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04:10 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Enzymatic Deinking Technologies" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,200+

DNA assembly with error correction on a droplet digital microfluidics platform.

Custom synthesized DNA is in high demand for synthetic biology applications. However, current technologies to produce these sequences using assembly from DNA oligonucleotides are costly and labor-intensive. The automation and reduced sample volumes afforded by microfluidic technologies could significantly decrease materials and labor costs associated with DNA synthesis. The purpose of this study was to develop a gene assembly protocol utilizing a digital microfluidic device. Toward this goal, we adapted ben...

Ultrasound promotes enzymatic reactions by acting on different targets: Enzymes, substrates and enzymatic reaction systems.

With the extensive application of enzyme-catalyzed reactions in numerous fields, improving enzymatic efficiency has attracted wide attention for reducing operating costs and increasing output. There are three targets throughout enzymatic reactions: the enzyme, substrate, and mixed reaction system. Ultrasound has been known to accelerate enzymatic reactions by acting on different targets. It can modify both enzyme and substrate macromolecules, which is helpful for enhancing enzyme activity and product yields...

Effects of different pretreatments on pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo) lignocellulose degradation.

The efficiency of enzymatic hydrolysis is reduced by the naturally recalcitrant complex polymers comprising lignocellulose. Increasing enzymatic conversion, which the complex macromolecules converted into simpler molecules, is still had to be overcome. High hydrostatic pressure (HHP), an emerging technology, is expected to ameliorate the situation. The effects of enzymatic hydrolysis after HHP pretreatment on pumpkin lignocellulose were studied and compared with hydrothermal and alkaline pretreatment. Furth...

Detection technologies and metabolic profiling of bile acids: a comprehensive review.

Bile acids (BAs) are important regulatory factors of life activities, which are involved in the regulation of glucose, lipid and energy metabolisms, and closely associated with intestinal hormones, microbiotas and energy balance. BAs abnormalities easily lead to inflammation and metabolic diseases, in turn, the progress of diseases could influence characteristics of BAs. Therefore, accurate detection of BAs contents is of great significance to disease prevention, diagnosis and treatment. At present, the mos...

Wearable biofuel cells based on the classification of enzyme for high power outputs and lifetimes.

Wearable enzymatic biofuel cells would be the most prospective fuel cells for wearable devices because of their low cost, compactness and flexibility. As the high specificity and catalytic properties of enzymes, enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) catalyze the fuel associated with the redox reaction and get electrical energy. Available biofuels such as glucose, lactate and pyruvate can be harvested from biofluids of sweat, tears and blood, which afford cells a favorable use in implantable and wearable devices. ...

Adoption of Stroke Rehabilitation Technologies by the User Community: Qualitative Study.

Using technology in stroke rehabilitation is attractive. Devices such as robots or smartphones can help deliver evidence-based levels of practice intensity and automated feedback without additional labor costs. Currently, however, few technologies have been adopted into everyday rehabilitation.

Application of Digital Technologies in Maxillofacial Prosthetics Literature: A 10-Year Observation of Five Selected Prosthodontics Journals.

To identify trends in the application of various types of digital technologies in maxillofacial prosthetics by identifying these digital technologies and their characteristics and reviewing the prevalence of applied digital technologies and their recent trends in the maxillofacial prosthetics literature.

Influence of sulfur dioxide-ethanol-water pretreatment on the physicochemical properties and enzymatic digestibility of bamboo residues.

SO-ethanol-water (SEW) is a promising pretreatment for improving enzymatic digestibility of biomass through simultaneously removing hemicellulose and lignin. In this work, SEW pretreatment was performed at different cooking times (10 min-60 min) and different SO concentrations (0.5%-2%) to produce pretreated bamboo residues for enzymatic hydrolysis. Meanwhile, physicochemical features of the residual cellulose and lignin were analyzed to better understand how SEW improves enzymatic digestibility. Under ...

What do we know about technologies for dementia-related wandering? A scoping review: Examen de la portée : Que savons-nous à propos des technologies de gestion de l'errance liée à la démence?

Occupational therapists use technologies to manage wandering-related risks to promote safety and independence among individuals with dementia living in the community.

Functional Expression of a Thermostable Endoglucanase from Thermoascus aurantiacus RCKK in Pichia pastoris X-33 and Its Characterization.

Thermostable cellulases offer several advantages like higher rates of substrate hydrolysis, lowered risk of contamination, and increased flexibility with respect to process design. In the present study, a thermostable native endoglucanase nEG (EC was purified and characterized from T. aurantiacus RCKK. Further, it was cloned in P. pastoris X-33 and processed for over expression. Expression of recombinant endoglucanase (rEG) of molecular size ~ 33 kDa was confirmed by SDS-PAGE and western blottin...

Graphics and Media Technologies for Operators in Industry 4.0.

Visual computing technologies have an important role in manufacturing and production, particularly in new Industry 4.0 scenarios with intelligent machines, human-robot collaboration and learning factories. In this article, we explore challenges and examples on how the fusion of graphics, vision and media technologies can enhance the role of operators in this new context.

Nurse and Nurse Student Attitudes and Perceived Self-efficacy in Use of Information and Communication Technologies: Professional and Cultural Differences.

Information and communication technologies have become essential and design-effective tools in the global healthcare system. Evidence suggests that information and communication technologies can promote nursing practice and patient satisfaction and quality of care. Competency with information and communication technologies is essential for both nurses and nursing students, and attitudes toward its use and perceived self-efficacy are important for implementation in the workplace. This study aimed to explore ...

