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Epithelial Healing And Visual Outcomes Using Omega-3 Therapy Before And After Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK) Surgery PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Epithelial Healing And Visual Outcomes Using Omega-3 Therapy Before And After Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK) Surgery articles that have been published worldwide.
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Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been used therapeutically to modulate inflammation and promote repair. Extracellular vesicles, including exosomes, have been identified as one of the important mediators. This study investigated the effect of human corneal MSC-derived exosomes on corneal epithelial wound healing.
Corneal transparency, dependent on the integrity of epithelial cells, is essential for vision. Corneal epithelial damage is one of the most commonly observed ocular conditions and proper wound healing is necessary for corneal transparency. Sirt6, a histone deacetylase, has been shown to regulate many cellular events including aging and inflammation. However, its specific role in corneal epithelial wound healing remains unknown. Here we demonstrated that Sirt6 was expressed in corneal epithelial cells and it...
Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been promoted for its beneficial effects on tissue healing and pain relief for skin and oral applications. However, there is no corresponding literature reporting on vocal fold wound healing. Our purpose was to assess the potential wound-healing effects of LLLT on primary human vocal fold epithelial cells (VFECs). In this study, normal vocal fold tissue was obtained from a 58-year-old male patient who was diagnosed with postcricoid carcinoma without involvement of the voca...
The treat-to-target strategy has emerged in ulcerative colitis management. Mucosal healing is the best target, albeit not in induction therapy of acute diseases as clinical conditions vary over a short duration. To determine the targets during induction therapy for acute ulcerative colitis, we identified markers to predict mucosal healing at 3 and 12 months of initiating the induction therapy.
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the colon with an intractable, recurrent course. The goal of UC therapy is to target mucosal healing because immune-suppressive therapy for UC frequently results in relapse. However, few drugs directly target mucosal healing. We, therefore, aim to evaluate the therapeutic effect of an investigational drug on intestinal epithelial cells in an in vitro UC model using human colonic organoids.
This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of eye drops containing a combination of sodium hyaluronate and trehalose and sodium hyaluronate for the treatment of corneal cross-linking and epithelial healing.
In this issue of Stem Cell Reports, Park et al. (2019) describe real-time in vivo visual monitoring of keratin-14, Confetti-labeled limbal epithelial stem cells and their progeny as they contribute to central corneal wound-healing. The authors show that corneal wounds initially heal by "basal epithelial cell migration" into the wound-bed.
Cognitive impairment is a common consequence of epilepsy in children. This study aimed to assess the ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acid levels and its impact on cognitive function in children with idiopathic epilepsy.
To evaluate intra-subject repeatability of anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) combined with placido disc MS-39 (CSO, Firenze, Italy) and correlate epithelial thickness measurements and the degree of visual limitation in keratoconus patients.
To determine long-term visual outcomes in patients who developed endophthalmitis after intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor injections and to correlate visual outcomes with clinical features.
Posterior capsule opacification (PCO) is a complication after cataract surgery, particularly in children. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of lens epithelial cells, mediated by transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ), contributes to PCO. However, its pathogenesis in children is poorly understood. We correlated cell growth in culture with patient characteristics, studied gene expression of pediatric lens epithelial cells (pLEC), and examined the effects of TGFβ-2 on these cells in vitro.
A retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) tear is a well-known complication of retinal pigment epithelial detachments (PED) and may cause a significant visual impairment. The most common cause is a vascularized PED in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The development of diagnostic imaging techniques brings us closer to the etiology and pathophysiological mechanisms of this entity, offering us new strategies for treatment and follow-up. The advent of intravitreal antiangiogenic treatme...
Researchers have suggested that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids from oily fish (long-chain omega-3 (LCn3), including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)), as well as from plants (alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)) benefit cardiovascular health. Guidelines recommend increasing omega-3-rich foods, and sometimes supplementation, but recent trials have not confirmed this.
Delay in fracture healing or non-union can be devastating complication. Recent studies have reported that teriparatide (TP) demonstrated effectively on callus formation and mechanical strength and zoledronate (ZA) increased the callus size and resistance at the fracture site in rat fracture model. In this study, the effects of combination therapy with low dose TP and ZA on fracture healing was evaluated.
Low-level laser therapy (also known as photobiomodulation therapy, PBMT) promotes accelerated healing of diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs), thereby preventing the risk of future complications and amputation. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of PBMT, with structured, graded mobilisation and foot care, on DFU healing dynamics.
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of laser photobiomodulation (PBM) and topical ozone therapy on the reepithelialization of palatal donor site wounds through clinical assessment and computer-aided image analysis and to assess the patient morbidity following free gingival graft (FGG) surgeries.
Oxygen plays a central role in wound healing. Recent technological advances have miniaturised oxygen delivery systems, with novel topical oxygen therapy allowing patients to receive oxygen therapy 24 hours a day while remaining completely mobile. Here we aim to examine the efficacy and safety of continuous topical oxygen diffusion in a 'real-world' setting.
The functions of vaginal lactobacilli in susceptibility to infectious diseases as regards epithelial barrier integrity and wound healing remain incompletely understood.
The transmembrane heparan sulfate proteoglycan Syndecan-4 (Sdc4) plays an important role in the regulation of various inflammatory disorders. However, the involvement of Sdc4 in intestinal inflammation remains unknown. Therefore, we assessed the impact of Sdc4 deficiency on experimental colitis and epithelial wound healing in vitro and in vivo.
Plasminogen (Plg) and thrombomodulin (TM) are glycoproteins well known for fibrinolytic and anticoagulant functions, respectively. Both Plg and TM are essential for wound healing. However, their significance during the reparative process was separately demonstrated in previous studies. Here, we investigate the interaction between Plg and epithelial TM and its effect on wound healing. Characterization of the wound margin revealed that Plg and TM were simultaneously upregulated at the early stage of wound hea...
The ODYSSEY OUTCOMES trial compared alirocumab with placebo, added to high-intensity or maximum tolerated statin treatment, after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in 18,924 patients. Alirocumab reduced the first occurrence of the primary composite endpoint and was associated with fewer all-cause deaths.
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells is related to the pathogenesis of subretinal fibrosis such as that associated with macular degeneration. The role of myocardin-related transcription factor A (MRTF-A) in EMT of RPE cells and subretinal fibrosis was investigated.
Ceftazidime/avibactam resistance due to mutation in the omega loop of KPC-2 has been documented in vitro and in vivo. This study evaluated the mechanism of ceftazidime/avibactam resistance in a KPC-2-expressing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from a patient following ceftazidime/avibactam combination therapy with gentamicin for the treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia.
Cataract surgery is a procedure by which the lens fiber cell mass is removed from its capsular bag and replaced with a synthetic intraocular lens. Postoperatively, remnant lens epithelial cells can undergo an aberrant wound healing response characterized by an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), leading to posterior capsular opacification (PCO). Aldose reductase (AR) inhibition has been shown to decrease EMT markers in cell culture models. In this study, we aim to demonstrate that AR inhibition can ...
To evaluate the role of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in healing diabetic fool ulcers (DFUs), and to compare the rate of healing and final outcome with conventional therapy.