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Enrollment On The Childhood Cancer Research Network (CCRN) Of The Children's Oncology Group PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Enrollment On The Childhood Cancer Research Network (CCRN) Of The Children's Oncology Group articles that have been published worldwide.
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Low cancer clinical trial (CCT) enrollment may contribute to survival disparities affecting adolescents and young adults (AYAs) (ages 15-39 years). The objective of this study was to evaluate whether differences in CCT availability related to treatment site could explain the low CCT enrollment.
Pediatric oncology phase 1 clinical trials (P1Ts) are essential to developing new anticancer therapies; however, they raise complex ethical concerns about balancing the need for this research with the well-being of participating children. The purpose of this integrative review was to synthesize and appraise the evidence of how P1T participation, which begins with consent and ends with the transition off the P1T, can affect the well-being (either positively or negatively) of children with cancer. The Resilie...
It is questionable whether enrollment on clinical trials offers any survival advantage at the population level over standard-of-care treatment. The objectives of this study were to describe the impact of trial enrollment on event-free survival and overall survival in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) using the Cancer in Young People in Canada (CYP-C) database.
Patient portals (PPs) provide patients access to their electronic health record and may facilitate active engagement in their care. Because PP use has not been well studied among patients with cancer, we sought to: understand the willingness of patients with cancer to use the PP, identify barriers to PP use, and improve PP accessibility.
The qualitative description of tumors feeling stiffer than surrounding normal tissue has been long appreciated in the clinical setting. These empirical observations have been corroborated by the precise measurement and characterization of mechanical properties of cancerous tissues. Much of the advancement in our understanding of mechanics in oncology has been enabled by the development of innovative technologies designed to probe cells and tissues as well as integrative software analysis tools that facilita...
Childhood cancer is a rare but leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Established risk factors, accounting for
With improvements in cancer treatment and supportive care, a growing population of survivors of childhood cancer at risk for significant and potentially life-threatening late effects has been identified. To provide a current snapshot of the models of care from countries with varying levels of resources and health care systems, stakeholders in childhood cancer survivorship clinical care and research were identified from 18 countries across five continents. Stakeholders responded to a survey and provided a br...
Children with histologically diagnosed high-risk medulloblastoma, supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the CNS (CNS-PNET), and pineoblastoma (PBL) have had poor survival despite intensive treatment. We included these patients in this Children's Oncology Group trial. Molecular profiling later revealed tumor heterogeneity that was not detectable at protocol inception. Enrollment of patients with CNS-PNET/PBL was subsequently discontinued, and outcomes for this part of the study are reported here.
The improvement in survival of childhood cancer observed across the past 50 years has resulted in a growing acknowledgment that simply extending the lifespan of survivors is not enough. It is incumbent on both the cancer research and the clinical care communities to also improve the health span of survivors. It is well established that aging adult survivors of childhood cancer are at increased risk of chronic health conditions, relative to the general population. However, as the first generation of survivor...
Because of improvements in cancer treatment, more than 80% of all children with cancer now survive at least five years from the time of diagnosis. As a result, late sequelae of cancer and its treatment have become more common, particularly second malignancies. We studied the current incidence of second malignancies among childhood cancer survivors in Germany.
Secondary cancer is the most life-threatening late effect of childhood cancer. We investigated the clinical features of secondary bone/soft tissue sarcoma among childhood cancer survivors (CCSs).
To analyse parents' and children's understanding of consent information and assess their decision-making process in paediatric oncology.
Cancer of the prostate (CaP) is the leading cancer among men in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). A substantial proportion of these men with CaP are diagnosed at late (usually incurable) stages, yet little is known about the etiology of CaP in SSA.
Obesity is a risk factor for numerous cancer types, and may influence cancer treatment outcomes. Underrepresentation of obese patients in obesity-related cancer randomized controlled trials (RCTs) may affect generalizability of results. We aimed to assess the reporting of information about eligibility and enrollment of obese participants in obesity-related cancer RCTs.
Skeletal abnormalities are common in children and adolescents diagnosed and treated for a malignancy. The spectrum ranges from mild pain to debilitating osteonecrosis and fractures. In this review, we summarize the impact of cancer therapy on the developing skeleton, provide an update on therapeutic strategies for prevention and treatment, and discuss the most recent advances in musculoskeletal research. Early recognition of skeletal abnormalities and strategies to optimize bone health are essential to prev...
Long-Term Follow-Up in Childhood Cancer Survivors - Position paper 2018 of the working group "long-term follow-up" of the Society of Pediatric Oncology and Hematology (GPOH) on long-term surveillance, long-term follow-up and late effect evaluation in pediatric oncology patients.
Nowadays, childhood cancer patients survive much more often than they did 40 years ago. Therefore, the cure rates rise over 80%. Approximately 33,000 cured childhood cancer patients are documented by the German Childhood Cancer Registry (GCCR) for long-term follow-up in Germany. But does that mean, they are healthy, too? When compared to the normal population, it can be seen that morbidity and mortality are significantly higher among former childhood cancer patients. In two out of three survivors, the cance...
Despite the rapid diffusion of accountable care organizations (ACOs), the effect of ACO enrollment on cancer diagnosis, treatment, and survivorship remains unknown. The objective of this study was to determine whether Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP) ACO enrollment was associated with changes in screening for breast, colorectal, and prostate cancers.
Outcome in treatment of childhood cancers has improved dramatically since the 1970s. This success was largely achieved by the implementation of cooperative clinical research trial groups that standardized and developed treatment of childhood cancer. Nevertheless, outcome in certain types of malignancies is still unfavorable. Intensification of conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy improved outcome only marginally at the cost of acute and long-term side effects. Hence, it is necessary to develop targete...
Few patient populations are as helpless and in need of advocacy as children with cancer. Pharmaceutical companies have historically faced significant financial disincentives to pursue pediatric oncology therapeutics, including low incidence, high costs of conducting pediatric trials, and a lack of funding for early-stage research.
Many US academic centers have acquired community practices to expand their clinical care and research footprint. The objective of this assessment was to determine whether the acquisition and integration of community oncology practices by Yale/Smilow Cancer Hospital improved outcomes in quality of care, disease team integration, clinical trial accrual, and patient satisfaction at network practice sites.
Recent research has demonstrated that survivors of childhood cancer are at risk for a myriad of late effects that affect physical and mental quality of life. We discuss the patterns and prevalence of neurocognitive problems commonly experienced by survivors of CNS tumors and acute lymphoblastic leukemia, the two most commonly researched cancer diagnoses. Research documenting the direct effects of tumor location and treatment type and intensity is presented, and patient characteristics that moderate outcomes...
Long-term follow-up data for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are scarce in China because of lacking population-based and hospitalized registry system. This retrospective study, conducted at Shanghai's Children's Medical Center in China (SCMC), aimed to investigate the long-term results of childhood ALL and to identify prognostic factors. The Pediatric Oncology Network Database, designed by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, USA, were used to collect data for the enrolled patients starting i...
Evidence on outcome-volume relation and resource shortage are forcing the oncology department towards concentrating of cancer care in large specialized centres. We report a study on radiotherapy for breast cancer patients in Umbria, Italy, where geographic barriers reduced appropriate radiotherapy for patients with a travel burden as low as >40 minutes and the under-treatment was associated with low survival probabilities. The creation of additional radiotherapy centres (i.e. decentralization) improved appr...