PubMed Journals Articles About "Enteric-coated Mycophenolate Sodium Versus Azathioprine For The Extra-renal Lupus Manifestations" RSS

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Enteric-coated Mycophenolate Sodium Versus Azathioprine For The Extra-renal Lupus Manifestations PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Enteric-coated Mycophenolate Sodium Versus Azathioprine For The Extra-renal Lupus Manifestations articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Enteric coated Mycophenolate Sodium Versus Azathioprine Extra renal" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 9,900+

Development of an Abbreviatted Mycophenolic Acid Area-Under-The-Time Concentration Curve for Renal Transplanted Patients under Enteric-Coated Mycophenolate Sodium: A Comparison with Critical Analysis of Available Equations.

Enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS) is frequently used in renal transplantation. The pharmacokinetic profile of mycophenolic acid (MPA) shows a broad range of time-to-maximum-concentration (Tmax) that limits the use of a single MPA concentration to calculate the area under the time-concentration curve (AUC). For both research and clinical MPA monitoring, measuring a complete AUC is troublesome to the center and patients.

Pharmacokinetics Evaluation of Mycophenolic Acid and its Glucuronide Metabolite in Chinese Renal Transplant Recipients Receiving Enteric-coated Mycophenolate Sodium and Tacrolimus.

The aim of this study was to characterize the pharmacokinetics of mycophenolic acid (MPA) and mycophenolic acid glucuronide (MPAG) in Chinese renal transplant patients taking enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS). Limited sampling strategies (LSS) were developed to estimate the area under the concentration curve from 0 to 12 h (AUC0-12h) of total and free MPA. Another objective was to investigate the correlation between high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and enzyme multiplied immunoassay t...

Cyclophosphamide Versus Mycophenolate Versus Rituximab in Lupus Nephritis Remission Induction: A Historical Head-to-Head Comparative Study.

We report comparative efficacy between high-dose cyclophosphamide (HDCyC), low-dose cyclophosphamide (LDCyC), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and rituximab in patients with lupus nephritis (LN).

EET Enhances Renal Function in Obese Mice Resulting in Restoration of Mfn1/2 -HO-1 Signaling, and Decrease in Hypertension through Inhibition of Sodium Chloride Co-Transporter.

We have previously reported that epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) has multiple beneficial effects on renal and adipose tissue function, in addition to its vasodilatory action; it increases insulin sensitivity and inhibits inflammation. In an examination of the signaling mechanisms by which EET reduces renal and peri-renal fat function, we hypothesized that EET ameliorates obesity-induced renal dysfunction by improving sodium excretion, reducing the sodium-chloride cotransporter NCC, lowering blood pressure, a...

Development and in vitro characterization of chitosan-coated polymeric nanoparticles for oral delivery and sustained release of the immunosuppressant drug mycophenolate mofetil.

To develop an oral sustained release formulation of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) for once-daily dosing, using chitosan-coated polylactic acid (PLA) or poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) nanoparticles. The role of polymer molecular weight (MW) and drug to polymer ratio in encapsulation efficiency (EE) and release from the nanoparticles was explored in vitro.

Fibroblast growth factor 23 is associated with fractional excretion of sodium in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Recent studies suggest that the phosphaturic hormone fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is involved in regulation of renal sodium excretion and blood pressure. There is evidence of both direct effects via regulation of the sodium-chloride symporter (NCC) in the distal tubule, and indirect effects through interactions with the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. However, clinical data on the association between FGF23 and renal sodium regulation is lacking. Herein, we investigated the associations of FGF23...

Thiopurine methyltransferase genotype and activity cannot predict outcomes of azathioprine maintenance therapy for antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody associated vasculitis: A retrospective cohort study.

Azathioprine is a widely used immunosuppressive drug. Genetic polymorphisms and activity of the enzyme thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) have been associated with azathioprine efficacy and toxicity in several populations. We investigated whether these associations also exist for ANCA associated vasculitis (AAV) patients, who receive azathioprine maintenance therapy after remission induction with cyclophosphamide.

Sodium bicarbonate cotransporter NBCe2 gene variants increase sodium and bicarbonate transport in human renal proximal tubule cells.

