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Epithelial Healing And Visual Outcomes Using Omega-3 Therapy Before And After Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK) Surgery PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Epithelial Healing And Visual Outcomes Using Omega-3 Therapy Before And After Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK) Surgery articles that have been published worldwide.
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DNA methylation is a key epigenetic modification involved in various biological processes and diseases. Corneal epithelial wound healing (CEWH) is essential for restoring corneal integrity and transparency after injury. However, the role of DNA methylation in CEWH remains elusive. Here, we investigate the function and underlying mechanism of DNA methylation in regulating CEWH.
To compare long-term visual/anatomical outcomes and recurrence rate between oral spironolactone (SPRL) treatment and half-dose photodynamic therapy for nonresolving central serous chorioretinopathy.
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been used therapeutically to modulate inflammation and promote repair. Extracellular vesicles, including exosomes, have been identified as one of the important mediators. This study investigated the effect of human corneal MSC-derived exosomes on corneal epithelial wound healing.
Colonization by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) has been implicated in many infectious and wound healing disorders. This study was performed to characterize the pathogenic role of S. aureus alpha-hemolysin (alpha-toxin) in corneal epithelial wound healing and infectious keratitis in the setting of a corneal wound. The effect of wild-type and isogenic Hla mutant (α-hemolysin gene deleted) S. aureus bacteria and conditioned media on corneal epithelial wound healing was tested in vitro using a scratch assay...
Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been promoted for its beneficial effects on tissue healing and pain relief for skin and oral applications. However, there is no corresponding literature reporting on vocal fold wound healing. Our purpose was to assess the potential wound-healing effects of LLLT on primary human vocal fold epithelial cells (VFECs). In this study, normal vocal fold tissue was obtained from a 58-year-old male patient who was diagnosed with postcricoid carcinoma without involvement of the voca...
The treat-to-target strategy has emerged in ulcerative colitis management. Mucosal healing is the best target, albeit not in induction therapy of acute diseases as clinical conditions vary over a short duration. To determine the targets during induction therapy for acute ulcerative colitis, we identified markers to predict mucosal healing at 3 and 12 months of initiating the induction therapy.
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the colon with an intractable, recurrent course. The goal of UC therapy is to target mucosal healing because immune-suppressive therapy for UC frequently results in relapse. However, few drugs directly target mucosal healing. We, therefore, aim to evaluate the therapeutic effect of an investigational drug on intestinal epithelial cells in an in vitro UC model using human colonic organoids.
This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of eye drops containing a combination of sodium hyaluronate and trehalose and sodium hyaluronate for the treatment of corneal cross-linking and epithelial healing.
In this issue of Stem Cell Reports, Park et al. (2019) describe real-time in vivo visual monitoring of keratin-14, Confetti-labeled limbal epithelial stem cells and their progeny as they contribute to central corneal wound-healing. The authors show that corneal wounds initially heal by "basal epithelial cell migration" into the wound-bed.
Cognitive impairment is a common consequence of epilepsy in children. This study aimed to assess the ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acid levels and its impact on cognitive function in children with idiopathic epilepsy.
To evaluate intra-subject repeatability of anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) combined with placido disc MS-39 (CSO, Firenze, Italy) and correlate epithelial thickness measurements and the degree of visual limitation in keratoconus patients.
To determine long-term visual outcomes in patients who developed endophthalmitis after intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor injections and to correlate visual outcomes with clinical features.
Naturally occurring long-chain omega-3 PUFA such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5 ω-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6 ω-3) exert multiple effects on health, which are related to the intake of these lipids in the diet and correlate with the levels of omega-3 PUFA in the body. These levels are reflected by the omega-3 PUFA index, i.e. the EPA and DHA content as % of all fatty acids in red blood cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate omega-3 index in the Czech Republic, using blood samples coll...
Posterior capsule opacification (PCO) is a complication after cataract surgery, particularly in children. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of lens epithelial cells, mediated by transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ), contributes to PCO. However, its pathogenesis in children is poorly understood. We correlated cell growth in culture with patient characteristics, studied gene expression of pediatric lens epithelial cells (pLEC), and examined the effects of TGFβ-2 on these cells in vitro.
Researchers have suggested that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids from oily fish (long-chain omega-3 (LCn3), including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)), as well as from plants (alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)) benefit cardiovascular health. Guidelines recommend increasing omega-3-rich foods, and sometimes supplementation, but recent trials have not confirmed this.
A retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) tear is a well-known complication of retinal pigment epithelial detachments (PED) and may cause a significant visual impairment. The most common cause is a vascularized PED in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The development of diagnostic imaging techniques brings us closer to the etiology and pathophysiological mechanisms of this entity, offering us new strategies for treatment and follow-up. The advent of intravitreal antiangiogenic treatme...
Delay in fracture healing or non-union can be devastating complication. Recent studies have reported that teriparatide (TP) demonstrated effectively on callus formation and mechanical strength and zoledronate (ZA) increased the callus size and resistance at the fracture site in rat fracture model. In this study, the effects of combination therapy with low dose TP and ZA on fracture healing was evaluated.
Low-level laser therapy (also known as photobiomodulation therapy, PBMT) promotes accelerated healing of diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs), thereby preventing the risk of future complications and amputation. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of PBMT, with structured, graded mobilisation and foot care, on DFU healing dynamics.
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of laser photobiomodulation (PBM) and topical ozone therapy on the reepithelialization of palatal donor site wounds through clinical assessment and computer-aided image analysis and to assess the patient morbidity following free gingival graft (FGG) surgeries.
We aim to investigate how Sirt3 (silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 3) promoting diabetic corneal epithelial wound healing by regulating mitophagy. The effect of HG(High Glucose, 25 mM D-glucose) on Sirt3 and LC3B(light chain 3 beta)which representing of mitophagy were investigated in TKE2 cells (a murine limbal/corneal epithelium-derived progenitor cell line) and corneal epithelium from C57BL/6J-Ins2Akita (Ins2) mice using RT-PCR and Western blotting. How overexpression of Sirt3 promotin...
The functions of vaginal lactobacilli in susceptibility to infectious diseases as regards epithelial barrier integrity and wound healing remain incompletely understood.
Plasminogen (Plg) and thrombomodulin (TM) are glycoproteins well known for fibrinolytic and anticoagulant functions, respectively. Both Plg and TM are essential for wound healing. However, their significance during the reparative process was separately demonstrated in previous studies. Here, we investigate the interaction between Plg and epithelial TM and its effect on wound healing. Characterization of the wound margin revealed that Plg and TM were simultaneously upregulated at the early stage of wound hea...
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells is related to the pathogenesis of subretinal fibrosis such as that associated with macular degeneration. The role of myocardin-related transcription factor A (MRTF-A) in EMT of RPE cells and subretinal fibrosis was investigated.
The ODYSSEY OUTCOMES trial compared alirocumab with placebo, added to high-intensity or maximum tolerated statin treatment, after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in 18,924 patients. Alirocumab reduced the first occurrence of the primary composite endpoint and was associated with fewer all-cause deaths.
Ceftazidime/avibactam resistance due to mutation in the omega loop of KPC-2 has been documented in vitro and in vivo. This study evaluated the mechanism of ceftazidime/avibactam resistance in a KPC-2-expressing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from a patient following ceftazidime/avibactam combination therapy with gentamicin for the treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia.