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PubMed Journals Articles About "Effect Of B.Bifidum 900791 Intake In Adult With Hypolactasia And Lactose Intolerance" RSS

04:34 EDT 16th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Effect Of B.Bifidum 900791 Intake In Adult With Hypolactasia And Lactose Intolerance PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Effect Of B.Bifidum 900791 Intake In Adult With Hypolactasia And Lactose Intolerance articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Effect Bifidum 900791 Intake Adult With Hypolactasia Lactose" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 26,000+

Lactose intolerance, lactose malabsorption and genetic predisposition to adult-type hypolactasia in patients after restorative proctocolectomy.

This study provides up-to-date findings on lactose malabsorption, lactose intolerance and genetic predisposition to adult-type hypolactasia in 72 patients after restorative proctocolectomy (RPC). The lactose malabsorption was assessed by hydrogen-methane breath test. Genetic predisposition to adult-type hypolactasia was assessed by detecting -13910T/C polymorphism in the lactase gene. Lactose intolerance was more frequent in UC (ulcerative colitis) patients than FAP (familial adenomatous polyposis) patients...


Assessment of lactase activity in humans by measurement of galactitol and galactonate in serum and urine after milk intake.

Lactase is an enzyme that hydrolyzes lactose into glucose and galactose in the small intestine, where they are absorbed. Hypolactasia is a common condition, primarily caused by genetic programming, that leads to lactose maldigestion and, in certain cases, lactose intolerance. Galactitol and galactonate are 2 products of hepatic galactose metabolism that are candidate markers for the intake of lactose-containing foods.

Habitual dietary lactose and galactose intakes in association with age at menopause in non-galactosemic women.

Rodent models and studies on women with galactosemia suggest the ovo-toxicity effect of galactose. However, the association between galactose intake from dietary sources and the ovarian function in women without galactosemia has not yet been described. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the associations between both dietary galactose and lactose intake, and ovarian dysfunction as the odds of early menopause in women without galactosemia.


Variability in the α and β anomer content of commercially available lactose.

Lactose, a disaccharide is a ubiquitous excipient in many pharmaceutical formulations which exists in two anomeric forms; either as α- or β-lactose. The anomers have different properties which can affect their application. Nevertheless, batches of lactose products are widely produced by many manufacturers, and is available in many grades. However, the anomeric content of these batches has not been accurately characterized and reported previously. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyse a set of 19...

Storage stability of inhalable phage powders containing lactose at ambient conditions.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the storage stability of inhalable phage powders containing lactose and leucine as excipient. As an FDA-approved excipient for inhalation, lactose is preferred over other sugars. PEV phages active against antibiotic-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa was spray dried with lactose (55-90%) and leucine (45-10%). Produced powders were heat-sealed in an aluminium pouch at 15% relative humidity (RH) with subsequent storage at 20 °C/60% RH for 12 months. Lactose concentration i...

(SMPRs®) 2018.009: Lactose in Low-Lactose or Lactose-Free Milk, Milk Products, and Products Containing Dairy Ingredients.

Effect of energy source in calf milk replacer on performance, digestibility, and gut permeability in rearing calves.

Current calf milk replacer (CMR) compositions significantly differ from whole milk in their levels of energy, protein, and minerals. Energy source is one of the major differences, as CMR contains high levels of lactose, whereas whole milk contains higher levels of fat. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of partially exchanging lactose for fat on performance, digestibility, and gut permeability in calves fed twice daily on a high feeding plane. Lactose and fat were exchanged in the CMR formula...

Lactose digestion in humans: intestinal lactase appears to be constitutive whereas the colonic microbiome is adaptable.

Globally, ∼70% of adults are deficient in intestinal lactase, the enzyme required for the digestion of lactose. In these individuals, the consumption of lactose-containing milk and dairy products can lead to the development of various gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. The primary solution to lactose intolerance is withdrawing lactose from the diet either by eliminating dairy products altogether or substituting lactose-free alternatives. However, studies have shown that certain individuals erroneously attrib...

Characteristics of dietary intake among adult patients in hospitals in a lower middle-income country in Southeast Asia.

Low-dietary intake is a common problem and cause of malnutrition during hospitalisation. This study aims to determine the current dietary intake and food sources of hospitalised adults in Ho Chi Minh City.