Salt sensitivity of blood pressure affects >30% of the hypertensive and >15% of the normotensive population. Variants of the electrogenic sodium bicarbonate cotransporter NBCe2 gene, SLC4A5, are associated with increased blood pressure in several ethnic groups. SLC4A5 variants are also highly associated with salt sensitivity, independent of hypertension. However, little is known about how NBCe2 contributes to salt sensitivity, although NBCe2 regulates renal tubular sodium bicarbonate transport. We hypothesi...

Comparative analysis of calcineurin-inhibitor-based methotrexate and mycophenolate mofetil-containing regimens for prevention of Graft-versus-Host Disease after reduced intensity conditioning allogeneic transplantation.

The combination of calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) such as tacrolimus (TAC) or cyclosporine (CYSP) with methotrexate (MTX) or with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) has been commonly used for Graft-versus-Host Disease (GVHD) prophylaxis after reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) allogeneic transplantation (alloHCT), but there are limited data comparing efficacy of the two regimens.

Effect of continuous renal-replacement therapy on paraoxonase-1-related variables in patients with acute renal failure caused by septic shock.

Acute renal failure in patients with sepsis is associated with high mortality. Studies have highlighted alterations in serum paraoxonase-1 in severe infections. However, the published literature has no insight into the clinical evolution of these parameters in patients with sepsis and acute renal failure treated with extra-renal depuration techniques.

Beraprost Sodium, a Stable Analogue of PGI2, Inhibits the Renin-Angiotensin System in the Renal Tissues of Rats with Chronic Renal Failure.

Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a prolonged kidney condition characterized by decreased kidney function that can eventually develop into total kidney failure. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) helps to regulate the balance between human bodily fluids and electrolytes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a prostacyclin analogue (beraprost sodium [BPS]) on the expression of key factors associated with local RAS activities in the renal tissues of rats with CRF.

SGLT2 inhibitors and the kidney: Effects and mechanisms.

Numerous clinical trials have shown that sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors exert a favorable effect on the indices of renal function (albuminuria, glomerular filtration rate decline over time) and the incidence of hard renal endpoints such as renal death or time to initiation of renal replacement therapy.

Mycophenolate mofetil for induction and maintenance of remission in naïve patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis without renal involvement.

Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) associated vasculitides include granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA, previously called Wegener's), microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), previously called Churg-Strauss). In this report we used mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and steroids to induce and maintain remission in two newly diagnosed cases with c-ANCA associated GPA. The two patients' maintained remission with no disease relapses during one year follow-up...

The enteric microbiota regulates jejunal Paneth cell number and function without impacting intestinal stem cells.

Paneth cells (PCs) are epithelial cells found in the small intestine, next to intestinal stem cells (ISCs) at the base of the crypts. PCs secrete antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) that regulate the commensal gut microbiota. In contrast, little is known regarding how the enteric microbiota reciprocally influences PC function. In this study, we sought to characterize the impact of the enteric microbiota on PC biology in the mouse small intestine. This was done by first enumerating jejunal PCs in germ-free (GF) ve...

(Pro)Renin receptor mediates obesity-induced antinatriuresis and elevated blood pressure via upregulation of the renal epithelial sodium channel.

Recent studies have demonstrated that the renal (pro)renin receptor (PRR) regulates expression of the alpha subunit of the epithelial sodium channel (α-ENaC). In this study we hypothesized that the renal PRR mediates high fat diet (HFD)-induced sodium retention and elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP) by enhancing expression of the epithelial sodium channel (α-ENaC). In our study we used a recently developed inducible nephron specific PRR knockout mouse. Mice (n = 6 each group) were allocated to receive...

Aldosterone infusion into the 4 ventricle produces sodium appetite with baroreflex attenuation independent of renal or blood pressure changes.

Aldosterone infusion into the 4 ventricle (4 V), upstream the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS), produces strong 0.3 M NaCl intake. In the present study, we investigated whether aldosterone infusion into the 4 V activates HSD2 neurons, changes renal excretion, or alters blood pressure and cardiovascular reflexes. Chronic infusion of aldosterone (100 ng/h) into the 4 V increased daily 0.3 M NaCl intake (up to 44 ± 10, vs. vehicle: 5.6 ± 3.4 ml/24 h) and also c-Fos expression in HSD2 neurons in the NTS an...

Mechanism of Sodium Balance: Total Body Sodium, Surrogate Variables and Renal Sodium Excretion.

