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PubMed Journals Articles About "Embryos Remember Chemicals They Encounter" RSS

13:59 EST 13th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Embryos Remember Chemicals They Encounter PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Embryos Remember Chemicals They Encounter articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Embryos Remember Chemicals They Encounter" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,900+

Combining Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells and Zebrafish Embryos to Evaluate Developmental Toxicity of Chemical Exposure.

In this study we combine assays using mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) and zebrafish embryos to evaluate the potential developmental toxicity of industrial and pharmaceutical chemicals. A set of eleven chemicals of known mammalian in vivo teratogenicity were tested in the assays and correlations to mammalian data investigated. Using mESCs, proliferation, differentiation, and cytotoxicity of the chemicals were measured. In zebrafish embryos, lethality and the lowest effect level concentrations for morpholo...


Comparative toxicity of three phenolic compounds on the embryo of fathead minnow, Pimephales promelas.

Phenols are classified as polar narcotics, which are thought to cause toxicity by non-specific mechanisms, possibly by disrupting membrane structure and function. Here we test three phenolic chemicals, phenol, 2,4-dichlorphenol and pentachlorophenol on embryo development, heartbeat rate and mitochondrial respiration in fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas). While these chemicals have been used on isolated mitochondria, they have not yet been used to verify respiration in intact embryos. Mitochondrial respira...

Reduced Transcriptomic Approach for Screening and Prediction of Chemical Toxicity.

The reduced transcriptomic approach allows full dose range testing of hundreds of chemicals or mixtures using human cells or zebrafish embryos. Points of departure of genes and pathways can be used for potency ranking and to classify chemicals by disrupted biological pathways.


Cryopreservation of donkey embryos by the cryotop method: Effect of developmental stage, embryo quality, diameter and age of embryos.

Cryopreservation of embryos has the potential to become a valuable tool for the conservation of endangered donkey breeds. However, there are several factors that can affect cryosurvival of embryos. This study evaluates the effectiveness of the Cryotop method to vitrify donkey embryos and factors affecting the survival of vitrified-warmed embryos. Day 6-8 embryos were measured and morphologically evaluated. Embryos were then vitrified-warmed using the Cryotop technique. After 24 h post-warming, the embryos...

Fipronil causes toxicity in mouse preimplantation embryos.

In this study the possible toxicity of phenylpyrazole fipronil, the related commercial product FIPRON spot-on as well as FIPRON spot-on secondary ingredients on the developmental capacities and quality of mouse preimplantation embryos was evaluated. During in vitro tests, isolated two-cell stage embryos were cultured in media with addition of the listed chemicals until blastocyst formation. Stereomicroscopic evaluation of in vitro produced embryos showed that fipronil at 1 µM and higher concentration negat...

Transcriptome analysis of PCOS arrested 2-cell embryos.

In an attempt to explore the early developmental arrest in embryos from polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) patients, we sequenced the transcriptome profiles of PCOS arrested 2-cell embryos, non-PCOS arrested 2-cell embryos and non-arrested 2-cell embryos using single-cell RNA-Seq technique. Differential expression analysis was performed using the DEGSeq R package. Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment was analyzed using the GOseq R package. Data revealed 62 differentially expressed genes between non-PCOS arrested a...

CO2 concentration affects in vitro pig embryo developmental capacity.

Culture gas atmosphere is one of the most important factors affecting embryo development in vitro. The main objective of this study was to compare the effects of CO concentration on the subsequent pre-implantation developmental capacity of pig embryos in vitro, including embryos obtained via parthenogenesis, in vitro fertilization (IVF), and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Pig embryos were developed in four different CO2 concentrations in air: 3%, 5%, 10%, or 15%. The cleavage rate of pig parthenog...

Single or mixture halogenated chemicals? Risk assessment and developmental toxicity prediction on zebrafish embryos based on weighted descriptors approach.

Halogenated chemicals including perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) represent an emerging class of endocrine-disrupting pollutants for human populations across the globe. Distress related to their environmental fate and toxicity has initiated several research projects, but the amount of experimental data available for these pollutants is limited. The objective of this study is to assess the toxicity of potentially "safer" alternatives, in relation to their existing counterparts. Developmental toxicity data on...

