PubMed Journals Articles About "Effect Of Docosahexaenoic Acid On The Inflammatory Response And Clinical Outcomes From Surgical Patients" RSS

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Showing "Effect Docosahexaenoic Acid Inflammatory Response Clinical Outcomes From" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 67,000+

Modification of gene expression in rat cardiomyocytes by linoleic and docosahexaenoic acid.

Regulation of cardiac fatty acid metabolism is central to the development of cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. We investigated the effects of some specific fatty acids on the expression of genes involved in immediate early as well as inflammatory and hypertrophic responses in adult rat cardiomyocytes. Cardiac remodeling begins with upregulation of immediate early genes c-fos and c-jun, followed by upregulation of inflammatory genes such as NF-kB and NFAT. At later stages, genes involved in the hypertro...

The effect of dietary corn oil and fish oil supplementation in dogs with naturally occurring gingivitis.

The aim of this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study was to evaluate if downregulation of the inflammatory response due to ingestion of high levels of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) can slow down gingivitis development, and thus delay the progression of periodontal disease (PD) in dogs. To this aim, 44 client-owned adult dogs (>1 and

Uptake and tissue accretion of orally administered free carboxylic acid as compared to ethyl ester form of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in the rat.

The aim of this study was to compare the plasma exposure and tissue accretion of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in response to oral dosing of free carboxylic acid (OM3CA) and ethyl ester (OM3EE) forms.

Docosahexaenoic acid-flurbiprofen combination ameliorates metaflammation in rats fed on high-carbohydrate high-fat diet.

Potential benefits of combining docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an omega-3 fatty acid with flurbiprofen (Flu), a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug in ameliorating obesity remain to be elucidated. This study aimed to investigate the possible protective effects of DHA and Flu, either alone or in combination, against obesity-induced metaflammation and to clarify the underlying molecular mechanisms.

Synergistic interaction between docosahexaenoic acid and diclofenac on inflammation, nociception, and gastric security models in rats.

Preclinical Research & Development The addition of polyunsaturated fatty acids to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can increase their antinociceptive activity and produce a gastroprotective effect. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of the interaction between docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and diclofenac on inflammation (fixed ratios 1:1, 1:3, and 3:1), nociception (fixed ratio 1:3), and gastric injury in rats. DHA, diclofenac, or combinations of DHA and diclofenac produced anti-inflamm...

Dietary Docosahexaenoic Acid Reduces Oscillatory Wall Shear Stress, Atherosclerosis, and Hypertension, Most Likely Mediated via an IL-1-Mediated Mechanism.

Hypertension is a complex condition and a common cardiovascular risk factor. Dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) modulates atherosclerosis and hypertension, possibly via an inflammatory mechanism. IL-1 (interleukin 1) has an established role in atherosclerosis and inflammation, although whether IL-1 inhibition modulates blood pressure is unclear.

The differential effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on seizure frequency in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy - A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

The omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are known to play an important role in maintenance and modulation of neuronal functions. There is evidence that omega-3 fatty acids may have anticonvulsant effects. The effect of DHA and EPA on seizure rate in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) was investigated.

Randomized open-label trial of docosahexaenoic acid-enriched fish oil and fish meal on cognitive and behavioral functioning in Omani children.

This study aimed to examine the effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-enriched fish oil supplement and meal of grilled meal on cognitive and behavioral functioning manifested as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in primary school students 9 to 10 y are in Muscat, Oman.

Inflammatory response to dietary linoleic acid depends on FADS1 genotype.

The health benefits of substituting dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) for saturated fatty acids are well known. However, limited information exists on how the response to dietary intake of linoleic acid (LA; 18:2n-6) is modified by polymorphisms in the fatty acid desaturase (FADS) gene cluster.

Effect of Xuebijing injection on postoperative inflammatory response in patients after hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgeries: a retrospective cohort study.

To analyze the effect of Xuebijing injection on inflammatory response in patients after hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgeries, and to evaluate its safety and clinical value.

The antihyperalgesic effect of docosahexaenoic acid in streptozotocin-induced neuropathic pain in the rat involves the opioidergic system.

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is a polyunsaturated fatty acid that has shown an antinociceptive effect in multiple pain models, such as inflammatory and neuropathic pain by chronic constriction injury in rats; however, its mechanism of action is still not well-understood. Reports suggest that DHA activates opioid signaling, but there is no information on this from a model of neuropathic pain. As a result, the aims of this study were (1) to determine the antihyperalgesic and antiallodynic effect of peripheral D...

Fat intake during pregnancy and risk of preeclampsia: a prospective cohort study in Denmark.

Previous studies suggest that eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), may decrease the risk of preeclampsia, but many suffer from important methodological limitations.

The effect of omega-3 fatty acids on clinical and paraclinical features of intractable epileptic patients: a triple blind randomized clinical trial.