The classical concepts of human sodium balance include (i) a total pool of Na+ of ≈4200 mmol (total body sodium, TBS) distributed primarily in the extracellular fluid (ECV) and bone, (ii) intake variations of 0.03 to ≈6 mmol ∙ (kg body mass ∙ day), (iii) asymptotic transitions between steady states with a halftime (T1/2) of 21h, (iii) changes in TBS driven by sodium intake measuring ≈1.3 d (ΔTBS/Δ(Na+ intake/d)), (iv) adjustment of Na+ excretion to match any diet thus providing metabolic steady ...

Enteric Fever Cases in the Two Largest Pediatric Hospitals of Bangladesh: 2013-2014.

Enteric fever predominantly affects children in low- and middle-income countries. This study examines the burden of enteric fever at the 2 pediatric hospitals in Dhaka, Bangladesh and assesses their capacity for inclusion in a prospective cohort study to support enteric fever prevention and control.

Azathioprine-induced pellagra in neuromyelitis optica: A case report and review of literature.

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO), also known as Devic's disease, is a classical autoimmune disorder of the central nervous system (CNS). The relapsing-remitting disease course contributes to application of a variety of immunosuppressants to prevent further relapses after high-dose methylprednisolone pulse therapy for acute attacks. Azathioprine is one of the most widely used immunosuppressive drugs during the remission stage of NMO due to its good efficacy and favorable side-effect profile. Even if, enough attent...

Physiologic Hyperinsulinemia Caused by Acute Hyperglycemia Minimizes Renal Sodium Loss by Direct Action on the Kidney.

This study used acute, renal-artery insulin infusion in conscious rats to test the hypothesis that hyperinsulinemia attenuates glucose-induced natriuresis by a direct renal mechanism. We reported previously that hyperinsulinemia was required to prevent ad libitum eating or an acute glucose bolus from causing excessive renal sodium loss. Rats were instrumented with renal artery, aortic, and femoral vein catheters and DSI blood pressure telemeters and were housed in metabolic cages. Insulin was clamped chroni...

Risk Factors of Renal Involvement Based on Different Manifestations in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis.

Renal involvement is one of the most common extra-articular complications caused by ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Most studies have focused on the incidence rate, clinical manifestation and pathology, while risk factors have hardly been investigated. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the risk factors of renal involvement in patients with AS.

Sulfur-functionalized three-dimensional graphene monoliths as high-performance anodes for ultrafast sodium-ion storage.

Sulfur-functionalized graphene monoliths with a high sulfur fraction (16.8 wt%) were prepared to demonstrate a high capacity (∼400 mA h g-1 at 0.1 A g-1) and ultrafast (∼120 mA h g-1 at 5 A g-1) sodium ion storage. The reversible reaction of -C-Sx-C- with sodium ions contributes to the extra capacity while a 3D graphene network guarantees high rate capability.

Adaptive remodeling of renal Na+ and K+ transport during pregnancy.

Renal ion transport undergoes dramatic changes during the course of gestation. These adaptations are necessary to meet the dynamic requirements of pregnancy and support fetal development. Pregnancy is characterized by a high demand for both sodium and potassium. Recently there has been work in the field profiling the modifications of the renal tubules in pregnancy to meet these demands. The purpose of this review is to summarize these findings.

A Retrospective Study of Laboratory-Based Enteric Fever Surveillance, Pakistan, 2012-2014.

The Surveillance for Enteric Fever in Asia Project (SEAP) is a multisite surveillance study designed to capture morbidity and mortality burden of enteric fever (typhoid and paratyphoid) in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Pakistan. We aim to describe enteric fever disease burden, severity of illness, and antimicrobial resistance trends in Pakistan.

pNaKtide ameliorates renal interstitial fibrosis through inhibition of sodium-potassium adenosine triphosphatase-mediated signaling pathways in unilateral ureteral obstruction mice.

Sodium-potassium adenosine triphosphatase (Na/K-ATPase) has been shown to regulate Src activity by combining with Src to keep it in an inactive form. We previously reported that Na/K-ATPase was downregulated in unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) animals. In this study, we examined whether inhibition of Na/K-ATPase-mediated Src signaling pathways ameliorated renal interstitial fibrosis induced by UUO.

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