Photoinactivation of the Staphylococcus aureus Lactose-Specific EIICB Phosphotransferase Component with p-azidophenyl-β-D-Galactoside and Phosphorylation of the Covalently Bound Substrate.

The phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP):lactose phosphotransferase system of Staphylococcus aureus transports and phosphorylates lactose and various phenylgalactosides. Their phosphorylation is catalyzed by the Cys476-phosphorylated EIIB domain of the lactose-specific permease enzyme IICB (EIICBLac). Phosphorylation causes the release of galactosides bound to the EIIC domain into the cytoplasm by a mechanism not yet understood.

Presence of galactose in precultures induces lacS and leads to short lag phase in lactose-grown Lactococcus lactis cultures.

Lactose conversion by lactic acid bacteria is of high industrial relevance and consistent starter culture quality is of outmost importance. We observed that Lactococcus lactis using the high-affinity lactose-phosphotransferase system excreted galactose towards the end of the lactose consumption phase. The excreted galactose was re-consumed after lactose depletion. The lacS gene, known to encode a lactose permease with affinity for galactose, a putative galactose-lactose antiporter, was upregulated under the...

Bifidobacterium bifidum and the infant gut microbiota: an intriguing case of microbe-host co-evolution.

Bifidobacterium bifidum is reported to be among the first colonizers of the newborn's gastrointestinal tract due to its ability to metabolize Human Milk Oligosaccharides (HMOs). In order to investigate biological features that allow this bifidobacterial species to colonize a newborn, bifidobacterial ITS profiling of stool samples of 50 mother-infant dyads, as well as corresponding breastmilk samples, was performed. Hierarchical clustering based on bifidobacterial population profiles found in infant fecal sa...

The pharmacological reduction of hippocampal neurogenesis attenuates the protective effects of cannabidiol on cocaine voluntary intake.

The administration of cannabidiol has shown promising evidence in the treatment of some neuropsychiatric disorders, including cocaine addiction. However, little information is available as to the mechanisms by which cannabidiol reduces drug use and compulsive seeking. We investigated the role of adult hippocampal neurogenesis in reducing cocaine voluntary intake produced by repeated cannabidiol treatment in mice. Cocaine intake was modelled using the intravenous cocaine self-administration procedure in CD1 ...

Effect of Variations in the Fatty Acid Residue of Lactose Monoesters on Their Emulsifying Properties and Biological Activities.

Lactose fatty acid esters are high value-added derivatives of lactose and represent a class of biodegradable, nonionic, low molecular weight surfactants (emulsifiers) that have considerable potential in the food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical industries. Certain lactose esters have also garnered attention for their biological activities. In this work, we detail syntheses of a homologous series of 6'- O-acyllactose esters of varying alkyl chain length (from 6 carbons to 18 carbons) and report on their activit...

Continuous enzymatic synthesis of lactulose in packed-bed reactor with immobilized Aspergillus oryzae β-galactosidase.

Lactulose synthesis from fructose and lactose in continuous packed-bed reactor operation with glyoxyl-agarose immobilized Aspergillus oryzae β-galactosidase is reported for the first time. Alternative strategies to conventional batch synthesis have been scarcely explored for lactulose synthesis. The effect of flow rate, substrates ratio and biocatalyst-inert packing material mass ratio (M/M) were studied on reactor performance. Increase in any of these variables produced an increase in lactulose yield (Y) ...

Short communication: Enzymatic perspective of galactosidases reveals variations in lactose metabolism among Lactococcus lactis strains.

To date, most studies of lactose utilization have focused on the genetic diversity of lactic acid bacteria or its influence on product quality, but phenotypic evaluation has rarely been based on metabolic characteristics. In the present study, we investigated the growth, acid production, β-galactosidase, and 6-phospho-β-galactosidase activities of 16 Lactococcus lactis strains obtained from various habitats with lactose as the sole carbon source. The 15 L. lactis strains obtained from various habitats exh...

Maternal high-fructose intake increases circulating corticosterone levels via decreased adrenal corticosterone clearance in adult offspring.

Global fructose consumption is on the rise; however, maternal high-fructose intake may have adverse effects on offspring. We previously demonstrated that excessive fructose intake by rat dams altered steroidogenic gene transcription in the hippocampus of offspring. Herein, we examined how maternal high-fructose intake influences the regulation of adrenal glucocorticoid levels in offspring. Rat dams received 20% fructose solution during gestation and lactation. After weaning, the offspring were provided norm...