Long chain omega-3 fatty acids (omega-3 FAs) supplements have been shown to exert beneficial effects in patients with epilepsy through elevation of seizure thresholds and dampening of inflammatory responses. In this triple blind randomized, placebo-controlled parallel group trial of omega-3 FA supplementation, 180 mg eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and 120 mg docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) as well as placebo capsules were administered twice a day in 50 patients with refractory seizure during a 16-week period resp...

Two weeks of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation increases synthesis-secretion kinetics of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids compared to 8 weeks of DHA supplementation.

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) must be consumed in the diet or synthesized from n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) precursors. However, the effect of dietary DHA on the metabolic pathway is not fully understood. Presently, 21-day-old Long Evans rats were weaned onto one of four dietary protocols: 1) 8 weeks of 2% ALA (ALA), 2) 6 weeks ALA followed by 2 weeks of 2% ALA + 2% DHA (DHA), 3) 4 weeks ALA followed by 4 weeks DHA and 4) 8 weeks of DHA. After the feeding period, H-ALA and C-eicosapentaen...

Betulinic acid inhibits cell proliferation, migration, and inflammatory response in rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes.

Betulinic acid (BA), a pentacyclic triterpene derived from the bark of the white birch tree, has been reported to have a variety of pharmacological effects, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, immunomodulatory, and antiarthritis properties. However, the role of BA in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains unclear. Thus, the objective of this study was to examine the effects of BA on RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RA-FLS) proliferation, migration, and inflammatory response, and further explore ...

Osthole inhibits oleic acid/lipopolysaccharide-induced lipid accumulation and inflammatory response through activating PPARα signaling pathway in cultured hepatocytes.

Osthole, a coumarin derivative, can increase hepatic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) expression and reduce hepatic steatosis and inflammatory response in rats with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). In this study, a cell model of NASH was induced with oleic acid (OA)/lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and treated for 36 h with different osthole concentrations. Results showed that intracellular lipid and inflammatory cytokine levels gradually decreased after osthole treatment. These effects...

Is lipoxin A4 an effective treatment on fat embolism syndrome by attenuating pro-inflammatory response?

Fat embolism syndrome (FES) is characterized by high mortality and lack of effective treatment, the symptomatic therapy is most used to relieve clinical symptoms. Some studies have shown that inflammation is one of the main pathogeneses of FES. Lipoxin A4 is an endogenous-derived anti-inflammatory substance which was discovered recently. It can alleviate inflammatory response and promote inflammation resolution, and is referred as brake signal of inflammation. Therefore we hypothesize that lipoxin A4 may ha...

Investigation of the effect of dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation on macular function in subjects with autosomal recessive Stargardt macular dystrophy.

To test the effect of docosahexanoic acid (DHA) dietary supplementation on macular function in patients with Stargardt disease.

Strategies to improve bioavailability of omega-3 fatty acids from ethyl ester concentrates.

To describe recent strategies that have been developed to enhance absorption of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) from dietary supplements.

Topical anti-inflammatory activity of palmitoleic acid improves wound healing.

This study investigated the effects of palmitoleic acid on different phases of the healing process. Macroscopic analyses were performed on wounds in rats with or without palmitoleic acid treatment, and the results showed that palmitoleic acid directly hastened wound closure. The topical treatment of wounds with palmitoleic acid resulted in smaller wounds than those observed in the control group. The anti-inflammatory activity of palmitoleic acid may be responsible for healing, especially in the stages of gr...

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids attenuate inflammatory activation and alter differentiation in human adipocytes.

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, specifically the fish-oil-derived eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), have been proposed as inflammation-resolving agents via their effects on adipose tissue.

Omega-3 fatty acids in coronary heart disease: Recent updates and future perspectives.

Incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) increases worldwide with varying etiological factors. In addition to the control of risk factors, dietary modification has been recommended to reduce the prevalence. Omega-3 (ω-3) fatty acids (FAs), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), of fish oil are beneficial for the prevention of CHD. The effect can be ascribed to anti-inflammatory, vasodilating, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive activities and lowering of triacyl glycerol level. The Ameri...

Role of surgical manipulation in lung inflammatory response in a model of lung resection surgery.

Lung resection surgery with one-lung ventilation leads to an inflammatory response. Surgical manipulation can play a key role in this response. Sevoflurane, a commonly used volatile anaesthetic, has a proven anti-inflammatory effect. Our main goal was to evaluate the segregated effect of surgical manipulation during lung resection surgery and the protective role of sevoflurane with regard to this response.

The effect of serum levetiracetam concentrations on therapeutic response and IL1-beta concentration in patients with epilepsy.

Assessment of the relevance between serum drug concentration to its therapeutic response is a valid monitoring strategy for the clinical efficacy of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Levetiracetam (LEV) is a broad spectrum AED with a possible anti-inflammatory effect. We aimed to determine the relationship between LEV concentrations and its therapeutic response, and the effect of LEV on IL1-beta concentrations in patients with epilepsy.

The postoperative effect of sevoflurane inhalational anesthesia on cognitive function and inflammatory response of pediatric patients.

To investigate the effect of sevoflurane on cognitive function and inflammatory response of children after general anesthesia at different times.

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