Plausibility of the zebrafish embryos/larvae as an alternative animal model for autism: A comparison study of transcriptome changes.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a serious neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired or abnormal social interaction and communication and by restricted and repetitive behaviour. ASD is highly prevalent in Asia, Europe, and the United States, and the frequency of ASD is growing each year. Recent epidemiological studies have indicated that ASD may be caused or triggered by exposure to chemicals in the environment, such as those in the air or water. Thus, toxicological studies are needed to examin...

Treatment with chemical delipidation forskolin prior to cryopreservation improves the survival rates of swamp buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) and bovine (Bos indicus) in vitro produced embryos.

The cryopreservation of embryos is a technology developed for long-term genetic preservation. However, high sensitivity to low temperatures due to a large number of intracellular lipids within ruminant embryos compromises the success of this technique. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of using of lipolytic chemical agent forskolin, during in vitro producing of buffalo and bovine embryos on lipid contents, cryotolerance and subsequent developmental competence of these embryos. Buffalo and bov...

Novel histone deacetylase inhibitors and embryo aggregation enhance cloned embryo development and ES cell derivation in pigs.

The histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) has been investigated for treating cancers and many other diseases as well as enhancing the reprogramming efficiency in cloned embryos for decades. In the present study, we investigated the effects of two novel HDAC inhibitors, i.e., HDACi-14 and -79, at the concentrations of 0, 1, 2, or 4 μM on the development of embryos cloned by the oocyte bisection cloning technique (OBCT). Blastocyst rates for the reconstructed embryos reached 60% in the 2 μM HDACi-14-treated...

Comparison of modes of action between fish and zebrafish embryo toxicity for baseline, less inert, reactive and specifically-acting compounds.

The mode of action (MOA) plays a key role in the risk assessment of pollutants in water. Although fish is a key model organism used in the risk assessment of pollutants in water, the MOAs have not been compared between fish and embryo toxicity for classified compounds. In this paper, regression analysis was carried out for fish and embryo toxicities against the calculated molecular descriptors and MOAs were evaluated from toxicity ratio. The toxicity significantly related with the chemical hydrophobicity fo...

Biological effects of the benzotriazole ultraviolet stabilizers UV-234 and UV-320 in early-staged zebrafish (Danio rerio).

Among the benzotriazole ultraviolet stabilizers (BUVSs), UV-234 and UV-320 are frequently detected in aquatic ecosystem. Despite the fact that these chemicals are present in low ng/L levels in surface water, they show high bio-accumulation potential and pose exposure risks to aquatic organisms. However, there are limited toxicological data available in fish. In this study, zebrafish embryos were exposed to 0.01, 0.1 and 1 μM UV-234 or UV-320 for up to 6 days. Developmental toxicity as well as effects on ...

Production of F0 mice from embryonic stem cells injected eight-cell stage embryos which stored at refrigeration temperature.

At refrigeration temperature, mouse embryos can retain their developmental ability for a couple of days. Previous research reports have focused on the effect of cool temperature on the development of 2-cell stage embryos, morulae or blastocysts and determined that the embryo still has the ability to produce offspring after about 48 h storage at refrigeration temperature. Here we examined whether refrigeration temperature affects the development of the eight-cell stage and if the stored eight-cell stage em...

DEVELOPMENT OF A CURATED HERSHBERGER DATABASE.

A systematic literature review was conducted to identify Hershberger bioassays for ~3200 chemicals including those used to validate the OECD/US EPA guideline assay, US EPA's chemicals screened for endocrine activity, and the library of chemicals run in US EPA 's ToxCast in vitro assays. For 134 chemicals that met pre-defined criteria, experimental results were extracted into a database used to characterize uncertainty in results and evaluate the concordance of the Hershberger assay with other in vivo rodent...

Neuroethology of spatial cognition.

A key challenge for animals is recognising locations and navigating between them. These capacities are varied: we can remember where our car is parked at the mall, rats are able to remember where their nest location is while foraging for food morsels, and bats are able to fly directly to a favourite fruit tree 20 kilometers from their home cave. These spatial abilities, whether commonplace or remarkable, raise fundamental questions. First, how do animals find their way? Second, how does the brain represent ...

Identification of differentially expressed microRNAs in outgrowth embryos compared with blastocysts and non-outgrowth embryos in mice.

