation in Type 2 diabetes mellitus: Doppler optical coherence tomography flowmeter pilot study.

To use a Doppler optical coherence tomography (DOCT) flowmeter to investigate segmental retinal blood flow (RBF) and sum of the segmental RBFs (SRBF) changes after panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) was used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus with severe diabetic retinopathy (DR). Data from five patients with proliferative DR (PDR) (mean age 51.9 ± 10.5 years) was analyzed. The vessel diameter (D), average velocity (V), and retinal blood flow (RBF) in veins were measured using a DOCT flowmeter before and fou...

Laser speckle contrast imaging of blood flow in the deep brain using microendoscopy.

Poor blood flow circulation can occur in the subcortical regions of the brain in many brain diseases. However, the limitations of light penetration imaging techniques hinder the detection of blood flow in deep brain tissues in vivo. Hence, in this Letter, we present a gradient index lens-based laser speckle contrast imaging system for time-lapse blood flow detection in subcortical regions of the brain. We monitored the hemodynamic changes in the thalamus of mouse models of acute hypoxia and transient middle...

Effect of increased inspiratory muscle work on blood flow to inactive and active limbs during submaximal dynamic exercise.

What is the central question of this study? Increased respiratory muscle activation is associated with neural and cardiovascular consequences via the respiratory muscle metaboreflex. Does increased sympathetic vasoconstriction originating from the respiratory musculature elicit a reduction in blood flow to an inactive limb in order to maintain blood flow to an active limb? What is the main finding and its importance? Arm blood flow was reduced while leg blood flow was preserved during mild leg exercise with...

Application of optical flow algorithms to laser speckle imaging.

Since of its introduction in 1980s, laser speckle imaging has become a powerful tool in flow imaging. Its high performance and low cost made it one of the preferable imaging methods. Initially, speckle contrast measurements were the main algorithm for analyzing laser speckle images in biological flows. Speckle contrast measurements, also referred as Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging (LSCI), use statistical properties of speckle patterns to create mapped image of the blood vessels. In this communication, a new ...

Ocular Blood Volume Index Based on Scattering Properties of Retinal Vessels Using Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography.

Introduction The evaluation of retinal vessels and the retinal blood flow is important for ocular diseases. We introduce a spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) based method for facilitating a retinal blood vessel analysis using the scattering properties of retinal vessels. The intensity of the distal shadow of vessels caused by the scattered signal is measured, correlated with the pulsatile ocular blood flow (POBF), and its repeatability is analysed. Methods 20 eyes of 20 healthy, young par...

4D-Flow MRI: Technique and Applications.

 Blood flow through the cavities of the heart and great vessels is pulsatile and is subject to time and multidirectional variations. To date, the recording of blood flow in multiple directions and phases has been limited. 4D-flow MRI offers advantages for the recording, visualization and analysis of blood flow.

Defective Choroidal Blood Flow Baroregulation and Retinal Dysfunction and Pathology Following Sympathetic Denervation of Choroid.

We sought to determine if sympathetic denervation of choroid impairs choroidal blood flow (ChBF) regulation and harms retina.

Fast and robust standard-deviation-based method for bulk motion compensation in phase-based functional OCT.

Phase-based optical coherence tomography (OCT), such as OCT angiography (OCTA) and Doppler OCT, is sensitive to the confounding phase shift introduced by subject bulk motion. Traditional bulk motion compensation methods are limited by their accuracy and computing cost-effectiveness. In this Letter, to the best of our knowledge, we present a novel bulk motion compensation method for phase-based functional OCT. Bulk motion associated phase shift can be directly derived by solving its equation using a standard...

Regular walking breaks prevent the decline in cerebral blood flow associated with prolonged sitting.

