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PubMed Journals Articles About "Enhancing Relapse Prevention For Smoking Cessation With Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation" RSS

08:42 EDT 21st October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Enhancing Relapse Prevention For Smoking Cessation With Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Enhancing Relapse Prevention For Smoking Cessation With Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Enhancing Relapse Prevention Smoking Cessation With Repetitive Transcranial" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 7,900+

Positive psychotherapy for smoking cessation enhanced with text messaging: Protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Despite reductions in cigarette smoking in the U.S., improvements in the efficacy of smoking cessation treatments are needed, as rates of sustained abstinence remain disappointingly low. Both low positive affect and high negative affect contribute to smoking relapse and constitute viable targets for smoking cessation interventions. Although some clinical trials have evaluated interventions to address depression as a smoking relapse risk factor, very few have focused on positive affect. Recently, we develope...


A bidirectional path analysis model of smoking cessation self-efficacy and concurrent smoking status: impact on abstinence outcomes.

Self-efficacy is routinely associated with abstinence in the addictions literature, and is a major component relapse-prevention models. The magnitude of this relationship has been brought into question following equivocal results in studies controlling for concurrent smoking status. The aim of our study was to clarify the relationship between cessation self-efficacy, smoking status, and cessation outcomes in a cohort of treatment-seeking smokers. Smokers participating in the FLEX trial, a randomized trial i...

Understanding the link between contingency management and smoking cessation: The roles of sex and self-efficacy.

Little is known about the mechanisms linking contingency management (CM) treatment with smoking cessation, and recent research suggests that the CM approach is associated with better smoking cessation outcomes among females than males. The current study investigated self-efficacy as a potential mechanism through which CM treatment influences smoking cessation, and explored whether these relationships differed by sex.


Predictors of reduced smoking quantity among recovering alcohol dependent men in a smoking cessation trial.

Adults with alcohol dependence (AD) have exceptionally high smoking rates and poor smoking cessation outcomes. Discovery of factors that predict reduced smoking among AD smokers may help improve treatment. This study examined baseline predictors of smoking quantity among AD smokers in a pharmacotherapy trial for smoking cessation.

Neurocognitive Effects of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation with a 2-Coil Device in Treatment-Resistant Major Depressive Disorder.

Neurocognitive dysfunction is an understudied and undertreated aspect of psychiatric research and treatment. There is emerging evidence to suggest that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) may possess neurocognition-enhancing capabilities.

Changes in self-efficacy associated with success in quitting smoking in participants in Japanese smoking cessation therapy.

To identify the strength of self-efficacy during 12-week smoking cessation therapy (SCT) that consisted of 5 sessions and its association with the success of smoking cessation at the end of SCT.

Integrated Treatment for Smoking Cessation, Anxiety, and Depressed Mood in People Living With HIV: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Among people living with HIV, cigarette smoking rates are higher than among the general population, and anxiety, depression, and their disorders are common and associated with smoking and poorer outcomes during cessation. This study evaluated the efficacy of an integrated smoking cessation intervention, developed to target anxiety, depression, and smoking cessation concurrently among people living with HIV.

Algorithm for resolving discrepancies between claims for smoking cessation pharmacotherapies during pregnancy and smoking status in delivery records: The impact on estimates of utilisation.

The linkage of routine data collections are valuable for population-based evaluation of smoking cessation pharmacotherapy in pregnancy where little is known about the utilisation or safety of these pharmacotherapies antenatally. The use of routine data collections to study smoking cessation pharmacotherapy is limited by disparities among data sources. This study developed an algorithm to resolve disparity between the evidence of pharmacotherapy utilisation for smoking cessation and the recording of smoking ...

Level of Alcohol Consumption and Successful Smoking Cessation.

The negative association between heavy alcohol use and likelihood of successful smoking cessation is well established. However, evidence on the effects of moderate alcohol consumption on smoking cessation is sparse. This analysis evaluated the association between alcohol use and smoking and the interaction of alcohol use and use of pharmacotherapy interventions in relation to smoking cessation.

Discussions of alcohol use in an online social network for smoking cessation: analysis of topics, sentiment, and social network centrality.

Few Internet smoking cessation programs specifically address the impact of alcohol use during a quit attempt, despite its common role in relapse. This study used topic modeling to describe the most prevalent topics about alcohol in an online smoking cessation community, the prevalence of negative sentiment expressed about alcohol use in the context of a quit attempt (i.e., alcohol should be limited or avoided during a quit attempt) within topics, and the degree to which topics differed by user social connec...

Integrating smoking cessation care in alcohol and other drug treatment settings using an organisational change intervention: a systematic review.

Organisational change interventions involve systems and cultural change within healthcare services to make smoking cessation care delivery part of usual treatment. Six strategies for organisational change have been proposed. This study examined the evidence for organisational change interventions in the alcohol and other drug (AOD) setting on: a) smoking cessation care; and b) smoking cessation and cessation-related outcomes.

Perceived partner responsiveness predicts smoking cessation in single-smoker couples.

Romantic partners are crucial to successful smoking cessation, but the mechanisms by which partners influence cessation is unclear. Research in this area has focused heavily on partner smoking status and support for quitting, but partner influence may not be limited to these two constructs. The current study examines the perceived responsiveness of the partner (i.e., the perception that the partner understands, approves of, and supports the self) as a predictor of smoking cessation in unassisted quitters, i...

