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Effectiveness Of Palifermin In Increasing CD4 Counts In Treatment-Experienced HIV Infected Adults PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Effectiveness Of Palifermin In Increasing CD4 Counts In Treatment-Experienced HIV Infected Adults articles that have been published worldwide.
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Herpes zoster (HZ) risk is increased in HIV-infected persons. Live attenuated zoster vaccine (ZV) reduces HZ incidence and severity in older adults; ZV safety and immunogenicity data in HIV-infected adults are limited.
HIV-tuberculosis (TB) co-infection remains an important cause of mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Clinical trials have reported early (within 2 weeks of TB therapy) antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces mortality among HIV-TB co-infected research participants with low CD4 counts, but this has not been consistently observed. We aimed to evaluate the current WHO recommendations for ART in HIV-TB co-infected patients on mortality in routine clinical settings.
There is limited data on the effectiveness of Dolutegravir (DTG) based combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) in real life settings in southern Africa where HIV-1C predominates. We report here a patient infected with HIV-1C on DTG based ART previously exposed to raltegravir who developed multidrug resistance mutations to four ARV classes. There is need for drug resistance monitoring and clinical vigilance to ensure effectiveness of HIV treatment programmes even in the era of DTG based ART.
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) viral escape occurs in 4-20% of HIV-infected adults, yet the impact of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on CSF escape is unclear.
Clinical trials have shown brodalumab to have better efficacy than ustekinumab for the treatment of moderate-to-severe psoriasis. An estimation of the cost-effectiveness of brodalumab vs. ustekinumab is warranted and may be useful for treatment decision-making processes, especially in the context of the cost considerations of the current US healthcare system. Therefore, we compared the cost-effectiveness of brodalumab with ustekinumab for treatment of moderate-to-severe psoriasis in biologic-naïve and biol...
The effect of HIV treatment on hospitalization rates for HIV-infected people has never been established. We quantified this effect in a rural South African community for the period 2009-13. We linked clinical data on HIV treatment start dates for more than 2,000 patients receiving care in the public-sector treatment program with five years of longitudinal data on self-reported hospitalizations from a community-based population cohort of more than 100,000 adults. Hospitalization rates peaked during the first...
Learning from vicarious experience is central for educational practice, but not well understood with respect to its ontogenetic development and underlying neural dynamics. In this age-comparative study we compared behavioral and electrophysiological markers of learning from vicarious and one's own experience in children (age 8-10) and young adults. Behaviorally both groups benefitted from integrating vicarious experience into their own choices however, adults learned much faster from social information than...
Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) constitutes a compelling approach for the optimization of antiretroviral therapy in treatment-experienced HIV-1 patients. While various inhibitory indices have been proposed to predict virologic outcome, there is a lack of consensus on the clinical value of TDM. Here, we report the comparative results of TDM in 14 HIV-1-infected patients who had previously received at least two different PI-based regimens and who initiated darunavir (DRV)-based salvage therapy. Pharmacokine...
WHO recommends antiretroviral treatment (ART) for all HIV-positive individuals. This study evaluated the association between baseline CD4 count and attrition in a cohort of HIV positive adults initiating ART at three department of health (DOH) clinics routinely providing ART at baseline CD4 counts >500cells/μL for the HPTN 071 (PopART) trial.
Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) is usually associated with intense inflammatory response that is correlated with severe infection. Corticosteroids may regulate this inflammatory response through an early but transient induction of IL-10 that is suggested to improve the outcome of IMD. We explored the mechanism of action of corticosteroids as an adjuvant treatment to antibiotics. Transgenic mice expressing the human transferrin were infected by a hyperinvasive meningococcal strain and transcriptomic ana...
The combination of the direct-acting antivirals, simeprevir (SMV) and sofosbuvir (SOF), was the first highly efficacious interferon-free combination for treating patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV), and was widely used in Italy as a result.The aim of this study was to evaluate effectiveness and safety of SMV in Italian patients with HCV genotype (GT) 1 and 4 overall, by treatment regimen [SMV/SOF and SMV/SOF+ribavirin (RBV)], cirrhosis status, and GT (GT1a, GT1b, and GT4).An observational multicenter coho...
There is limited information on the effectiveness of available treatments for anal condyloma acuminata in HIV-1-infected men.
Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and Electrocautery (ECA) are two of the main treatment options for anal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL). Our aim was to compare the efficacy and tolerance of TCA vs. ECA for HSIL METHODS:: Retrospective un-controlled study of HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) who had an anal HSIL treated with TCA or ECA. On-treatment effectiveness was evaluated at 6-8 weeks after treatment. A complete response was defined as resolution of HSIL, a partial response as re...
Both under- and over-nutrition may occur among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals and impact on the course of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and its management due to the close interaction between immunity and nutrition. We investigated occurrence of undernutrition, excess weight and lipid abnormalities among antiretroviral naïve HIV-infected adults in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
To assess the prevalence, trend and associated factors for immunological failure (IF), and the magnitude of antiretroviral therapy (ART) shift among adults infected with HIV in Southwest Ethiopia.
To identify clinical, sociodemographic and treatment-related factors associated with early virological response in HIV-infected adults starting antiretroviral treatment (ART) in Brazil in 2014-2015.
HIV-infected adults have increased risk for age-related diseases and low cardiorespiratory fitness that can be prevented and improved with exercise. Yet, exercise strategies have not been well studied in older adults with HIV and may require substantial adaptation to this special population.
Simplification strategies of antiretroviral treatment represent effective tools for the reduction of drug-induced toxicity, resistance mutations in case of virological failure and costs.
Several studies have shown an increased accumulation of terminally differentiated T cells during HIV infection, suggestive of exhaustion/senescence, causing dysregulation of T cell homeostasis and function and rapid HIV disease progression. We have investigated whether long-term antiretroviral therapy (ART), which controls viremia and restores CD4 T cell counts, is correlated with reduction in terminally differentiated T cells, improved ratios of naïve to memory and function of T cells in 100 virologically...
Our aims were to assess the real life effectiveness and safety of the new bismuth-containing quadruple therapy in a large population of patients infected by Helicobacter pylori.
Pain experienced during dental treatment increases the risk of developing dental anxiety in children who will became anxious adults, avoiding dental care. It is therefore essential to provide pain-free dental treatment. The strongest fears are often associated with injections: being able to successfully complete painless restorative treatment without the need for local anesthesia injection is therefore an important goal. Nitrous oxide administration by means of Langa's Relative Analgesia (RA) technique has ...
Since 2007, trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine has been provided free-of-charge to older adults aged ≥60 years in Beijing, China, but the data regarding influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) among these people are very limited so far. We sought to estimate influenza VE against medically-attended laboratory-confirmed influenza illness among older adults during the 2013-2014 season.
To review the current knowledge on screening for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in HIV-infected adults and provide specific guidelines for Belgium. Focus is given to who to test, which testing method to use, timing of screening and choice of LTBI treatment.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 4 is highly heterogeneous. HCV subtype 4r has been suggested to be less responsive to direct-acting antiviral (DAA) drug treatment than other genotype 4 subtypes. Among 537 DAA-treated patients who experienced a virological failure in France between 2015 and 2018, 121 (22.5%) were infected with genotype 4 and 27 of them (22.3%) with subtype 4r; subtype 4r was thus over-represented as compared to its prevalence in the French general population. Population sequencing of the NS...
In Colombia, 40% of the population has used acupuncture services for the treatment of chronic diseases; however, there is lack of evidence on the effectiveness of this treatment.