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PubMed Journals Articles About "Effect Of Docosahexaenoic Acid On The Inflammatory Response And Clinical Outcomes From Surgical Patients" RSS

03:43 EDT 19th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Effect Of Docosahexaenoic Acid On The Inflammatory Response And Clinical Outcomes From Surgical Patients PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Effect Of Docosahexaenoic Acid On The Inflammatory Response And Clinical Outcomes From Surgical Patients articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Effect Docosahexaenoic Acid Inflammatory Response Clinical Outcomes From" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 67,000+

Low-Dose Epinephrine Plus Tranexamic Acid Reduces Early Postoperative Blood Loss and Inflammatory Response: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

The reductions of perioperative blood loss and inflammatory response are important in total knee arthroplasty. Tranexamic acid reduced blood loss and the inflammatory response in several studies. However, the effect of epinephrine administration plus tranexamic acid has not been intensively investigated, to our knowledge. In this study, we evaluated whether the combined administration of low-dose epinephrine plus tranexamic acid reduced perioperative blood loss or inflammatory response further compared with...


The effect of dietary corn oil and fish oil supplementation in dogs with naturally occurring gingivitis.

The aim of this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study was to evaluate if downregulation of the inflammatory response due to ingestion of high levels of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) can slow down gingivitis development, and thus delay the progression of periodontal disease (PD) in dogs. To this aim, 44 client-owned adult dogs (>1 and

Uptake and tissue accretion of orally administered free carboxylic acid as compared to ethyl ester form of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in the rat.

The aim of this study was to compare the plasma exposure and tissue accretion of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in response to oral dosing of free carboxylic acid (OM3CA) and ethyl ester (OM3EE) forms.


Docosahexaenoic acid-derived Oxidized Lipid Metabolites Modulate the Inflammatory Response of Lipolysaccharide-stimulated Macrophages.

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation has demonstrated beneficial effects in a number of inflammatory diseases. Increasingly, important contributions to its favorable effects are attributed downstream metabolites called docosanoids. Herein, we investigated the role of DHA-derived oxidized lipid metabolites on inflammatory mediator expression by RAW 264.7 murine macrophages. Specifically, macrophage incorporation of DHA, and the resultant biosynthesis of selected pro-resolving docosanoids was quantified...

THREE-YEAR OUTCOMES IN A RANDOMIZED SINGLE-BLIND CONTROLLED TRIAL OF INTRAVITREAL RANIBIZUMAB AND ORAL SUPPLEMENTATION WITH DOCOSAHEXAENOIC ACID AND ANTIOXIDANTS FOR DIABETIC MACULAR EDEMA.

To report 3-year results of a randomized single-blind controlled trial of intravitreal ranibizumab combined with oral docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation versus ranibizumab alone in patients with diabetic macular edema.

Obesity, Inflammation, Toll-Like Receptor 4 and Fatty Acids.

Obesity leads to an inflammatory condition that is directly involved in the etiology of cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and certain types of cancer. The classic inflammatory response is an acute reaction to infections or to tissue injuries, and it tends to move towards resolution and homeostasis. However, the inflammatory process that was observed in individuals affected by obesity and metabolic syndrome differs from the classical inflammatory response in certain respects. This inflammato...

Modulation of oxidative stress response by flaxseed oil: Role of lipid peroxidation and underlying mechanisms.

Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA's) are majorly classified as ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acids. The eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, ω-3:20-5), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, ω-3:22-6) and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA, ω-3:18-3) are known ω-3 fatty acids, extracted from animal (e.g fish oil) and plant sources (e.g flaxseed oil). Furthermore, linoleic acid (LA, ω-6:18-2) is recognized as ω-6 fatty acid and the most prominent biological fatty acid with a pro-inflammatory response. Flaxseed oil has variety of biological r...

Omega-3-carboxylic acids provide efficacious anti-inflammatory activity in models of crystal-mediated inflammation.