Low protein and methionine, high starch diets increase energy intake and expenditure, increase FGF21, decrease IGF-1, and has little effect on adiposity in mice.

Low-protein diets most often induce increased energy intake in an attempt to increase protein intake to meet protein needs with a risk of accumulation as fat of the excess energy intake. In female adult BalbC mice, a decrease in dietary casein from 20% to 6% and 3% increased energy intake and slightly increased adiposity, and this response was exacerbated with soy proteins with low methionine content. The effect on fat mass was however limited because total energy expenditure (TEE) increased to the same ext...

Synthesis of lactose lauryl ester in organic solvents using aluminosilicate zeolite as a catalyst.

Sugar-based biosurfactants are safer and healthier alternatives to synthetic surfactants especially for use in the food industry. In this work, biosurfactants were synthesized via the esterification of lactose with lauric acid in different organic solvents without using lipase or other enzymes. Commercial aluminosilicate zeolite was used as a catalyst. Conversions of up to 92% were obtained for pure lactose and 38% for raw lactose from whey. Surface-active properties including surface tension, interfacial t...

Effect of the intake of high or low glycemic index high carbohydrate-meals on athletes' sleep quality in pre-game nights.

This study investigated the effect of the intake of high (HGI) or low glycemic index (LGI) high-carbohydrate meals on athletes' sleep. Nine basketball adult male athletes were assessed during a championship and received high-carbohydrate meals (dinner and evening snack) with HGI or LGI. Quantitative and qualitative sleep variables were assessed: sleep latency (LAT), sleep efficiency (EFIC), Wake After Sleep Onset (WASO), sleep time through actigraphy and sleep diary. Dietary intake, satiety, sleepiness, gly...

Resetting the ligand binding site of placental protein 13/galectin-13 recovers its ability to bind lactose.

Placental protein-13 / galectin-13 (Gal-13) is highly expressed in placenta, where its lower expression is related to pre-eclampsia. Recently, the crystal structures of wild type Gal-13 and its variant R53H at high resolution were solved. The crystallographic and biochemical results showed that Gal-13 and R53H could not bind lactose. Here, we used site-directed mutagenesis to re-engineer the ligand binding site of wild type Gal-13, so that it could bind lactose. Of six newly engineered mutants, we were able...

Effect of Food Intake on Hemodynamic Parameters during the Tilt-Table Test in Patients with Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome.

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of food intake on the heart rate (HR) in postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS).

Effect of metal ions present in milk on the structure and functional integrity of native and polyaniline chitosan nanocomposites bound β-galactosidase: A multi-spectroscopic approach.

β-Galactosidase is vital to dairy industries because it catalyzes the hydrolysis of lactose into glucose and galactose making it useful for lactose intolerant patients to consume milk and its products. The present study demonstrates the effect of metal ions commonly found in milk, namely Zn, K, Ca and Mn on the activity of native and polyaniline chitosan nanocomposites bound Aspergillus oryzae β-galactosidase. In polyaniline chitosan silver nanocomposite adsorbed β-galactosidase, a multi-fold enhancement...

Daily oligofructose-enriched inulin intake impacts bone turnover markers but not the cytokine profile in pediatric patients with celiac disease on a gluten-free diet: Results of a randomised, placebo-controlled pilot study.

Bone metabolism disturbances are commonly observed in patients with newly diagnosed celiac disease (CD). The only available treatment for CD-the intake of a gluten-free diet (GFD)-has been found to be insufficient in effectively improving bone health in some patients. Therefore, there is an urgent need to modify the GFD so as to allow for the provision of all the necessary nutrients and improved absorption. Prebiotics intake reportedly improves the absorption of bone-related vitamin D and calcium as well as...

Estimating a Dynamic Effect of Soda Intake on Pediatric Dental Caries Using Targeted Maximum Likelihood Estimation Method.

An effect of soda intake on dental caries in young children (birth to 5 years) may vary over time. Estimating a dynamic effect may be challenging due to time-varying confounding and loss to follow-up. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate utility of targeted maximum likelihood estimation (TMLE) method in addressing longitudinal data analysis challenges and estimating a dynamic effect of soda intake on pediatric caries. Data came from the Detroit Dental Health Project, a 4-year cohort study of low-in...


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