Decreased cerebrovascular blood flow and function are associated with lower cognitive functioning and increased risk of neurodegenerative diseases. Prolonged sitting impairs peripheral blood flow and function, but its effects on the cerebrovasculature are unknown. This study explored the effect of uninterrupted sitting and breaking up sitting time on cerebrovascular blood flow and function of healthy desk workers. Fifteen participants (10 male, 35.8{plus minus}10.2 years, BMI: 25.5{plus minus}3.2 kg∙m) co...

Effect of Compression Waveform and Resuscitation Duration on Blood Flow and Pressure in Swine: One Waveform does not Optimally Serve.

Chest compression (CC) research primarily focuses on finding the 'optimum' compression waveform using a variety of compression efficacy metrics. Blood flow is rarely measured systematically with high fidelity. Using a programmable mechanical chest compression device, we studied the effect of inter-compression pauses in a swine model of cardiac arrest, testing the hypothesis that a single 'optimal' CC waveform exists based on measurements of resulting blood flow.

Dynamic cerebral autoregulation is impaired in Veterans with Gulf War Illness: A case-control study.

Neurological dysfunction has been reported in Gulf War Illness (GWI), including abnormal cerebral blood flow (CBF) responses to physostigmine challenge. However, it is unclear whether the CBF response to normal physiological challenges and regulation is similarly dysfunctional. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the CBF velocity response to orthostatic stress (i.e., sit-to-stand maneuver) and increased fractional concentration of carbon dioxide. 23 cases of GWI (GWI+) and 9 controls (GWI) volunte...

All-optical photoacoustic Doppler transverse blood flow imaging.

The method of measuring blood flow in photoacoustic microscopy usually relies on ultrasonic transducers in contact fashion, which is not favored in many applications, such as wound areas, burns, and anabrosis. Here we present a noncontact photoacoustic velocity measurement method to quantitatively map transverse blood flow based on the photoacoustic Doppler (PAD) bandwidth broadening method with an all-optical photoacoustic microscopy system. It is validated that the PAD bandwidth broadening is proportional...

Blood Hammer Phenomenon in Human Aorta: Theory and Modeling.

This paper contains the results of computing of a blood pressure and a flow speed in a human aorta in a diastolic phase of a heart cycle. The model is based on the one-dimensional flow approach. The blood hammer effect means abrupt increasing of pressure in a blood vessels due to the sharp changes in flow speed. The closing of aortic valve at the proto-diastole phase causes such blood hammer. We consider an aorta as a simple cylindrical conduit with elastic walls. The aortic valve and the bifurcation were l...

Renal autoregulation in experimental septic shock and its response to vasopressin and norepinephrine administration.

Evidence suggests that septic shock patients with chronic arterial hypertension may benefit from resuscitation targeted to achieve higher blood pressure values than other patients, possibly as a result of altered renal autoregulation. The effects of different vasopressor agents on renal autoregulation may be important in this context. We investigated the effects of arginine vasopressin (AVP) and norepinephrine (NE) on renal autoregulation in ovine septic shock. Sepsis was induced by fecal peritonitis. When ...

Quantitative Ultrasound Measurements of Blood Flow Velocity and Turbulence.

The paper described the hemodynamics of blood flow based on fluid mechanics and its corresponding formulas, and revealed the limitation of blood flow velocity measurement for non-laminar flow when using the conventional pulse wave Doppler. The paper demonstrated the calculation of turbulence for blood flow based on velocity directions and quantified the turbulence according to the presented formulas. Two methods were introduced and the simulated results were analyzed. An example using real data based on ult...

Predicting retinal tissue oxygenation using an image-based theoretical model.

Impaired oxygen delivery and tissue perfusion have been identified as significant factors that contribute to the loss of retinal ganglion cells in glaucoma patients. This study predicts retinal blood and tissue oxygenation using a theoretical model of the retinal vasculature based on confocal microscopy images of the mouse retina. These images reveal a complex and heterogeneous geometry of vessels that are distributed non-uniformly into multiple distinct retinal layers at varying depths. Predicting oxygen d...

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