This study assesses the efficacy and exposure-response relationship of omega-3-carboxylic acids (OM-3 CA) in models of crystal-based inflammation. Human THP-1 macrophages and primary peripheral blood mononuclear cells exposed to multiple inflammatory crystal types were used to determine the anti-inflammatory potential of omega-3 (OM-3) fatty acids in vitro. Anti-inflammatory effects of OM-3 CA in vivo were tested in rat monosodium urate (MSU) crystal air pouch and rat knee intra-articular MSU injection mode...

Dietary Docosahexaenoic Acid Reduces Oscillatory Wall Shear Stress, Atherosclerosis, and Hypertension, Most Likely Mediated via an IL-1-Mediated Mechanism.

Hypertension is a complex condition and a common cardiovascular risk factor. Dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) modulates atherosclerosis and hypertension, possibly via an inflammatory mechanism. IL-1 (interleukin 1) has an established role in atherosclerosis and inflammation, although whether IL-1 inhibition modulates blood pressure is unclear.

Dietary supplementation of pigs with the docosahexaenoic-rich microalgae, Aurantiochytrium limacinum: Effects on performance, carcass characteristics and tissue fatty acid profile.

The aim of this experiment was to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation with the docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-rich microalgae, Aurantiochytrium limacinum (AURA) on pig performance, carcass traits, and the fatty acid composition of pork Longissimus lumborum (LL) and backfat.

Correction: Preliminary Validation of a High Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) and α-Linolenic Acid (ALA) Dietary Oil Blend: Tissue Fatty Acid Composition and Liver Proteome Response in Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) Smolts.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0161513.].

Neuroprotective effect of docosahexaenoic acid in rat traumatic brain injury model via regulation of TLR4/NF-Kappa B signaling pathway.

The experiments were conducted to prove that docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) alleviates traumatic brain injury (TBI) through regulating TLR4/NF-Kappa B signaling pathway.

Docosahexaenoic acid reversed atherosclerotic changes in human endothelial cells induced by palmitic acid in vitro.

Abnormal activity of atherosclerotic endothelial cells paving luminal surface of blood vessels has been described in many diseases. It has been reported that natural polyunsaturated fatty acids such as docosahexaenoic acid exert therapeutic effects in atherosclerotic condition. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were treated with 1mM palmitic acid for 48 hours and exposed to 40μM docosahexaenoic acid for the next 24 hours. Real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis was used to measure the expression...

Fatty acids modulate the efficacy of lutein in cataract prevention: Assessment of oxidative and inflammatory parameters in rats.

Effects of lutein (L) and fatty acids [linoleic acid (LA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)+docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and oleic acid (OA)] on oxidative stress and inflammation in cataract were assessed.

Asiatic acid inhibits LPS-induced inflammatory response in endometrial epithelial cells.

Accumulating evidence indicates that asiatic acid, a natural triterpene isolated from Centella asiatica, has anti-inflammatory activity. However, the anti-inflammatory effects of asiatic acid on LPS-stimulated endometrial epithelial cells and the involved molecular pathways have not been completely elucidated. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of asiatic acid on LPS-induced inflammatory response in endometrial epithelial cells. Mouse endometrial epithelial cells were treated with asiatic acid a...

Docosahexaenoic acid antagonizes the boosting effect of palmitic acid on LPS inflammatory signaling by inhibiting gene transcription and ceramide synthesis.

It is well known that saturated fatty acids (SFAs) and unsaturated fatty acid, in particular omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs), have different effects on inflammatory signaling: SFAs are pro-inflammatory but n-3 PUFAs have strong anti-inflammatory properties. We have reported that palmitic acid (PA), a saturated fatty acid, robustly amplifies lipopolysaccharide (LPS) signaling to upregulate proinflammatory gene expression in macrophages. We also reported that the increased production of cerami...

A chlorogenic acid-phospholipid complex ameliorates post-myocardial infarction inflammatory response mediated by mitochondrial reactive oxygen species in SAMP8 mice.

Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mtROS) directly stimulate the inflammatory cytokines cascades and participate in age-related changes of cardiovascular diseases. Application of small molecule targeting the mtROS is significant towards development of better therapy to combat inflammatory response after myocardial infarction (MI) in the aging heart. Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is a well-known natural compound while the clinical potential is largely stifled by its poor oral absorption. In the present study, w...

Combining Anti-TNF-α and Vedolizumab in the Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Case Series.

Anti-tumor necrosis factor α (anti-TNF-α) is important in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, but some patients experience only a partial response. In these patients, a combination of anti-TNF-α and vedolizumab (VDZ) may act as a bridge until the full VDZ effect occurs. At present, clinical data on combination treatment with anti-TNF-α and VDZ are not available. The aim of this case series was to evaluate the safety and clinical response of combination therapy with anti-TNF-α and VDZ in clinic...

Two weeks of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation increases synthesis-secretion kinetics of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids compared to 8 weeks of DHA supplementation.

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) must be consumed in the diet or synthesized from n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) precursors. However, the effect of dietary DHA on the metabolic pathway is not fully understood. Presently, 21-day-old Long Evans rats were weaned onto one of four dietary protocols: 1) 8 weeks of 2% ALA (ALA), 2) 6 weeks ALA followed by 2 weeks of 2% ALA + 2% DHA (DHA), 3) 4 weeks ALA followed by 4 weeks DHA and 4) 8 weeks of DHA. After the feeding period, H-ALA and C-eicosapentaen...

Local anesthetic effect of docosahexaenoic acid on the nociceptive jaw-opening reflex in rats.

Although docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) administration suppresses sodium channels in primary afferent sensory neurons, the acute local effect of DHA on the trigeminal nociceptive reflex remains to be elucidated, in vivo. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether local administration of DHA attenuates the nociceptive jaw-opening reflex (JOR) in vivo in the rat. The JOR evoked by electrical stimulation of the tongue was recorded by a digastric muscle electromyogram (dEMG) in pentobarbital...

Dietary Docosahexaenoic Acid and Arachidonic Acid in Early Life: What Is the Best Evidence for Policymakers?

A wealth of information on the functional roles of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (ARA) from cellular, animal, and human studies is available. Yet, there remains a lack of cohesion in policymaking for recommended dietary intakes of DHA and ARA in early life. This is predominantly driven by inconsistent findings from a relatively small number of randomised clinical trials (RCTs), which vary in design, methodology, and outcome measures, all of which were conducted in high-income countries. It...

Inflammatory response following in vitro exposure to methylmercury with and without n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from systemic lupus erythematosus patients compared to healthy controls.

Methylmercury (MeHg) is a proposed environmental stimulus in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Humans are primarily exposed to MeHg through fish consumption. Fish are also important sources of n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA). This in vitro study investigated the inflammatory response of isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), when exposed to either MeHg alone or with added n-3 LCPUFA, from SLE patients (N = 12) compared to healthy sex matched controls (N = 12)....

The Differential Effects of Eicosapentaenoic Acid and Docosahexaenoic Acid on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors: A Systematic Review.

A large body of evidence supports the cardioprotective effects of the long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). There is increasing interest in the independent effects of EPA and DHA in the modulation of cardiometabolic risk factors. This systematic review aims to appraise the latest available evidence of the differential effects of EPA and DHA on such risk factors. A systematic literature review was conducted up to May 2017. Randomi...

A role for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α in anticonvulsant activity of docosahexaenoic acid against seizures induced by pentylenetetrazole.

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is the most bioactive fatty acid in the brain with well-known biological effects. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) underlie some therapeutic effects of DHA such as anti-inflammation, anti-apoptosis and immune regulation. We investigated probable involvement of PPARα in the anticonvulsant effect of DHA in pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) model of clonic seizures. DHA alone or along with the PPARα antagonist GW6471 were administered to mice by intracerebroventricular (i...

Investigation of the effect of dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation on macular function in subjects with autosomal recessive Stargardt macular dystrophy.

To test the effect of docosahexanoic acid (DHA) dietary supplementation on macular function in patients with Stargardt disease.


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