Recurrent implantation failure (RIF) is one of the main causes for the repeated failure of IVF, and the major reason for RIF is thought to be a miscommunication between the embryo and uterus. However, the exact mechanism underlying embryo-uterus cross-talk is not fully understood. The aim of the present study was to identify differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) among blastocysts, non-outgrowth and outgrowth embryos in mice using microarray analysis. A bioinformatics analysis was performed to predict ...

National Mosaic Embryo Transfer Practices: A Survey.

The growing use of preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) with in-vitro fertilization has provided clinicians with more information about the genetics of embryos. Embryos, however, sometimes result with a mixed composition of both aneuploid and euploid cells, called "mosaic embryos." The interpretation of these results has varied, leading some clinicians to transfer mosaic embryos and some opt not to. In addition, labs providing PGT for aneuploidy have differing thresholds for determining an embryo aneuploid...

Transient exposure of methylparaben to zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos altered cortisol level, acetylcholinesterase activity and induced anxiety-like behaviour.

Parabens are widely used as antimicrobial preservatives. Recent studies have reported the endocrine disrupting effects of these chemicals, especially methylparaben. Previously, we have reported the alteration in Vtg gene expression upon exposure to environmentally relevant doses of methylparaben in zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos. However, studies reporting neurobehavioural outcomes on exposure to methylparaben are limited. Therefore, this study was aimed at investigating the methylparaben-induced effects o...

Small day 8 equine embryos cannot be rescued by a less advanced recipient mare uterus.

Equine embryos tolerate an unusually large degree of negative uterine asynchrony (recipient mare up to 5 days behind the donor mare). By contrast, positive asynchrony of more than 2 days results in a high incidence of early embryonic loss (EEL). Day 8 embryos range in diameter from approximately 130-1300 μm, with embryos smaller than 300 μm reported to suffer an increased incidence of EEL. However, it is not known whether this reduced viability is due to intrinsically poor embryo quality, or to inadve...

Genome-wide DNA methylation patterns of bovine blastocysts derived from in vivo embryos subjected to in vitro culture before, during or after embryonic genome activation.

Aberrant DNA methylation patterns of genes required for development are common in in vitro produced embryos. In this regard, we previously identified altered DNA methylation patterns of in vivo developed blastocysts from embryos which spent different stages of development in vitro, indicating carryover effects of suboptimal culture conditions on epigenetic signatures of preimplantation embryos. However, epigenetic responses of in vivo originated embryos to suboptimal culture conditions are not fully underst...

Abandoned frozen embryos in Argentina: a committee opinion.

Argentina, like many other countries in the region, faces the dilemma of what to do with the increasing accumulation of frozen embryos, which are often abandoned. This report aims to address the issue of abandoned frozen embryos, following the main concerns: 1) when is an embryo considered abandoned, according to regulatory documents; 2) how can the number of cryopreserved abandoned embryos be decreased; and 3) what are the current available options for discarding these abandoned embryos. Issues concerning ...

Screening tools for the bioconcentration potential of monovalent organic ions in fish.

Currently the bioaccumulation potential of organic chemicals is assessed in a first tier approach via their octanol-water partition coefficient. This approach has been developed for neutral chemicals and cannot work for ionizable and ionic chemicals because the latter have different sorption-mechanisms and -preferences. Thus, suitable screening tools for the bioconcentration potential of ionic and ionizable chemicals need to be developed because it cannot be expected that these chemicals are non-bioaccumula...

CDX2 is essential for human IVF early embryonic development.

Human in vitro fertilization (IVF) embryos usually have developmental block at 4-8 cell stages, in which only 30%-50% percent of IVF embryos develop to blastocyst stage. This is the main cause for low efficiency and repeated treatment failure in human fertility therapy. Transcription factor CDX2 is one of the key genes in human early embryonic development, which decides the differentiation from blastomere to trophoblastic lineage. However, the relationship between the developmental block of human IVF embryo...

Organotypic Culture Method to Study the Development Of Embryonic Chicken Tissues.

The embryonic chicken is commonly used as a reliable model organism for vertebrate development. Its accessibility and short incubation period makes it ideal for experimentation. Currently, the study of these developmental pathways in the chicken embryo is conducted by applying inhibitors and drugs at localized sites and at low concentrations using a variety of methods. In vitro tissue culturing is a technique that enables the study of tissues separated from the host organism, while simultaneously bypassing...


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