Association of exercise with smoking-related symptomatology, smoking behavior and impulsivity in men and women.

Despite extensive efforts to develop effective smoking cessation interventions, 70-85% of American cigarette smokers who quit relapse within one year. Exercise has shown promise as an intervention; however, many results have been equivocal. This study explored how exercise is associated with smoking-related symptomatology, smoking behavior and impulsivity in male and female smokers.

Role of smoking intention in tobacco use reduction: A mediation analysis of an effective classroom-based prevention/cessation intervention for adolescents.

Although some school-based tobacco cessation and prevention programs have been proven to be effective, there remains a lack of understanding of how these programs succeed.

ASSESSMENT OF A NEW SMOKING CESSATION PROGRAM AT THAMMASAT UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL, PATHUM THANI, THAILAND.

The Smoking Cessation Clinic (SCC) at Thammasat University Hospital had only 27 patients from October 2013 to September 2014 and a quit rate of only 3.7%. A new smoking cessation program was implemented at the end of 2014 to improve success rates. This new program is an interdisciplinary program that includes several health care specialists. The study aimed to examine the characteristics of the smokers and the outcomes after implementing the new program with an interdisciplinary approach at the SCC in order...

Seeing new opportunities to help smokers quit: A UK national survey of optometrist delivered smoking cessation behavioural support interventions.

Smoking is a risk factor for various eye conditions. Brief smoking cessation interventions have demonstrated effectiveness when delivered by a range of healthcare professionals. Optometrists are well-placed in the community to advise otherwise healthy smokers to quit, yet remain relatively neglected in smoking cessation research and policy. In a national survey, this study investigated self-reported practices of UK optometrists for delivering brief tobacco smoking cessation interventions to patients.

Does exercise aid smoking cessation through reductions in anxiety sensitivity and dysphoria?

Research shows that high anxiety sensitivity (AS) and dysphoria are related to poor smoking cessation outcomes. Engaging in exercise may contribute to improvement in smoking cessation outcomes through reductions in AS and dysphoria. In the current study, we examined whether exercise can aid smoking cessation through reductions in AS and dysphoria.

Brief Intervention on Nurses' Knowledge and Behavior Regarding Smoking Cessation.

Nurses receive little training on smoking cessation education delivery in their nursing curricula and practice settings. A brief intervention to assess nurses' knowledge and behavior regarding smoking cessation education found increases in knowledge and intended behavior. In their practice setting, nurses maintained their knowledge long term; however, nurses did not change their behavior to match their intentions of increasing the delivery of smoking cessation education.

Smoking Cessation Strategies in Pregnancy: Current Concepts And Controversies.

Smoking during pregnancy is a risk factor associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Despite that these outcomes are well known, a considerable proportion of pregnant women continue to smoke during this critical period. This paper evaluates critically smoking cessation interventions targeting pregnant women. We describe the findings of key published studies, review papers and expert statements to report the efficacy and safety of strategies for smoking cessation in pregnancy, including counseling and pharm...

Anthropometric and body composition changes in smokers vs abstainers following an exercise-aided pharmacotherapy smoking cessation trial for women.

Post-cessation weight gain contributes to smoking relapse, especially for women. Furthermore, excess weight in the form of android or visceral fat is associated with metabolic health problems. For this study, a secondary analysis was conducted in 2015 to determine whether quitting status, achieved through a 14 week supervised exercise-aided nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) cessation program [Getting Physical on Cigarette Trial-2009 to 2013; Prapavessis, et al., 2016], affects anthropometric and body com...

Smoking, Smoking Cessation, and the Risk of Hearing Loss: Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study.

We aimed to determine the prospective association of smoking status, smoking intensity, and smoking cessation with the risk of hearing loss in a large Japanese cohort.

Effectiveness of decision aids for smoking cessation in adults: a quantitative systematic review.

The objective of the review was to determine the effectiveness of the use of decision aids to facilitate the shared decision-making process between a person and a healthcare provider on smoking cessation rates, knowledge of smoking cessation methods and decisional quality.

Tobacco Cessation in Oncology Care.

Globally, tobacco use is a major modifiable risk factor and leading cause of many forms of cancer and cancer death. Tobacco use contributes to poorer prognosis in cancer care. This article reviews the current state of tobacco cessation treatment in oncology. Effective behavioral and pharmacological treatments exist for tobacco cessation, but are not being widely used in oncology treatment settings. Comprehensive tobacco treatment increases success with quitting smoking and can improve oncological and overal...

Accelerated repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation does not influence grey matter volumes in regions related to alcohol relapse: An open-label exploratory study.

The application of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to prevent relapse in alcohol addiction is currently being evaluated. However, how rTMS may influence the related brain processes is far from clear. Here we wanted to investigate whether baseline grey matter volume (GMV) can predict relapse and whether 15 accelerated high-frequency (HF)- rTMS sessions may influence GMV in areas related to relapse. Voxel-based morphometric (VBM) measurements were used to compare baseline GMV of 22 detoxif...

Smoking Cessation: A Comparison of Two Model Structures.

Most economic evaluations of smoking cessation interventions have used cohort state-transition models. Discrete event simulations (DESs) have been proposed as a superior approach.


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