Enzymatic reactions involving the heteroatoms from organic substrates.

Several enzymatic reactions of heteroatom-containing compounds have been explored as unnatural substrates. Considerable advances related to the search for efficient enzymatic systems able to support a broader substrate scope with high catalytic performance are described in the literature. These reports include mainly native and mutated enzymes and whole cells biocatalysis. Herein, we describe the historical background along with the progress of biocatalyzed reactions involving the heteroatom(S, Se, B, P and...

Use of eHealth and mHealth technology by persons with multiple sclerosis.

Health communication has evolved substantially over the last few years as the field of electronic health (eHealth) technologies has emerged. It is unknown what demographic and clinical characteristics are associated with use of eHealth technologies in MS. As these technologies are more widely adopted in health settings, it is important that health care providers understand who is using them, and to recognize potential disparities if they exist.

Assessment of Devices, Diagnostics and Digital Technologies: A Review of NICE Medical Technologies Guidance.

The Medical Technologies Evaluation Programme (MTEP) of NICE in England aims to evaluate medical devices that are deemed to be cost-saving or cost-neutral and produce Medical Technology Guidance (MTG) to encourage their adoption.

What are we to make of the charge that human biological enhancement technologies are 'unnatural'?

In popular lay discourse, objections to human biological enhancement technologies are sometimes expressed in terms of the charge that they are unnatural. This paper critiques the literal claim that seems to be presented here, namely that such technologies are in some ordinary sense 'unnatural' and that it follows from this they are immoral. Such a conceptual 'nature argument' is unsound. However, the paper contends that this does not mean that the charge of unnaturalness should be dismissed out of hand. Rat...

Computational study on a puzzle in the biosynthetic pathway of anthocyanin: Why is an enzymatic oxidation/ reduction process required for a simple tautomerization?

In the late stage of anthocyanin biosynthesis, dihydroflavonol reductase (DFR) and anthocyanidin synthase (ANS) mediate a formal tautomerization. However, such oxidation/reduction process requires high energy and appears to be unnecessary, as the oxidation state does not change during the transformation. Thus, a non-enzymatic pathway of tautomerization has also been proposed. To resolve the long-standing issue of whether this non-enzymatic pathway is the main contributor for the biosynthesis, we carried out...

Economic evaluations of eHealth technologies: A systematic review.

Innovations in eHealth technologies have the potential to help older adults live independently, maintain their quality of life, and to reduce their health system dependency and health care expenditure. The objective of this study was to systematically review and appraise the quality of cost-effectiveness or utility studies assessing eHealth technologies in study populations involving older adults.

Enzymes in removal of pharmaceuticals from wastewater: A critical review of challenges, applications and screening methods for their selection.

At present, the removal of trace organic chemicals such as pharmaceuticals in wastewater treatment plants is often incomplete resulting in a continuous discharge into the aqueous environment. To overcome this issue, bioremediation approaches gained significant importance in recent times, since they might have a lower carbon footprint than chemical or physical treatment methods. In this context, enzyme-based technologies represent a promising alternative since they are able to specifically target certain che...

Application of Proteomics Technologies in Oil Palm Research.

Proteomics technologies were first applied in the oil palm research back in 2008. Since proteins are the gene products that are directly correspond to phenotypic traits, proteomic tools hold a strong advantage above other molecular tools to comprehend the biological and molecular mechanisms in the oil palm system. These emerging technologies have been used as non-overlapping tools to link genome-wide transcriptomics and metabolomics-based studies to enhance the oil palm yield and quality through sustainable...

Emerging Food Processing Technologies and Factors Impacting their Industrial Adoption.

Innovative food processing technologies have been widely investigated in food processing research in recent years. These technologies offer key advantages for advancing the preservation and quality of conventional foods, for combatting the growing challenges posed by globalization, increased competitive pressures and diverse consumer demands. However, there is a need to increase the level of adoption of novel technologies to ensure the potential benefits of these technologies are exploited more by the food ...

Advances of sequencing and assembling technologies for complex genomes.

Complex genomes are noted to be extremely difficult to sequence or assemble by using ordinary methods. Complex genomes are typically characterized as being highly repetitive, highly heterozygous, extremely GC biased, or naturally contaminated, i.e., contaminations which cannot be removed before sequencing. To solve these problems with sequencing and assembling complex genomes, three major techniques include: (1) DNA extraction experiments, (2) Sequencing technologies and platforms, and (3) Algorithms and st...

Long Reads: their Purpose and Place.

In recent years long read technologies have moved from being a niche and specialist field to a point of relative maturity likely to feature frequently in the genomic landscape. Analogous to next generation sequencing (NGS), the cost of sequencing using long read technologies has materially dropped whilst the instrument throughput continues to increase. Together these changes present the prospect of sequencing large numbers of individuals with the aim of fully characterising genomes at high resolution. In th...

Experiences of Using Web-Based and Mobile Technologies to Support Self-Management of Type 2 Diabetes: Qualitative Study.

The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is rising, placing increasing strain on health care services. Web-based and mobile technologies can be an important source of information and support for people with type 2 diabetes and may prove beneficial with respect to reducing complications due to mismanagement. To date, little research has been performed to gain an insight into people's perspectives of using such technologies in their daily management.

Bracing for Abscission.

The detachment of plant organs is highly choreographed, requiring the enzymatic dissolution of the middle lamella between cell layers at the base of the detaching organ. Now, Lee et al. demonstrate that abscission efficiency and plant health rely on the spatial confinement of enzymatic activity and mechanical features that ensure a smooth separation.

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